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Singular and Plural Nouns Examples, Definition, List, Exercises

SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS DEFINITION

Singular nouns and plural nouns refer to the number of a person, animal or thing.

 

The article gives definition of Singular and plural. Also, it gives a complete list of rules for changing singular into plural. It also tells about the words which are exceptions to the rule given. There are examples, list of words in singular and plural form, example sentences and exercises. The lesson has been explained in Hindi and English for better understanding by the student.

 

For a detailed explanation of Singular Nouns and Plural Nouns, see video:

 

 

SINGULAR NOUN DEFINITION

singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea.

(एकवचन) जब हम किसी एक व्यक्ति, वास्तु की बात करते हैं

 

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EXAMPLES OF SINGULAR NOUN

लड़का

Boy

कुत्ता

dog

लड़की

girl

पाठशाला

school

पेड़

tree

माँ

mother

बस

bus

बहन

sister

गाड़ी

car

फूल

flower

चाक़ू

knife

गुलाब

rose

 

PLURAL NOUN DEFINITION
plural noun names more than one person, place, thing or idea.

(बहुवचन) जब हम दो या दो से अधिक व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं की बात करते हैं

 

EXAMPLES OF PLURAL NOUN

 

लड़के

Boys

कुत्ते

dogs

लड़कियाँ

girls

पाठशालाएँ

schools

पेड़

trees

माएँ

mothers

बसें

buses

बहनें

sisters

गाड़ियाँ

cars

फूल

flowers

चाक़ू

knives

गुलाब

roses

 

singular and plural nouns

 

RULES FOR CONVERTING SINGULAR TO PLURAL NOUNS

Regular Plurals
Rule 1. Add ‘s’ at the end of a singular noun to make it plural.

 

एकवचन संज्ञा शब्द के अंत में  's ' जोड़ कर बहुवचन बनाएँ  

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Cup, plate, tray, mug

Cups, plates, trays, mugs

Tree, plant, flower

Trees, plants, flowers

Jar, car, van, truck

Jars, cars, vans, trucks

Train, aeroplane, key

Trains, aeroplanes, keys

Shirt, apple, frock

Shirts, apples, frocks

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Rule 2. Singular nouns ending in 's', 'ss', 'sh', 'ch', 'x', ‘o’ or 'z' need an 'es' at the end to become plural.

's', 'ss', 'sh', 'ch', 'x', ‘o’ या 'z' अंत से हटाकर 'es'  लगाकर बहुवचन बनाएँ

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

box, dish, brush, glass

boxes, dishes, brushes, glasses

Church, class

churches, classes

Bus, watch, pass

buses, watches, passes

Fox, tax, dress, mango

foxes, taxes, dresses, mangoes

Potato, tomato, branch

potatoes, tomatoes, branches

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Exceptions to rule 2
The following are some exceptions to the above mentioned rule

 

इन उदाहरणों पर यह नियम नहीं लगेगा

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

quiz

Quizzes

ox

Oxen

Radio, photo

Radios, photos

        

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Irregular Plurals

Rule 1. Some nouns are the same in both their singular and plural forms.

 

कई संज्ञा शब्दों  का एकवचन और बहुवचन रूप एक ही रहता है

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Pants, scissors

Pants, scissors

Trousers

Trousers

 

Irregular Plurals - singular and plural nouns

 

Rule 2. Some nouns ending in 'f‘ or ‘fe’ require that you change the 'f' to a 'v' and then add an 'es' at the end to make them plural.

 

अंत से 'f‘ या  ‘fe’ हटा कर 'ves' जोड़ कर बहुवचन बनाएँ

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Leaf, thief

Leaves, thieves

Loaf, calf, shelf

Loaves, calves, shelves

Knife, wife, wolf

Knives, wives, wolves

Life, dwarf

Lives, dwarves

Half, self, scarf

Halves, selves, scarves

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Exceptions to Rule 2.

