MCQs for Class 9 History Chapter 5 “Pastoralists in the Modern World”

CBSE Class 9 History Book Chapter 5 “Pastoralists in the Modern World” Multiple Choice Questions ‌(MCQs‌) with Answers

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 9 History Book Chapter 5 – Pastoralists in the Modern World.  Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.


Q1. The Maru Raikas herded…..?

A. Camels

B. Sheep

C. Goats

D. All


Q2. The Banjaras were not found in ….?

A. Punjab

B. Delhi

C. Rajasthan

D. Maharashtra


Q3. The warriors consisted of …..?

A. Elder people

B. Younger people

C. Children

D. Healthy people


Q4. Why were some forests classified as ‘protected’

A. In these the customary grazing rights of pastorals were granted but their movements were severely restricted.

B. The colonial officials believed that grazing destroyed the saplings and young shoots of trees that germinated on the forest floor.

C. A & B

D. None


Q5. Which of these are the pastoral communities of the mountains? 

A. Gujjars

B. Gaddis

C. Sherpas

D. All


Q6. Dhangars were an important pastoral community of …? 

A. Gujarat

B. Maharashtra

C. Uttar Pradesh

D. Assam


Q7. Where were Banjaras found? 

A. Uttar Pradesh

B. Punjab, Rajasthan

C. Madhya Pradesh

D. All


Q8. Which of the following statements best explains pastoral nomads?

A. The villagers who moved from one place to another

B. The people who do not have a permanent place to live in

C. The herdsman who moved from one place to another looking for pastures for their herd

D. Groups who moved from place to place for food


Q9. What was the result of overgrazing pastures due to restriction on pastoral movements? 

A. The quality of pastures declined

B. This led to deterioration of animal stock

C. Underfed cattle died in large numbers during scarcity and famine

D. All


Q10. Which of these are pastoral communities of Africa? 

A. Berbers

B. Somali

C. Boran

D. All


Q11. Which of these statements is true? 

A. Large areas of grazing land were turned into game reserves

B. Pastorals were not allowed to enter these reserves

C. Serengeti national Park was created over 14760 kms of Maasai grazing land

D. All


Q12. Which seasonal movements affect the Dhangars of Maharashtra of Maharashtra? 

A. Cold and snow

B. Climatic disturbance

C. Drought and flood

D. Alternate monsoon and dry season


Q13. Nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another because of …..?

A. Seasonal changes

B. In search of pastures

C. To maintain ecological balance

D. All


Q14. Raika pastoral community belongs to….?

A. Himachal Pradesh

B. Rajasthan

C. Jammu and Kashmir

D. Maharashtra


Q15. What were the wasteland rules?

A. Uncultivated lands were taken over and given to selected individuals

B. These individuals were given various concessions to settle these lands

C. Some of them were made headmen of villages in the new cleared agency

D. All


Q16. Life of the pastoral groups was sustained by….?

A. Correct judgement of how long the herds could stay in one area, know where to find water and pasture

B. Correct calculation of timing, their movements and ensuring they could move through the territories

C. Setting up relationships with the farmers on the way so that herds could graze.

D. All


Q17. In what ways were the lives of Gujjar Bakarwalas of Jammu and Kashmir similar to that of Gaddi shepherds of Himachal Pradesh?

A. They both have a similar cycle of seasonal movement

B. They both spend their winters on low hills of shivalik range, grazing their herds in dry scrub forests.

C. In April they begin their upward journey again

D. All of the above


Q18. Pastorals were found in the ……?

A. Plateaus

B. Plains

C. Deserts

D. All


Q19. Which crop was sown in the Dhangars in the central plateau of Maharashtra?

A. Bajra

B. Jowar

C. Rice

D. Wheat


Q20. Since when were the ‘waste land’ rules implemented in various parts of the country?

A. 17th century

B. Early 18th century

C. Mid 19th century

D. Late 19th century


Q21. Through the Forest Acts, some forests which produced timber lile deodar or Sal were declared ‘Reserved’, what did that mean?

A. They were reserved for pastoralists

B. No pastoralist was allowed access to these forests

C. Only some particular pastoralists could access them

D. None


Q22. What did the pastoralists have to pay tax for?

A. Every animal they grazed on the pastures

B. The houses they were living in

C. Number of animals they had

D. All


Q23. In which year could the Raikas no longer move to Sindh?

A. After 1871

B. In the 1880s

C. In 1928

D. After 1947


Q24. When was the right to collect tax auctioned out to contractors?

