Essay on Shaheed Bhagat Singh in English


English Essay Writing Topic – Shaheed Bhagat Singh




Bhagat Singh, an exceptional and unrivaled rebel, was born on September 28, 1907, into a Sandhu Jat family in the Doab area of Punjab. His uncles, Ajit and Swaran Singh, and his father, Kishan Singh were among the many members of his family who actively participated in the fight for Indian freedom. The Indian Patriots’ Association was founded by his uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, who supported the cause. Syed Haidar Raza, a friend, provided him with strong assistance in rallying the peasants to oppose the Chenab Canal Colony Bill. Ajit Singh was facing 22 cases and was compelled to escape to Iran. He was motivated to get involved in the independence struggle at a young age by both his family and specific historical occurrences. He became interested in the Anarchist and Marxist doctrines as a teenager while studying the European revolutionary movements. He quickly got involved in revolutionary activities and actively participated in them, which encouraged many others to do the same. He began the fight for independence when he was quite young and was just 23 when he died as a martyr. He was a brave warrior and rebel who devoted his life to freeing India from British rule. In India, innumerable daughters and sons died fighting for their country’s independence. One of the greatest and most revered freedom fighters of all time is Bhagat Singh.  


Life history

Bhagat Singh was a talented young man who was well-liked by everyone and had a great feeling of duty towards the residents of his community. He came from a family of revolutionaries who were actively involved in the fight for Indian independence, thus even as a young lad, his objective was to “throw the British out of India.”

He achieved quick fame at a young age due to his courage, commitment, oratory, and writing prowess. He became a youth icon and infused the Indian Independence cause with new life thanks to his revolutionary views and critical thinking, which inspired many.

When the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occurred in 1919, he was just 12 years old, Bhagat Singh was extremely concerned. He brought back from the scene of the catastrophe a bottle filled with blood-soaked muck that he kept close to him as a memento. He gave up his schooling, dropped out of school, and joined the war for freedom. He burned foreign goods and backed Mahatma Gandhi’s Swadeshi campaign. He wore only khadi.

Bhagat Singh kept seeing the brutality of the British. He eventually came to the conclusion that an armed uprising was the only viable option for removing the British. For inspiration, he looked at the experiences of other rebels in various nations.

He quickly enrolled in National College after being inspired by nationalists like Lala Lajpat Rai. During the day, Bhagat Singh went to college and met his peers to discuss about overthrowing the British. 

His life changed dramatically after Lala Lajpat, his hero, a liberation warrior, was battered to death by a police lathi charge. Bhagat Singh intended to take revenge of this incident because he could not stand the injustice. He planned to blast the Central Legislative Assembly and kill British official John Saunders. After committing these crimes, on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh and his pals Rajguru and Sukhdev were detained and executed by the British government. Shaheed Bhagat Singh, a young martyr who left a lasting legacy and served as an inspiration to many young people during his lifetime. These brave deeds made him an idol for the Indian youth.



Writing about the issues in the Punjab region, he achieved first place in an essay writing contest held by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in 1923. In 1924, he collaborated with Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi with a radical monthly called Pratap. In this capacity, he published revolutionary writings and distributed leaflets explaining the fundamentals of a bloody revolt intended to depose the British. He also started writing for the magazine of the Kirti Kisan Party. He turned down this proposal, despite the fact that his parents at the time wanted him to marry. He told them that he intended to devote his entire life to the struggle for independence.

Bhagat Singh joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a radical organization, in 1924 after Mahatma Gandhi ordered the Non-Cooperation Movement to cease immediately. It was led by Ashfaqulla Khan and Ram Prasad Bismil, and significant figures like Chandrashekhar Azad, Sukhdev Thapar, and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee were also a part of it.

Giuseppe Mazzini’s Young Italy Movement had been a source of inspiration for Bhagat Singh since his time at National College. As a result, in March 1926, he founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, an organization for revolutionaries to combat British oppression and injustice. The Naujawan Bharat Sabha brought together young people from the working class and the peasantry in an effort to spark a revolution against the British Raj. It included individuals from the Sikh, Muslim, and Hindu groups. Only those who prioritized the national interest above the interests of their particular communities were given special consideration for inclusion. The group regularly staged demonstrations, seminars, and gatherings of the general public to promote revolutionary ideals of liberty, equality, and economic liberation.

He was an individual of interest to the British police as a result of his participation in numerous revolutionary operations. Police, therefore, detained him in May 1927. After a couple of months, he was let out of prison and started penning revolutionary newspaper pieces once more.



Bhagat Singh was furious and determined to take revenge for Lala Ji’s passing away. As a result, he promptly killed British policeman John P. Saunders. Later, he and his companions bombed Delhi’s Central Legislative Assembly. When the police detained them, Bhagat Singh admitted to being a part of the incident. Bhagat Singh organised a hunger strike in the prison during the trial. On March 23, 1931, he was put to death by hanging, along with his accomplices Rajguru and Sukhdev.



Indeed, Bhagat Singh was a great patriot. He not only fought for the country’s freedom, but he was also willing to risk his life to achieve it. His passing away sparked intense patriotic feelings across the nation. He was revered as a martyr by his followers and supporters. He will always be known to us as Shaheed Bhagat Singh.

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