Class 11 English NCERT Solutions

CBSE Class 11 English Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul Question Answers from Hornbill Book

 

Landscape of the Soul Question Answers: Here is the CBSE Class 11 English NCERT Solutions of Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul Question Answers from Hornbill Book. Students can Practice these Questions and prepare well for the Exam. Also, to take a Free Online Test for Class 11 Click Here


 

 

NCERT Solutions of Chapter 4 Landscape of the Soul Questions Answers

 

 

Questions to be answered in 30-40 words (2 marks each):

 

1.Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view with examples.

 

Value points:

-Art in Europe is about reaslistic depiction of life

-Chinese painting is not meant to reproduce an actual view, its not an imitation

-Wu Daozi dealt with idea of spirit.

-Fly painted by Quinten Metsys looked as life like that he was admitted as an apprentice.

 

  1. Explain the concept of shanshui.

 

Value Points:

-Means mountain-water, representing the word landscape

-Universe composed of two complementary poles of the universe : Yin and Yang.

-Yin : water, cool, horizontal, resting on earth

-Yang : mountain, warm, reaching vertically towards Heaven

 

  1. What do you understand by the term ‘outsider art’ and ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’? Give an example.

 

Value Points:

-Refers to the art of an untrained visionary

-Of artistes who have no formal training, yet show talent and artistic insight

-Nek Chand, the untutored genius, created a paradise

-Creator-director of Rock Garden Chandigarh

-Made with stones, recycled material

 

  1. What is the third element that is it often overlooked? Why is it essential?

 

Value Points:

-Interaction of two energies Yin and Yang make the universe.

-Middle void is the place where this interaction takes place.

-Middle void often ignored

-Essential, nothing can happen without

-Chinese painting applies this view to its art.

-The white and unpainted space in a Chinese landscape is important.

 

  1. How has the world honoured Nek Chand?

 

Value Points:

-India’s biggest contributor of outsider art

-Had been featured in the fiftieth issue of Raw Vision, a UK based magazine

-Rock Garden sculpture ‘women by the waterfall’ on anniversary issue’s cover

-The Swiss commission for UNESCO honoured him by exhibiting his work.

-A five month interactive show, ‘Realm of Nek Chand’ was held at leading museums in Switzerland, Belgium, France and Italy.

 

  1. Why did the blacksmith not get the permission to marry the daughter of the great painter? What did he do to teach the painter a lession?

 

Value Points:

-Because of his profession

-Quinten sneaked into the studio, painted a fly on the latest panel.

-Looker real, master tried to swat.

-Hired Quinten as an apprentice, gave his daughter’s hand in marriage.
 

 

 

Questions to be answered in 120-150 words (5 marks each):

 

  1. An emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered, but only the artist knows the way within. Explain.

 

Value Points :

-Has authority and power to govern the territory

-Only the artist understands the nature of the world that the emperor rules.

-Daozi commissioned to paint a landscape 

-Emperor praised the outer appearance

-Only artist had a spiritual insight and understood the working of mysterious universe.

-Artist knew the path and the method of liberation from the framework of the body.

-Emperor failed to acquire.

-Only the artist known the way within the territory that the emperor has conquered.

 

  1. The landscapes an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space. Explain.

 

Value Points:

-Stark contrast between the Chinese and European paintings

– European art tries to achieve a perfect illusionistic likeness.

-Chinese art in depth, deals with only that which can be understood not seen.

-Doesn’t produce an actual view

-Not meant to be looked at from a single viewpoint

-Requires active participation of the viewer both physically and mentally

-Understanding Chinese painting is not only about seeing it but also entering the painter’s mind.

-Therefore the landscape is a spiritual one. It is conceptual space that requires the viewer’s understanding.

 

  1. The Yogic practice of Pranayama bridges the gap between the physical and the spiritual aspects of Chinese thought process. Explain, how is this middle position depicted in chinese art.

 

Value Points:

-Chinese painting follows the Daoist philosophy which gives importance to the void where the two energies, Yin and Yang, interact.

-Universe is composed of two complementary poles : Yin and Yang

-Middle void: interaction of two elements takes place but is often overlooked.

-Middle void essential, nothing can happen without it.

-This is Chinese painting is the white unpainted space.

-It is compared to the Yogic Practice.

-Suspension of breath is the void where meditation takes place