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Past Perfect Tense Examples, Definition, Formula, Exercises in Hindi, Rules - Video Explanation

Past Perfect Tense Examples, Definition, Formula, Exercises in Hindi, Rules, Video Explanation, English to Hindi Explanation.

This article includes definition, formulae and rules for forming sentences in past perfect tense. All this is simultaneously explained in Hindi for better understanding. There are examples of negative, interrogative sentences, negative interrogative sentences and exercises at the end of the lesson in order to help you assess how much you have learnt about the Past Perfect Tense.

 

Past Perfect Tense Definition

The PAST PERFECT TENSE indicates that an action was completed at some point in the past before something else happened.

 

FOR A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC, SEE THE VIDEO

 

 

Past Perfect Tense Examples and formulae

The different formulae for making sentences in the Past Perfect Tense are as follows:

 

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Past Perfect Tense Formula for First Person Singular

The formula for Past Perfect Tense when the First Person is Singular is that the sentence starts with ‘I’ and ‘had’ , then a verb in its 3rd form, followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Past Perfect Tense for First Person Singular is as follows -

‘I’ + had + verb(3rd  form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Past Perfect Tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I had studied hard for exams.

मैं परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर चुका था।

2) I had gone to work.

मैं काम पर जा चुका था ।

3) I  had slept late on Saturday.

मैं शनिवार को देर से सोया था।

4) I had seen a movie.

मैं एक फिल्म देख चुका था।

5) I had swam on Sunday.     

मैं रविवार को तैर चूका था ।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the 3rd form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

‘I’ + ‘had’+ not + verb (3rd form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I had not studied hard for exams.

मैं परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत नहीं कर चुका था।

 

2) I had not gone to work.
मैं काम पर नहीं जा चुका था ।

3) I  had not slept late on Saturday.
मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोया था।       

4) I had not seen a movie.

मैं फिल्म नहीं देख चुका था।

5) I had not swam on Sunday.           

मैं रविवार को नहीं तैरा था।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘was’ at the start of the sentence followed by the subject  and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + [subject] + verb (3rd form)+ object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Had I studied hard for exams?

क्या मैंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था?

2) Had I gone to work every day?

 क्या मैं हर दिन काम करने गया था?

3) Had I slept late on Saturdays?

 क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से सोया था?

4) Had I seen a movie?

 क्या मैं फिल्म देख चुका था?

5) Had I swam on Sunday?   

क्या मैं रविवार को तैरा था?
For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘Had ’at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

had + [subject] + not + verb (3rd form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Had I not  studied hard for exams?

क्या मैंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

2) Had I not  gone to work?

 क्या मैं काम पर नहीं गया था?

3) Had I not slept late on Saturday?

क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोया था?

4) Had I not seen a movie?

 क्या मैंने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी ?

5) Had I not swam on Sunday?

क्या मैं रविवार को नहीं तैरा था?

 

Past Perfect Tense Formula for First Person Plural

The formula for Past Perfect Tense when the First Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘We’ and had, then a verb in its 3rd form followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Past Perfect Tense for First Person Plural is as follows -

‘We’ + had + verb (3rd form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Past Perfect Tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We had studied hard for exams.
हमने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था।

2) We had gone to work.

हम काम पर गए थे।

3) We had slept late on Saturday.

हम शनिवार को देर से सोए थे।

4) We had seen a movie.

 हमने फिल्म देखी थी।

5) We had swam on Sunday.

 हम रविवार को तैरे थे।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

We’ + had + not + verb(3rd  form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We had not studied hard for exams.

हमने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था।

2) We had not gone to work.

हम काम पर नहीं गए थे।

3) We had not slept late on Saturday.

हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोए थे।

4) We had not seen a movie.

 हमने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी।

5) We had not swam on Sunday.
हम रविवार को नहीं तैरे थे।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘had’  at the start of the sentence followed by the subject  and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + [subject] + verb (3rd form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Had we studied hard for exams?

 क्या हमने परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत की थी?

2) Had we gone to work?

 क्या हम काम पर गए थे?

3) Had we slept late on Saturday?

क्या हम शनिवार को देर से सोए थे?

4) Had we seen a movie?

क्या हमने फिल्म देखी थी?

5) Had we swam on Sunday?

क्या हम रविवार को तैरे थे?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ’had’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + [subject] + not + verb (3rd  form)+ object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Had we not studied hard for exams?

 क्या हमने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

2) Had we not gone to work?

क्या हम काम पर नहीं गए थे?

3) Had we not slept late on Saturday?

क्या हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोए  थे?

4) Had we not seen a movie?

क्या हमने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी ?

5) Had we not swam on Sunday?

क्या हम रविवार को नहीं तैरे थे?

 

Past Perfect Tense Formula for Second Person

The formula for Past Perfect Tense when there is a Second Person involved are that the sentence starts with ‘you’ and ‘had’, then a verb in its 3rd form, followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Past Perfect Tense when a Second Person is involved is as follows -

‘You’ + had + verb (3rd form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Past Perfect Tense when a Second Person is involved:

1) You had studied hard for exams.

आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था।

2) You had gone to work.

तुम काम पर गए थे।

3) You had slept late on Saturday.

आप शनिवार को देर से सोए थे।

4) You had seen a movie.

आपने फिल्म देखी थी।

5) You had swam on Sunday.

आप रविवार को तैरे थे।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘had not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

‘You’ + had + not + verb (3rd  form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when there is a second person :

1) You had not studied hard for exams

आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था

2) You had not gone to work.

आप काम पर नहीं गए थे।

3) You had not slept late on Saturday.

आप शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोए थे।

4) You had not seen a movie.

 आपने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी।

5) You had not swam on Sunday.

