Class X NCERT Footprints without Feet difficult word meanings 

 
Here, the difficult words and their meanings of all the chapters of CBSE Class 10 English Footprints without Feet book have been compiled for the convenience of the students. This is an exhaustive list of the words and meanings of all the chapters from the Footprints without Feet book for CBSE NCERT Class 10 English. The difficult words’ meanings have been explained in an easy language so that every student can understand easily.


 

 

 

Chapter 1 – A Triumph of Surgery

 

  1. Mistress- a woman in a position of authority or control.
  2. Bloated- excessive in size or amount.
  3. Sausage- an item of food in the form of a cylindrical length of minced pork or other meat encased in a skin, typically sold raw to be grilled or fried before eating.
  4. Bloodshot- (of the eyes) inflamed or tinged with blood, typically as a result of tiredness.
  5. Rheumy- watery.
  6. Lolled- sit, lie, or stand in a lazy, relaxed way.
  7. Hastened- be quick to do something.
  8. Listless- lacking energy or enthusiasm.
  9. Malnutrition- lack of proper nutrition
  10. Cod liver oil- oil pressed from the liver of cod
  11. Relent- become less severe or intense.
  12. Lumbago- pain in the muscles and joints of the lower back.
  13. Severe-  very great; intense.
  14. Regime- a system or ordered way of doing things. 
  15. Tottering- move in a feeble or unsteady way.
  16. Tweed- a rough-surfaced woolen cloth
  17. Wardrobe- a large, tall cupboard or recess in which clothes may be hung or stored.
  18. Harness- a set of straps and fittings
  19. Distraught- very worried and upset.
  20. Bouts- a short period of intense activity of a specified kind.
  21. Rug- a floor covering
  22. Panting- breathing with short, quick breaths; out of breath.
  23. Fortnight- a period of two weeks.
  24. Swooned- a partial or total loss of consciousness
  25. Wailings- crying with pain, grief, or anger. 
  26. Marched-  walk quickly and with determination.
  27. Roused- cause to stop sleeping.
  28. Maids- a female domestic servant.
  29. Rushed- done or completed too hurriedly; hasty.
  30. Supper- an evening meal, typically a light or informal one.
  31. Despairing- showing loss of all hope.
  32. Glanced- take a brief or hurried look.
  33. Patted- touch quickly and gently with the flat of the hand.
  34. Wag- (especially with reference to an animal’s tail) move or cause to move rapidly to and fro.
  35. Surged- move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.
  36. Motionless- not moving; stationary.
  37. Sniffing- the action of drawing in air audibly through the nose.
  38. Whimper- make a series of low, feeble sounds expressive of fear, pain, or unhappiness.
  39. Trotted- run at a moderate pace with short steps.
  40. Engulfed- sweep over (something) so as to surround or cover it completely.
  41. Slopped- spill or flow over the edge of a container, typically as a result of careless handling.
  42. Liable-  likely to do or to be something.
  43. Licking- pass the tongue over (something) in order to taste, moisten, or clean it.
  44. Pleased- feeling or showing pleasure and satisfaction,
  45. Jostling- push, elbow, or bump against (someone) roughly, typically in a crowd.
  46. Scrimmages- a confused struggle or fight.
  47. Trampled- tread on and crush.
  48. Squashed- flat, soft, or out of shape as a result of being crushed or squeezed with force.
  49. Shaggy- long, thick, and unkempt.
  50. Hovered- remain poised uncertainty in one place or between two states.
  51. Anxiously-  feeling or showing worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.
  52. Dozen- 12 in number
  53. Bulletins- a short official statement or broadcast summary of news.
  54. Convalescing- recover one’s health and strength over a period of time after an illness or medical treatment.
  55. Brandy- a strong alcoholic spirit distilled from wine or fermented fruit juice.
  56. Constitution- the composition of something.
  57. Reverently- with deep and solemn respect.
  58. Temptation- the desire to do something, especially something wrong or unwise.
  59. Compelled- bring about (something) by the use of force or pressure.
  60. Awaiting- wait for (an event).
  61. Gleaming- reflecting light, typically because very clean or polished.
  62. Chauffeur- a person employed to drive a private or hired car.
  63. Clasped-  grasp (something) tightly with one’s hand.
  64. Trembled- shake involuntarily, typically as a result of anxiety, excitement, or frailty.
  65. Fetch- go for and then bring back (someone or something) for someone.
  66. Hurtling- move or cause to move at high speed, typically in an uncontrolled manner
  67. Midst- in the middle of.
  68. Lithe-  thin, supple, and graceful.
  69. Startled- feeling or showing sudden shock or alarm.
  70. Swarmed- move somewhere in large numbers.
  71. Shone- a quality of brightness produced 

