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Mechanical Engineering as a career option in India

by Tanvi Sharma

carrer option in mechanical engineering

Do you love being around machines and their designing and manufacturing procedures thrill you than mechanical engineering is the stream you should opt for to pursue your interest. Mechanical Engineering as career option in India is considered to be a safe choice.

This article focuses on exploring all about Mechanical Engineering and its important aspects like its eligibility, top institutes, job profile, key recruiters and mechanical engineering course profile

Mechanical Engineering- The overview

Mechanical Engineering as career option in India has great scope .It is rightly called evergreen field as it’s the only branch of engineering which is immune to the impact of recession. Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest and broadest engineering branches that came into existence from the need to design and manufacture everything from small individual parts and devices like nuts and bolts to large systems like that of an aircraft . The branch applies the principles of engineering, physics and material science for the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems. This branch of engineering involves design, production, and operation of machinery.

Eligibility Criteria

Under Graduate: For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as Physics, math’s and chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE).  The duration of this course is 4 years.

Post Graduate: The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. The duration for this course is 2 years.

Top Mechanical Engineering colleges in India

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay)

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi)

Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani)

Indian Institute of Technology - Banaras Hindu University (IIT-BHU)

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati)

National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli

Indian School of Mines (ISM)

National Institute of Technology, Surathkal

Birla Institute of Technology

Jadavpur University (Faculty of Engineering & Technology)

Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology

PSG College of Technology

PEC University of Technology

Bengal Engineering and Science University

Malaviya National Institute of Technology

Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology

Thapar University

Manipal Institute of Technology, Karnataka

University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering - Karnataka

Amrita Institute of Technology and Sciences - Tamil Nadu

Mechanical engineering Course profile


  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) Mechanical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Mechanical Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Mechanical & Automation Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Mechatronics


  • Master of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering
  • Master of Engineering in Tool Design
  • Master of Technology in Mechanical Engineering
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering

Some specialized streams in post-graduation are as follows:

Mechanical engineering, Mechanical Design, Nanotechnology, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Structural Analysis, Kinematics, Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing, Production Engineering, Turbo machinery and Combustion Systems, Mechatronics and Robotics, Computational Fluid Dynamics and Acoustics, Rapid Prototyping Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Thermo-Science

Diploma Courses:

Diploma in Mechanical Engineering is for three/four years, minimum eligibility for which is an intermediate (10 + 2) in Science. Alternatively, B.E. or B. Tech. graduates can take up post graduate diploma (PGD) in Mechanical Engineering.

Certificate Courses:

Post graduate and undergraduate certificate courses in various fields within Mechanical Engineering are also offered by several universities and colleges

Different Roles of mechanical engineers in India

Mechanical engineering is considered the root of all branches of engineering and the roles and responsibilities held by a mechanical engineer are versatile and depend on their area of specialisation and the industry they are working for.

In broad terms, the job profile of mechanical engineers can be classified into the following functional segments:

• Research and Development (R&D): Engineers whose role is to do research and then plan for new machines and their constituent parts.
• Design: Professionals whose responsibility is to draft technical drawings, manually or with the aid of computers.
• Production: Engineers who supervise the manufacturing of mechanical components and machines.
• Analysis and testing: Engineers who analyse and test different types of machines and their parts to ensure that they function flawlessly.
• Installation: Professionals who install machines and mechanical parts at the client location.
• Maintenance: Engineers whose primary role is to ensure that machinery is working as per specifications.

Key Recruiters of Mechanical Engineers in India

Bharat Earth Movers , Hindustan Unilever, Alstom, Ashok Leyland, Caterpillar India, Chrysler, Coromandel, Foster Wheeler, General Motors, Honda Scooters, , L&T, Mahindra & Mahindra, Maruti Suzuki, , Robert Bosch Tata Technologies, TCE, Tech Mahindra, TVS, Voltas, Wipro, Royal Enfield Saint Gobain and Whirlpool 

This article has information from various sources to impart knowledge regarding job prospects and scope of mechanical engineering as career option in India with a hope to help our subscribers in choosing their desired field of mechanical engineering as a profession.