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Countable and Uncountable Nouns Examples, Difference, Exercises in Hindi

This article includes definition, difference between Countable and Uncountable Nouns, Identification of Countable and Uncountable nouns. All this is simultaneously explained in Hindi and English for better understanding. There are examples and exercises at the end of the lesson.

 

FOR A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC, SEE THE VIDEO

 

 

Countable Nouns Definition

Those nouns that can be counted are called countable nouns.

वो संज्ञाएँ जो गिनी जा सकती हैं

Examples Of Countable Nouns

 

 

Tree, bird, cow, girl, house, idea, tomato, pomegranate, pizza are examples of countable nouns.

पेड़,चिड़िया,गाय, लड़की,घर,विचार, टमाटर, अनार,पिज़्ज़ा

Uncountable Nouns Definition

Those nouns that cannot be counted are called countable nouns.

वो जो गिनी नहीं जा सकती हैं.

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Examples Of Uncountable Nouns

 


 


 

Tea, sugar, rice, water, beauty, money, love, anger are uncountable nouns.

चाय, चीनी, चावल,पानी,सुंदरता, पैसा,प्यार , गुस्सा

While translating keep in mind:-

अनुवाद करते समय ध्यान रखें-

1.Countable nouns carry a/ an article with them.

Countable noun के साथ ‘a/an’ लगेगा।

For example- A carrot (गाजर), a basket (टोकरी), a car (गाड़ी), an apple (सेब), an idea (विचार).

 

2. When more than 1, a countable noun is used in the plural form.

Countable nouns जब एक से ज़्यादा हों, बहुवचन में plural form  में इस्तेमाल होंगे.

Example –

cat

Cats

bus

Buses

bottle

Bottles

cup

Cups

box

Boxes

friend

friends

 

3. Countable (कॉउन्टेबल) nouns के बारे में सवाल पूछना हो तो कहेंगे “How many”.

Examples of “How many”

 

 

How many oranges do you want?

तुम्हें कितने संतरे चाहिए?

How many bricks are there?

वहाँ कितनी ईंटें हैं?

4. Uncountable noun के साथ a/an नहीं लगेगा। a/an एकवचन के साथ प्रयोग होता है परंतु (अन्कॉउंटबल) uncountable noun गिने नहीं जा सकते इसलिए उनके साथ a/an नहीं आएगा।

5. Uncountable noun का बहुवचन (plural form) नहीं होता है। मात्रा बताने के लिए शब्द,भाव या मात्रा कहेंगे।

For Example-

थोड़ा नमक some salt

बहुत प्यार lot of love

एक कप पानी one cup water

चार किलो चावल four kilo rice

दो चम्मच चीनी two spoons of sugar.

Remember - We do not say one salt / a rice / an anger, etc..

 

6. Uncountable noun के बारे में सवाल पूछना हो तो कहेंगे “How much”

Examples of “How much”

 

 

How much sugar do you want?

कितनी चीनी चाहिए?

How much rice is left?

कितने चावल बचे हैं?

 

Difference between Countable And Uncountable Nouns

 

COUNTABLE NOUNS

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Nouns which can be counted

Nouns which cannot be counted

They have a singular and plural form

They have only one form

 

The following examples will help you see the difference between countable and uncountable nouns

UC- Lots of water          C- A glass of water

UC- some rice                C- A bowl of rice

UC – a lot of money     C – a bagful of money

Note - ‘Some’ and ‘Any’ are used with plural uncountable nouns

Some – is used for positive sentences

Any – is used for negative sentences

 

Let us see some examples-

  1. Is there some milk in the kitchen?
  2.  

  3. I have some money.
  4.  

  5. I think there is some sugar in the jar.
  6.  

  7. I do not see any milk in the kitchen.
  8.  

  9. I do not have any money.
  10.  

  11. I don’t think there is any sugar left in the jar.

 

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Exercise

 

Write down if the noun is Countable or Uncountable

1. Bring one chapatti and some rice.

एक रोटी और कुछ चावल ले आओ।

 

2. When Sham bought four chocolates, his mother got very angry with him.

जब शाम चार चाकलेट ले आया तो उसकी माँ बहुत गुस्सा हुई।

 

3. Many children had gathered and were making a lot of noise.

बहुत सारे बच्चे इकट्टठे होकर बहुत शोर मचा रहे थे।

 

4. Give me some sugar.

मुझे थोड़ी चीनी दो।

 

5. Don’t give me any sugar.

मुझे चीनी मत दो।

Answer

1. chapatti – countable

Rice – uncountable

2. chocolates – countable

3. children – countable

Noise - uncountable

4. sugar – uncountable

5. sugar - uncountable

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