A. In 1800

B. 1850s to 1880s

C. 1900

D. 1920s


Q25. In 1885, Maasai land was cut into half with an international boundary between ….?

A. Kenya and Tanganyika

B. Kenya and Ethiopia

C. Congo and Angola

D. Angola and Botswana


Q26. When did a severe drought take place, killing over half the cattle in the Maasai Reserves?

A. 1900

B. 1933 and 1934

C. 1931 and 1932

D. 1940


Q27. What percent of land was lost by the Maasais as a result of the division of Maasailand?

A. 10%

B. 25%

C. 35%

D. 60%


Q28. The Nomadic cattle herders of Kaokoland belonged to….?

A. Namibia

B. Zambia

C. Zimbabwe

D. South Africa


Q29. In the pre-colonial period the African society was divided into ….?

A. Elders and warriors

B. Priests and warriors

C. Agriculturalists and traders

D. None


Q30. What are Bugyals? 

A. Wastelands

B. Pastures in the mountain’s foot area

C. Pastures above 12000 feet high mountains

D. They are deserts


Q.31. _____________ are people who do not live in one place but move from one area to another to earn their living.

(a) pastoralists

(b) nomads

(c) peasants

(d) tribal people


Q.32. In which state of India do the ‘Gaddi’ shepherds live? 

(a) Jammu and Kashmir

(b) Himachal Pradesh

(c) Maharashtra

(d) Karnataka


Q.33. The pastoral community found in Maharashtra is ______

(a) Banjaras

(b) Gollas

(c) Dhangars

(d) Raikas


Q.34. The autumn crop, usually harvested between September and October: 

(a) rabi

(b) dry crops

(c) monsoon crops

(d) kharif


Q.35. The pastoralist community who herded cattle in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh were known as ____. 

(a) Kurumas

(b) Gollas

(c) Kurubas

(d) Dhangars


Q.36. The pastoralists community who herded sheep and sold blankets in the state of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka were known as _____.

(a) Kurumas

(b) Kurubas

(c) Raikas

(d) Both A and B


Q.37.  During the mid-nineteenth century, various forest acts were enacted in different provinces. Name the valuable timbers which were declared reserved.

(a) teak and sal

(b) popular and deodar

(c) seasum and popular

(d) deodar and sal



Q.38. Who was the deputy Conservator of forests at Darjeeling in the year 1913? 

(a) H S Gibson

(b) Buchanan

(c) Francis Hamilton

(d) De Brett


Q.39. __________ percent of the world’s pastoral population is found in Africa.

(a) 25 

(b) 35 

(c) 45 

(d) 50 


Q.40. What was the population of the pastoral community of Maasai cattle herders, who live primarily in southern Kenya?

(a) 1,00,000

(b) 2,00,000

(c) 3,00,000

(d) 4,00,000


Q.41. When did Tanganyika come under British control? 

(a) 1919

(b) 1916

(c) 1917

(d) 1918


Q.42. Tanganyika united with Zanzibar to form ____ in 1964

(a) Tanzania 

(b) Zambia

(c) Zimbabwe

(d) Tswana


Q.43. The Serengeti National Park was created over _________ of Maasai grazing land.

(a) 14,500 km

(b) 14,760 km

(c) 15,000 km

(d) 1,476 km


Q.44. Q.38. In the year _______________ Tanganyika attained its independence.

(a) 1961

(b) 1962

(c) 1963

(d) 1964


Q45. Where is the Serengeti National Park in Africa situated? 

(a) Tanzania

(b) Kenya

(c) Namibia

(d) Zanzibar


Q.46. In how many social categories Maasai society was divided? 

(a) four

(b) two 

(c) three

(d) None of the above


Q.47. Q.51. Young men came to be recognised as the members of the ________ in the Maasai society.

(a) younger’s group

(b) elder’s group

(c) warrior class  

(d) royal group


Q.48. Name the game reserve of Tanzania? 

(a) Samburu National Park

(b) Maasai Mara National Reserve

(c) Serengeti National Park

(d) None of the above


Q.49. The ____________ of Maasai society wear traditional deep red ‘shukas’, brightly beaded jewellery and steel tipped spears.

(a) warriors

(b) elders

(c) rulers

(d) villagers 


Q.50. Who formed the ruling group in ‘Maasai Society’? 

(a) elders 

(b) warriors

(c) king

(d) None of these



Answer key for Class 9 History Chapter 5 – Pastoralists in the Modern World MCQs

Question No.AnswerQuestion No.Answer