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Simple Present Tense Examples, Definition, Rules, Exercises, Sentences

simple present tense

 

Simple Present Tense - This article includes the definition, formulas, examples and video explanation for forming sentences in simple present tense. It has examples of positive, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences with rules. All the examples have been simultaneously explained in Hindi for better understanding. An exercise along with the answers has been given at the end for your practice and to assess how much you have learnt about the topic.

Simple Present Tense Definition

Those sentences which denote a habit, a universal fact or experience are in the simple present tense. The simple present tense indicates that an action is present. Generally, it is used for factual or habitual actions – things which occur in the present but are not necessarily occurring now. The simple present tense is also used to denote events that are scheduled to happen – either by nature or by people.


 

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Simple Present Tense Examples, Explanation in Hindi - See Video

 

 

Simple Present Tense Examples and Formulas

The different formulae for making sentences in simple present tense are as follows:

 

Simple Present Tense Formula for First Person Singular

The formula for simple present tense when the First Person is Singular is that the sentence starts with ‘I’, then a verb in its base form, followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for simple present tense for First Person Singular is as follows -

 

‘I’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for simple present tense when the First Person is Singular:

1) I study hard for exams.

मैं परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करता हूँ।

2) I go to work every day.

मैं हर रोज़ काम पर जाता हूँ।

3) I sleep late on Saturdays.

मैं शनिवार को देर से सोता हूँ।

4) I watch a movie every week.

मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखता हूँ।

5) I swim on Sundays.           

मैं रविवार को तैरता हूँ।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does not before the basic form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

‘I’ + do/ does not + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Person is Singular:

1) I do not study hard for exams.

 मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करता  हूं।

2) I do not go to work everyday.

मैं रोज काम पर नहीं जाता हूं।

3) I do not sleep late on Saturdays.

मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोता हूं।

4) I do not watch a movie every week.

 मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखता हूं।

5) I do not swim on Sundays.

मैं रविवार को तैरता नहीं हूं।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + ‘I’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Do I study hard for exams?

क्या मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन करता हूं?

2) Do I go to work everyday?

  क्या मैं रोज़ काम पर जाता हूँ?

3) Do I sleep late on Saturdays?

  क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से सोता हूँ?

4) Do I watch a movie every week?

 क्या मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखता हूं?

5) Do I swim on Sundays?

  क्या मैं रविवार को तैरता हूँ?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and ‘not’ after the subject. The rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + ‘I’ + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of negative interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Person is Singular:

1) Do I not study hard for exams?

क्या मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करता हूं?

2) Do I not go to work everyday?

क्या मैं रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाता हूं?

3) Do I not sleep late on Saturday?

  क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोता हूँ?

4) Do I not watch a movie every week?

  क्या मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखता हूं?

5) Do I not swim on Sundays?

क्या मैं रविवार को नहीं तैरता हूं ?

 

Simple Present Tense Formula for First Person Plural

The formula for simple present tense when the First Person is Plural is that the sentence starts with ‘We’, then a verb in its base form followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for simple present tense for First Person Plural is as follows -

 

‘We’+ verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for simple present tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) We study hard for exams.

हम परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करते हैं।

2) We go to work every day.

हम रोज काम पर जाते हैं।

3) We sleep late on Saturdays.

हम शनिवार को देर से सोते हैं।

4) We watch a movie every week.

हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखते हैं।

5) We swim on Sundays.

हम रविवार को तैरते हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does not before the basic form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

‘We’ + do/ does not + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Person is Plural:

1) We do not study hard for the exams.

हम परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करते हैं।

2) We do not go to work everyday.

हम रोज काम पर नहीं जाते।

3) We do not sleep late on Saturdays.

 हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते हैं।

4) We do not watch a movie every week.

हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखते हैं।

5) We do not swim on Sundays.

हम रविवार को तैरते नहीं हैं।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + ‘we’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the First Person is Plural:

1) Do we study hard for the exams?

 क्या हम परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन करते हैं?

2) Do we go to work everyday?

क्या हम रोज़ काम पर जाते हैं?

3) Do we sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या हम शनिवार को देर से सोते हैं?

