Essay on Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao in English | Importance, and Implementation of Essay on Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao
Essay on Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao – Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao translates to save a girl, educate a girl. The government of India launched the program on 22nd January 2015. Patriarchal society has been the norm in India for centuries. It has led to the predominance of men in all spheres of life: right from family to politics.
Moreover, women have faced discrimination and oppression in various forms. They are not entitled to own property and are not allowed to earn money. So, they have been dependent on men for everything. Many ill-practices like the Sati system, dowry system were prevalent in our society.
Unfortunately, some of these practices continue even today. In many rural and orthodox households, women are still considered as a burden on the family. Crimes like rape and domestic violence against women continue to happen.
Female feticide is a gruesome crime that directly affects the Child Sex Ratio (CSR). As of May 2019, India has only 930 females per 1000 males. In a few states like Haryana and Punjab, the ratio is more skewed.
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In rural and poor families, girls are not granted access to education. They end up doing domestic work or supporting the family occupation. Even the nutrition and health records of young girls and women indicate a dismal picture. So, a lot needs to be done to enhance the lives of women.
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With these perspectives in mind, the government launched the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ scheme.
Objectives of Beti Bachao Beti Padao
The first requirement is to curb the practice of female feticide. Sex determination in pregnancy is a crime, and the diagnostic centers and the family concerned should face harsher punishments. The other objectives are better health, education, and equal opportunities for girls.
Massive campaigns for changing the mindset of people and addressing the criticality of the issue are being conducted. The ‘#selfie with daughter campaign’ is one such effort. The government envisages a society that celebrates the girls and doesn’t shun them.
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Implementation of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
The ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development coordinate and work jointly for the success of the program.
In the first phase, 100 districts having very low sex ratios were identified. The local body officials directly engage with people and sensitize them about the issues. The schools conduct quizzes on health, nutrition, and financial independence of women.
Facilities and funds for improving the nutrition status of girls, higher enrollments in schools are provided by the government. It is important to note that the government doesn’t give any monetary incentives for the scheme.
The authorities also need to oversee the strict enforcement of the PC & PNDT act. These acts prohibit the determination of sex of the fetus and prevent female feticide.
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In the second phase, the government added 61 more districts under the scheme. They had a CSR below 918. The third phase launched on 8th March 2018 covered all the 640 districts in the country.
The central government ranks the states for their consistent performance with respect to sex ratios at birth. Currently, the government has decided to launch a survey for the evaluation of the project.
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