 

 

 

Chapter 2 – The thief’s story by Ruskin Bond

 

  1. Lean- thin
  2. Flattery- excessive and insincere praise
  3. Modestly- in an unassuming manner; without vanity or arrogance.
  4. Employers- a person or organization that employs people.
  5. Grunting- make a low, short guttural sound.
  6. Appealing- attractive or interesting.
  7. Misjudged- form a wrong opinion or conclusion about.
  8. Balcony-a platform enclosed by a wall or balustrade on the outside of a building, with access from an upper-floor window or door.
  9. Terrible- extremely bad or serious.
  10. Patted- touch quickly and gently with the flat of the hand.
  11. Pleasant- giving a sense of happy satisfaction or enjoyment.
  12. Supplies- a stock or amount of something supplied or available for use.
  13. Fits and Starts- not working on something consistently
  14. Borrow- take and use (something belonging to someone else) with the intention of returning it.
  15. Lend- grant to (someone) the use of (something) on the understanding that it will be returned.
  16. Queer- strange; odd.
  17. Bundle- a collection of things or quantity of material tied or wrapped up together.
  18. Tuck- push, fold, or turn (the edges or ends of something, especially a garment or bedclothes) so as to hide or secure them.
  19. Line of work-  the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money
  20. Beam- a ray or shaft of light.
  21. Crept- move slowly and carefully in order to avoid being heard or noticed.
  22. Drew- pull or drag 
  23. Sighed- emit a long, deep audible breath expressing sadness, relief, tiredness.
  24. Startled- feeling or showing sudden shock or alarm.
  25. Dashed- Quickly ran towards something
  26. Carriages- any of the separate sections of a train that carry passengers.
  27. Hesitated- pause in indecision before saying or doing something.
  28. Deserted- (of a place) empty of people.
  29. Curious- eager to know or learn something.
  30. Robbed- take property unlawfully from (a person or place) by force or threat of force.
  31. Bazaar- market
  32. Maidan- a park
  33. Drizzle- light rain falling in very fine drops.
  34. Shelter- a place giving temporary protection from bad weather or danger.
  35. Clock Tower- a tower, typically forming part of a church or civic building, with a large clock at the top.
  36. Midnight- twelve o’clock at night.
  37. Damp- slightly wet.
  38. Cinema- a theatre where films are shown for public entertainment.
  39. Hurried- done in a hurry; rushed.
  40. Undetected- not detected or discovered.
  41. Clouded- make or become less clear or transparent.

 

 

 

Chapter 3 – The Midnight Visitor 

 

