Article Writing Class 12| Article Writing Format, Topics and Examples

Article Writing format class 12


Article Writing Format Class 12 Topics, Tips, and Examples

See this post to know all about article writing:

What is Article Writing?

What is Article Writing – An article is a written work published in a print/electronic medium. It may be for the purpose of propagating news, researching results, academic analysis, or debate. Generally, it is a piece of writing that is published in a newspaper or Magazine.

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See Video on Article Writing, Format of Article Writing, Tips and Examples

Article Writing Format

When a student has to attempt a question on Article writing, he has to follow the article writing format by CBSE. Here you can see the article writing format in detail.

The format of an article consists of the following parts –

  1. Heading,
  2. By line, and
  3. Body
  1. HEADING– The heading should be catchy and in not more than 5-6 words. You can go as creative as you want with this one just make sure you do not devote too much time on it in the exam.
  1. BY LINE– It refers to the name of the person writing the article. It is generally given in the question. If not given, then do not write your personal details.

(NOTE- You are not supposed to mention any of your personal details while attempting the answers in the exam.)

  1. BODY– It is the main part of your writing piece. It generally consists of 3-4 paragraphs.
      1. PARAGRAPH 1: It is always prescribed that you begin with a short introduction of the topic; it’s meaning to be precise. Briefly tell what the article is about giving some quotations or startling facts to arouse the interest of the readers.
      2. PARAGRAPH 2 or PARAGRAPH 2&3: Now this part can be written in either one or two paragraphs. You are required to do a complete analysis of the subject matter in question. It may include-
      • TYPES – In how many forms does the problem exist? You are required to mention the various possible types (if it exists).
      • CURRENT SCENARIO – Then you need to explain the current situation, the problems (if any) and whether after any corrective actions, betterment in the situation has been observed or not.
      • It may include advantages/ disadvantages depending upon the topic in question.
      • CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP– Develop the cause and effect relationship by supporting it with facts or data. You may also write the consequences.
      • Any other relevant and related information.
      • PARAGRAPH 3 or PARAGRAPH 4: The conclusion. It is the concluding paragraph. It is important to conclude what you’ve started. Never leave an article open-ended. Now, it is to be remembered that wherever you elaborate a problem, you always have to mention the steps being taken to improvise the situation and suggest a few solutions as well. Predictions and personal problems may be included. This paragraph needs to be short and precise. Here also, you could add some glitter to your art piece with some quotes.

Article Writing Format

Article Writing Class 12

Article Writing Class 12 – In an examination, nothing is written purposelessly. Clarity of purpose will ensure clarity in the choice of style and vocabulary.

Article writing for CBSE Class 12 comes as a very long answer-type question carrying a weightage of 05 marks.

Two Very Long Answer Questions containing internal choice, to be answered in 120-150 words have to be attempted. The questions will be based on any of the following –

1. Article writing

2. Debate writing

3. speech writing

4. Report writing


Talking about marks, Article writing comes as a 05 marks question. The breakup of marks for Article writing format class 12 (as per CBSE Marking scheme) is as follows:-


01 mark

Organisation of Ideas

01 mark


02 marks

Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar

01 mark


05 marks

Now, you can be given to write a magazine article or a newspaper article.

Article Writing Format Class 12

Article Writing Format Class 12 – The Format of article writing for class 11 by CBSE is the same as we have discussed earlier. Article writing for class 12 carries 05 marks, it is a very important question.
In order to write a perfect article, we must be well acquainted with the topic and must possess a wide range of vocabulary, a thorough knowledge of the subject, some research, and excellent organizational skills. Here is the ideal format of article writing and Article Writing tips to help you write your perfect article.

format of an article


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Article Writing Tips

Here are a few valuable tips for you to attempt the CBSE Class 12 Article writing format question in a better way-

      1. Plan before you pen- it is important that you follow a sequence. Jot down the points at the back of your answer sheet and ensure a proper sequence of ideas. Introduce, Analyse, Suggest and conclude.
      2. It is possible that you have too many points or very few points. When you have a lot of varied points, it is better you choose a few best ones and write a line or two on each. In case you have very few already, explain them in at least two-three lines each.
      3. MOST IMPORTANT- Always begin with your strongest point. You can accommodate the weaker ones in between and end with another strong point. (REMEMBER: Strong-Weak-Strong)
      4. You have to strictly follow the prescribed word limit in a restricted time frame so just do not go on writing and writing.
      5. Feel free to give your personal opinion in one or two lines.
      6. It is very important that you do not deviate from the topic. There are chances you may get ideas linking from one to another that may deviate you from the main point. You have to refrain from doing so.
      7. Avoid repetition of ideas.
      8. Underline all the important points.
      9. Make sure you double-check for grammatical accuracy and spellings. They carry marks.
      10. Always have a few general quotes in handy. They help in the presentation and show that you’re prepared.
      11. Read editorials in a few newspapers and notice the pattern.
      12. Make small sentences. It restricts the scope of grammatical inaccuracies.

