MCQ Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution MCQs (Multiple Choice Question Answers)


Practicing the MCQs on Class 9 Chapter 2 “Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution” can help you understand the lesson better! We have a lot of questions that cover all the important topics in the chapter. You can use these questions to check your knowledge and find out what you need to work on. MCQs listed below are like the real exam questions. If you’re a student who needs help studying or a teacher who wants to help their students, our Practice MCQs on “Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution”, Class 9 Chapter 2 can be very useful. Start practicing today and get ready for your exams!

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 9 History Book Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution.  Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference. Also, Take Free Online MCQs Test for Class 9.

Q1. Who was the leader of the Bolshevik Party?

A. Karl marx

B. Stalin

C. Lenin

D. Louis Blanc


Q2. Tsarist power collapsed in Russian in the year…..?

A. 1905

B. 1916

C. 1917

D. 1920


Q3. Tsarina Alexandra was of …..?

A. German Origin

B. French Origin

C. Dutch Origin

D. Russian Origin


Q4. Jaddists were ……..within the Russian Empire?

A. Muslim Reformers

B. Muslim educationists

C. Parsi Reformers

D. German refugees

Also See: CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important Questions | NCERT Class 10 SST

Q5. What was the main occupation of the people of Russia in the beginning of the 20th century? 

A. Manufacturing

B. Fishing

C. Poultry

D. Agriculture


Q6. The labour party in Britain was formed by socialist and ……?

A. Trade unionists

B. Peasants

C. Industrialists

D. Young students

Q7. Central powers during the World War I included countries like Germany, Turkey and ….?

A. France

B. Austria

C. Britain

D. Russia


Q8. What is the name April Theses associated with?

A. Karl Marx

B. Robert Owen

C. Lenin

D. Stalin

Q9. Who was the successor of Lenin?

A. Stalin

B. Kerensky

C. Trotsky

D. Robert Owen


Q10. Buduonovka was the name given to …..?

A. Boots

B. Coat

C. Scarf

D. Hat


Q11. Which group was against any political or social change?

A. Nationalists

B. Conservatives

C. Liberals

D. Radicals


Q12. Which of these statements is correct about Europe after the French Revolution?

A. Suddenly it seemed possible to change the aristocracy

B. Not everyone wanted a complete change of society

C. Some wanted gradual change, other wanted a complete change

D. All


Q13. What made aristocracy unpopular in Russia?

A. The German origin of Tsarina

B. Poor advisors like Monk Rasputin

C. The huge cost of fighting world war 1

D. A & B


Q14. Why were the liberals not considered democrats?

A. They did not believe in universal adult franchise

B. They felt that only men of property should have a right o vote

C. Women should not have a right o vote

D. All


Q15. What kind of results took place as a result of new political trends in Europe?

A. Industrial Revolution

B. New cities came up

C. Railways expanded

D. All


Q16. Who conspired in Italy to bring about a revolution?

A. Bismarck

B. Karl Marx

C. Giuseppe Mazzini

D. None


Q17. What were the demands made by the workers at St. Pertsbug who went on strike?

A. Reduction in working hours

B. Increase in wages

C. Improvement in working conditions

D. All


Q18. Whom did Russia fight against in World War 1?

A. Britain and France

B. Germany and Austria

C. America

D. Britain


Q19. Which of the following statements is correct?

A. By 1916 railway lines in Russia began to breakdown

B. There was labour shortage

C. Large supply of grain was sent to feed the army

D. All


Q20. On 27th February, soldiers and striking workers gathered to form…..?

A. Soviet Council

B. Petrograd soviet

C. Moscow union

D. Russian council


Q21. Which of these are related to Lenin’s April Theses?

A. World war 1 should be brought to an end

B. Land should be transferred to the peasants

C. Banks should nationalised

D. All


Q22. Who led the Bolshevik group during the Russian Revolution?

A. Lenin

B. Karl Marx

C. Fredrich Angels

D. Trotsky


Q23. When did the socialists take over the government in Russia?

A. October Revolution in 1917

B. November revolution in 1917

C. December revolution in 1919

D. February revolution in 1920


Q24. In the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of the Russian people worked in ….?

A. Industrial sector

B. Agriculture sector

C. Mining sector

D. Transport sector


Q25. The Commune of farmers was known as…..?

A. Duma

B. Mir

C. Tsar

D. Cossacks


Q26. Who were the people who wanted to put an end to the existing government in Europe in 1815?

A. Nationalists

B. Conservatives

C. Radicals

D. Liberals


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Q27. Industrialization did not lead to which of the following problems?

A. Poor wages

B. Long hours of work

C. Liberalism

D. Development of new industrialised regions


Q28. The majority reign in Russia was …….?

A. Russian orthodox church grown out of Greek church

B. Russian orthodox church

C. Catholics Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists

D. B & C


Q29. In order to develop societies liberals and radicals believed …….?

A. In the value of individual effort

B. In the privileges of old aristocracy

C. That those who have capital should work in restraint

D. All


Q30. When was the socialist revolutionary party formed in Russia?

A. 1898

B. 1900

C. 1905

D. 1910


(a) the capitalists enjoying profits

(b) cooperative association of people

(c) a government by the monarchs

(d) a government to encourage cooperatives and replace capitalists


Q.33. Who wants to safeguard the rights of individuals against the governments? 

(a) Liberals

(b) Radicals

(c) Nationalists

(d) None of the above


Q.34. What was the movement demanding the rights to vote for women called? 

(a) Russian orthodox’ Christianity Movement

(b) Suffragette Movement

(c) Social Democratic Party Movement

(d) Revolutionary Movement


Q.35. During the late nineteenth century, ______________ wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace the capitalist enterprise.

(a) Robert Owen

(b) Friedrich Engels

(c) Louis Blanc

(d) Giuseppe Mazzini


Q.36. When did the Socialists and trade unionists had formed a Labour Party in Britain and a Socialist Party in France?

(a) 1901

(b) 1902

(c) 1903

(d) 1905


Q.37. By which year the socialist ideas had spread through Europe? 

(a) 1872

(b) 1870

(c) 1873

(d) 1871


Q.38. Who led the procession of 1,10,000 workers who went on strike? 

(a) Karl Marx

(b) Vladimir Lenin

(c) Kerenskii

(d) Father Gapon


Q.39. Anti-German sentiments ran high during the First World War and St. Petersburg was renamed a__________.

(a) Petersburg

(b) Petrogard

(c) Petrograd

(d) None of the above


Q.40. What was the Imperial Russian army known as during the First World War? 

(a) Russian Power Roller

(b) Deterrent Roller

(c) Tsarist Power Roller

(d) Russian Steam Roller


Q.41. When did Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin return to Russia from his exile? 

(a) April 1917

(b) March 1917

(c) February 1917

(d) May 1917


Q.42. The Bolshevik Party renamed itself the ________________ to indicate its new radical aims.

(a) Nevskii Prospekt

(b) Communist Party

(c) Marxist Party

(d) Opposition Party


Q.43. Who was the Prime Minister of Russia at the time of the October Revolution? 

(a) Kerenskii

(b) Lenin

(c) Trotskii

(d) Tsar Nicholas Il


Q.44. Who wrote the History of a Soviet Collective Farm?

(a) Fedor Belov

(b) Trotskii

(c) Kerenskii

(d) Lenin


Q.45. The ‘Greens’ who controlled most of the Russian empire during 1918 and 1919 were known as __________.

(a) Menshevik Party

(b) Pro-Tsarists

(c) Socialist Revolutionaries

(d) Bolsheviks


Q.46. Who nationalised the industries and banks during the civil war? 

(a) Russian Steam Roller

(b) Mensheviks

(c) Bolsheviks

(d) Leon Trotskii


Q.47. Who introduced ‘firm emergency measures’ after the death of Lenin? 

(a) Lenin

(b) Fedor Belov

(c) Rasputin

(d) Stalin


Q.48. Centralised planning led to increase the industrial production by 100 percent in the case of oil, coal and steel during the period ________________

(a) between 1927 and 1932

(b) between 1915 and 1920

(c) between 1921 and 1926

(d) between 1929 and 1933


Q.49. Under the leadership of ___________, a Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviets to organise the seizure.

(a) Vladimir Lenin

(b) Leon Trotskii

(c) Kerenskii

(d) Rasputin


Q.50. During the 1905 Revolution, the procession of workers who moved towards Winter Palace was attacked by police and the Cossacks. Over 100 workers were killed and about 300 wounded. This incident was known as ________.

(a) Bloody Sunday

(b) Bloody Monday

(c) Bloody Saturday

(d) None of the above


Answer key for Class 9 History Chapter 2 – Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution MCQs

Question No.AnswerQuestion No.Answer



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