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Simple Past Tense Examples, Definition, Formula, Rules, Exercises in Hindi

Simple Past Tense Examples, Definition, Rules, Formulae, Exercises in Hindi, Video Explanation, Rules, formulae, English to Hindi Explanation of Simple Past Tense

This article includes definition, formula  and rules for forming sentences in simple past tense. It also includes examples, video explanation and rules. All this is simultaneously explained in Hindi for better understanding. There are examples of negative, interrogatory and negative interrogative sentences and exercises at the end of the lesson in order to help you assess how much you have learnt about Simple Past Tense.

 

Simple Past Tense Definition

The simple past tense is used to talk about a completed action in time before now. The simple past is the basic form of the past tense in English.

 

FOR A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC, SEE THE VIDEO

 

 

Simple Past Tense Examples and formulae

The different formulae for making sentences in the Simple Past Tense are as follows:

 

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Simple Past Tense Formula for First Person Singular

The formula for Simple Past Tense when the First Person is Singular is that the sentence starts with ‘I’ , then a verb in its 3rd form, followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Simple Past Tense for First Person Singular is as follows -

‘I’ + verb(3rd form)+ object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Simple Past Tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I studied hard for exams.

मैंने परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत की।

2) I went to work every day.

 मैं हर दिन काम पर गया।

3) I slept late on Saturdays.

मैं शनिवार को देर से सोता था।

4) I saw a movie every week.

 मैंने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी।

5) I swam on Sundays.          

मैं रविवार को तैरता था।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did not’ before the root form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

‘I’ + did not + verb (root form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I did not study hard for exams.

 मैंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया।

2) I did not go to work everyday.

मैं रोज काम पर नहीं जाता था।

3) I did not sleep late on Saturdays.

मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोता था ।

4) I did not watch a movie every week.

मैंने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी।

5) I did not swim on Sundays.

मैं रविवार को नहीं तैरता था।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did’ at the start of the sentence followed by ‘I’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark ‘?’.

did + [subject] + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Did I study hard for exams?

क्या मैंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया?

2) Did I go to work everyday?

क्या मैं रोज़ काम पर जाता था?

3) Did I sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से सोता था?

4) Did I watch a movie every week?

 क्या मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखता था?

5) Did I swim on Sundays?

क्या मैं रविवार को तैरता था?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark ‘?’.

did + [subject] + not + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Did I not study hard for exams?

क्या मैंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया?

2) Did I not go to work everyday?

 क्या मैं रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाता था?

3) Did I not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोता था?

4) Did I not watch a movie every week?

 क्या मैं हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देखता था?

5) Did I not swim on Sundays?

क्या मैं रविवार को नहीं तैरता था?

 

Simple Past Tense Formula for First Person Plural

The formula for Simple Past Tense when the First Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘We’, then a verb in its 3rd form  followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Simple Past Tense for First Person Plural is as follows -

‘We’+ verb (3rd form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Simple Past Tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We studied hard for exams.

हमने परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत की।

2) We went to work every day.

हम हर दिन काम पर गए।

3) We slept late on Saturdays.

हम शनिवार को देर से सोए थे।

4) We saw a movie every week.

 हमने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी।

5) We swam on Sundays.

हम रविवार को तैरते हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

‘We’ + did not + verb (root form) + object (optional).

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We did not study hard for exams.

 हमने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया।

2) We did not go to work everyday.

हम रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाते थे।

3) We did not sleep late on Saturdays.

हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते थे।

4) We did not watch a movie every week.

 हमने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी।

5) We did not swim on Sundays.

हम रविवार को नहीं तैरते थे।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did’  at the start of the sentence followed by ‘we’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark ‘?’.

did + [subject] + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural:
1) Did we study hard for exams?

क्या हमने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया?

2) Did we go to work everyday?

क्या हम रोज़ काम पर जाते थे?

3) Did we sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या हम शनिवार को देर से सोते थे?

4) Did we watch a movie every week?

 क्या हमने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी?

5) Did we swim on Sundays?

क्या हम रविवार को तैरते थे?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ’did’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.The sentence ends with a question mark ‘?’.

Did + [subject] + not + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Did we not study hard for exams?

क्या हमने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया?

2) Did we not go to work everyday?

 क्या हम रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाते थे?

3) Did we not sleep late on Saturdays?

 क्या हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते थे?

4) Did we not watch a movie every week?

 क्या हमने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी?

5) Did we not swim on Sundays?

 क्या हम रविवार को नहीं तैरते थे?

 

Simple Past Tense Formula for Second Person

The formula for Simple Past Tense when there is a Second Person involved are that the sentence starts with ‘you’, then a verb in its 3rd form, followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Simple Past Tense when a Second Person is involved is as follows -

‘you’+ verb(3rd form)+ object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Simple Past Tense when a Second Person is involved:

1) You studied hard for exams.

आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया।

2) You went to work every day.

 आप हर दिन काम पर गए।

3) You slept late on Saturdays.

आप शनिवार को देर से सोए थे।

4) You saw a movie every week.

आपने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी।

5) You swam on Sundays.

आप रविवार को तैरते थे ।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

‘You’ + did not + verb (root form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when there is a second person :

1) You did not study hard for exams

आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया।

2) You did not go to work everyday.

आप रोज काम पर नहीं जाते थे।

3) You did not sleep late on Saturdays.

आप शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते थे ।

4) You did not watch a movie every week.

 आपने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी।

5) You did not swim on Sundays.