4) Do we watch a movie every week?

क्या हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखते हैं?

5) Do we swim on Sundays?

 क्या हम रविवार को तैरते हैं?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and ‘not’ after the subject. The rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + ‘we’ + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of negative interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Person is Plural:

1) Do we not study hard for the exams?

 क्या हम परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करते हैं?

2) Do we not go to work everyday?

क्या हम रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाते हैं?

3) Do we not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या हम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते हैं?

4) Do we not watch a movie every week?

 क्या हम हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखते हैं?

5) Do we not swim on Sundays?

 क्या हम रविवार को तैरने नहीं जाते  हैं?

 

Simple Present Tense Formula for Second Person

The formula for simple present tense when there is a Second Person involved are that the sentence starts with ‘you’, then a verb in its base form followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for simple present tense when a Second Person is involved is as follows -

 

‘You’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for simple present tense when a Second Person is involved:

1) You study hard for exams.

आप परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करते हैं।

2) You go to work every day.

आप रोज काम पर जाते हैं।

3) You sleep late on Saturdays.

आप शनिवार को देर से सोते हैं।

4) You watch a movie every week.

आप हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखते हैं।

5) You swim on Sundays.

आप रविवार को तैरने जाते हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does not before the basic form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

‘You’ + do/ does not + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when there is a second person:

1) You do not study hard for the exams.

 आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करते हैं।

2) You do not go to work everyday.

आप रोज काम पर नहीं जाते हैं।

3) You do not sleep late on Saturdays.

शनिवार के दिन आप देर से नहीं सोते हैं।

4) You do not watch a movie every week.

आप हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखते हैं।

5) You do not swim on Sundays.

 आप रविवार को तैरने नहीं जाते हैं।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + ‘you’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when there is a second person involved:

1) Do you study hard for the exams?

क्या आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन करते हैं?

2) Do you go to work everyday?

क्या आप रोज़ काम पर जाते हैं?

3) Do you sleep late on Saturdays?

 क्या आप शनिवार को देर से सोते हैं?

4) Do you watch a movie every week?

 क्या आप हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखते हैं?

5) Do you swim on Sundays?

क्या आप रविवार को तैरते हैं?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and ‘not’ after the subject. The rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + ‘you’ + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of negative interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when there is a Second Person Involved:

1) Do you not study hard for the exams?

 क्या आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करते हैं?

2) Do you not go to work everyday?

 क्या आप रोज़ काम पर नहीं जाते हैं?

3) Do you not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या आप शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोते हैं ?

4) Do you not watch a movie every week?

क्या आप हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देखते हैं?

5) Do you not swim on Sundays?

क्या आप रविवार को तैरने नहीं जाते हैं?

 

Simple Present Tense Formula for Third Person Singular

The formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is Singular is that the sentence starts with He, She, Common noun or proper noun, then a verb in its base form with added ‘s’ or ‘es’ according to the verb followed by an object which is optional.
So, we can say that the formula for simple present tense for Third Person Singular is as follows -

 

He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + verb (base form) with s/es at the end + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) He studies hard for exams.

वह परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करता है।

2) Father goes to work every day.

पिता हर दिन काम पर जाते हैं।

3) Ram sleeps late on Saturdays.

राम शनिवार को देर से सोता है।

4) She watches a movie every week.

वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखती है।

5) Sham swims on Sundays.

शाम रविवार को तैरता है।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does not before the basic form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

He/ She/ Proper Noun/ Common Noun + do/ does not + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is a Singular:

1) He does not study hard for exams.

 वह परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करता है।

2) Father does not go to work everyday

 पिता रोज काम पर नहीं जाते हैं।

3) Ram does not sleep late on Saturdays.

राम शनिवार के दिन देर से नहीं सोता है ।

4) She does not watch a movie every week.

वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखती है।

5) Sham does not swim on Sundays.

शाम रविवार को तैरता नहीं है ।

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + he/ she/ common noun/ proper noun + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is Singular:

1) Does he study hard for the exam?

क्या वह परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करता है?

2) Does father go to work everyday?

