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What are Adjectives? Adjective Definition, Types, and Adjective Examples

 

Adjective Definition | Types, Adjective Example Sentences with Video Explanation

The words which describe a noun or pronoun are called adjectives.

They are also called ‘describing words’

 

FOR A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC, SEE THE VIDEO

 

 

Adjective Definition | What are Adjectives, Types and Adjective Examples

 

This article includes definition, example sentences of Adjectives and Degrees of Comparison. All this is simultaneously explained in Hindi and English for better understanding. The lesson is followed by exercises based on adjectives.
 
विशेषण
जो शब्द कर्ता या कर्म की विशेषता  बताते हैं, उन्हें विशेषण कहते हैं।
 

ADJECTIVES EXAMPLES

colours - Red, black, white, yellow, orange
रंग - लाल, काला, सफ़ेद, पीला, नारंगी

Shapes - Round, thin, tall, slant, thick/ fat.
आकार - गोल, पतला, ऊँचा, तिरछा, मोटा

State - Good, beautiful, dirty, new, lovely.
अवस्था - अच्छा, सुन्दर, मैला, नया, प्यारा

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Let us see an important rule while translating –
एक महत्त्वपूर्ण नियम

We can frame a sentence in the following two ways –
एक वाक्य को दो तरह से बोल या लिख सकते हैं –

वह एक अच्छा छात्र है।  

He is a good student. 

वह छात्र अच्छा है।

That student is good

 
Adjective can be used with the subject / object and it can be used on it’s own also.
विशेषण कर्ता या कर्म के पहले लग सकता है या अकेला ही प्रयोग किया जा सकता है।

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ADJECTIVES EXAMPLES SENTENCES

राम ने लाल कमीज़ पहनी है।

Ram is wearing a red shirt.

यह आम मीठा है।

This mango is sweet.

उसने काली छतरी पकड़ी है।

He is holding a black umbrella.

वह बड़ी गाड़ी लाया है।

He has brought a big car.

यह पेड़ छायादार, घना और मज़बूत है।

This tree is shady, dense and strong.

हमारी अध्यापिका स्नेहमयी और कठोर दोनों है।

Our teacher is both - loving and strict.

 

DEGREES OF COMPARISON

There are three degrees of comparison as follows -

  1. Positive degree
  2.  Comparative degree
  3.  Superlative degree

 
Let us discuss them one by one -

POSITIVE DEGREE

The positive degree of an adjective is used when we have to denote the quality of one person, place or thing.
जब किसी एक व्यक्ति या वस्तु का गुण या विशेषता बतानी हो।


POSITIVE DEGREE EXAMPLES SENTENCE

राधा बुद्धिमान और समझदार है।

Radha is intelligent and wise.

भारत एक समृद्ध देश है।

India is a prosperous country.

 

COMPARITIVE DEGREE

The Comparative degree of adjectives is used to compare two persons, places or things.
जब किसी दो व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं में तुलना करनी हो ।
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  6. Pronouns - Definition, Examples, Types, Exercises
  7. Singular and Plural nouns - Definition, List, Examples, Exercises

 

COMPARATIVE DEGREE EXAMPLES SENTENCE

हरी रवि से उम्र में बड़ा है।

Hari is older than Ravi.

कश्मीर की वादी हिमाचल से ज़्यादा सुन्दर है।

The Kashmir valley is more beautiful than Himachal.

 

Note – We use ‘than’ with the adjectives of comparative degree.

 

SUPERLATIVE DEGREE

When we want to denote the quality or a person, place or thing among a group of more than two, we use the superlative degree of comparison.
जब बहुत लोगों, स्थानों या वस्तुओं में से किसी एक की विशेषता बतानी हो।


SUPERLATIVE DEGREE EXAMPLES SENTENCES

माउंट एवेरस्ट विश्व की सबसे ऊँची छोटी है।

Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world.

सुनंदा अपनी कक्षा में सबसे अधिक बुद्धिमान छात्रा है।

Sunanda is the most intelligent student in her class.

 

Note – We use ‘the’ with the adjectives of superlative degree.

Let us see the Degrees of Comparison of commonly used adjectives

POSITIVE DEGREE

COMPARATIVE DEGREE

SUPERLATIVE DEGREE

 

Good

better

best

(अच्छा)

Old  

older

oldest

(पुराना)

Tall

taller

tallest

(ऊँचा)

Strong

stronger

strongest

(मज़बूत)

large

larger

largest

(बड़ा)

tiny

tinier

tiniest

(छोटा)

little

less 

least

(थोड़ा)

hard

Harder

hardest

(कठिन)

 

Some adjectives form the comparative degree by adding ‘more’ before them and the superlative degree by adding ‘most’ before them. Let us see some of them –

POSITIVE DEGREE

COMPARATIVE DEGREE

SUPERLATIVE DEGREE

 

Beautiful                               

more beautiful  

most beautiful

सुन्दर

Intelligent 

more intelligent 

most intelligent

बुद्धिमान

Dangerous

more dangerous

most dangerous

खतरनाक

 

ADJECTIVES EXERCISES

Translate the following sentences using the correct adjectives and check the answers that follow -

  1. राज के पास चार गाड़ियाँ और एक बहुत बड़ा व सुन्दर घर है।
  2.  नाइल नदी विश्व की सबसे लंबी नदी है।
  3.  जानवी अपनी कक्षा की सबसे मेहनती विद्यार्थी है।
  4.  चीन की जनसँख्या भारत से ज़्यादा है।
  5.  खाना स्वाद है।

 
Answers-

  1. Raj owns four cars and a very big and beautiful house.
  2.  The river Nile is the longest river of the world.
  3.  Jaanvi is the most hardworking student of her class.
  4.  China is more populated than India.
  5.  Food is tasty.

 

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