In India, there are more than 30 specializations of Engineering. Since the competition is tough to get admission in B.Tech/B.E. courses through JEE Main and JEE Advanced, it often confuses students as to which Engineering branch that they should choose to build up their career in.
What is Engineering?
Engineering is a type of scientific field that includes development, manufacturing, invention, designing, and optimization of computers, machines, tools, bridges, robots, vehicles, etc. There are many specializations in Engineering.
Want to know about which is the best Engineering Branch?
For engineering courses at UG level, admission is majorly done on the basis of entrance exams such as JEE Main on a national level. After clearing JEE Main, students can appear for JEE Advanced to take admission in IIT. Top Institutes for B.Tech/B.E. are IITs, NITs, IIITs, DTU, etc.
Other than these two entrance examinations, there are many state-level entrance examinations for engineering courses such as MAH-CET, UPSEE, WBJEE, COMEDK UGET, etc. Also, many universities conduct their own entrance exams for admission in Engineering – B.Tech/B.E.
Eligibility Criteria: Candidates must have passed 12th in Science stream with Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics as subjects and minimum 75% marks from a recognized board.
Read : Tips to crack JEE Main Exam
We have incorporated 31 Engineering branches for students who wish to pursue their career in this field.
1. Aeronautical Engineering: This branch deals with the study of airplanes and their mechanism. The primary job of an Aeronautical Engineer is to plan & invent aircrafts and propulsion systems.
2. Aerospace Engineering: It is a branch of Engineering that provides services and knowledge to design, manufacture and maintain spacecraft’s, aircraft, missiles, and weapons systems. Aerospace Engineering also consists of Mechanical Engineering topics such as computer applications, structures, mathematics, etc.
3. Automobile Engineering: This branch of engineering is about automobile VSLI, AI, Sensor, Battery, etc. Vehicle manufacturers, software providers, certifications labs, etc. are some of the job profiles for Automobile engineers.
4. Biomedical Engineering: This type of engineering deals with the principles of medical science in the healthcare sector in India. It involves diagnostics applications and therapeutic applications.
5. Biotechnological Engineering: This branch of engineering deals with both Biological Sciences and Technology. It involves the study of microorganisms and implements it using industrial methods.
6. Ceramic Engineering: This branch of engineering deals with the study of manufacture, design, properties, and other ceramic subjects.
7. Chemical Engineering : It deals with the study of design, construction of machines that perform chemical reactions to make products. It consists of physical sciences and life sciences.
8. Civil Engineering: Civil Engineers have contributed a lot to India in the development of infrastructure. Construction projects require supervisors, architects, engineers, etc. This branch of engineering includes constructing, planning, executing and designing infrastructure.
9. Computer Science Engineering: This branch is still in one of the top engineering branches in India that involve software development, testing, coding, computation, and support.
10. Construction Engineering: It is similar to Civil Engineering. It deals with the study of designing, managing, overseeing construction projects with civil engineers.
11. Electrical Engineering: It is one of the core branches of engineering that gives a promising career to the professionals. It deals with the study of electricity, electromagnetism, etc. Boards like NTPC, Railways, Defence, Tata Power, etc. offer jobs to the students to work for them.
12. Electronics & Communication Engineering: ECE is one of the most popular branches of engineering. EC Engineers are responsible for telecommunications, mobile development, and electrical industries, etc. It deals with basic electronics, analog transmission, satellite communications, etc.
13. Electrical & Electronics Engineering: EEE deals with the study of applications of electronics, electricity, and electromagnetism. It focuses on lab training, practical training, and projects. It is similar to Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering.
14. Electronics Engineering: This type of engineering deals with the study of electronic circuits, equipment, and devices. It takes on from a traditional mode of electronic components to digital electronics components.
15. Environmental Engineering: It deals with the study of the environment. Environmental Engineers work to find out the renewable sources of energy, ways to control global warming, curb pollution, etc.
16. Industrial Engineering: It deals with the study of optimization of systems, complex processes, etc. It also helps implement an integrated system of people, equipment, knowledge, etc.
17. Marine Engineering: This branch of engineering concentrates on construction and managing the operation of equipment of docks, seagoing craft, and harbour installations.
18. Mechanical Engineering: One of the most prestigious branches of engineering, students learn to work under steel, metal, forging, automobile industry to monitor, supervise, diagnose these systems. Mechanical engineers also work for IT sectors, Railways, heavy-engineering, ports, mining, defence forces, highways, metro rail corporations, etc.
19. Mechatronics Engineering: This branch of engineering deals with both electrical and mechanical systems. It includes robotics, computer, electronics, systems, telecommunications, etc.
20. Metallurgical Engineering: It involves the study of the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements. Metallurgical engineers refine, extract and recycle metals.
21. Mining Engineering: Also called Mineral Engineering, it involves production, extraction, identification, and processing of valuable minerals from the natural environment.
22. Petroleum Engineering: This branch of engineering involves activities related to the production of hydrocarbon, crude oil or natural gas. Engineers develop techniques to extract oil and gas.
23. Power Engineering: Also called Power System Engineering, it deals with the subfield of electrical engineering such as transmission, generation, utilization of electric power.
24. Production Engineering: This branch involves the creation of a safe process for the transformation of raw material into finished items. Production engineers often work as Industrial Engineer, Production Manager or Production Engineering Assistant.
25. Robotics Engineering: This type of engineering deals with construction, application, and design of robots. It is a subset of electrical and mechanical engineering.
26. Structural Engineering: It is a subset of Civil Engineering. It involves dealing, planning, and designing the construction of large structures such as malls, dams, tunnels, bridges, etc.
27. Telecommunication Engineering: This engineering discipline deals with both electrical and computer engineering aspects. It works to enhance and support telecommunications.
28. Textile Engineering: It deals with textile technology, production, merchandising and equipment. It starts with the processing of raw material to build a yarn followed by the making of cloth material.
29. Tool Engineering: It is a division of Industrial Engineering. It deals with the process of manufacturing and development of various tools for industry.
30. Transportation Engineering: It is a branch of Civil Engineering. It involves planning, designing, maintenance of efficient and safe transportation of railways, roadways, waterways, etc.
31. Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering: It deals with elements of mechanical, electrical, electronics, and the software engineering of marine vessels and structures.
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