 आप रविवार को तैरते नहीं थे ।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add did  at the start of the sentence followed by ‘you’ and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark “?”.

Did + [subject] + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when there is a Second Person Involved:

1) Did you study hard for exams?

क्या आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया?

2) Did you go to work everyday?

क्या आप रोज़ काम पर जाते थे?

3) Did you sleep late on Saturdays?

 क्या आप शनिवार को देर से सोते थे?

4) Did you watch a movie every week?

 क्या आपने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी?

5) Did you swim on Sundays?

 क्या आप रविवार को तैरते थे?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘Did’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.The sentence ends with a question mark “?”.

Did + [subject] + not + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when there is a second person involved:

1) Did you not study hard for exams?

क्या आपने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया?

 2) Did you not go to work everyday?

क्या आप रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाते थे?

3) Did you not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या आप  शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते थे ?

4) Did you not watch a movie every week?

 क्या आपने हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देखी?

5) Did you not swim on Sundays?

 क्या आप रविवार को नहीं तैरते थे?

 

Simple Past Tense Formula for Third Person Singular

The formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Singular  is that the sentence starts with He, She, Common noun or proper noun, then a verb in its 3rd form followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for Simple Past Tense for Third Person Singular is as follows -

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + verb(3rd form)+ object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He  studied hard for exams.

उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत की।

2) Father went to work every day.

पिता रोज काम पर जाते थे।

3) Ram slept late on Saturdays.

राम शनिवार की देर रात को सोया था।

4) She saw a movie every week.

उसने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी।

5) Sham swam on Sundays.

शाम रविवार को तैरा था।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + did not + verb (root form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He did not study hard for exams

उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया।

2) He did not go to work everyday.

वह रोज काम पर नहीं जाता था।

3) He did not sleep late on Saturdays.

 वह शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोया।

4) He did not watch a movie every week.

उन्होंने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी।

5) He did not swim on Sundays.

 वह रविवार को नहीं तैरता था।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add did  at the start of the sentence followed by He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark ‘?’.

 Did + subject( He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns) + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Did he study hard for exams?

क्या उसने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया?

2) Did father go to work everyday?

क्या पिता रोज काम पर जाते थे?

3) Did  Ram sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या राम शनिवार को देर से   सोता था ?

4) Did she watch a movie every week?

 क्या वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखती थी?

5) Did Sham swim on Sundays?

क्या शाम रविवार को तैरा था ?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

Did + [subject] + not + verb (root form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Did he not study hard for exams?

क्या उसने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

2) Did  father not go to work everyday?

क्या पिता रोज काम पर नहीं जाते थे?

3) Did  Ram not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या राम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोया था ?

4) Did she not watch a movie every week?

 क्या उसने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी?

5) Did Sham not swim on Sundays?

क्या शाम रविवार को नहीं तैरा था ?

 

Simple Past Tense Formula for Third Person Plural

The formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘They’ or common nouns and ‘are’, then a verb in its 3rd  form followed by an object which is optional
So, we can say that the formula for Simple Past Tense for Third Person Plural is as follows -

They/ Common Nouns + verb(3rd form)+ object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They Studied hard for exams.

 उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया।

2) Boys went to work every day.

लड़के रोज काम पर जाते थे।

3) They slept late on Saturdays.

 वे शनिवार को देर से सोए थे।

4) They saw a movie every week.

 उन्होंने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी।

5) Girls swam on Sundays

लड़कियां रविवार को तैरी थी .

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did not’ before the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

They/ Common nouns + did not + verb (root form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They did not study hard for exams

उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया।

2) They did not go to work everyday.

वे रोज काम पर नहीं जाते थे।

3) They did not sleep late on Saturdays.

वे शनिवार को देर तक नहीं सोए थे

4) They did not watch a movie every week.

वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखते थे।

5) They did not swim on Sundays.

 वे रविवार को नहीं तैरते थे।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did’ at the start of the sentence followed by ‘They/ Common nouns’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

did + [subject] + verb (root form) + object(optional)

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Did they study hard for exams?

 क्या उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन किया?

2) Did they go to work everyday?

 क्या वे रोज़ काम पर जाते थे?

3) Did they sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या वे शनिवार को देर से सोते थे?

4) Did  they watch a movie every week?

क्या उन्होंने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखी?

5) Did they swim on Sundays?

क्या वे रविवार को तैरते थे?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add ‘did’ at the start of the sentence, then the subject and then ‘not’ and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

did + [subject] + not + verb (root form) + object(optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for Simple Past Tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Did they not study hard for exams?

 क्या उन्होंने परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं किया था?

 2) Did they not go to work everyday?

क्या वे रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाते थे?

3) Did they not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या वे शनिवार को देर से  नहीं सोए थे ?

4)  Did they not watch a movie every week?

क्या उन्होंने हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखी?

5) Did they not swim on Sundays?

 क्या वे रविवार को नहीं तैरते थे?

 

SIMPLE PAST TENSE EXERCISES

Translate the following sentences in simple past tense and check the answers that follow -

  1. मैंने बचपन में चॉक्लेट खाई।
  2. राम डेली गया।
  3. माँ ने बच्चे को प्यार किया ।
  4. हम क्रिकेट खेलते थे।
  5. हम ने सवाल हल किये।

 
Answers -

  • I ate chocolate in my childhood.
  • Ram went to Delhi.
  • Mother loved the child.
  • We played cricket.
  • We solved the sums.

 

Also See:

Past Tense of Come

Past Tense of Fall

Past Tense of Lead

Past Tense of Read

Past Tense of Bite

 

Also See: