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Present Continuous Tense Examples, Definition, Exercises in Hindi

present continuous tense

 

Present Continuous Tense - This article includes definition, formula, examples and video explanation for forming sentences in the Present Continuous Tense with negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences in Present Continuous tense. All this is simultaneously explained in Hindi for better understanding. These are followed by an exercise with answers so that you can assess how much you have learnt about the topic.

 

Present Continuous Tense Definition

We use the present continuous tense to talk about continuing actions in the present.

  • for something that is happening at the moment of speaking.
  • for something which is sure to happen in the future.

 

Present Continuous Tense Examples and Formulas

The different formulae for making sentences in the present continuous tense are as follows:

 

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Present Continuous Tense Formula for First Person Singular

The formula for present continuous tense when the First Person is Singular is that the sentence starts with ‘I’ and  ‘am’, then a verb in its 1st form with ‘ing’, followed by an object which is optional.

So, we can say that the formula for present continuous tense for First Person Singular is as follows -

 

‘I’ + ‘am’ + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for present continuous tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I am studying hard for exams.

मैं परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहा  हूं।

2) I am going to work every day.

मैं हर दिन काम करने के लिए जा रहा हूँ।

3) I am sleeping late on Saturdays.

मैं शनिवार को देर से सो रहा हूं।

4) I am watching a movie every week.

मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहा हूं।

5) I am swimming on Sundays.         

मैं रविवार को तैराकी कर रहा हूं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

I + am +  not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I am not studying hard for exams

 मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहा हूँ।

2) I am not going to work everyday.

 मैं रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहा हूं।

3) I am not sleeping late on Saturdays.

 मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहा हूँ।

4) I am not watching a movie every week.

 मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहा हूं।

5) I am not swimming on Sundays.

 मैं रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहा हूँ ।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence followed by ‘I’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

am + I + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional) ?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Am I studying hard for exams?

क्या मैं परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहा हूँ?

2) Am I going to work everyday?

क्या मैं रोज़ काम करने जा रहा हूँ?

3) Am I sleeping late on Saturdays?

 क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से सो रहा हूँ?

4) Am I watching a movie every week?

 क्या मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहा हूँ?

5) Am I swimming on Sundays?

 क्या मैं रविवार को तैराकी कर रहा हूँ?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

am + I + not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Am I not studying hard for exams?

 क्या मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहा हूँ?

2) Am I not going to work everyday?

क्या मैं रोज़ काम पर नहीं जा रहा हूँ?

3) Am I not sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहा हूँ ?

4) Am I not watching a movie every week?

क्या मैं हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देख रहा हूँ?

5) Am I not swimming on Sundays?

क्या मैं रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहा हूँ?

 

Present Continuous Tense Formula for First Person Plural

The formula for present continuous tense when the First Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘We’ and ‘are’, then a verb in its 1st form with ‘ing’ followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for present continuous tense for First Person Plural is as follows -

 

We + are + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for present continuous tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We are studying hard for exams.

हम परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहे हैं।

2) We are going to work every day.

हम हर दिन काम करने के लिए जा रहे हैं।

3) We are sleeping late on Saturdays.

हम शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं।

4) We are watching a movie every week.

हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहे हैं।

5) We are swimming on Sundays.

हम रविवार को तैराकी कर रहे हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

We + are +  not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We are not studying hard for exams

हम परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहे हैं।

2) We are not going to work everyday.

हम रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहे हैं।

3) We are not sleeping late on Saturdays.

हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहे हैं।

4) We are not watching a movie every week.

हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं।

5) We are not swimming on Sundays.

 हम रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहे हैं।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence followed by ‘we’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

are + we + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Are we studying hard for exams?

क्या हम परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन कर रहे हैं?

2) Are we going to work everyday?

 क्या हम रोज़ काम करने वाले हैं?

3) Are we sleeping late on Saturdays?

 क्या हम शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं?

4) Are we watching a movie every week?

क्या हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहे हैं?

5) Are we swimming on Sunday’?

क्या हम रविवार को तैराकी कर रहे हैं?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

are + we + not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Are we not studying hard for exams?

 क्या हम परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहे हैं?

2) Are we not going to work everyday?
क्या हम रोज़ काम पर नहीं जा रहे हैं?

 

3) Are we not sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहे हैं?

4) Are we not watching a movie every week?

 क्या हम हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं?

5) Are we not swimming on Sundays?

क्या हम रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहे हैं?

 

Present Continuous Tense Formula for Second Person

The formula for present continuous tense when there is a Second Person involved are that the sentence starts with ‘you’ and ‘are’, then a verb in its 1st form with ‘ing’ followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for present continuous tense when a Second Person is involved is as follows -

 

You + are + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for present continuous tense when a Second Person is involved:

1) You are studying hard for exams.

आप परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहे हैं।

2) You are going to work every day.

आप हर दिन काम करने जा रहे हैं।

3) You are sleeping late on Saturdays.

आप शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं।

4) You are watching a movie every week.

आप हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहे हैं।

5) You are swimming on Sundays.

आप रविवार को तैराकी कर रहे हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

You + are +  not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when there is a second person :

1) You are not studying hard for exams

 आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहे हैं

2) You are not going to work everyday.

 आप रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहे हैं।

3) You are not sleeping late on Saturdays.

 आप शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहे हैं।

4) You are not watching a movie every week.

आप हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं।

5) You are not swimming on Sundays.

आप रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहे हैं।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence followed by ‘you’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

‘is/ am/ are’ + ‘you’ + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when there is a Second Person Involved:

1) Are you studying hard for exams?

