Maharashtra State Board Class 10 English Lesson Connecting the Dots Summary, Line by Line Explanation, along with difficult word meanings from English Kumarbharati Book


Connecting the Dots – Are you looking for Theme, Summary and Lesson Explanation for Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Chapter Connecting the Dots from English Kumarbharati Book. Get Chapter Summary, Theme, Explanation along with difficult word meanings.


Connecting the Dots Maharashtra State Board Class 10 English 

Steve Jobs


Connecting the Dots Introduction

Steve Jobs, in the chapter titled “Connecting the Dots,” shares three personal anecdotes that emphasize the title’s meaning. These stories offer valuable lessons about following one’s curiosity, perseverance, and living a life true to oneself.


Theme / Central Idea of the Lesson Connecting the Dots

The chapter “Connecting the Dots” by Steve Jobs explores several key themes:

  • Following your passion and curiosity: Jobs emphasizes the importance of pursuing what interests you, even if it means deviating from conventional paths. His decision to drop out of college and attend classes he found interesting is an example of the same. This theme is further highlighted in his battle with cancer, which served as a wake-up call to live a life true to one’s passions.


  • Perseverance and overcoming challenges: Jobs recounts his experience of being fired from Apple, the company he co-founded. However, he emphasizes the importance of bouncing back and starting anew. This theme showcases resilience and the ability to find success even after facing difficulties.


  • The value of unexpected experiences: Jobs highlights how seemingly unrelated events can have a profound impact later in life. Learning calligraphy, a random choice during his college days, proved instrumental in the design of Apple computers. This theme emphasizes the importance of being open to new experiences and trusting that they may become valuable connections in the future.


  • Trusting your intuition and gut feeling: Jobs encourages the audience to trust their inner voice and follow their intuition. He suggests that a deep-down sense of what feels right can lead to fulfilling paths, even if the logic isn’t always clear at the outset.


Connecting the Dots Summary 

In the chapter, “Connecting the dots” by Steve Jobs, the author tells three stories about his life. 


Story 1: Following your curiosity. He dropped out of college to attend classes he liked, even if they weren’t required. This led him to learn calligraphy, which became important when designing computers later.


Story 2: Don’t give up on your dreams. He got fired from Apple, the company he co-founded, but he kept following his passion and started new successful companies, Next and Pixar, which turned out to be very successful entrepreneurial ventures.


Story 3: Live your life to the fullest. He battled cancer and realized life is precious. Don’t waste it doing things you don’t love.


The main message is to trust yourself and follow your passions. Even if things don’t go according to plan, the dots will connect in the end. It’s also important to cherish your time and not waste it living someone else’s life.


Connecting the Dots Summary in Hindi 

इस अध्याय में, स्टीव जॉब्स अपने जीवन के बारे में तीन कहानियाँ बताते हैं।

  • कहानी 1: अपनी जिज्ञासा का पीछा करें। वह कॉलेज से बाहर निकल गए ताकि वे अपनी पसंद की कक्षाओं में जा सकें, भले ही वे आवश्यक न हों। इससे उन्हें सुलेख सीखने में मदद मिली, जो बाद में कंप्यूटर डिजाइन करते समय महत्वपूर्ण हो गया।


  • कहानी 2: अपने सपनों को मत छोड़ो। उन्हें Apple से निकाल दिया गया, जिस कंपनी की उन्होंने सह-स्थापना की थी, लेकिन उन्होंने अपने जुनून का पीछा करना जारी रखा और नई सफल कंपनियां, नेक्स्ट और पिक्सर शुरू की, जो बहुत सफल उद्यमशीलता के प्रयास साबित हुए।


  • कहानी 3: अपना जीवन भरपूर जिएं। उन्होंने कैंसर से लड़ाई की और महसूस किया कि जीवन अनमोल है। उन चीजों को करने में इसे बर्बाद न करें जो आपको पसंद नहीं हैं।

मुख्य संदेश खुद पर भरोसा करना और अपने जुनून का पीछा करना है। भले ही चीजें योजना के अनुसार न चलें, अंत में डॉट्स जुड़ जाएंगे। अपने समय को संजोना भी महत्वपूर्ण है और इसे किसी और की जिंदगी जीने में बर्बाद न करें।


Connecting the Dots Lesson Explanation 



Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. Just three stories. The first story is about connecting the dots. I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months before I really quit. Looking back, it was one of the best decisions I ever made. I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.