  1. Musty- having a stale, mouldy, or damp smell.
  2. Corridor- a long passage in a building from which doors lead into rooms.
  3. Gloomy- dark or poorly lit, especially so as to appear depressing or frightening.
  4. Scarcely- only just; almost not.
  5. Accent- a distinctive way of pronouncing a language, especially one associated with a particular country, area, or social class.
  6. Passably- just well enough; tolerably well
  7. Espionage- spying
  8. Envisioned- imagine as a future possibility; visualize.
  9. Sloppy-  carelessly dressed
  10. Prosaic- : ordinary
  11. Chuckled- : laughed quietly, without opening his mouth
  12. Disillusioned- disappointed in someone or something that one discovers to be less good than one had believed.
  13. Authentic- of undisputed origin and not a copy; genuine.
  14. Halfway- at or to a point equidistant between two others.
  15. Wheezed- spoke breathing noisily and heavily
  16. Slender-  gracefully thin.
  17. Countenance- a person’s face or facial expression.
  18. Menacing- suggesting the presence of danger; threatening.
  19. Murmured- say something in a low or indistinct voice.
  20. Missile- : weapons directed by remote control or automatically
  21. Raise the devil- make a noisy disturbance.
  22. Grimly- in a very serious, gloomy, or depressing manner.
  23. Nuisance- a person or thing causing inconvenience or annoyance.
  24. Balcony- a platform enclosed by a wall or balustrade on the outside of a building, with access from an upper-floor window or door.
  25. Inflection- a change in the form of a word (typically the ending) to express a grammatical function or attribute such as tense, mood, person, number, case, and gender.
  26. Passkey- a master key.
  27. Glanced- take a brief or hurried look.
  28. Explanatorily- serving to explain
  29. Stiffly- in a manner that is not relaxed or friendly.
  30. Waved- move to and fro with a swaying motion while remaining fixed to one point.
  31. Commanding- having a position of authority.
  32. Gesture- a movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning
  33. Evilly- morally wrong or bad
  34. Hesitate- to be reluctant or wait to act because of fear, indecision, or disinclination
  35. Swiftly- moving or capable of moving with great speed or velocity; fleet; rapid
  36. Sill- the horizontal piece or member beneath a window, door, or other opening.
  37. Shrilly- piercingly; in a high pitch
  38. Deftly- dexterous; nimble; skillful; clever
  39. Uncorked- to draw the cork from
  40. Stammered- to speak with involuntary breaks and pauses, or with spasmodic repetitions of syllables or sounds
  41. Sighed- to let out one’s breath audibly, as from sorrow, weariness, or relief

 

 

 

Chapter 4 – A Question of Trust

 

  1. Citizen-  a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.
  2. Housekeeper- a person employed to manage a household.
  3. Hay fever- an allergy caused by pollen or dust in which the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose are inflamed, causing running of the nose and watery eyes.
  4. Sentence- the punishment assigned to a defendant found guilty by a court, or fixed by law for a particular offence.
  5. Safe- a strong fireproof cabinet with a complex lock, used for the storage of valuables.
  6. Grange- a country house with farm buildings attached.
  7. Pounds- basic monetary unit of the UK, equal to 100 pence.
  8. Autumn- the season after summer and before winter, in the northern hemisphere from September to November and in the southern hemisphere from March to May.
  9. Stirred- move or cause to move slightly.
  10. Tickle-  in a way that causes mild discomfort or itching and often laughter.
  11. Sneeze- make a sudden involuntary expulsion of air from the nose and mouth due to irritation of one’s nostrils.
  12. Burglar- a person who commits theft.
  13. Hindering- make it difficult for (someone) to do something or for (something) to happen.
  14. Doorway- an entrance to a room or building through a door.
  15. Ornaments-a thing used or serving to make something look more attractive but usually having no practical purpose, especially a small object such as a figurine.
  16. Amused- finding something funny or entertaining.
  17. Hesitated- pause in indecision before saying or doing something
  18. Frighten- make (someone) afraid or anxious
  19. Persuaded- induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument. 
  20. Jewels- a precious stone.
  21. Mended- repair (something that is broken or damaged).
  22. Charming- very pleasant or attractive.
  23. Profession- a paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal qualification.
  24. Sharp – tongued – (of a person) given to using cutting, harsh, or critical language.
  25. Honour- high respect; great esteem.

 

 

 

Chapter 5 – Footprints without feet 

 