 क्या आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन कर रहे हैं?

2) Are you going to work everyday?

क्या आप रोज़ काम करने जा रहे हैं?

3) Are you sleeping late on Saturdays?

 क्या आप शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं?

4) Are you watching a movie every week?

 क्या आप हर हफ्ते फिल्म देख रहे हैं?

5) Are you swimming on Sundays?

क्या आप रविवार को तैराकी कर रहे हैं?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.The sentence ends with a question mark (?)

 

are + you + not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when there is a second person involved:

1) Are you not studying hard for exams?

क्या आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहे हैं?

 2) Are you not going to work everyday?

 क्या आप रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहे हैं?

3) Are you not sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या आप शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहे हैं?

4) Are you not watching a movie every week?

 क्या आप हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं?

5) Are you not swimming on Sundays?

क्या आप रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहे हैं?

 

Present Continuous Tense Formula for Third Person Singular

The formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Singular are that the sentence starts with He, She, Common noun or proper noun and ‘is’, then a verb in its 1st form with ‘ing’ followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for present continuous tense for Third Person Singular is as follows -

 

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + is + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional) 

Let us see some example sentences with formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He is studying hard for exams.

वह परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहा है।

2) Father is going to work every day.

पिता रोज काम पर जा रहे हैं।

3) Ram is sleeping late on Saturdays.

राम शनिवार को देर से सो रहा है।

4) She is watching a movie every week.

वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रही है।

5) Sham is swimming on Sundays.

शाम रविवार को  तैर रहा है।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + is + not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional) 

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He is  not studying hard for exams

 वह परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहा है।

2) He is  not going to work everyday.

वह रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहा है।

3) He is  not sleeping late on Saturdays.

 वह शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहा है।

4) He is  not watching a movie every week.

 वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहा है।

5) He is  not swimming on Sundays.
वह रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहा है।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘is’ at the starting of the sentence followed by He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?)

 

is + He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Is he studying hard for exams?

 क्या वह परीक्षा के लिए मेहनत कर रहा है?

2) Is father going to work everyday?

क्या पिता रोज काम पर जा रहा है?

3) Is Ram sleeping late on Saturdays?

 क्या राम शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं?

4) Is she watching a movie every week?

क्या वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रही है?

5) Is Sham swimming on Sundays?

क्या रविवार को शाम तैरने जा रहा है?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘is’ at the starting of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?)

 

is + He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional) ?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Is he not studying hard for exams?
क्या वह परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहा है?

2) Is father not going to work everyday?

क्या पिता रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहा है?

3) Is Ram not sleeping late on Saturdays?

 क्या राम को शनिवार को देर से नींद नहीं आ रही है?

4) Is she not watching a movie every week?

 क्या वह हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देख रही है?

5) Is Sham not swimming on Sundays?

क्या रविवार को शाम तैर नहीं रही है?

 

Present Continuous Tense Formula for Third Person Plural

The formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘They’ or common nouns followed by ‘are’, then a verb in its 1st form with ‘ing’ followed by an object which is optional
So, we can say that the formula for present continuous tense for Third Person Plural is as follows -

 

They/ Common Nouns + are + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They are studying hard for exams.

वे परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत से पढ़ाई कर रहे हैं।

2) Boys are going to work every day.

लड़के रोज काम पर जा रहे हैं।

3) They are sleeping late on Saturdays.

वे शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं।

4) They are watching a movie every week.

वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहे हैं।

5) Girls are swimming on Sundays

लड़कियां रविवार को तैराकी कर रही हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

They/ Common nouns + are +  not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They are not studying hard for exams

वे परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहे हैं।

2) They are not going to work everyday.

वे रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहे हैं।

3) They are not sleeping late on Saturdays.

वे शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहे हैं।

4) They are not watching a movie every week.

 वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं।

5) They are not swimming on Sundays.

 वे रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहे हैं।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence followed by ‘They/ Common nouns’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

are + they/ Common nouns + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Are they studying hard for exams?

 क्या वे परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन कर रहे हैं?

2) Are they going to work everyday?

क्या वे रोज़ काम पर जा रहे हैं?

3) Are they sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या वे शनिवार को देर से सो रहे हैं?

4) Are they watching a movie every week?

क्या वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहे हैं?

5) Are they swimming on Sundays?

क्या वे रविवार को तैराकी कर रहे हैं?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add is/ am/ are at the starting of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

are + ‘they/ Common noun’ + not + verb (1st form) with ‘ing’ + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for present continuous tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Are they not studying hard for exams?

क्या वे परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहे हैं?

 2) Are they not going to work everyday?

क्या वे रोज़ काम पर नहीं  जा रहे  हैं?

3) Are they not sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या वे शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहे हैं?

4) Are they not watching a movie every week?

क्या वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं?

5) Are they not swimming on Sundays?

 क्या वे रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहे हैं?

 

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE EXERCISES

Translate the following sentences in English using the Present Continuous Tense

  1. क्या वे नौकरी ढूंढ रहे हैं ?
  2. शाम चित्र नहीं बना रहा है।
  3. फूल खिल रहे हैं।
  4. माँ पूजा नहीं कर रही है।
  5. वह बनारस कब जा रहा है ?

 

ANSWERS:

  1. Are they searching for a job?
  2. Sham is not drawing a picture.
  3. Flowers are blooming.
  4. Mother is not doing prayer.
  5. When is he going to Banaras?

 

Also See:

Past Tense of Come

Past Tense of Fall

Past Tense of Lead

Past Tense of Read

Past Tense of Bite

 

Also See: