Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay in English | Full Guide

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan | Swachh  Bharat Abhiyan Essay In English, Role of Students in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in English

By Sathyavathi

swachh bharat abhiyan



The need for a cleanliness drive

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan – Today, waste disposal is a primary concern for Indian cities and towns. A mountain of trash on dump yards juxtaposed between lavish neighborhoods not only creates a bad image but also harms the environment and pollutes the air. The stench in the air renders the place unlivable. In areas with water bodies such as rivers and oceans, these precious resources become permanent dustbins.

The migration of people of all classes towards large cities results in their unprecedented growth. When we don’t have sufficient land resources for residential purposes, then what about waste management? So it becomes the duty of every citizen to reduce waste generation.

In villages, we have farm animals and crops. Solid wastes can be converted into manure. But there is not much awareness among people. So, people need to know the methods of waste management. Another major issue in rural India is the lack of sanitation facilities. Diseases such as diarrhea, dengue fever, and malaria are more widespread due to the non-availability of toilets.

Even when toilets are available, the fecal wastes are not treated. Without proper sewage treatment, we are causing pollution of water bodies, and are also responsible for the emission of toxic gases. The absence of toilets causes hygiene issues and discomfort to women too. At times, women also feel insecure due to open defecation practices.

To cater to the twin problems of waste disposal and sanitation issues, the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, launched Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014.



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India’s largest public health mission

The Swachh Bharat Mission aims for universal sanitation coverage and achieving better levels of cleanliness through Solid and liquid waste management practices. It also aims to clean up the streets, roads, and public places. These measures are an absolute necessity to improve the health condition of people.

The good health of her citizens is a key development factor for a nation’s growth. People can more robustly participate in economic activities and lead a better life. The mission also aims to create awareness among the masses on the interrelationship between hygiene and health.

The estimated cost of the project is over Rs. 620 billion. The central and state governments of India and the World Bank are jointly funding for the project. The corporate companies also take part in the form of CSR activities. Many non-profit organizations are taking part in the project and doing a great job.



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Implementation of the Swachh Bharat mission

The project has two subdivisions. They are Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and Swachh Bharat Mission (urban).

As the names suggest, they are meant for handling rural and urban issues separately. The Gramin Branch operates under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), whereas the urban thrust is under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

The main mission of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is to eliminate open defecation and promote cleanliness and waste management practices. The government has decided to provide Rs.12000 for every rural household that builds a toilet facility.

The government also builds public toilets all over the country. The members of Panchayati Raj institutions are trained to manage solid and liquid wastes. Arrangements for providing safe and adequate drinking water are also made as part of the project. Sessions for increasing awareness among the people are regularly conducted.

Establishment of eco-wash clubs, open discussions, and sessions on menstrual health and hygiene are some of the measures under the program. As our villages are less polluted, informing the rural masses regarding the side effects of pollution could make them cautious, and many future troubles could be avoided. So, this is one of the best projects launched by our government.


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In the urban context, construction of public toilets, door to door waste collection, and processing of waste are the main focus points of the project.
For having better results, there is a citizen training portal where best practices aimed at minimizing health risks and waste management methods are enlisted as courses. The Swachhata app enables a common man to raise a complaint regarding civic issues such as blocked drains, garbage accumulation, etc.

This directly reaches the City Corporation, and concerned authority is directed to solve the problems faced by people. If implemented properly, our cities will soon look beautiful, and we can avert many health issues, especially among poor people. All toilets built under the Swachh Bharat Mission initiative could be directly located on Google maps.


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Volunteering options are available for the general public. It helps to usher in responsibility among individuals, and can also stop the blame-game prevalent in our society. Swachh pledges are taken by schools and organizations to raise awareness.

The government has come up with social media style initiatives like Swachh challenges. Here an individual can challenge up to nine people to take up cleaning activities. One can post ‘before’ and ‘after’ pictures in the portal. Cities and schools are ranked on the basis of cleanliness measures. Individuals and schools doing exceptional work are rewarded by the government too.

Government officials get frequent training on waste management methods and sewage processing methods. The new infrastructure required for the same is made available locally.


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How well have we fared so far?

Sanitation and waste management remained a neglected issue in our country for decades. In villages, people didn’t have adequate, and in cities, corruption is rampant, resulting in unregulated constructional activities. Total sanitation coverage was just 38.7% in our country in 2014.

The Swachh mission in 2014 had an objective to make India open defecation free by 2019. But many places still lack improved sanitation facilities in our country. Cities continue to have garbage landfills. Though we have new public toilets, not all of them have a water supply.


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Only 40 percent of fecal wastes are treated properly as of now. Though people are requested to segregate biodegradable and plastic wastes, they don’t adhere to it. We should consider cleanliness as our individual business and not government responsibility alone.

We should preserve our land and water bodies in order to lead a sustainable and healthy life. A lot has been done to achieve the goals but success cannot be achieved until all the citizens pledge to do their part in attaining it. Thus, our aim should be “Mera Bharat Swachh Bharat”.


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