Essay on Diwali in English, Class 5 to 10, History and Importance

Essay on Diwali in English for Student of Class 5 to 10, History, Importance and Conlusion

By Garima Trivedi

essay on diwali



Introduction – Diwali festival

Essay on Diwali – What is the first thing that comes into your mind when you think about Diwali?

Lights, fireworks, colorful paintings, sweets, and walnut. It is an occasion when all the members of our family come together to celebrate the Diwali night.

Diwali can rightly be called one of the biggest festivals of Hindus which is celebrated with joy and harmony not only in India but across the globe. Especially the kids look forward to this festival since they get to burst their favorite crackers and eat whatever they wish.

The festival of Diwali takes place during the month of October or November every year. It is celebrated exactly 20 days after the festival of Vijayadashami. Spiritually, it is significant for us because it represents the victory of good over evil.

While celebrating the festival, people try to follow all the rituals. Few of these are decorating the houses with candles and diyas and worshiping Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi.



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Historical Significance of Diwali

The festival of Diwali is associated with many historical as well as mythological tales. We will discuss a few of them here.

Goddess Lakshmi’s Birth

According to the Puranas, Goddess Lakshmi took birth on the day of the new moon during Kartik month. In several Hindu-dominated areas, this day is celebrated in the form of Goddess Lakshmi’s birthday by performing different rituals.

People worship her during the evening time. Since she is regarded as the ‘Goddess of Wealth’ as well, therefore, the Hindus hold high regard for her.

Lord Rama’s Return to Ayodhya

It is the most widely accepted mythological tale regarding the celebration of Diwali. According to the Ramayana, Lord Rama returned to his kingdom of Ayodhya along with Mata Sita and brother Lakshman after spending 14 years in exile.


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To celebrate this occasion, the whole Ayodhya city was decorated with beautiful lights and colorful rangolis. People distributed sweets among themselves as well.

This ritual is strictly followed even today.


The Harvest Festival

It is during the Diwali time when farmers start cultivating rice, especially in the South. Therefore, it is also regarded as the festival of harvest. Since India’s economy is mainly based on agriculture, therefore the day is a celebration time for the farmers and their families.



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How is Diwali celebrated?

Diwali is a five-day-long festival. It starts with the cleaning of houses and shops. Then people start decorating them.

Whether it’s about washing the window curtains or cleaning the fans or painting the houses to discard those items which are old and unused – everything takes place during this time.

On the final day of Diwali, during the evening time, people start decorating their houses with colorful lanterns, diyas, candles, flowers, and rangolis. They wear new dresses and worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi and distribute sweets and other eateries among friends and relatives.

It is also an occasion for visiting friends and relatives & exchanging gifts with them.

Nowadays, several residential societies organize Diwali parties where they invite every family irrespective of their religion, to celebrate.



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Pollution as a Result of Diwali

Although Diwali is a festival each one of us enjoys irrespective of religion, but while bursting crackers in huge numbers, we tend to forget this fact that it harms our environment on a large scale.

This process results in air, noise, and land pollution. In many Indian cities especially in Delhi, it has been observed that after Diwali celebrations the air quality degrades to a great extent. This is responsible for causing many harmful diseases such as breathing issues.

Every year, the Government, health experts, and environment experts issue an advisory stating that one should not burst crackers.

Diwali minus crackers is a more beautiful festival where everyone can be seen enjoying it without any harm to the environment.



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Celebrate Diwali in an Eco-Friendly Manner

Now that you know how hazardous it can be if you burst crackers during the celebration of Diwali, we all should stop doing the same next time onwards and find an alternate solution. What about switching to eco-friendly Diwali? Wouldn’t it contribute to the environment as well?

As an adult, it is a responsibility that we ask the young generation to stop using crackers. The government should also ban the same and check their sale.

Those crackers which radiate hazardous gases should be immediately removed from the market.




We should celebrate Diwali with our near and dear ones in an eco-friendly manner. Crackers should be avoided at any cost. We should leave a healthy Earth for our future generations while maintaining the spirit of the festival.


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