Fog Class 10 NCERT English First Flight Poem Explanation, Summary, Difficult words
By Ruchika Gupta
CBSE Class 10 English Poem 9 Explanation Notes
Fog Class 10 English First Flight Poem 9- Detailed explanation of the poem along with meanings of difficult words. Also, the explanation is followed by the literary devices used and a Summary of the lesson. All the exercises and Question and Answers given at the back of the poem have also been covered.
Fog Class 10 English Poem 9
by Carl Sandburg
About the Poet
Carl August Sandburg (1878-1967) was an American poet, writer and editor. He won three Pulitzer Prizes- two for his poetry and one for his biography of Abraham Lincoln. He wrote poems like grass, analysis, Chicago, etc.
Introduction to the lesson
Fog is a very small poem written by Carl Sandburg. He has described the process of arrival of the fog into a city and the harbour. He has very beautifully compared it to a cat.
Summary of the Poem
The poet says that the fog which is generally seen during the winter season is coming towards the city and the harbour just like a cat. This means that it is approaching the city in a very silent manner so that no one can notice its arrival. He has compared its arrival to that of a cat because a cat always enters a place silently. Next he says that the fog has covered the whole of the city and harbour and it appears as if it is sitting by folding its legs and looking around just the way a cat does when it sits on the haunches and looks around. At the end, he describes the departure of the fog which very silently and unpredictably, again, similar to the departure of the cat, vanishes.
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Fog Poem and Explanation
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbour and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
Fog: It is a thick cloud of tiny water droplets present in the atmosphere, especially in winter.
Harbour; Port, dock
on haunches: sitting with knees bent
The poet is describing fog. Fog is a thick cloud of tiny water droplets present in the atmosphere. It is generally seen during the winter season. Here the poet describes the advancement of fog towards the city and the harbour. He says the fog comes like a cat comes on its little feet. This means the fog advances towards the city very slowly and calmly just like a cat. One never knows how and when the fog will enter the city. Therefore, fog is compared to the cat which enters our home in an unpredictable manner. Next he says that the fog sits over the whole of the city as a cat sits silently by folding her legs behind itself and looks around the nearby places and things. Similarly, it seems that the fog silently covers the whole of the city and the harbour and is sitting over them looking around like a cat. After a while the fog leaves the city and moves on. The poet says so because it is a natural phenomenon that fog does not stay at a place for long and leaves the place after a few hours. So, here also the poet says that just like a cat, the fog leaves the place very silently without being noticed by anyone.
Metaphor: Fog is compared to cat (On little cat feet)
Rhyme scheme: There is no rhyme scheme followed. Poem is in free verse
Enjambment: When a sentence continues to next line (It sits looking….. then moves on)
Personfication: fog has been personified - Fog comes, it sits
Fog Class 10 Poem Question and Answers
1. What does Sandburg think the fog is like?
Ans- Sandburg thinks the fog is like a cat that comes silently so that no one can sense it arrival.
2. How does the fog come?
Ans- As per the poet the fog comes very silently like a cat.
3. What does ‘it’ in the third line refer to?
Ans- ‘It’ refers to the fog
4. Does the poet actually say that the fog is like a cat? Find three things that tell us that the fog is like a cat.
Ans- The three things that tell us that the fog is like a cat are as follows:
- The fog comes on its little cat feet: This means that the fog enters silently just like cat.
- It sits looking over harbour and city: The fog is compared to cat as cats also like to sit and look here and there and fog is also looking while it sits over the city.
- On silent haunches and then moves on: The fog sits on her bended legs just like cat and then moves away very quickly and silently, just like a cat.
Q2- Does this poem have a rhyme scheme? Poetry that does not have and obvious rhythm or rhyme is called ‘free verse’.
Ans- There is no rhyme scheme in the poem. It has neither internal nor external rhyme scheme. Hence, we can say that it is in free verse.