The following are some exceptions to the above mentioned rule

 

इन उदाहरणों पर यह नियम नहीं लगेगा

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Roof, cuff, proof

Roofs, cuffs, proofs

Cliff, chief, chef

Cliffs, chiefs, chefs

Dwarf, handkerchief

Dwarfs, handkerchiefs

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Rule 3. Nouns that end in 'y‘ preceded by a consonant require that you change the 'y' to an 'i', and then add an 'es' at the end to make them plural.

 

अगर संज्ञा शब्द के अंत में 'y' आए और उससे पहले व्यंजन आए , तो 'y' हटाकर 'ies' जोड़ कर बहुवचन रूप बनाएँ

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Baby, lady, army

Babies, ladies, armies

Fly, university

Flies, universities

Country, city, enemy

Countries, cities, enemies

Library, dictionary

Libraries, dictionaries

Puppy, diary

Puppies, diaries

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Rule 4. Nouns that end in 'y' preceded by a vowel require that you add 's' at the end to make them plural.

 

अगर संज्ञा शब्द के अंत में 'y' आए और उससे पहले  स्वर आए , तो अंत में 's' जोड़ कर बहुवचन रूप बनाएँ

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Monkey, boy

Monkeys, boys

Key, toy, turkey

Keys, toys, turkeys

Day, delay

Days, delays

Tray, prey

Trays, preys

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Rule 5. In a hyphenated compound word, you must change the first word into plural form.

 

हायफ़न युक्त योगिक शब्द में पहले शब्द को बहुवचन में बदलकर बहुवचन रूप बनाएँ

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Mother-in-law

Mothers-in-law

Editor-in-chief

Editors-in-chief

Runner-up

Runners-up

Grandson-in-law

Grandsons-in-law

 

Rule 6. Some singular nouns change into new words in the plural form.

 

कई एकवचन शब्द बहुवचन में नए शब्द बन जाते हैं

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

Man, woman, child

Men, women, children

Foot, tooth

Feet, teeth

Mouse, goose, chick

Mice, geese, chicken

Ox, die, person

Oxen, dice, people

 

singular and plural nouns

 

Rule 7. Nouns that end in ‘ex' require that you replace ‘ex’ with ‘ices’ at the end to make them plural.

 

'ex' से अंत होने वाले शब्द के अंत से 'ex ' हटाकर 'ies' जोड़कर बहुवचन बनाएँ

 

SINGULAR NOUNS

PLURAL NOUNS

vertex

Vertices

index

indices

 

SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS EXERCISES

Translate the following sentences by using the correct plural form-

 

  1. मेरे भाइयों ने मुझे तोहफा दिया है ।
  2.  

  3. हम नए ब्रश खरीद कर लाए हैं।
  4.  

  5. मंत्री जी के सारे दामाद आए थे।
  6.  

  7. बहुत सारे व्यंजन बने हैं। इन सब व्यंजनों में चीनी है।
  8.  

  9. सभी बच्चे खेल रहे थे।
  10.  

  11. वह लड़का उन लड़कों से पिटा है।
  12.  

  13. मेरी चिट्ठियाँ लौटा दो।
  14.  

  15. संगम पर तीन नदियाँ मिलती हैं।
  16.  

  17. सभी पेड़ सेबों से लदे हुए हैं पर इन दो पेड़ों पर कोई फल नहीं है।

 

1o.मैंने  एक  संतरा खाया।  

 

The following are the answers to the exercise -

  1. My brothers have given me a gift.
  2.  

  3. We have bought new brushes.
  4.  

  5. All of the Minister’s sons in law had come.
  6.  

  7. Many dishes have been prepared. All these dishes contain sugar.  
  8.  

  9. All the children were playing.
  10.  

  11. That boy has been beaten up by those boys.  
  12.  

  13. Return my letters.
  14.  

  15. Three rivers cojoin at the Sangam.
  16.  

  17. All the trees are loaded with apples but these two trees have no fruit on them.

 

10.I ate one / an orange.

 

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