Word Meanings

dropped out: to leave a school or program before completing it

required classes: courses that students must take as part of their degree program

dropping in on : to attend a class informally, without being officially registered


Explanation: The author, Steve Jobs introduces himself and his life story through three life stories. The first story deals with making unexpected connections, as the title suggests “connecting the dots.”

The author describes dropping out of Reed College after only six months. However, he didn’t leave entirely. He stayed on for another year and a half as a casual student (“drop-in”). Looking back the author feels that this decision to drop out was one of the best he ever made.



I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms. I returned Coke bottles for the 5 cent deposits to buy food with, and I would walk seven miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Here’s one example : Reed College offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Because I had to take a calligraphy class, I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about what makes great typography great.


Word Meanings

Dorm: A dormitory, which is a building or a section of a building that provides housing and living facilities for students, especially at a college or university.

Intuition: The ability to understand something immediately, without the need for conscious reasoning.

Typography: The arrangement of type (letters, symbols, and spacing) in printing and web design. It refers to the way that text is displayed, including the font, size, color, and spacing of the letters.


Explanation: The author describes the challenges of not having a dorm room. He resorted to sleeping on the floors of his friends’ rooms. Due to financial limitations, he collected empty Coke bottles to return for their 5-cent deposits, using that money to buy food. Every Sunday night, he undertook a significant effort, walking seven miles across town to receive a substantial, presumably free, meal at a Hare Krishna temple which he loved. 

The author highlights the exceptional calligraphy program offered by Reed College. Even though he wasn’t officially enrolled, he still managed to take a calligraphy class, likely due to the flexible nature of the program. Through this class, he gained valuable knowledge about typography, including different font styles ,serif and san serif, and the qualities that make typography visually appealing.



Ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. If I had never dropped in on that course in college the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or for that matter even proportionally spaced fonts.


Word Meanings

Proportionally: equally


Explanation: The author mentions a ten-year gap since dropping out of college.The author credits the dropped-in college course for influencing the design of the Macintosh computer. He highlights two specific design features of the Macintosh that wouldn’t have existed without the college course:

  • Multiple typefaces: This refers to the ability to choose from various fonts for displaying text.
  • Proportionally spaced fonts: This means that each character in the font takes up a consistent amount of space, improving readability.



And since Windows just copied Mac, it’s likely no personal computer would have them. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very clear looking backwards 10 years later.


Word Meanings

Connect the dots: This is a metaphorical expression that means to see a relationship or pattern between seemingly unrelated things.


Explanation: Windows copied features from Mac. By using the example of Windows and Macs, the author might be suggesting that a seemingly unimportant trend could be significant. The author feels that it was difficult to predict how seemingly random experiences would be relevant in the future. But it was very clear looking backwards 10 years later.



You can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in some things – your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.


Word Meanings

Gut: This refers to your intuition or inner feeling about something.

Destiny: This refers to the predetermined course of events in a person’s life.

Karma: This is a concept from Hinduism and Buddhism that suggests that good or bad deeds have corresponding consequences.


Explanation: The author feels that it is difficult to predict how seemingly unrelated experiences will connect in the future. One can only see the pattern formed by the dots upon looking back at them, not while one is making the choices that create them. The author emphasizes the importance of trusting something, whether it be gut feeling, destiny, life’s plan, or karma. This trust allows one to make decisions based on what feels right in the moment, even if the long-term outcome isn’t clear. The author expresses his belief in this approach. He states that trusting his intuition has never failed him and has significantly impacted his life in a positive way.



My second story is about love and loss. I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz (Steve Wozniak) and I started Apple when I was 20. In 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company. And then I got fired. It was devastating.


Word Meanings

Devastating: Extremely destructive or damaging.


Explanation: The author introduces his second story, this time themed around love and loss.

He highlights finding his passion early in life, which suggests a strong connection (love) to his work.He then details co-founding Apple with Steve Wozniak at the young age of 20, further emphasizing his dedication and early success.

