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Pronoun Examples, Definition, Sentences, Exercises

This article includes definition, types of pronouns and example sentences. All this is simultaneously explained in Hindi and English for better understanding. The lesson is followed by exercise.

 

FOR A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC, SEE THE VIDEO

 

 

PRONOUN DEFINITION

Words which are used in place of a noun are called Pronouns.

सर्वनाम - संज्ञा के स्थान पर इस्तेमाल होने वाले शब्द सर्वनाम कहलाते हैं।

 

PRONOUN EXAMPLES

Some examples of pronouns are –

I, we, they, you, he, mine, yourself, her.

 

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PRONOUN TYPES

The following are the various types of pronouns:-

1. Personal Pronoun

2. Objective pronoun

3. Possessive Pronoun

4. Reflexive pronoun

5. Relative pronoun

Let us discuss them one by one in detail -

 

PERSONAL PRONOUN

When the pronoun used denotes the doer of an action or the subject, it is called a personal pronoun.

जब सर्वनाम इस्तेमाल होता है कर्ता के लिये।

कर्ता उसे कहते हैं, जो कार्य करता है।

The following words are used as personal pronouns -

When we talk of First person (प्रथम व्यक्ति)

Singular - I (म)

Plural - we           (हम)  

When we talk of Second person (दूसरा व्यक्ति,)

you (तू,तुम,आप)  

When we talk of Third person (तीसरा व्यक्ति)

Singular - He, she, it (वह)

Plural – They (वे)

 

PERSONAL PRONOUN EXAMPLES SENTENCES

Let us see a few examples sentences -  

 

मैं खेल रहा हूँ।          

I am playing.

हम पिज़्ज़ा खा रहे हैं।

We are eating pizza.

तू भाग रहा है।

You are running.

वह पढ़ रहा है।

He is studying.

 

OBJECTIVE PRONOUN

When the pronoun used in the sentence denotes the object, it is called objective pronoun.

जब सर्वनाम इस्तेमाल होता है कर्म के लिये।

कर्म उसे कहते हैं, जिस पर कार्य होता है।

The following words are used as objective pronouns -

When we talk of First person (प्रथम व्यक्ति)

Singular – me (मुझको)

Plural – Us (हमको)

When we talk of Second person (दूसरा व्यक्ति)

You (तुम/आप लोग)

When we talk of Third person (तीसरा व्यक्ति)

Singular - Him, her, it (उससे)

Plural – them (उनसे)

 

OBJECTIVE PRONOUN EXAMPLES SENTENCES

Let us see a few example sentences -  

 

अध्यापिका ने मुझको बुलाया है। 

The teacher has called me.

राम ने हमको आमंत्रित किया है।

Ram has invited us.

शाम ने तुमको मारा। 

Sham hit you.

पुलिस उनको पूछेगी।

Police will ask them.

 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUN

When a pronoun is used to show possession of anything, it is called a possessive pronoun.

व्यक्तिगत सर्वनाम - किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु के साथ संबंध बताने के लिए प्रयोग होने वाले शब्द।

The following words are used as possessive pronouns -

When we talk of First person (प्रथम व्यक्ति)

Singular - My, mine (मेरा)

Plural - Our, ours (हमारा)

When we talk of Second person (दूसरा व्यक्ति)

Your / yours  (तेरा, तुम्हारा / आपका)

When we talk of Third person (तीसरा व्यक्ति)

Singular - His, her, it’s (उसका)

Plural – Their (उनका)

 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUN EXAMPLES SENTENCES

Let us see a few example sentences -  

 

मेरी किताब गुम गई है।

My book is lost.

उसकी बस छूट गई।

He missed his bus.

 

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN

A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that is preceded or followed by the noun, adjective, adverb or pronoun to which it refers. A reflexive pronoun will end in -self or -selves, and refer to a previously named noun or pronoun.

निजवाचक सर्वनाम - कर्मकर्त्ता के आधार पर निर्धारित सर्वनाम।

The following words are used as reflexive pronouns -

When we talk of First person (प्रथम व्यक्ति)

Singular - Myself  (आप ही)  

Plural – Ourselves (अपने आपको)

When we talk of Second person (दूसरा व्यक्ति)

Yourself /  Yourselves     (आप ही / अपने आप, खुद)

When we talk of Third person (तीसरा व्यक्ति)

Singular - Himself, herself / Itself, oneself (आप ही)

Plural - themselves (अपने आपको)

 

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN EXAMPLES SENTENCES

Let us see a few example sentences -  

 

तुम अपने आप को कभी सुधार नहीं सकते।

You can never improve yourself.

वे अपनेआप पढ़ते हैं।

They study themselves.

 

RELATIVE PRONOUN

Those pronouns which denote a relation between persons, places or things are called relative pronouns.

सम्बन्धवाचक/सहायक सर्वनाम - जो सर्वनाम व्यक्तियों, वस्तुओं, स्थानों के बीच में सम्बन्ध निर्धारित करते हैं।

 

The following words are used as relative pronouns -

Who, that                      जो

which                            जिसका

Whose, whom             जिसको

 

RELATIVE PRONOUN EXAMPLES SENTENCES

Let us see a few example sentences -  

 

राधा भी वही किताब पढ़ रही है जो मैं पढ़ रही थी।

Radha is also reading the same book which I was reading.

वह लड़की जो सामने बैठी है वो मेरी बहन है।

The girl who is sitting in the front is my sister.

 

FOR A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC, SEE THE VIDEO

 

 

PRONOUNS EXERCISE

Translate the following sentences using the correct pronouns. The correct answers follow -

  1. उन्हें अपनेआप ही वहाँ जाने दो।
  2.  

  3. जो किताब तुमने दी थी वो खो गयी है।
  4.  

  5. उसकी पुस्तक वैसी है जैसे मेरी।
  6.  

  7. यह उपहार रानी ने स्वयं ही मुझे दिया था।
  8.  

  9. मैं पाँछवी कक्षा में पढ़ता हूँ। 
  10.  

  11. बाल दिवस के अवसर पर अध्यापिका ने हमें चॉक्लेट दी।
  12.  

  13. वे बाग़ में खेल रहे हैं। 
  14.  

  15. चोर ने उनको मार दिया। 
  16.  

  17. हम अपना काम खुदकरते हैं। 
  18.  

  19. मैं ने उनकी इजाज़त ले ली है। 

 

Answers -

  1. Let them go there themselves.
  2.  

  3. The book which you gave is lost.
  4.  

  5. His book is the same as mine.
  6.  

  7. The queen herself gave me this present.
  8.  

  9. I study in class five.
  10.  

  11. On the occasion of Teacher’s day, the teacher gave us chocolates.
  12.  

  13. They are playing in the garden.
  14.  

  15. The thief killed them.
  16.  

  17. We do our work ourselves.
  18.  

  19. I have taken their permission.

 

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