  1. Muddy- covered in or full of mud.
  2. Imprints- impress or stamp (a mark or outline) on a surface.
  3. Bare- not clothed or covered.
  4. Gazed- looked at steadily and intently, especially in admiration, surprise, or thought.
  5. Remarkable-  worthy of attention; striking.
  6. Sight- the faculty or power of seeing
  7. Progressing- move forward or onward in space or time.
  8. Fascinated- strongly attracted and interested.
  9. Fainter-  barely perceptible.
  10. Bewildered- perplexed and confused; very puzzled.
  11. Eject- compel (someone) to leave a place.
  12. Wander- walk or move in a leisurely or aimless way.
  13. Bitterly- in an angry, hurt, or resentful way.
  14. Expense- the cost incurred in or required for something.
  15. Panicked- feel or cause to feel panic.
  16. Theatrical- relating to acting, actors, or the theatre.
  17. Shivering- shaking slightly and uncontrollably as a result of being cold, frightened, or excited.
  18. Whiskers- a long projecting hair or bristle growing from the face or snout of many mammals.
  19. Callously- in a way that shows an insensitive and cruel disregard for others.
  20. Inn-  a pub, typically one in the country, in some cases providing accommodation.
  21. Wagging-  move or cause to move rapidly to and fro.
  22. Solitude- the state or situation of being alone.
  23. Eccentric-  unconventional and slightly strange.
  24. Curious- strange; unusual.
  25. Clergyman- a male priest, minister, or religious leader, especially a Christian one.
  26. Poker- a metal rod with a handle, used for prodding and stirring an open fire.
  27. Grasped- seize and hold firmly.
  28. Affair- an event or sequence of events of a specified kind or that has previously been referred to.
  29. Furious- extremely angry.
  30. Peeped-look quickly and furtively at something, especially through a narrow opening.
  31. Sniff- draw up air audibly through the nose to detect a smell, to stop it running, or to express contempt.
  32. Leapt- jump or spring a long way, to a great height, or with great force.
  33. Terror- extreme fear.
  34. Slam- shut (a door, window, or lid) forcefully and loudly.
  35. Hysterics- a wildly emotional and exaggerated reaction
  36. Moaned- make a long, low sound expressing physical or mental suffering
  37. Witchcraft- the practice of magic, especially black magic; the use of spells.
  38. Horrified- filled with terror; extremely shocked.
  39. Prevented- keep (something) from happening.
  40. Magistrate- a civil officer who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offences and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.
  41. Knocked- collide with (someone or something), giving them a hard blow.

 

 

 

Chapter 6 – The Making of a scientist

 

  1. Former- having previously been a particular thing.
  2. Scout- a member of the Scout Association or a similar organization
  3. Proceedings- a published report of a set of meetings or a conference.
  4. Journal- a newspaper or magazine that deals with a particular subject or professional activity.
  5. making the big leagues- in a field of tough competition and high rewards, the largest or foremost of its kind. For example- winning an Oscar put the actress in the big league.
  6. Fossils- the remains or impression of a prehistoric plant or animal embedded in rocks. Astronomer- an expert in or student of astronomy.
  7. Curiosity- a strong desire to know or learn something.
  8. Encouraged- give support, confidence, or hope to (someone).
  9. Equipment- the necessary items for a particular purpose.
  10. Species- a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
  11. Monarch butterflies- a large migratory orange and black coloured butterfly that occurs mainly in North America.
  12. Collector- a person who collects things of a specified type, professionally or as a hobby.
  13. Migrations-  seasonal movement of animals from one region to another.
  14. Adhesive- able to stick fast to a surface or object; sticky.
  15. Flock- a number of birds of one kind feeding, resting, or travelling together.
  16. Life cycle- the series of changes in the life of an organism including reproduction.
  17. Tedious- too long, slow, or dull; tiresome or monotonous.
  18. County- region
  19. Subject- a person or thing that is being discussed, described, or dealt with.
  20. Stack- a pile of objects, typically one that is neatly arranged.
  21. Viral- of the nature of, caused by, or relating to a virus or viruses.
  22. Starling- a gregarious Old World songbird with a straight bill, typically with dark lustrous or iridescent plumage but sometimes brightly coloured.
  23. Zoology- the scientific study of the behaviour, structure, physiology, classification, and distribution of animals.
  24. Research- the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
  25. Hormone- a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action.
  26. Assumed- suppose to be the case, without proof.
  27. Ornamental- serving or intended as an ornament; decorative.
  28. Sophisticated- advanced
  29. Blueprint-  a design plan or technical drawing.
  30. Nucleus- the central and most important part of an object, movement, or group, forming the basis for its activity and growth.
  31. Heredity- the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another.
  32. Room mate- a person occupying the same room as another.
  33. Researcher- a person who carries out academic or scientific research.
  34. Debater- a person who argues about a subject, especially in a formal manner.
  35. Canoeist- A canoeist is someone who is skilled at racing and performing tests of skill in a canoe.
  36. Exhibits- manifest clearly (a quality or a type of behaviour).
  37. Admire- regard with respect or warm approval.
  38. Competitive- relating to or characterized by competition.
  39. Ingredients- a component part or element of something.