Article Writing Class 11

Article Writing Class 11 – Students of Class 11 also have to learn the format of article writing as per the CBSE syllabus. The basic guidelines on Article writing format have been discussed earlier. We have compiled a few sample questions on Article writing so that students get familiar with the format of an article.

Article Writing format


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Article Writing Examples Class 12| Solved questions

Below are a few Article writing Examples for you so that you get an idea as to how to attempt CBSE class 12 Article writing questions well. Remember, the more you read and practice, the better it is. As per CBSE guidelines, the Article should not exceed the prescribed word limit of 120-150 words.


Q1. ‘Grow more trees to reduce pollution.’ Write an article in 150-200 words on the topic given above for your school magazine.
(SOURCE- CBSE compartment 2018)

Grow More Trees to Reduce Pollution

“Trees are poems the earth writes upon the sky.”
Trees and plants are one of the main reasons why mankind came into existence. The importance of planting trees has been emphasized time and again. This is because of the numerous benefits they offer.

They make the world a better place to live in. They exhale oxygen and inhale carbon dioxide to maintain the ecological balance in the environment. They also absorb all the harmful gases and give us fresh air to breathe.

Trees build a sheet to protect us from the harmful ultraviolet rays. Not only this, they serve as a habitat for birds and various species of animals. This is not it. Trees help in controlling water pollution and preventing soil erosion.

The places inhabited by large numbers of trees are quite cooler compared to the concrete jungles that cannot do without air conditioners. Unfortunately, urbanisation is leading to clearing of forests and parks despite the numerous benefits they offer. People come here for morning walks, evening strolls, yoga sessions and laughter therapy. These also serve as a safe place for the kids to play and socialise. The only way left to preserve them and reap these benefits is by growing them at a faster rate.

As a Chinese proverb states, “The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now.” So do your bit and make this place more beautiful.

Thank you.


Q2. India is a land of diversity. One way in which it makes us feel proud of it is the number of festivals we enjoy. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘Festivals of India’. You are Karuna/Karan. 10

– Karan/ Karuna

It is said that “Greatness of a culture can be found in its festivals”. India has proved every word of the saying right by being famously known as the “Land of Festivals” .

True to this belief, India has scores and scores of festivals that bring happiness and joy all across the country.

This is because of the diverse cultures that exist in this subcontinent. All these different cultures and religions get tied together in bonds of love with these invisible threads of celebrations.

Every festival has a social, religious and mythological value. Accordingly, Dussehra has a great significance. Similarly, the Janmashtami festival has also a great religious and social significance. This is the occasion when Lord Krishna was born to kill Kansa and other demons and save the people from a great danger. This festival also teaches us how to fight evil and falsehood and establish truth.

On these festivals, people offer prayers to their deities, wear ethnic clothes and make merry with their near and dear ones. Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid Ul Fitr, Baisakhi, Onam, Pongal, Gurupurab, Ram Navami and Durga Puja are some of the festivals that are celebrated with immense zeal in different parts of India with some of these being specific to a particular region.

No wonder, our country is called a land of festivals.
Thank you.


Q3. Our performance in the Rio Olympics has told us that we do not pay enough attention to athletics and outdoor games. It is time we revised our attitude. Sports should be an important part of school’s daily routine. Write an article in 150-200 words in ‘Importance of Outdoor Games’. You are Sreeja/Thomas.

– By Sreeja/ Thomas

Sports occupy a prominent place in the life of a nation. It not only helps keep you healthy and fit but also plays an important part as a recreational event. Unfortunately, in our country, the trend is such that it focuses only on the academic front. To grow a tree, we have to water it’s roots; just like that, to prepare athletes that could play for the country, we need to inculcate the concept of sports at the primary level, i.e., the school level. What we are missing out is that sports play a vital role in imparting complete education.

Clearly, things did not go well in the Rio Olympics, and as everyone gets down to doing the post-mortem of our performances, often breathless, blame the quality of attention being given to athletics.

The benefits of playing sports are several, as it leads to balanced mental growth. It teaches the children life skills like team efforts, leadership, patience and social skills. It inculcates confidence, discipline and playing without crossing the rules.

