CBSE NCERT Class 9 English Supplementary reader – Moments book – word meanings of chapters

By Ruchika Gupta

 

Here, the difficult words and their meanings of all the prose chapter of CBSE NCERT Class 9 English supplementary reader Moments book have been compiled for the convenience of the students. This is an exhaustive list of the words and meanings of all the stories from the Moments book for CBSE NCERT Class 9 English . The difficult words’ meanings have been explained lucidly so that every student can understand them.

 

Chapter 1-The Lost Child by Mulk Raj Anand

  1. wintry shades of narrow lanes and alleys: in the winter season, the narrow lanes were full of shade.
  2. Emerged: came out
  3. Brimming over: to be full of something
  4. Lagged behind: was left behind
  5. Fascinated by: attracted to
  6. Lined the way: were set up along the way.
  7. Lingering: lasting for a long time
  8. Receding: left behind as he walked ahead
  9. Suppress: put an end to
  10. Cold: without any feelings, emotions
  11. Tyrant: a cruel and oppressive ruler
  12. Melted: became tender and lovingPale: dull, colourless
  13. Gaudy: extremely bright and showy
  14. Abreast: side by side and facing the same way
  15. Teeming out: to pour or empty out
  16. Grove: a small wood or group of trees
  17. Capers: a playful skipping movement
  18. Throngs: huge crowds
  19. Converging: gathering
  20. Heeded: paid attention to
  21. Overwhelming: a very strong emotion
  22. Forbidden: not allowed
  23. Coarse: unpleasant
  24. Hither and thither: here and there
  25. Intently: carefully
  26. Congested: full of
  27. Hefty: large and heavy
  28. Thrust: push
  29. Knocked: hit
  30. Brutal: harsh, rough
  31. Trampled: crushed
  32. Surging: powerful
  33. Soothe: relax, comfort
  34. Pleaded: requested
  35. Double – pitched strain: usage of a lot of force
  36. Bore: carried
  37. Reiterated: repeated
  38. Disconsolate: very unhappy and unable to be comforted
  39. Charge: a person or thing entrusted to the care of someone

 

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Chapter 2 – The Adventures of Toto by Ruskin Bond

  1. Feeding-trough: a large container for feeding animals
  2. Tonga: horse cart
  3. Anglo-lndian: a person relating to both britain and india
  4. Pickled: food that is preserved in vinegar
  5. scooping up: lifting
  6. Peg: a hook
  7. Ornamental: decorative
  8. Naked: uncovered
  9. Wrenched: broke
  10. Socket: attachment
  11. Shreds: cut into thin slices
  12. Sociably: in a friendly manner
  13. Abode: home
  14. Turnstile: a mechanical gate consisting of revolving horizontal arms fixed to a vertical post, allowing only one person at a time to pass through
  15. Annoyance:  to anger someone
  16. Vain:  an unsuccessful attempt
  17. Quadruped:  an animal which has 4 feet
  18. Fare:  ticket price
  19. To get his own back (idiom):  to take revenge
  20. Prodded:  pushed
  21. Stable:  building set apart  and adapted for keeping horses
  22. Halter:  a strap or loop placed around the head of a horse or other animal,  used for leading or tethering it
  23. Haunches: back
  24. Hauled him:  pulled him out
  25. Spite:  a desire to hurt,  annoy or offend someone
  26. Chattered:  the sound made by the monkey

 