 

 

 

Chapter 7 – The Necklace

 

  1. Error- a mistake.
  2. Clerk- a person employed in an office or bank to keep records, accounts, and undertake other routine administrative duties.
  3. Dowry- an amount of property or money brought by a bride to her husband on their marriage.
  4. Petty- of little importance; trivial.
  5. Incessantly- without interruption; constantly.
  6. Delicacies- fineness or intricacy of texture or structure.
  7. Shabby- in poor condition through long use or lack of care.
  8. Tureen- a deep covered dish from which soup is served.
  9. Pot pie- a savoury pie baked in a deep dish, typically with a top crust only.
  10. Elegant- graceful and stylish in appearance or manner.
  11. Exquisite- extremely beautiful and delicate.
  12. Marvellous- causing great wonder; extraordinary.
  13. Convent- a school attached to and run by a convent.
  14. Elated- make (someone) ecstatically happy.
  15. M.- Mr. in french
  16. Mme.- Mrs. in french
  17. Delighted- feeling or showing great pleasure.
  18. Spitefully- showing or caused by malice.
  19. Murmuring- a low or indistinct continuous sound.
  20. Stammered- speak with sudden involuntary pauses and a tendency to repeat the initial letters of words.
  21. Stupefied- make (someone) unable to think or feel properly.
  22. Dismay- concern and distress caused by something unexpected.
  23. Weeping- shedding tears.
  24. Vexation- the state of being annoyed, frustrated, or worried.
  25. Affair- an event or sequence of events of a specified kind or that has previously been referred to.
  26. Colleague- a person with whom one works in a profession or business.
  27. Grieved- feel intense sorrow.
  28. Francs- the basic monetary unit of France, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and several other countries
  29. Pale- light in colour or shade; containing little colour or pigment.
  30. Larks- a bird
  31. Anxious- feeling or showing worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome 
  32. Vexed-  annoyed, frustrated, or worried
  33. Adorn- make more beautiful or attractive.
  34. Stricken- seriously affected by an undesirable condition or unpleasant feeling.
  35. Chic- elegantly and stylishly fashionable.
  36. Shabby- in poor condition through long use or lack of care.
  37. Midst- in between
  38. Admirable- arousing or deserving respect and approval.
  39. Satin- a smooth, glossy fabric, usually of silk, produced by a weave in which the threads of the warp are caught and looped by the weft only at certain intervals.
  40. Ecstatic- feeling or expressing overwhelming happiness or joyful excitement.
  41. Embraced- hold (someone) closely in one’s arms, especially as a sign of affection.
  42. Elegant- graceful and stylish in appearance or manner.
  43. Enthusiasm- intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.
  44. Admiration- respect and warm approval.
  45. Salons- a reception room in a large house.
  46. Furs- the short, fine, soft hair of certain animals.
  47. Detained- keep (someone) from proceeding by holding them back or making claims on their attention.
  48. Descended- move or fall downwards.
  49. Hailing- (of a large number of objects) fall or be hurled forcefully.
  50. Coachmen- a driver of a horse-drawn carriage.
  51. Shivering- shaking slightly and uncontrollably as a result of being cold, frightened, or excited.
  52. Nightfall- the onset of night; dusk.
  53. Wearily- with extreme tiredness.
  54. Cloak- a sleeveless outdoor overgarment that hangs loosely from the shoulders.
  55. Cast down- sad or worried
  56. Gown- a long elegant dress worn on formal occasions.
  57. Bewilderment- a feeling of being perplexed and confused.
  58. Frightful- very unpleasant, serious, or shocking.
  59. Clasp- grasp (something) tightly with one’s hand.
  60. Dictated- state or order authoritatively.
  61. Chaplet- a garland or circlet for a person’s head.
  62. Ruinous- disastrous or destructive
  63. Usurers-  a person who lends money at unreasonably high rates of interest.
  64. Latter – denoting the second or second mentioned of two people or things.
  65. Frigid- stiff or formal in behaviour or style.
  66. Perceive- become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.
  67. Substitution- the action of replacing someone or something with another person or thing.
  68. Necessity- the state or fact of being required.
  69. Frightful- very unpleasant, serious, or shocking.
  70. Lodgings- temporary accommodation.
  71. Attic- a space or room inside or partly inside the roof of a building.
  72. Odious- extremely unpleasant; repulsive.
  73. Haggling- dispute or bargain persistently, especially over the cost of something.
  74. Sous- small value coin in France
  75. Crude- in a natural or raw state; not yet processed or refined.
  76. Awry- out of the normal or correct position
  77. Pails- a bucket.
  78. Flattered- lavish praise and compliments on (someone)
  79. Singular- denoting or referring to just one person or thing.
  80. Astonished- greatly surprised or impressed; amazed.
  81. Personage- a person (used to express importance or elevated status).
  82. Recall- bring (a fact, event, or situation) back into one’s mind; remember.
  83. Loaned- lend (a sum of money or item of property).
  84. Decently- in a way that conforms with generally accepted standards of respectable or moral behaviour.
  85. Content- in a state of peaceful happiness.

 

 

 

Chapter 8 – The hack driver

 

  1. Magnificent: glorious, majestic
  2. Legal briefs: A written legal document
  3. Summons: court order
  4. Detective: investigator
  5. Shadowy: dark, dim
  6. Unpleasant: horrible
  7. Rejoiced: happiness, joy
  8. Witness: viewer, observer
  9. Eager: impatient
  10. Expectation: belief, supposition
  11. Disappointed: upset
  12. Agreeable: pleasing, nice
  13. Poker game: a type of card game.
  14. Hack: A horse drawn vehicle, horse cart
  15. Hangs out: To spend time doing nothing in particular
  16. Glowed: Here, it means impressed
  17. Affection: love and care for someone
  18. Bargain: to negotiate the price of something
  19. Black box on wheels: refers to the horse cart
  20. Owes: be in a debt/ an obligation to pay money
  21. Suspicious: doubtful
  22. Hack Driver: the one drives a horse cart or hack
  23. Confidence: trust, belief
  24. Earnestly: sincerely
  25. Proceed: to begin
  26. Deceiving: cheating
  27. Admire: praise, appreciate
  28. Regret: to be sorry 
  29. Cheerily: happy
  30. Hesitated: be in two minds, stall
  31. Admitted: confess
  32. Lingered: waited around
  33. Swede: a native or inhabitant of Sweden, or a person of Swedish descent.
  34. Concluded: draw the judgement
  35. Exhausted: used up, finished
  36. Poolroom: A place to play pool, a betting shop
  37. Scarcely: hardly
  38. Greasy meal: oily food
  39. Pastures: grassland
  40. Creeks: a stream or minor tributary
  41. Adventures; exploit or event
  42. Philosophy: ideology, beliefs
  43. Meadows: field, pasture
  44. Resumed: restart
  45. Cornered: forced into a place or situation
  46. Enormous: huge
  47. Represents: Be appointed to act on behalf of or speak for someone
  48. Retired: Here, went inside
  49. Seized: grabbed, snatched
  50. Frightened: afraid or anxious
  51. Retreat: pull back
  52. Whispered: murmured
  53. Disrespectful: rude, impolite
  54. Examined: to look or consider a person or place
  55. Barn: outhouse, shelter
  56. Stable: A place where horse is tied up
  57. Shameful: disgraceful
  58. Promising: hopeful
  59. Hinted: suggest
  60. Digging: to till
  61. Ditches: a drain or trench
  62. Loafing: spend time in idle way
  63. Hunt: search for
  64. Begged: To request
  65. Anxious: concerned, worried
  66. Folks: people

 

 

 

Chapter 9 – Bholi

 