The narrative takes a sharp turn as he describes being fired from Apple ten years later. This event is stated as a devastating loss.



But something slowly began to dawn on me – I still loved what I did. And so I decided to start over. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.


Word Meanings

began to dawn on: This is an idiom that means something gradually became clear or understandable. It suggests a slow realization or recognition.

freed: This means to be liberated or set loose from something that restricts or confines you. 


Explanation: The author reflects on his period of struggle. He discovers that he still loved what he used to do. This realization made him start over again. As the author was free from burdens, it led to a period of great creativity.



During the next five years, I started a company Next, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar is now the world’s most successful animation studio, Apple bought Next. I returned to Apple and the technology we developed at Next is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.


Word Meanings

Renaissance: A rebirth or revival. 

Pixar: A famous animation studio known for movies like Toy Story and Finding Nemo.


Explanation: In the next five years, the author founded two companies: Next and Pixar. Apart from entrepreneurial ventures, the author fell in love and married an amazing woman named Laurene. 

The author highlights Pixar’s achievement as the world’s most successful animation studio. Apple, the company he co-founded earlier, acquired Next, the company he founded after dropping out. The technology developed at Next gives renewed success to Apple.



Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. The only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle.


Word Meanings

Hits you in the head with a brick: This is a metaphor. It means that something very difficult or unexpected happens to you, like a physical blow.

Lose faith: To lose faith means to stop believing in something, especially yourself or your ability to do something.


Explanation: The author says that life can throw unexpected challenges or setbacks your way, hitting you hard. Despite these difficulties, the author urges the reader not to give up hope or belief in themselves and their goals. If the reader hasn’t discovered their passion yet, the advice is to keep looking.



My third story is about death. About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for ‘prepare to die’. I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy. It turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.


Word Meanings

Diagnosed: This means to be identified with a specific illness after a medical examination. 

get my affairs in order: Means to make arrangements for one’s belongings and responsibilities in case of death.)

Biopsy: This is a medical procedure where a small sample of tissue is extracted from the body for examination to determine the presence or nature of a disease. 

Curable: This means something that can be treated and completely healed. 


Explanation: The author introduces his third story, a brush with death. It all began roughly a year ago when he received a cancer diagnosis. The doctor’s advice to “get his affairs in order” was a grim message, implying he must get prepared for death. 

This news saddened him. However, there was a turning point later that evening. A biopsy revealed a more positive outlook. The specific cancer he had was a rare, but treatable form with surgery. He underwent surgery and fortunately, he is now healthy.



This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you : Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.


Word Meanings

Decades: Periods of ten years.


Explanation: The author’s illness made him appreciate life more. The author feels compelled to share a message: “Your time is limited.” This emphasizes the preciousness of life. Based on his experience, he advises the reader not to waste it living someone else’s life.



Don’t be trapped by dogma – which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of other’s opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become.


Word Meanings

Dogma: A set of beliefs held as unquestionable truths by a particular group or school of thought. 

Intuition: An immediate, instinctive feeling that is not based on logical reasoning. 

Drown out: be louder than another sound and prevent it from being heard


Explanation: The author emphasizes the importance of listening to your own intuition and desires. He uses the metaphor of “inner voice” to represent your own unique perspective. The author suggests that one’s intuition, or gut feeling, already has a sense of what one’s true calling is. Finally, the author stresses the importance of having the courage to follow one’s own path, even if it differs from what others expect.



When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalogue. In the final issue, on the back cover they put a photograph of an early morning country road. Beneath it were the words : Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish. It was their farewell message as they signed off. I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you. Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.


Word Meanings

Publication: A printed and distributed collection of written information, usually on a specific subject

Catalogue: A list of items, usually arranged systematically with descriptions

Farewell: An expression said when leaving someone or something. 

Anew: Again; afresh


Explanation: The author mentions a cherished publication from his youth called “The Whole Earth Catalogue.” In its last issue, the back cover displayed a photograph of a rural road bathed in the light of early morning. Below the image, there were words written that resonated deeply with the author: “Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.”

He interprets this as a farewell message from the publication. The author reveals a personal aspiration to follow that message throughout his life. Finally, he uses the same phrase, “Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish,” as a parting wish for the audience.