Chapter 3 – Iswaran the Storyteller By RK Laxman

  1. Supervisor: a person whose job is to check the work of all the other people
  2. Bachelor: a person who is unmarried
  3. Makeshift: temporary
  4. Quarry: mine
  5. Asset: advantage
  6. Anecdote: A short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
  7. Desolate: uninhabited, empty
  8. Conjure up: to gather or create with magic
  9. Zinc sheet shelter:  a temporary place to live with the roof made of metallic sheets
  10. Muttering: speaking in a low voice
  11. Dozing off: falling asleep
  12. Narrative flourishes: detailed descriptions
  13. In thrall: The state of being in someone’s power
  14. Arched: curved
  15. Gesture: A movement of hands for head to indicate something
  16. Deserted: empty
  17. Enormous:  huge
  18. Timber:  wood that has been processed for commercial purposes
  19. Hauled:  transported
  20.  Prologue:  an introductory speech
  21.  Elaborate:  detailed
  22. Tusker:  an elephant
  23.  roam  about: move around
  24.  Stamping:  hitting with force
  25.  Emulation: Effort to match or surpass a person by imitation or copying
  26. Outskirts:  outer area
  27. helter skelter: here and there
  28. Panic:  sudden fear causing unthinkable behaviour
  29. Grunted:  Made a loud sound
  30. Depredations: Attacks which are made to destroy something
  31. Hypnotize: to influence, control or direct completely as by personal charm, words or domination
  32. Mastering: putting together
  33. whacked:  hit noisily
  34. Collapsed: fell
  35. rapt attention: completely fascinated or absorbed by what one is seeing or hearing
  36. pick up the thread of the story: would not restart the story from where he left in order to arouse curiosity
  37. veterinary doctor: a doctor who specializes in treating animals
  38. Summoned: called
  39. Shrug: to raise one’s shoulders slightly and momentarily to express doubt, ignorance, or indifference
  40. Credible: able to be believed; convincing
  41. Inimitable: Unique Auspicious: good
  42. Delicacies: tasty food
  43. Spirits: souls of the dead
  44. Ancestors: elders of the family
  45. culinary skills: related to cooking
  46. Garish: something which is too colourful and fancy that it is disliked
  47. Supernatural: related to ghosts and spirits
  48. Reverie: a state of being pleasantly lost in one’s thoughts; a daydream
  49. Shrivelled: wrinkled and shrunken
  50. Foetus: unborn baby
  51. Figment: production
  52. Sulk: be silent, morose, and bad-tempered out of annoyance or disappointment
  53. Vicinity: nearby area
  54. Moan: crying sound
  55. Prowling: searching
  56. guttural: sound produced in the throat; harsh sounding
  57. Wailing: crying sound
  58. Feline: relating to cats or other members of the cat family
  59. Panting: breathing heavily
  60. Ghastly: causing horror and fear
  61. auto suggestion: subconscious adoption of an idea which one has originated oneself
  62. Grinned: smiled broadly
  63. Resolving: deciding
  64. haunted place: visited by ghosts
  65. Spine: back bone
  66. Resolving: deciding
  67. Handed his papers: resigned

 

Chapter 4 – In the Kingdom of Fools

[A Kannada folktale from A.K. Ramanujan’s Folk Tales from India]

  1. Idiots: the people who are not intelligent
  2. Till: here, to cultivate land for farming
  3. Stirring: moving around
  4. guru: saint
  5. amazed: shocked and surprised
  6. duddu – money in Kannada language
  7. pursuing: follow
  8. ancient trade: refers to theft there
  9. summoned – To call upon someone
  10. Bricklayer: is a person who lays the bricks and built the walls
  11. Goldsmith is a person who makes ornaments out of gold.
  12. scoundrel: a dishonest person
  13. accusation: to blame someone
  14. bailiffs: a law officer who makes sure that the decisions of a court are obeyed.
  15. stake: a post with a sharp, pointed end used to pierce through something
  16. execution: an official killing of someone
  17. impaling: to push a sharp pointed post through something
  18. decree: order
  19. scrape: a difficult situation that one has got into
  20. clamour: to Insist on something
  21. Ascetic life is the life of a sanyasi, a strict life, life of discipline
  22. postpone: to put off something for a later time
  23. disguised: a different appearance in order to hide one’s identity
  24. panic: fright
  25. persuade: convince

 

Chapter 5 – The Happy Prince by Oscar Wilde

  1. gilded: to covered with something, coating of something
  2. hilt: the handle of a weapon or tool, especially a sword, dagger, or knife
  3. swallow: a tiny bird
  4. Put up means where to live for the night
  5. Alighted: descended
  6. curious: strange
  7. drenched: soaked with water
  8. misery: sadness
  9. coarse: rough
  10. seamstress: a woman who makes a living by sewing.
  11. sword hilt: the handle of the sword
  12. pedestal: raised platform
  13. mast: sail of the ship
  14. tossing: turning left and right
  15. thimble :a metal or plastic cap with a closed end, worn to protect the finger and push the needle in sewing slumber: sleep
  16. sank: drown but here it means the boy in going to sleep
  17. prospect: thought of something
  18. Steeple: high tower of the church
  19. garret: small dark room at the top of the house
  20. withered: worn out
  21. violet: kind of flower
  22. pomegranate: is a fruit
  23. faint: weak
  24. grate: fireplace
  25. darted: pushed himself inside
  26. appreciate: to praise someone
  27. harbor: sea port
  28. swooped: fly very low
  29. Shabby: untidy
  30. proclamation: order, rule
  31. furnace: is a fire place where metal is melted
  32. overseer: supervisor
  33. foundry: workshop for casting metals

Chapter 6 – Weathering the storm in Ersama by Harsh Mander

  1. Menacing: dangerous and harmful
  2. Fury: extreme strength
  3. Incessant: unceasing, continuous
  4. Ancient: old
  5. Rent: filled
  6. Swirled: moved or flowed along with a whirling motion
  7. Mortar: a mixture of lime, cement, sand and water used to construct buildings
  8. Surge: gush
  9. Refuge: shelter
  10. Wrought: produced as a result of something
  11. Fractured: broken
  12. Bloated: swollen
  13. animal carcasses: dead bodies of animals
  14. blessing in disguise: an apparent misfortune that eventually has good results
  15. Tender: soft, raw
  16. huddled : together in a group
  17. flashed through his mind: came to his mind
  18. Bereaved: to have lost a family member or a friend to death
  19. Recede: reduce
  20. Expedition: journey
  21. Waded: swam
  22. Macabre: horrible
  23. Catastrophe: disaster
  24. Remnants: small remaining quantities
  25. eyes brimming: eyes were full of tears
  26. Motley: desperate, varied in appearance or character
  27. Battered: injured
  28. Tumult: uproar of a disorderly crowd force
  29. Triumphantly: victoriously
  30. Bellies: stomach
  31. Orphaned: a child who loses either one or both of his parents to death
  32. Stigma: disgrace
  33. foster families: a family that provides custody or guardianship for children whose parents are dead or unable to look after them

 

 

Chapter 7 – The Last Leaf by O. Henry

  1. Pneumonia: a disease caused due to the infection of the lungs
  2. Gazing: looking
  3. Feeble: weak
  4. Janitor: a person whose job is to look after a building

 

Chapter 8 – A House is not a Home by Zan Gaudioso

  1. Awkward: strange
  2. Freshman: a student in the first year of high school, college or university
  3. Isolated: lonely
  4. Purring: sound made by cat
  5. Swatting: to hit something
  6. Stoking the fire: feeding and tending the fire
  7. Groping: to search blindly
  8. Engulfed: flooded, surrounded by
  9. In tow: behind
  10. Weird: strange
  11. Destined: future developed as per a predestined plan
  12. Outcast: a person rejected by society
  13. Geek: an unfashionable or socially inept person
  14. Zombie: a dull and apathetic person
  15. Surreal: unreal, strange, bizarre
  16. Ripped away: torn apart
  17. Vulnerable: weak, easy to influence
  18. Plight: sad story
  19. Milling around: moving around aimlessly
  20. Shove: push hard
  21. Curb: edge of the pavement
  22. Freaked: behaved irrationally
  23. Tragedy: mishap
  24. Diminish: fade off
  25. Gratitude: thankfulness

 

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Chapter 9 – The Accidental Tourist by Bill Bryson

  1. Lavatory: a room or building containing a toilet
  2. Alley: a narrow passageway between or behind buildings
  3. en famille: French, meaning with one’s family
  4. Easter: a festival in Christianity religion
  5. Yanked: pulled with a jerk
  6. Consternation: anxiety, distress
  7. Budge: move
  8. Gave way: opened suddenly
  9. Extravagantly: elaborately
  10. Ejected: removed
  11. Dumbstruck: shocked
  12. Fluttery: resembling flapping of wings by birds
  13. Cascade: like the step by step waterfall
  14. Oblivions: being forgotten
  15. Concourse: the open central area in a large public building (here, in the airport)
  16. Disgorging: discharging
  17. Gashed: cut
  18. Lavish: in large quantity
  19. Exasperation: irritation
  20. Catastrophes: tragedy, disaster
  21. Clawing: grasping
  22. Prop: a portable object used on the set of a play or a movie
  23. Perch: place
  24. Stupefied: astonished, shocked
  25. Urbane: sophisticated
  26. bons mots: witty remarks
  27. Suave: polite, sophisticated
  28. seismic event: an earthquake
  29. Venerable: respectable

 

Chapter 10 – The Beggar by Anton Chekhov

  1. Copecks: Russian coin equal to one hundredth of a rouble
  2. Intrigues: make secret plans to do something illicit or detrimental to someone
  3. Calumny: the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage his/her reputation
  4. Suppliant: a person making a humble plea to someone in power or authority
  5. Mendicant: beggar
  6. obliged to: compelled, forced
  7. Disgust: a feeling of revulsion or strong disapproval aroused by something unpleasant or offensive
  8. Swindling: cheating a person of money
  9. Fiction: falsehood
  10. Hastened: walked hurriedly
  11. Perplexity: state of being puzzled; bewilderment
  12. Irresolutely: hesitantly; undecidedly
  13. Gait: walk
  14. Inclination: interest
  15. toil: hard work
  16. Wrathfully: with hatred
  17. shoved him aside: pushed him
  18. Billet: here, a thick piece of wood
  19. Feebly: weakly
  20. menial labour: an unskilled, inferior job
  21. Waif: a homeless person
  22. Shovel: remove snow with a shovel (a tool resembling a spade with a broad blade and typically upturned sides)
  23. Hauling: transporting
  24. Pretence: to show something which actually does not exist
  25. jeered at him: made fun of him
  26. Timidly: in a shy or nervous way
  27. Notary: a person authorized to perform certain legal formalities, especially to draw up or certify contracts, deeds, and other documents for use in other jurisdictions
  28. Godson: a boy or a man whom one promises to bring up
  29. Roasting: here, scolding
  30. Sot: a habitual drunkard

 

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