MCQs for Class 9 History Chapter 4 “Forest Society and Colonialism”

CBSE Class 9 History Book Chapter 4 “Forest Society and Colonialism” Multiple Choice Questions ‌(MCQs‌) with Answers


Practicing the MCQs on Class 9 Chapter 4 “Forest Society and Colonialism” can help you understand the lesson better! We have a lot of questions that cover all the important topics in the chapter. You can use these questions to check your knowledge and find out what you need to work on. MCQs listed below are like the real exam questions. If you’re a student who needs help studying or a teacher who wants to help their students, our Practice MCQs on “Forest Society and Colonialism”, Class 9 Chapter 4 can be very useful. Start practicing today and get ready for your exams!

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 9 History Book Chapter 4 – Forest Society and Colonialism.  Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.


Q1. Tendu leaves are used in making…..?

A. Bidis

B. Plates

C. Baskets

D. Umbrellas


Q2. The railway network expanded rapidly in India from…..?

A. 1820s

B. 1830s

C. 1850s

D. 1860s


Q3. The Imperial Forest Research was set up at …..? 

A. Allahabad

B. Darjeeling

C. Dehradun

D. Shimla


Q4. The Baigas are a forest community of…..?

A. Central India

B. North India

C. South India

D. North East India


Q5. The colonial power in Indonesia were the …..?

A. English

B. Dutch

C. French

D. Portuguese


Q6. Where did the Dutch start forest management in Indonesia?

A. Java

B. Sumatra

C. Bali

D. None


Q7. The Kalangs resisted the Dutch in …..? 

A. 1700

B. 1750

C. 1770

D. 1800


Q8. What was the system of the ‘blandongdiensten’?

A. A system of education

B. Industrialisation

C. First imposition of rent on land and the exemption

D. None


Q9. What was the policy followed by the British towards the forests during the First and Second World War?

A. The forest department cut trees to freely meet British war needs

B. Cutting of trees was strictly prohibited for everyone, including the British

C. More and more trees were planted to give employment to Indians

D. None


Q10. Who wrote the book ‘Forests of India’ in 1923?

A. David Spurr

B. E P Stebbing

C. Verrier Elvin

D. John Middleton


Q11. Indian Forest Service was set up in the year….? 

A. 1865

B. 1864

C. 1854

D. 1884


Q12. The system of scientific forestry stands for…?

A. System whereby the local farmers were allowed to cultivate temporarily within a plantation.

B. System of cutting old trees and planting new ones

C. Division of forests into 3 categories

D. Disappearance of forests


Q13. In South East Asia Shifting agriculture is known as ……..?

A. Chitemene

B. Tavy

C. Lading

D. Milpa


Q14. Forests consisting of which type of trees were preferred by the forest department. 

A. Trees which provided fuel, fodder and leaves

B. Forests having soft wood

C. Trees suitable for building ships and railways

D. None


Q15. Which is a community of skilled forest cutters?

A. Maasais of Africa

B. Mundas of Chotanagpur

C. Gonds of Orissa

D. Kalangs of Java


Q16. Wooden planks laid across railways tracks to hold these tracks in a position are called?

A. Beams

B. Sleepers

C. Rail fasteners

D. None


Q17. Which of the following is a cash crop?

A. Rice

B. Wheat

C. Cotton

D. Maize


Q18. The Forest act meant severe hardship for villagers across the country because…?

A. Cutting wood, grazing cattle, collecting fruits, hunting and fishing became illegal

B. People were forced to steal and if they were caught, they had to pay bribes to the forest guards

C. Women who collected firewood were harassed by guards

D. All of the above


Q19. The river ……..flows through Bastar?

A. Ganga

B. Indus

C. Indrawati

D. None of these


Q20. What are Sarnas?

A. Sacred groves

B. Forests

C. Grasslands

D. None


Q21. Which of the following problems were faced by the people of Bastar under the colonial Government? 

A. People of the villages were displaced without any notice of compensation

B. Villagers suffered from increased rents, frequent demands for free labour, and goods by colonial officials

C. Terrible famines occurred

D. All of the above


Q22. Why was shifting banned in India by the Government?

A. European foresters regarded this practice as harmful for the forests

B. When a forest was burnt there was the danger of flames spreading and burning the valuable timber

C. It made it difficult for the government to calculate taxes

D. All of the above


Q23. How much of India’s landmass was under cultivation in 1600?

A. One – sixth

B. One – third

C. Two – third

D. Half


Q24. How much percent of the worlds’ total forest area was cleared between 1700 and 1995?

A. 9%

B. 9.3%

C. 20.5%

D. 30%


Q25. Of which crops did the British encourage the production of during the colonial period? 

A. Jute

B. Wheat

C. Cotton

D. All


Q26. Which was the ‘scorched earth’ policy followed by the Dutch in Java during the First and Second World wars? 

A. Dutch weapons were destroyed in Java

B. The earth was exploited further to grow more trees

C. Huge piles of giant teak logs were burnt, and saw mills were destroyed

D. None


Q27. Large areas of natural forests were cleared to make way for which of these?

A. Tea plantations

B. Coffee plantations

C. Rubber plantations

D. All


Q28. Who was Gunda Dhur?

A. A rebel of Java

B. First inspector General

C. A leader of Santhal rebellion

D. A leader of Dhurva tribe


Q29. Where is Bastar located?

A. Southernmost part of Chattisgarh

B. In central Jharkhand region

C. In Andhra Pradesh

D. None


Q30. Which of the following was not a tribal community?

A. Karacha

B. Jhum

C. Korava

D. Yerukula


Q.31. Disappearance of forest due to cutting down of trees is referred to as _____.

(a) afforestation

(b) deforestation

(c) dousari

(d) pastoralism


Q.32. For what Britishers needed forest? 

(a) hide from their enemies

(b) increase wood production for fuel

(c) provide a settlement for Indian tribes

(d) build ships and railways


Q.33. Which Forest Act divided Indian forests into three categories? 

(a) 1862 Forest Act

(b) 1860 Forest Act

(c) 1879 Forest Act

(d) 1878 Forest Act


Q.34. By the year 1946, the length of the railway tracks increased to over _________ 

(a) 7,60,000 km

(b) 7,00,000 km

(c) 6,50,000 km

(d) 7,65,000 km 


Q.35. What was a system of cutting trees controlled by the Forest Department in which old trees are cut and new ones planted called? 

(a) reserved forestry

(b) protected forestry

(c) village forestry

(d) scientific forestry


Q.36. Who painted “When the Valleys Were Full’ Painting? 

(a) David Spurr

(b) John Dawson

(c) Richard Harding

(d) None of the above


Q.37.  ______ is the local term used for shifting cultivation in Central America.

(a) jhum

(b) chena

(c) tavy

(d) milpa 


Q.38. What was European colonialism which was based on the practice of shifting cultivation known as? 

(a) jhum cultivation

(b) Chena

(c) swidden agriculture

(d) khandad


Q.39. The ____________ peoples of the Brazilian Amazon began to cultivated latex from wild during mid-nineteenth century

(a) banjaras

(b) Mundurucu

(c) Yerukula

(d) Korava


Q.40. The nomadic tribe from Chhattisgarh who were recruited to work on tea plantations in Assam were __________.

(a) Gonds  

(b) Oraons

(c) Santhals

(d) Bhils


Q.41. The extraction of rubber in the Putumayo region of the Amazon was 

(a) Huitotos

(b) Santhals

(c) Oraons

(d) Karacha


Q.42. ______________ was the leader of the forest communities who rebelled against the British from Chhotanagpur.

(a) Birsa Munda

(b) Siddhu

(c) Kanu

(d) Alluri Sitaram Raju


Q.43. Which among the following is not a tribal community from the Bastar district? 

(a) Muria Gonds

(b) Dhurwas

(c) Halbas

(d) Santhals


Q.44. In which year the colonial government in India proposed to reserve two-thirds of the forest? 

(a) 1903

(b) 1904

(c) 1905

(d) 1906


Q.45. What was the cluster of villages in Bastar district known as? 

(a) dhurwas

(b) pargana 

(c) taluka

(d) dand


Q.46. From the fruit of which tree, the oil was extracted for cooking and to light lamps? 

(a) Bauhinia Vahli

(b) Tendu

(c) Semur

(d) Mahua


Q.47. The population of Java in 1600 was estimated ______________

(a) 3.4 million

(b) 3.7 million

(c) 4.4 million

(d) 5.4 million


Q.48. Around 1890, ________________ community of the Randublatung village began questioning the state ownership of the forest.

(a) Surontiko Samin

(b) Kalimantan

(c) Sarnas

(d) Rai


Q.49. Most of Indonesia’s forests are located in islands like _____.

(a) Sumatra

(b) Kalimantan  

(c) West Iran

(d) All of the above



Q.50. Where did the Dutch begin their Scientific forestry? 

(a) Sumatra

(b) Java

(c) Borneo

(d) Celebes


Answer key for Class 9 History Chapter 4- Forest Society and Colonialism MCQs

Question No.AnswerQuestion No.Answer
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