 क्या पिता रोज काम पर जाता है?

3) Does Ram sleep late on Satudays?

क्या राम शनिवार को देर से सोता है ?

4) Does she watch a movie every week?

 क्या वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखती है?

5) Does Sham swim on Sundays?

क्या रविवार को शाम तैरता  है?

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and ‘not’ after the subject. The rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + he/ she/ proper noun/ common noun + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of negative interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is a Singular:

1) Does he not study hard for the exam?

क्या वह परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करता है?

2) Does father not go to work everyday?
क्या पिता रोज काम पर नहीं जाते?

3) Does Ram not sleep late on Saturdays?

क्या राम शनिवार को देर से नहीं सोता है?

4) Does she not watch a movie every week?

क्या वह हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखती है?

5) Does Sham not swim on Sundays?

क्या रविवार को शाम तैरने  नहीं आता है?

 

Simple Present Tense Formula for Third Person Plural

The formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is Plural are that the sentence starts with ‘They’ or common nouns, then a verb in its base form followed by an object which is optional
So, we can say that the formula for simple present tense for Third Person Plural is as follows -

 

They/ Common Nouns + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some example sentences with formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) They study hard for exams.

वे परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करते हैं।

2) Boys go to work every day.

लड़के रोज काम पर जाते हैं।

3) They sleep late on Saturdays.

वे शनिवार को देर से सोते हैं।

4) They watch a movie every week.

वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखते हैं।

5) Girls swim on Sundays

लड़कियां रविवार को तैरती हैं।

For converting these sentences into negative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does not before the basic form of the verb and the rest of the rule remains the same.

 

They/ common noun + do/ does not + verb (base form) + object (optional)

Let us see some examples of negative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is a Plural:

1) They do not study hard for the exams.

वे परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करते हैं।

2) Boys do not go to work everyday.

लड़के रोज काम पर नहीं जाते।

3) They do not sleep late on Saturdays.

वे शनिवार की देर से नहीं सोते हैं।

4) They do not watch a movie every week.

 वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखते हैं।

5) Girls do not swim on Sundays.

 लड़कियां रविवार को नहीं तैरती हैं

 

For converting these sentences into interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and the rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + They/common noun + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is Plural:

1) Do they study hard for the exams?

क्या वे परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन करते हैं?

2) Do boys go to work everyday?

 क्या लड़के रोज़ काम पर जाते हैं?

3) Do they sleep late on Saturdays?

 क्या वे शनिवार को देर से सोते हैं?

4) Do they watch a movie every week?

क्या वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देखते हैं?

5) Do girls swim on Sundays?

क्या लड़कियां रविवार को तैरती हैं?

 

For converting these sentences into negative interrogative sentences the formula is that you add do/ does at the starting of the sentence and ‘not’ after the subject. The rest of the rule remains the same. The sentence ends with a question mark (?).

 

Do/ Does + They/ common noun + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)?

Let us see some examples of negative interrogative sentences with the formula for simple present tense when the Third Person is a Plural:

1) Do they not study hard for the exams?

 क्या वे परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करते हैं?

2) Do boys not go to work everyday?

क्या लड़के रोज काम पर नहीं जाते?

3) Do they not sleep late on Saturdays?

 क्या उन्हें शनिवार को देर रात नींद नहीं आती है?

4) Do they not watch a movie every week?

क्या वे हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देखते ?

5) Do girls not swim on Sundays?

क्या लड़कियां रविवार को नहीं तैरती ?

 

Simple Present Tense Exercise

Translate the following sentences using the correct form of Simple present tense and check with the answers that follow:-

  1. मैं एक आम खाता हूँ।
  2. वह पाठ याद करता है।
  3. धोबी कपड़े इस्त्री करता है।
  4. विद्यार्थी शोर मचाते हैं
  5. मोहन  क्रिकेट खेलता है।

Answers

  • I eat a mango.
  • He learns the lesson.
  • Dhobi irons clothes.
  • Students make noise.
  • Mohan plays cricket?

 

Also See:

Past Tense of Come

Past Tense of Fall

Past Tense of Lead

Past Tense of Read

Past Tense of Bite

 

Also See: