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Patol Babu Filmstar - Class 10 English Explanation, Summary, Difficult Words

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CBSE class 10 English Chapter 5 - Patol Babu Filmstar Summary, Explanation


CBSE class 10 English Chapter 5 - Patol Babu, Film Star Summary detailed explanation of the story along with meanings of difficult words. Also, the Summary is followed by the explanation of the lesson . All the exercises and Question and Answers given at the back of the lesson, CBSE board questions have also been solved.



About the author

Satyajit Ray
Born in Kolkata


An Indian filmmaker who wrote and made films in Bengali. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century. Ray directed 36 films, including feature films, documentaries and short films. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, calligrapher, music composer, graphic designer and film critic. He authored several short stories and novels, primarily aimed at children and adolescents. In 1992, Satyajit Ray received the honorary Academy Award - Lifetime Achievement. Ray is the first and the only Indian, yet, to receive the honour. The Academy Awards, or "Oscars", is an annual American awards ceremony hosted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements in the United States.

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Summary of Patol Babu Filmstar

Patol Babu Summary : The summary of the lesson Patol Babu, Film Star is given below. You can also see the explanation of the lesson after the summary

Patol Babu lived in Calcutta and worked in a company. However, due to the war he lost his nine-year-old job. Then he tried many jobs and businesses but failed. His cousin offered him to join scrap iron business.

One morning Nishikanto Ghosh visited Patol Babu and told him that his brother-in-law Naresh Dutt who worked in film business needed a short, bald-headed man around fifty years of age for his film. He suggested Patol’s name to him. Patol accepted the offer of the role of a pedestrian. Next morning, he reaches the venue, Faraday House, his heart trembling with nervousness. But the problem was that he was still not given the dialogue. He asked for his dialogue and Naresh Dutt asked his colleagues Sosanko and Jyoti to give the lines to Patol Babu. Jyoti tore off a page and wrote something and gave it to Patol Babu. The word "oh" was written on the page. Patol Babu became very sad to see that his dialogue was just the word "Oh". 

As he was sitting dejected, a faint memory stirred up in his mind. It was Mr. Pakrashi, Patol Babu's mentor who had adviced him never to consider any role small and to put in his maximum effort to perform it to his utmost capability. He rehearsed his dialogue, and spoke the word "Oh" in different pitches and feelings. He realized that he could present the role and dialogue in many ways and was keen to perform well. Patol put in his best and performed well. He was so satisfied with his performance that he felt that taking money would undermine his efforts and so, left the place without taking money. 


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Patol Babu Filmstar Explanation

Patol Babu had just hung his shopping-bag on his shoulder when Nishikanto Babu called from outside the main door, 'Patol, are you in?'
'Oh, yes.' Said Patol Babu. 'Just a minute.'

The writer introduces the main character of the story – Patol Babu. Patol Babu was leaving for the market, with his shopping bag on his shoulder. Just then Nishkanto Ghosh came and called out to him. Patol Babu asked him to wait for a minute.

Nishikanto Ghosh lived three houses away from Patol Babu in Nepal Bhattacharji Lane. He was a genial person.

Lane: a narrow road

Genial: friendly, warm

The writer tells us that Nishikanto Ghosh is Patol Babu’s neighbour. They both live three houses apart in a street called Nepal Bhattarcharji lane. Nishikanto is a friendly person.

Patol Babu came out with the bag. 'What brings you here so early in the morning?'

'Listen, what time will you be back?'

'In an hour or so. Why?'

Patol Babu asked the purpose of Nishikanto’s early morning visit. In reply, Nishikanto asks him that by what time he would be back home. Patol replied that he would be back in an hour’s time.

'I hope you'll stay in after that - today being Tagore's birthday. I met my youngest brother-in-law in Netaji Pharmacy yesterday. He is in the film business, in the production department. He said he was looking for an actor for a scene in a film they're now shooting. The way he described the character - fiftyish, short, bald-headed – it reminded me of you.

So I gave him your address and asked him to get in touch with you directly. I hope you won't turn him away. They'll pay you, of course.'

Bald: having no or little hair on the head.

Pharmacy: a shop or hospital dispensary where medicinal drugs are prepared or sold.

Nishikanto was hopeful that Patol would remain at home for the rest of the day, as it was a holiday because Rabindranath Tagore’s birthday. (Rabindranath Tagore was a famous writer and poet from West Bengal). He further told Patol Babu that his youngest brother – in – law was in the production department of a film company. They had met the day before. His brother – in – law was looking for a person to perform the role of a man who had particular features. He described them as – his age must be around fifty, he should be short and bald – headed. When Nishikanto heard this, he was reminded of Patol Babu who seemed perfect for the said role. He had given Patol Babu’s reference to his brother – in – law and had asked him to contact Patol Babu directly. He wanted him to meet his brother – in – law and even lured him by saying that he would be paid money for performing the role.

Patol Babu hadn't expected such news at the start of the day. That an offer to act in a film could come to a 52-year-old nonentity like him was beyond his wildest dreams.

Nonentity: an unimportant person or thing

beyond his wildest dreams: something which is next to impossible for a person

The purpose of Nishikanto Ghosh’s early morning visit was to give this news to Patol Babu. Patol Babu could not believe the news. He considered himself to be worthless. A person like him could never dream of getting an offer of a role in a film.


'Well, yes or no?' asked Nishikanto Babu. 'I believe you did some acting on the stage at one time?'


Nishikanto asked Patol if he was interested in the offer or not. He also confirmed that Patol Babu had been a stage artist in the past.



'That's true,' said Patol Babu. 'I really don't see why I should say no. But let's talk to your brother-in-law first and find out some details. What's his name?'

'Naresh. Naresh Dutt. He's about thirty. A strapping young fellow. He said he would be here around ten-thirty.'

A strapping young fellow: a person who is strong, tall and looks to be active and healthy.

Patol Babu confirmed that he had been a stage artist and that he had no reason to refuse the offer. Although before confirming he wanted some details from Nishikanto’s brother – in – law. He asked Nishikanto about his brother – in – law’s name. Nishikanto replied that his name was Naresh Dutt. He was tall, strong and active. He would be coming to meet Patol Babu at around half past ten that morning.

Buying provisions in the market, Patol Babu mixed up his wife's orders and bought red chillies instead of onion seeds. And he quite forgot about the aubergines. This was not surprising. At one time Patol Babu had a real passion for the stage; in fact, it verged on obsession In Jatras, in amateur theatricals, in plays put up by the club in his neighbourhood, Patol Babu was always in demand. His name had appeared in handbills on countless occasions. Once it appeared in bold type near the top: 'Sitalakanto Ray (Patol Babu) in the role of Parasar'. Indeed, there was a time when people bought tickets especially to see him.

Aubergines: brinjals, a vegetable

Verged: to be very close to

Obsession: a state in which he could not think of anything else

Amateur: non-professional

Jatra: is a Bengali word. The original word is Yatra (Sanskrit) which means a journey. Jatras is a popular folk-theatre form of Bengali theatre.

Theatricals: play performed in a theatre.

Handbill: a small printed sheet for advertisement.

The early morning offer of an acting role took Patol Babu into his past and reminded him of his early years when he performed in Bengali folk theatre as the lead actor. He had been a famous actor and the advertisements of the play had carried his name on the top. He had a huge fan following and many people would buy tickets for the show just to see him act. Patol Babu was so absorbed in his thoughts that he forgot the items which his wife had sent him to buy. He bought red chillies instead of onion seeds and forgot to buy aubergines. As Patol Babu had been a passionate actor, the acting offer reignited the enthusiasm once again.

That was when he used to live in Kanchrapara. He had a job in the railway factory there. In 1934, he was offered higher pay in a clerical post with Hudson and Kimberley, in Calcutta, and was also lucky to find a flat in Nepal Bhattacharji Lan