Thus, it becomes all the more important to change the attitude of schools towards sports. It should be made a compulsory activity. It has been rightly said,

“Children learn as they play. Most importantly, in play, they learn how to learn.”
Thank you.


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4. By 2050, India will be amongst the countries which will face acute water shortage. You are highly alarmed and terrified of the future world without water. So, write an article on “Save water- are we doing enough?” for the local daily in 150-200 words.


Many people are living with less water than they need, whether in the world's most prosperous cities or in its bountiful agricultural heartlands.
Droughts have also become more frequent, more severe, and affecting more people around the world. As many as four billion people already live in regions that experience severe water stress for at least one month of the year. With populations rising, these stresses will only mount.

Water is the precious gift of God on earth. Life exists on the earth because of the availability of water. Itself being tasteless, odourless and colourless, it adds taste, colour and nice smell in the life of living beings on the Earth.

Here are different methods we can follow to save clean drinking water and deal with the water scarcity. Rain water harvesting is one of the most effective and suitable methods among save water techniques.

Deforestation is also a good method as it reduces the surface runoff and recharges the groundwater. It promotes underground water conservation. By practicing such methods we can conserve more water naturally and ensure the availability of it for future generations. We should take a pledge and make it a lifelong motto to preserve water because,

“If you conserve water, it means you conserve life.”

Thank you.


Q5. Recent floods in many metropolitan cities of the country during the monsoon season laid bare the hollowness of the claims of the civic authorities of their preparedness. The poor had to bear the brunt of the problem while no one was ever held accountable. Write an article in 150 – 200 words on the common man’s woes during the monsoons and the need for accountability of the officials concerned. You are Sumit/Smita Verma.

-by Sumit/ Smita Verma

The much awaited Monsoon brings respite from the scorching heat. But Monsoon and madness walk together. Every year during the monsoons, chaos reigns supreme. The roads are flooded; the sewage system collapses; a huge loss of crops, fruits, life, and property is caused. Water logging and breeding of mosquitoes together becomes the reason for a lot of people falling ill. Network connectivity gets weak.

In spite of 71 years of independence, the Indian Government has not been able to tackle the flood
problem caused by monsoons. Recent floods have laid bare the hollowness of the claims of the civic
authorities of their preparedness. The poor had to bear the brunt of the problem.
One of the causes behind this chaos is the lack of strict laws and accountability of the officials and the Ministries responsible for tackling the floods. The Government formulate and pass strict laws regarding the projects launched to relieve people of their distress but there is hardly a sign of effective implementation of the scheme. There needs to be strict accountability.

When the Ministers will be accountable, they will ensure the officers, officials involved in the projects surely create foolproof systems. It is only through strict accountability laws the system can be made

Thank you


“Work hard in silence, let your success make the noise.”

Article Writing Extra Questions

Q. List down the steps involved in writing an article for class 12.

A. Here are the steps involved in writing an article:

  1. Title: It can be just one word or a few words but not a complete sentence.
  2. Name of the writer (byline)
  3. An introduction to the topic: You can begin with a quotation/stating the problem / giving some contemporary evidence.
  4. Main body of the topic: 
  • It should contain the cause/effect relationship, advantages and disadvantages of the problem stated. It is to be written in paragraphs dealing with different points.
  • Conclusion: It should have some suggestions/ solutions/appeal/action or future predictions.


Q. Which are the different topics for article writing?

A. Types of articles asked:

  1. Magazine articles for school or general.
  2. Newspaper articles

The most common topics are:

  • Impact of Advertisements
  • Problem of Pollution
  • Role of Youth in Combating corruption
  • Water Scarcity
  • Healthy Diet 
  • Teenagers and Obesity
  • Importance of Travelling
  • Advantages/Disadvantages of Technology
  • Student Life and Stress
  • Value of Sports
  • Poverty
  • Life Without Modern Gadgets
  • Animal Cruelty
  • Status of Women in Indian Society (or Women Safety)
  • Hard Work/ Punctuality
  • India of my Dreams
  • Tourism Industry
  • Festivals of India
  • How to Channelise the Energy of Teenagers



Q. In how many words should a question of article writing be answered?

A. The length of the article should be within 150-200 words. An article can be divided into paragraphs according to the need. Each paragraph should deal with one (sometimes two points)  point only in detail.


Q. Give some tips to score full marks in article writing.

A. Sometimes a verbal or visual input may be given to guide and help the students in writing an article. But in most cases, you are not provided with any verbal or visual input.. In such cases, use your discretion in arranging your ideas in meaningful and logical paragraphs.