आप रविवार को नहीं तैरे थे।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘had’  at the start of the sentence followed by ‘you’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + you + verb (3rd  form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when there is a Second Person Involved:

1) Had you studied hard for exams?

क्या आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था?

2) Had you gone to work?

क्या आप काम पर गए थे?

3) Had you slept late on Saturday?

क्या आप शनिवार को देर से सोए थे?

4) Had you seen a movie?

 क्या आपने फिल्म देखी थी?

5) Had you swam on Sunday?

क्या आप रविवार को तैरे थे?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘Had’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + you + not + verb(3rd  form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when there is a second person involved:

1) Had you not studied hard for exams?

क्या आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

 2)  Had you not gone to work?

क्या आप काम पर नहीं गए थे?

3) Had you not slept late on Saturday?

क्या आप शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोए थे?

4) Had you not seen a movie?
क्या आपने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी ?

5) Had you not swam on Sunday?

क्या आप रविवार को नहीं तैरे थे?

 

Past Perfect Tense Formula for Third Person Singular

The formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Singular are that the sentence starts with He, She, Common noun or proper noun with ‘had’, then a verb in its 3rd form with   followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Past Perfect Tense for Third Person Singular is as follows -

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + had + verb (3rd  form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He had studied hard for exams.

उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत से पढ़ाई की थी।

2) Father had gone to work.

 पिता काम पर गए थे।

3) Ram had slept late on Saturday.

राम शनिवार को देर रात सोया था।

4) She had watched a movie.

वह फिल्म देख चुकी थी ।

5) Sham had swam on Sunday.

शाम रविवार को तैरा था।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + had + not + verb(3rd form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He had not studied hard for exams

उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था

2) He had not gone to work.

 वह काम पर नहीं गया था।

3) He had not slept late on Saturday.

वह शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोया था।

4) He had not seen a movie.

उन्होंने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी।

5) He had not swam on Sunday.

वह रविवार को नहीं तैरा था।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘had’ at the start of the sentence followed by He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + subject (He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns) + verb (root form) + object(optional)

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Had he studied hard for exams?

क्या उसने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था?

2) Had father gone to work?

 क्या पिताजी काम पर गए थे?

3) Had Ram slept late on Saturday?

क्या राम शनिवार को देर से सोया  था?

4) Had she seen a movie?

क्या उसने एक फिल्म देखी थी?

5)  Had Sham swam on Sunday?

क्या शाम रविवार को तैरा था ?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘Had’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had+ [subject] + not + verb (3rd form)  + object(optional)

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Had he not studied hard for exams?

क्या उसने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

2)  Had father not gone to work?

 क्या पिताजी काम पर नहीं गए थे?

3)Had Ram not slept late on Saturday?

क्या राम शनिवार की देर से नहीं  सोया था ?

4) Had she not seen a movie?

 क्या उसने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी?

5) Had Sham not swam on Sunday?

क्या शाम रविवार को नहीं तैरा था ?

 

Past Perfect Tense Formula for Third Person Plural

The formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘They’ or common nouns and had , then a verb in its 3rd form followed by an object which is optional
So, we can say that the formula for Past Perfect Tense for Third Person Plural is as follows -

They/ Common Nouns + had + verb (3rd  form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They had studied hard for exams.

उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था।

2) Boys had gone to work.

लड़के काम पर गए थे।

3) They had slept late on Saturday.

वे शनिवार को देर से सोए थे।

4) They had seen a movie.

उन्होंने फिल्म देखी थी।

5) Girls had swam on Sunday

लड़कियों ने रविवार को तैराकी की थी।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

They/ Common Nouns + had + ‘not’ + verb(3rd  form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They had not studied hard for exams
उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था

2) They had not gone to work.

वे काम पर नहीं गए थे।

3) They had not slept late on Saturday.

 वे शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोए थे।

4) They had not seen a movie.

उन्होंने फिल्म नहीं देखी थी।

5) They had not swam on Sunday.

उन्होंने रविवार को तैराकी नहीं  की थी।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘Had’ at the start of the sentence followed by ‘They/ Common nouns’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + they/ common nouns + verb (3rd form) + object (optional) ?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Had they studied hard for exams?

क्या उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया था?

2) Had they gone to work?

क्या वे काम पर गए थे?

3) Had they slept late on Saturday?

 क्या वे शनिवार को देर से सोए थे?

4) Had  they seen a movie?

क्या उन्होंने फिल्म देखी थी?

5) Had they swam on Sunday?

क्या उन्होंने रविवार को तैराकी की थी ?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘Had’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Had + they/ common nouns + not + verb (3rd form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Past Perfect Tense         when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Had they not studied hard for exams?

क्या उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

 2) Had they not gone to work?

क्या वे काम पर नहीं गए थे?

3) Had they not slept late on Saturday?

क्या वे  शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोए थे ?

4)  Had they not seen a movie?

क्या उन्होंने फिल्म नहीं देखी?

5) Had they not swam on Sunday?

क्या उन्होंने रविवार को तैराकी नहीं की थी ?

 

Past Perfect Tense Exercises

Translate the following sentences using the Past Perfect Tense exercises and the answers follow:-

  1. मैं टेलीविज़न  देख  चुकी  थी।
  2.  हम खाना पहले ही खा चुके थे।
  3.  वह मेरे उठने से पहले ही  जा चुका था।
  4.  वे गाना गा  चुके थे।
  5.  क्या हम कपड़े धो चुके थे?

Answers:-

  • I had watched television.
  •  We had already eaten our meal.
  •  He had left before I woke up.
  •  They had sung the song.
  •  Had we washed the clothes?

 

Also See:

Past Tense of Come

Past Tense of Fall

Past Tense of Lead

Past Tense of Read

Past Tense of Bite

 

Also See: