Class XII NCERT Vistas Book difficult word meanings 

Here, the difficult words and their meanings of all the chapters of CBSE Class 12 English Vista Book have been compiled for the convenience of the students. This is an exhaustive list of the difficult words and meanings of all the chapters from the Vista book for CBSE NCERT Class 12 English. The difficult words’ meanings have been explained in an easy language so that every student can understand easily.




Chapter 1 – The Third Level


  1. Arched- curved
  2. Bumping- knock or run into something
  3. Ducked- lower the head or body quickly
  4. Fussing- show unnecessary or excessive concern about something
  5. Gabardine- a smooth, durable, twill-woven worsted or cotton cloth
  6. Locomotive- a powered railway vehicle used for pulling trains
  7. Snapped- break suddenly and completely
  8. Spittoons- a metal or earthenware pot typically having a funnel-shaped top, used for spitting into 
  9. Stack- a pile of objects, typically one that is neatly arranged
  10. Suburban- residential 
  11. Timetables- a schedule showing the departure and arrival times of trains, buses or aircraft 
  12. Vest- a garment worn on the upper part of the body
  13. Waking dream- an involuntary dream occuring while a person is awake
  14. Wander- walk; roam




Chapter 2 – The Tiger King

  1. Adorned: make more beautiful or attractive.
  2. Alarmingly: in a worrying or disturbing way.
  3. Ambition: a strong desire to do or achieve something.
  4. Ascertained: make sure of.
  5. Astonishing: extremely surprising or impressive
  6. Astrologers: a person who predicts future.
  7. Babble: talk rapidly and continuously in a foolish, excited, or incomprehensible way.
  8. Bafflement: to confuse, bewilder
  9. Banned: officially or legally prohibit
  10. Bare: not clothed or covered.
  11. Beware: be cautious and alert to risks or dangers.
  12. Boundless: unlimited or immense.
  13. Brandishing: wave or flourish something as a threat or in anger or excitement.
  14. Carcass: the dead body of an animal.
  15. Carved: cut or engraved to produce an object, design, or inscription.
  16. Catastrophic: involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
  17. Compelled: forced to do something.
  18. Confiscated: taken or seized with authority.
  19. Court of Wards: consisted of members to protect heirs and their estates when the heir was deemed to be a minor and incapable of acting independently. 
  20. Crumpled: crushed to form creases and wrinkles.
  21. Deliberations: long and careful consideration or discussion.
  22. Demise: death
  23. Dewan: governing body.
  24. Dispelled: make a doubt, feeling, or belief disappear.
  25. Drawled: speak in a slow, lazy way with prolonged vowel sounds.
  26. Durai: Chief leader (English officer)
  27. Duraisaini:  Wife of the english officer
  28. Elation: great happiness and exhilaration.
  29. Emerged: become apparent or prominent.
  30. Enunciated: say or pronounce clearly
  31. Erected: put together and set upright
  32. Exemption: state of being free from an obligation  
  33. Flared: having a shape that widens progressively towards the end or bottom. 
  34. Fling: throw or hurl forcefully.
  35. Flout: openly disregard a rule, law, or convention
  36. Fonder: having an affection or liking for.
  37. Forthwith: immediately; without delay.
  38. Fury: wild or violent anger.
  39. Growl: make a low guttural sound in the throat.
  40. Harakiri: ritual suicide by disembowelment with a sword
  41. Hastened: be quick to do something.
  42. Hasty: hurried.
  43. Haul: pull or drag with effort or force. 
  44. Heap: an untidy collection of objects placed haphazardly on top of each other.
  45. Hindsight: understanding of a situation or event only after it has happened or developed.  
  46. Humble: having or showing a modest or low estimate of one’s importance.
  47. Hurdle: a problem or difficulty that must be overcome.
  48. Imperative: vital importance
  49. Incoherent:  expressed in an incomprehensible or confusing way
  50. Indomitable: impossible to defeat.
  51. Infant: a very young child  
  52. Inhabiting:  live in or occupy a place or environment.
  53. Innumerable: too many to be counted 
  54. Intention: an aim or plan.
  55. Intently: with earnest and eager attention. 
  56. Leapt: jump or spring a long way, to a great height, or with great force.
  57. Majesty: royal power.
  58. Miracle: or an outstanding example of something.
  59. Mounted: riding an animal
  60. Nanny: a person, typically a woman, employed to look after a child in its own home.
  61. Native: associated with a place by birth
  62. Obstinacy: stubbornness.
  63. Phrase: put into a particular form of words.
  64. Possessed: have as belonging to one
  65. Prey: an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
  66. Procession: a number of people or vehicles moving forward in an orderly fashion, especially as part of a ceremony.
  67. Proclamation: a public or official announcement dealing with a matter of great importance.
  68. Pronounced: very noticeable
  69. Prophets: proclaimer of the will of God.  
  70. Quake: shake or tremble.
  71. Quills: the hollow sharp spines of a porcupine, hedgehog, or other spiny mammal.
  72. Relented: become less severe or intense.
  73. Resolve: decide firmly on a course of action.
  74. Retreat: withdrawing
  75. Rife: of common occurrence  
  76. Savage: fierce, violent, and uncontrolled.
  77. Shoved: make one’s way by pushing someone or something.
  78. Shuddering: tremble convulsively
  79. Slivers: a small, thin, narrow piece of something cut or split off a larger piece.
  80. Squeaky: having or making a high-pitched sound or cry.
  81. Standstill: a situation or condition in which there is no movement or activity at all.
  82. Stuka bomber: German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
  83. Stupefaction: make someone unable to think or feel properly.
  84. Summoned: order someone to be present.
  85. Supplication: the action of asking or begging for something earnestly or humbly.
  86. Suppurating: undergo the formation of pus
  87. Tally: a current score or amount
  88. Thrilled: cause someone to have a sudden feeling of excitement and pleasure.
  89. Throne: a ceremonial chair for a sovereign
  90. Transfixed: cause (someone) to become motionless with horror, wonder, or astonishment.
  91. Tuft: a bunch or collection of threads, grass, hair, etc., held or growing together at the base.
  92. Unforeseen: not anticipated or predicted.
  93. Vital: essential.
  94. Vowed: solemnly promise to do a specified thing.
  95. Wandered: walk or move in a leisurely or aimless way.
  96. Wantonly: in a deliberate and unprovoked way.
  97. Wary: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
  98. Whizzing: move quickly through the air with a whistling or buzzing sound.



class 12 english score full marks


Chapter3 – Journey to the End of the Earth


  1. Austral: relating to the Southern Hemisphere
  2. Avalanche: snowslide
  3. Blasé: unimpressed with or indifferent to something because one has experienced or seen it so often before
  4. Calving: split and shed
  5. Consecrates: make or declare sacred
  6. Cordilleran folds: an extensive chain of mountains or mountain ranges
  7. Desolate: (of a place) uninhabited and giving an impression of bleak emptiness
  8. Ecospheres: parts of the universe habitable by living organisms
  9. Etching: engraved
  10. Expansive: covering wide area in terms of space or scope; extensive
  11. Frigid: very cold in temperature
  12. Immersion: submerge
  13. Isolation: separation
  14. Landmass: a continent or other large body of land
  15. Mind-boggling: overwhelming; startling
  16. Paltry: petty; insignificant
  17. Precambrian granite shields: large areas of relatively low elevation that forms part of continental masses
  18. Pristine: in its original condition; unspoilt
  19. Profound: very great or intense
  20. Prognosis: a forecast of the likely outcome of a situation
  21. Ruckus:  a row or commotion
  22. Supercontinent: a former large continent from which other continents are held to have broken off and drifted away
  23. Surreal: unusual; bizzare
  24. Thrived:  prosper; flourish
  25. Ubiquitous:  everywhere; pervasive
  26. Unmitigated: unconditional




Chapter 4 – The Enemy


  1. A stain of red: blood stain
  2. Absolute state: a state run by kings having total powers
  3. Amazement: surprise
  4. Anatomy: the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.
  5. Anatomy: the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.
  6. Anesthetic: a substance that induces insensitivity to pain
  7. Apologise: feel sorry
  8. Assassins: professional killers
  9. Assuage: decrease, reduce
  10. Battered: torn and worn out
  11. Beachcomber: a vagrant who makes a living by searching beaches for articles of value and selling them
  12. Beginning to stir: gaining consciousness.
  13. Bitter: unpleasant
  14. Blond: light – coloured, yellowish colour
  15. Blond: of light colour
  16. Bluntly: in a straight – forward manner
  17. Boughs: branches of trees
  18. Briskly: quickly
  19. Burden: here, it refers to a dead body.
  20. By word of mouth: people tell it to each other rather than it being printed in written form. 
  21. Cardinal: basic, first
  22. Cares of his life: problems and responsibilities that he faced during his life
  23. Chilled: freeze due to cold weather
  24. Chrysanthemum: a flower 
  25. Compelled: forced
  26. Comprehending: understanding
  27. Concise: short
  28. Consequence: result
  29. Contemptuously: disrespectfully
  30. Conviction: firm belief
  31. Courteously: politely
  32. Crept: crawled
  33. Crimson: bright red colour
  34. Cross: angry, disappointed
  35. Crouched: sit in a squatting position
  36. Dereliction: failure to perform one’s duty
  37. Despised: hated
  38. Dignity: respect
  39. Dismayed: shocked
  40. Distress: sadness
  41. Dragged: pulled
  42. Dusk: the time of sunset
  43. Eaves: part of the roof that meets or overhangs the wall of a building
  44. Ebbing: decreasing gradually
  45. Execution: legal punishment
  46. Fathom: a unit of measuring the depth of the sea.
  47. Feeble: weak
  48. Fierce: dangerous
  49. Flashlight: torch
  50. Fluttered: trembled
  51. Fortifying: putting security at a place
  52. Fowl: cock, hen
  53. Gall bladder: the small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile is stored after secretion by the liver and before release into the intestine.
  54. Gasped: to catch one’s breathe due to astonishment
  55. Gasping: struggling to breathe, unable to speak
  56. Gaunt: gloomy, weak
  57. Gay: happy
  58. Grateful: thankful
  59. Grieving: in a state of sadness
  60. Gripping: holding tightly
  61. Guts: informal word for bravery and determination
  62. Haggard: looking exhausted and unwell, especially from fatigue, worry, or suffering.
  63. Haori: a loose outer garment worn over the kimono.
  64. Heedlessly: carelessly
  65. Her face the colour of sulphur: sulphur is a yellow coloured element. The clause means that her face became pale – yellowish in colour.
  66. Hesitated: paused in indecision before saying or doing something.
  67. Horizon: the line at which the earth’s surface and the sky appear to meet, skyline
  68. Hypodermic: needle, syringe, injection
  69. Impulsive: sudden, thoughtless
  70. impulsively: to do something suddenly without thinking
  71. Incisions: surgical cuts
  72. Inclined: bent towards one side
  73. Indispensable: necessary
  74. Inert: motionless
  75. Infected: affected
  76. Influenza: a highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory passages causing fever
  77. Kerchief: square piece of cloth
  78. Kimono: a traditional Japanese garment.
  79. Knelt: sat on her knees
  80. Leaned: bent forward
  81. Leaped: jumped
  82. Manchuria: Manchuria (Northeast China) is the homeland of the Manchu people. To the Chinese, the region is simply known as the Northeast. Manchuria is made up of China’s three north-eastern most provinces: Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.
  83. Marred: spoiled
  84. Menace: danger, threat
  85. Miserable: in poor condition
  86. Mistress: a woman in a position of authority or control
  87. Moaned: a low cry in pain
  88. Moaned: made low, soft sounds due to pain
  89. Modern: relating to the present or recent times as opposed to the remote past.
  90. Moss: a very small soft green plant
  91. Muttered: spoke
  92. Nodded: lower and raise one’s head slightly and briefly, especially in greeting, assent, or understanding, or to give someone a signal.
  93. Nursed him: taken care of him
  94. Nursery: a room in a house for the special use of young children.
  95. Overwhelmed: full of emotions
  96. Paid no heed: did not pay attention to
  97. Pallor: an unhealthy pale appearance
  98. Partitions: structures dividing a room into parts
  99. Patriotism: love for one’s country
  100. Pawnshop:  a store that lends money in exchange for a valuable thing that they can sell if the person leaving it does not pay an agreed amount of money by an agreed time
  101. Peculiar: strange
  102. Pine needles: very thin, sharp leaves that grow on pine trees 
  103. Piteously: causing you to feel sad and sympathetic
  104. Porcelain: a white vitrified translucent ceramic also called China used for making utensils, pottery, etc.
  105. Post: pole
  106. Precise: accurate
  107. Prejudice: preconceived idea or opinion
  108. Prick: slightest amount
  109. Probed: searched
  110. Profound: very great or intense
  111. Pulse: heartbeat
  112. Pulse: heartbeat
  113. Pulse: heartbeat
  114. Quivered: shivered, trembled
  115. Raw: uncooked
  116. Reason: an idea backed by common sense
  117. Refrain: a sound that is repeated time and again
  118. Repulsion: a strong dislike
  119. Repulsive: awful, terrible
  120. Resistance: the refusal to accept or comply with something
  121. Retching: vomiting
  122. Rose: stood up
  123. Rugs: blanket
  124. Runs out: finishes
  125. Rustling: the sound made by footsteps
  126. Ruthless: harsh, merciless
  127. Ruthlessness: harshness
  128. Saturate: wet
  129. Scars: marks
  130. Sea moss: a kind of seaweed
  131. Sentimentality: being emotional
  132. Shaggy: hairy
  133. Slatternly: dirty, untidy
  134. Solemn: serious and concerned
  135. South pacific: the part of the Pacific Ocean that lies in the southern hemisphere.
  136. Southern sunshine: the door of the office which opened into the garden faced the South direction. This means that the sunshine which entered the office was not direct and bright instead it was a shady sunshine.
  137. Spiked: covered with sharp points
  138. Springs: 
  139. Staggered: walk unsteadily as if about to fall
  140. Stanch: stop or restrict (a flow of blood) from a wound.
  141. Sterilized: disinfected
  142. Stoop: bend forward
  143. Stout: fat, big
  144. Strain: stress
  145. Strewed: to be scattered untidily over a place or area
  146. Stubbly: unshaven, bearded
  147. Stubbornness: firm determination
  148. Stupor: a state of unconsciousness
  149. Submerged: here, sink into the sea
  150. Sulphur: a chemical element used as a disinfectant
  151. Summon: to gather
  152. Sun drops: the Sun sets
  153. Superficial: existing or occurring at or on the surface
  154. Superstitious: irrational beliefs
  155. Supper: an evening meal, typically a light or informal one.
  156. Suspected: doubted
  157. Sustained: continued
  158. Tended: cared for, looked after
  159. The General was in the palm of his hand: he had control of the general
  160. There was a faint colour in his cheeks: his pale yellow coloured cheeks were turning pinkish in colour which indicated that he was recovering
  161. Thrust: pushed
  162. Timid: showing lack of courage or confidence
  163. Tokonoma alcove:  The word ‘toko’ literally means “floor” or “bed”; ‘ma’ means “space” or “room.” In English, tokonoma is usually called alcove. It is a part of a room where things are displayed.a niche or an alcove in a Japanese home for displaying a flower arrangement, kakemono, or other piece of art.
  164. Traitor: a person who betrays his country
  165. Twig: branch of tree
  166. Twilighted: at the time of twilight i.e. sunset or sunrise.
  167. Unaccustomed labour: not used to perform hard work 
  168. Vial: a small container, typically cylindrical and made of glass, used especially for holding liquid medicines.
  169. Vitality: energy, life
  170. Wail: cry loudly
  171. Washed: bathed
  172. Weary: tired
  173. Whence: where
  174. Wistaria wine: a flowering plant used for decoration
  175. Yonder: at some distance in the direction pointed at
  176. Zeal: great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective




Chapter 5 – Should Wizard Hit Mommy


  1. Agitation: anxiety or nervous excitement.
  2. Apprehensive: fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
  3. Astounded: shock or greatly surprise.
  4. Awful: very bad or unpleasant.
  5. Celery: a cultivated plant of the parsley family
  6. Cranky: bad-tempered; irritable.
  7. Crick: A small river.
  8. Curtly: rudely brief in speech or abrupt in manner
  9. Custom: tradition, trend
  10. Eager: keenly expectant or interested.
  11. Emphasis: special value given to something.
  12. Enormous: very large in size
  13. Eventually: in the end, finally
  14. Fatiguing: cause (someone) to feel exhausted.
  15. Foreseen: be aware of beforehand
  16. Fright: a sudden intense feeling of fear.
  17. Fuss: to show excessive excitement
  18. Futile:  pointless.
  19. Gingerly: in a careful or cautious manner.
  20. Grin: smile broadly.
  21. Heave: produce a sigh.
  22. Humiliation: make (someone) feel ashamed and foolish by injuring their dignity and pride.
  23. Lima Beans: an edible flat whitish bean.
  24. Magic Spell: a form of words used as a magical charm.
  25. Nap: a short sleep, especially during the day.
  26. Narrative: a story.
  27. Nostrils: either of two external openings of the nose.
  28. Pennies: a small sum of money.
  29. Pretense: an attempt to make something that is false, to appear true.
  30. Rapped: strike (a hard surface) with a series of rapid audible blows, especially in order to attract attention.
  31. Rapt: completely fascinated or absorbed by what one is seeing or hearing.
  32. Rare: not occurring very often.
  33. Relapsed: return to a less active or a worse state.
  34. Rite: a social custom, practice, or conventional act.
  35. Rumbled: make a continuous deep sound.
  36. Scraped: drag or pull a hard or sharp implement 
  37. Shone:  past participle of shine.
  38. Skittered: move lightly and quickly
  39. Skunk: A small cat sized animal.
  40. Solemnly: with deep sincerity.
  41. Spank: slap with one’s open hand
  42. Stinky: having a strong or unpleasant smell.
  43. Stirred: move or cause to move slightly.
  44. Stroking: move one’s hand with gentle pressure 
  45. Supper: an evening meal, typically a light or informal one.
  46. Swamp: an area of low-lying, uncultivated ground where water collects; a bog or marsh.
  47. Tensely: unable to relax because of nervousness, anxiety, or stimulation.
  48. Tiptoed: walk quietly
  49. Underbrush: shrubs and small trees
  50. Weariness: extreme tiredness
  51. Wizard:  a man who has magical powers.
  52. Woodland: land covered with trees.
  53. Zest:  great enthusiasm and energy.




Chapter-6 On the face of it


  1. Crab apples: a small sour apple
  2. Creak: a harsh sound of wood 
  3. Daft: silly, foolish
  4. Dribble: to fall slowly
  5. Fuss: show of anger, worry
  6. Hive: dome shaped structure in which bees live
  7. Monstrous: horrible
  8. Occasional: sometimes
  9. Panting: quick breaths
  10. Peculiar: strange, unusual
  11. Pretend: fake, make as if
  12. Rustling: whisper, low sound
  13. Scrump: steal from garden
  14. Signify: be a sign of 
  15. Stare: to look at
  16. Startled: feeling a sudden shock
  17. Steady: stable
  18. Strike; hit
  19. Swish: a hissing sound
  20. Tentatively: hesitant
  21. Tresspassing: enter without permission
  22. Underneath: directly below
  23. Weed: unwanted plant
  24. Whispered: To say something very slow
  25. Windfalls: unexpected gain, jackpot




Chapter 7- Evans tries an O – level


  1. Absolutely: completely
  2. Academic: educational
  3. Admire: praise
  4. Allergic: sensitive
  5. Amateurish: beginner
  6. Amiable: friendly
  7. Apprehensive: worried, anxious
  8. Askew: tilted, angled
  9. Authentication: verify
  10. Awash: flooded, covered 
  11. awkward: unease
  12. Awkward: uneasy
  13. Bargain: here thought or planned for
  14. Battered: worn out
  15. Belated: late, overdue
  16. Bewilderment: confusion
  17. Blither: long-winded talk with no real substance
  18. Bobble: small ball attached to a hat
  19. Bother: concerned about
  20. Bound:  tied up
  21. Bug: a small microphone
  22. Bunk: narrow bed attached to the wall
  23. Burly: large and strong man
  24. Caked; coated
  25. Card: a witty or eccentric person
  26. Cell: lockup 
  27. Chisel: a long bladed hand tool
  28. Chuckled: laughed quietly
  29. Clambered: climb
  30. Clanging: make a sound
  31. Clotting: harden
  32. Compassion: pity, sympathy
  33. Conceal: hide
  34. Conceded: admit
  35. Concert: Musical Performance
  36. Congenital: Natural, inherited
  37. Contemptuous: disrespectful
  38. Convince: assure
  39. Cost him a packet: to cost a lot of money
  40. Cackled: crack, sizzle
  41. Cradled: rested, placed back
  42. Crescendo: the loudest point of a sound
  43. Crimson: a rich red color turning purple
  44. Curtly: short, brief
  45. Danke Schon: German language word for ‘Thank you very much’ or ‘Thank you kindly’
  46. Darted: moved quickly
  47. Demeanour: manner, attitude
  48. Despair: hopelessness
  49. Desperately: hopeless
  50. Detective: investigator
  51. Distempered: painted with distemper
  52. Distinguished: differentiate
  53. Dredge: clear 
  54. Drip: drop
  55. Drizzle: light shower of rain
  56. Embarrass: unease, awkward
  57. Erupt: flare up
  58. Escape: run away, get free
  59. Establishment: setting up, building
  60. Feeble: weak
  61. Fiddling: petty annoying thing
  62. Filthy: dirty
  63. Fishy: doubtful thing
  64. Foster: support
  65. Frisk: check, search
  66. Frowned: make a face
  67. Gagged: stopped
  68. Genuine: real, actual
  69. Glimpse: quick look
  70. Gnawed: chew
  71. Good for a giggle: for a laugh
  72. Gorgon: fierce 
  73. Governor: chief, administrator
  74. Grace: bring honour or credit to (someone or something) by one’s attendance or participation.
  75. Grand: royal
  76. Grasp: hold, grip
  77. Gravel: stones
  78. Grim: distant
  79. Grin: smile
  80. Groggy: weak
  81. Grubby: dirty
  82. Guild: association
  83. Gullible: over trustful
  84. Guten gluck: German language word for ‘good luck’
  85. Haemorrhoids: a swollen vein or a group of veins
  86. Handcuffed; shackled
  87. Haven’t a cat in hell’s chance: to be completely unable to achieve something
  88. Hawk: a bird of prey with broad rounded wings and long tail
  89. Haystack: a packed pile of hay (dried grass)
  90. Herr: German language word for ‘mister
  91. Hitherto: earlier, previous
  92. Hoax: prank
  93. Hostage: captive
  94. Illusion: mirage, imagination
  95. Imitation: copying
  96. Immense: massive, enormous
  97. Impersonating: pretend to be another person
  98. Incommunicado: not able to or allowed to communicate with other people
  99. Invigilate: supervise
  100. Jack-knife: a large knife with a folding blade
  101. Keep one’s eyes skinned: be on the alert; watch carefully or vigilantly for something
  102. Kleptomania: a very strong wish to steal that you cannot control 
  103. Kleptomaniac: a person suffering from kleptomania
  104. Laddy: referred to boy
  105. Lathering: to form foam with soap
  106. Leaned: bent
  107. Leap: jump over
  108. Leered: watched, stared
  109. Loathe: hate
  110. Lodge: gate house, cottage
  111. Magistrate: civil officer who administers law 
  112. Manicured: well cared, tidy
  113. Meticulously: carefully
  114. Moan: cry 
  115. Muddle: confuse, jumble
  116. Mug: a person’s face
  117. Murmur: whisper
  118. Nagging: here, irritation
  119. Nail scissors: nail cutter 
  120. Objections: complaint
  121. Panic: fear, alarm
  122. Paper knife: blunt knife for cutting paper
  123. Paraded: here, lined
  124. Paraphernalia: things, stuff
  125. Pardon: a request to a speaker to repeat something because one did not hear or understand it.
  126. Parky: cold
  127. Parson: churchman
  128. Parsons: Churchman, priest
  129. Peep hole: keyhole, opening
  130. Perplexed: puzzled
  131. Persistent: continuous
  132. Pin ups: Posters
  133. Pints: unit of liquid
  134. Pleasantry: joke, a stuff to laugh
  135. Potential: possible
  136. Premises: building, site
  137. Presumably: to assume, believe
  138. Procedure: method, process
  139. Qualification: completion of some course
  140. Ramrod: here, a strict supervisor
  141. Recreation: relaxation, fun
  142. Recruited: appointed
  143. Reiterated: repeated
  144. Reluctant: unwilling
  145. Resist: withstand
  146. Reverend: a member of the church
  147. Revert: return to
  148. Riffle: turning pages quickly
  149. Rivet: here, fixed
  150. Ruefully: sorrow
  151. Ruffled: disarrange
  152. Scathing contempt: severe disrespect
  153. Scheduled: planned or fixed
  154. Scots: another term for scottish
  155. Scraping: to remove unwanted covering, here shaving
  156. Scraping: the sound of an action of rubbing
  157. Secretary: assistant
  158. Seeping: flowing
  159. Semi inflated: half filled with air
  160. Semi profile: partly turned
  161. Shaken: disturbed
  162. Shirley temple: An actress famous for her wavy hair
  163. Shrugged: disregarded, dismiss
  164. Smouldered: here, glowed with anger
  165. Smuggle: to take someone or something illegally
  166. Sorely: with a great intensity, strongly
  167. Spanner: a sharp tool
  168. Spattered: splash, spray
  169. Splash: A dashing sound of liquid
  170. Sprang: past of spring
  171. Sprawl: lie back
  172. spurt: spray
  173. Squeal: cry, scream
  174. Squelchy: a soft sucking sound made when pressure is applied to liquid or mud
  175. St. Mary Mags: St. Mary’s Magdalene, a church in England
  176. Staccato: a short musical note
  177. Stammer: mumble
  178. Stare: gaze
  179. Streaked: lined
  180. Strident: harsh
  181. Stroll: walk
  182. Suffocate: breathless
  183. Superimpose: place over another
  184. Superintendent: supervisor, manager
  185. Surly: bad-tempered and unfriendly.
  186. Swath: a broad strip or area of something
  187. Swung: wave
  188. Tarnished: stained
  189. Tempted: have an urge to do something
  190. Thrust: push
  191. Thudded: strike something with a heavy sound
  192. Trailed: stream
  193. Tucked: push
  194. Tufted: bunch
  195. Twang: a strong ringing sound
  196. Unusual: strange
  197. Unwittingly: unknowingly
  198. Vaguely: roughly
  199. Vanish: disappear
  200. Veiled: face covering
  201. Vigorously: strongly
  202. Whiplash: sudden movement
  203. Wreckage: remains




Chapter 8 Memories of Childhood

Story 1- The Cutting of My Long Hair by Zitkala – Sa

  1. Anguish: pain, agony
  2. Bare: uncovered
  3. Bedlam: uproar, unrest
  4. Belfry: part of a bell tower
  5. Braid: Hairs bind into a plait
  6. Capture: catch, arrest
  7. Clatter: bang, sound of heavy objects
  8. Clinging: tight (dress)
  9. Comfort: console, sympathy
  10. Coward: weakling
  11. Crashing: break through
  12. Crept:  Crawl, move on hands and knees
  13. Dim: dark
  14. Drag: pull
  15. Fate: destiny, god’s will
  16. Gnaw: here, cut
  17. Herder: a person who looks after the live stock (herd of sheep)
  18. Huddled: holding arms and legs closely
  19. Immodest: indecent
  20. Indignities: shame, humiliation
  21. Moan: cry, wail
  22. Moccasins: slipper or shoe
  23. Mourners: a person at a funeral
  24. Mutterings: privately explained complaints
  25. Paleface: yellow face
  26. Peered: try to see
  27. Puppet: a wooden resemblance of humans or animals controlled with the help of strings
  28. Rear ranks: last
  29. Reasoned: here, discussed
  30. Rebel: Revolt
  31. Resist: hold out against
  32. Scratch: scrape
  33. Shingled: cutting of hair
  34. Shuddering: shiver, shake
  35. Spied: notice, spot
  36. Squeaking: making high pitched sound
  37. Stare: gaze
  38. Tossed: thrown 
  39. Unskilled: untrained
  40. Venture: here, a risky task
  41. Whither: where

Story 2 – We too are human Beings by Bama

  1. Amused: finding something funny
  2. Community: group
  3. Cupping: holding hands together to catch something
  4. Dawdle: waste time, idle
  5. Demonstrate: to show
  6. Dignity: nobility
  7. Disgusting: unpleasant
  8. Double up: laugh out loud
  9. Errands: task, job
  10. Extend: hold out
  11. Fetch: bring, carry
  12. Frenzy: madness, mania
  13. Gaze: look
  14. Harangue: to give lecture
  15. Humiliated: insulted
  16. Iced lollies: piece of flavored ice on stick
  17. Indignities: humiliate, disrespect
  18. Infuriate: anger
  19. Instrument: tool
  20. Irrigation Tank: water pond made for watering fields
  21. Ledge: shelf
  22. Lemur: an animal
  23. Meekly:  quietly, submissively
  24. Miracle: wonder
  25. Muzzled: a covering used to cover the mouth of an animal
  26. Novelties: newness, freshness
  27. Oddities: strange things
  28. Offerings: donation, gift
  29. Payasam: sweet dish made with rice and milk
  30. Polluted: impure, harmful
  31. Proceedings: events, activities
  32. Provoked: evoke, arouse
  33. Reverently: with deep respect
  34. Sack: bag
  35. Savoury: a salty or spicy dish
  36. Scraped: here, saved
  37. Shriek: burst out
  38. Snake Charmer: an entertainer who appears to make snakes move by playing music.
  39. Spur: encouragement
  40. Stain: Spot
  41. Strings: thread
  42. Terrible: horrible
  43. Tether: tie up
  44. Thambi: brother
  45. Threshing floor: A specially flattened outdoor surface to separate the grain from straw.
  46. Tread:  walk
  47. Tumbler: Jug
  48. Wrap: cover
  49. Wretched: miserable, sad



class 12 english score full marks