The input ( if given) may include broad hints, a short outline or only a suggested beginning.

In rare cases, you may be given a visual input in the form of a figure, a diagram or a cartoon. The aim of inserting an input is to give a general outline along which the article has to be developed. The other aim is to discourage the habit of cramming.

The students are expected to give their own ideas or views on a particular topic or

issue in their own language.


Points to remember: 

For writing a good article the students are advised to keep the following points in mind.

  1. Study carefully the hints or points given in the verbal input.
  2. Arrange the hints given in the order you want to develop them for writing the article.
  3. You may have some new ideas or views about the subject or the issues raised in the article. Coordinate your own ideas with the hints given in the input and rearrange them in a logical order.
  1. Develop each point in a systematic and logical manner.
  2. Your composition should not be sketchy. Every sentence should be linked with the rest into a single whole.
  1. The first few sentences should introduce the topic/main idea/main issue of the article. The last few sentences should state your conclusion on the topic or issue.
  1. Don’t exceed the given length. Your article may not be too short or too long of the given length–200 words.
  1. In a long composition, it is always better to divide or arrange your article into suitable paragraphs.
  1. Always use a simple and grammatically correct language. Your expressions and phrases should fit into the scheme of your writing.
  1. Your composition should be meaningful, brief and to the point. Unnecessary or superfluous details or explanations must be avoided.


Q. What is the marks weightage, break up of marks and word limit of article writing questions?

A. The question on Article writing carries a weightage of 5 marks. The marks are divided as follows –

  1. Correct format gets 1 mark.
  2. Organisation of Ideas is for 1 mark
  3. Content is for 2 marks.
  4. Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar is for 1 mark. 

The article has a word limit of 120 – 150 words.


Article Writing FAQs

1. What is the format of an article for class 12 writing skills?
A1. The format of an article is as follows:

  1. Heading
  2. By line
  3. Body



2. Describe the topic of article writing in English grammar.
A2. Article writing is a type of descriptive writing which addresses an issue or topic and presents the advantages or problems and benefits or solutions related to it in informative paragraphs. Articles are generally published in newspapers and magazines.

3. List down important topics for article writing.
A3. Some frequently asked topics of Article writing are as follows:

  1. Importance of trees
  2. Importance of mental/physical health
  3. Technology: A Boon or A Curse
  4. Books are a man’s best friend
  5. How can education change the world

4. What are the steps for writing an article?

A4. The steps for writing an article are as follows:

  1. Understand the topic or question. Read the question at least three times in order to comprehend what to write and what points need to be in the paragraphs.
  2. Jot down the points needed to be included in the paragraphs. Fair out the points according to the necessity and word limit.
  3. Make a flow of the points.
  4. Figure out an appropriate introduction, conclusion and title (if not given in the question).
  5. Write down the article.

5. How to start an article?
A5. We start an article with a heading, by-line and an introductory paragraph. The heading should summarise the content in a few words. The by-line is generally given in the question itself, it is the name of the writer. The introductory paragraph must introduce the topic and why the topic needs to be discussed (the importance of the topic).

6. What is a byline in an article?
A6. The by-line comes below the heading. It contains the name of the person writing the article. If the person’s name is given in the question, we need to write that name only. If not, then we can write any imaginary name (for example ABC) but restrain from writing your name.

7. How should we end an article?
A7. We end an article with a concluding paragraph. In this paragraph, we conclude the topic by writing why we should address the issue and how it can benefit us. For example – the given topic is “Importance of Trees”. So, in the concluding paragraph, we can write:
We humans are entrusted with the responsibility to protect nature and use its resources wisely. By neglecting this responsibility, we have paved the way for our own destruction. Therefore, we must act quickly and smartly to cover up our mistakes. The change starts with each one of us.

8. What is the marks weightage for Article writing in class 12?
A8. In Class 12, the question of article writing carries a weightage of 05 marks in the Writing Skills section.

9. What is the word limit of Article writing?
A9. The question on Article writing has to be attempted as a long-answer type question having a word limit of 120-150. Students should avoid exceeding the word limit because it can lead to a penalty of marks and also, the wastage of time can reduce the time in hand for attempting the other questions.

10. How many paragraphs should the article contain?
A10. Basically, an article contains three paragraphs.

  1. Paragraph I contains the introduction of the article.
  2. Paragraph II contains further explanation of the issue or topic and solutions regarding the same.
  3. Paragraph III contains the conclusion.

Paragraph II can be further divided into two paragraphs depending on the content and flow of the content.



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