  1. Cot: bed
  2. Backward: slow learner 
  3. Pockmarks: spots on the skin
  4. Stammered: fumbled for words
  5. Mimicked: copy, imitate
  6. Prosperous: doing well, rich
  7. Plenty: a lot of 
  8. Tehsildar: District collector
  9. Representative: spokesperson
  10. Consulted: discussed
  11. Shrunk: reduced
  12. Matted: untidy
  13. Fear-laden: full of fear
  14. Squatted: to sit with one’s knees bent
  15. Fascinated: attracted
  16. Orchard: land planted with fruit trees
  17. Stammer: fumble for words
  18. Sobbing: noisy crying
  19. Soothing: reduce pain or discomfort
  20. Disgrace: dishonor, shame
  21. Nodded: bow your head in a direction to give your approval
  22. Astonished: impressed, greatly surprised
  23. Blossomed: grow, bloom
  24. Throbbed: beat, pulse
  25. Ginning: the process of treating (ginning) the cotton
  26. Proposal: offer
  27. Certainly: definitely
  28. Pock marks: marks, blemishes
  29. Witless: fool
  30. Muttered: murmur
  31. Grocer: a person who sells house hold goods and food items
  32. Procession: March, Parade
  33. Splendour: lavishness
  34. Envious: jealous
  35. Auspicious: good, favorable
  36. Clad: dressed
  37. Garland: wreath of flowers and leaves
  38. Veil: cover
  39. Poised: calm
  40. Humiliate: insult
  41. Considerate: thoughtful
  42. Streaming: flowing
  43. Triumphant: winning
  44. Gambled: bet
  45. Downcast: low, cast down
  46. Prospective: would be
  47. Contempt: disrespect, disregard
  48. Struck: hit, bang
  49. Flung: aim, launch
  50. Startled: sudden shock
  51. Thunderstruck: shocked
  52. Contemptible: offensive
  53. Violently: strong or extreme manner
  54. Dumb: dull
  55. Heartless: unkind
  56. Rooted: fixed
  57. Grief: sorrow
  58. Steady: firm
  59. Contemplating: view, observe

 

 

 

Chapter 10 – The book that saved the earth

 

  1. Museum: A building in which objects of historical, scientific, artistic or cultural interest are stored and exhibited.
  2. Spotlight: A lamp projecting a beam of light on a particular place or person.
  3. Historian: An expert in or student in history.
  4. Easel: a wooden frame for holding an artist’s work while it is being painted or drawn 
  5. Zulus:
  6. Illustrated: adjective of a book, newspaper
  7. Martian: related to mars
  8. Invasion: capture, annex
  9. Encyclopedia: book which gives information on many subjects
  10. Historiscope: Here, it means a bioscope that shows history of something.
  11. Apprentice: trainee, leaner
  12. Elaborate: detailed, complicated
  13. Mighty: fearsome
  14. Peevishly: irritable
  15. Space probe: research, exploration
  16. Ridiculous: funny, hilarious
  17. Generous: liberal
  18. Consult: seek advice from
  19. Earthlings: here, human beings
  20. Primitive ball: ancient ball
  21. Smacking: to hit
  22. Catalogue: list, category
  23. Lieutenant: deputy, an army rank
  24. Sergeant: officer ranking below a lieutenant
  25. Riffling: shuffling
  26. Crew: team
  27. Incident: happening
  28. Barn: shelter, outhouse
  29. Clue: idea
  30. Peculiar: strange
  31. Galaxies: solar system
  32. Haberdashery: sewing items such as buttons, needles etc
  33. Elementary: easy, basic
  34. Staple food: a routine food
  35. Squints: look with/through narrowed eyes
  36. Gulping; to swallow
  37. Dubiously: with hesitation or doubt
  38. Breathlessly: Not able to breathe easily
  39. Pantomimes: comedy based on nursery story/rhyme. Here, it means comic expression on face
  40. Insignificant: less important
  41. Surveyor: an official inspector
  42. Trifling: unimportant
  43. Intently: keenly
  44. Twirl: turn round
  45. Observe: notice
  46. Squiggles: a short line that curls and loops in an irregular way
  47. Magnificent: glorious, majestic 
  48. Stiffly: non flexible
  49. Gulps: swallow 
  50. Simultaneously: at the same time
  51. Decipher: decode
  52. Transcribe: put thoughts into written form
  53. Cockle shells: shell
  54. Levity: care free attitude
  55. Gravely: in a serious manner
  56. Diddle: cheat
  57. Fiddle: fraud, cheat
  58. Cease: stop
  59. Desist: hold back
  60. Civilisations: human development
  61. Domesticated: to tame a pet
  62. Interplanetary:  between the planets
  63. Capsule: here, it means a space craft
  64. Alpha Centauri: A closest star to our solar system
  65. Chuckling: laugh quietly
  66. Resumed: restart, begin with