An Indian – American woman in space: Kalpana Chawla Class 6 English Chapter 4 Explanation, QnA

An Indian – American woman in space: Kalpana Chawla Class 6 English Chapter 4 Explanation

By Jyoti Verma

An Indian – American woman in space Kalpana Chawla Summary, NCERT Class 6 English Chapter 4 Summary, Video, QnA

An Indian – American Woman in Space: Kalpana Chawla  Class 6 English Honeysuckle Book Lesson 4– Detailed explanation of the lesson along with the meanings of difficult words.

Also, the explanation is followed by a Summary of the lesson. All the exercises and Question and Answers given at the back of the lesson has been covered.

 

Class 6 English (Honeysuckle Book) Chapter 4

An Indian – American Woman in Space: Kalpana Chawla

[adapted from Span January/February 1998]

An Indian American Woman in Space Introduction

This lesson throws light upon a tragic incident that had never happened before. It was when an Indian – American, Kalpana Chawla, the magic woman was part of the international crew aboard in the U.S. Space Shuttle, Columbia, becoming the first woman born in India to go into space.

Also See: A House, A Home Class 6 CBSE English Poem Summary, Explanation

An Indian American Woman in Space Summary

As a child, Kalpana never dreamt of space travel. It was not sufficient for her to graduate from an engineering college. After graduating as an aeronautical engineer from Punjab Engineering College, she went for a master’s degree to the United States, in spite of her father’s opposition. Later, she did her P.hD in the subject. She had the pride of being the first India born American woman Astronaut to blast off from Florida and be a part of the successful space mission. Kalpana was born in Karnal, Haryana but was a naturalized U.S Citizen. She married a flight instructor – Jean Pierre Harrison. Apart from being an astronaut, she was also trained to fly single and multi-engine land airplanes, single seaplanes and gliders. She was a certified flight instructor. After qualifying as  a pilot, she decided to apply to NASA’S SPACE SHUTTLE PROGRAM and was selected for training as an Astronaut. She was an extraordinary woman who thought differently and was an enthusiastic and optimistic. Her first space mission was 16 days long. During this time, she travelled 10.45 million kilometres in 252 orbits.The crew had seven members and they conducted 80 experiments. They also checked if  food could be grown in space, how stronger metals and faster computer chips could be created. The news of Columbia disaster made everyone grief-stricken. A shock wave was spread everywhere. A journalist called her a heroine. She had enormous potential and wide information – encyclopedic knowledge of each subject. Her achievements were actually marvellous. She created history and became an inspiration for everyone. Her life is a testimony that dreams can get success. The only thing we need to make them a reality is courage and vision.

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An Indian American Woman in Space Lesson Explanation

1. A space shuttle is a spacecraft that is made for repeated space travels (unlike a rocket), for example, between earth and a space station.

2.Use a dictionary to do the tasks below.

(i) Find  the meanings of the given words and phrases (look up the words underlined in the phrases).

(a) naturalised U.S. citizen ———————————

(b) space ——————————————————————

(c) frontiers of space ———————————————

(d) aboard ——————————————————————

(e) lift off (How is it different from ‘take off’?) ——————————————————————————

(f) crew ———————————————————————

Answer Key:

(a) the process to make someone a citizen of a country they were not born in

(c) Leading people

(e) when an aircraft or spacecraft takes off

Lift off is a point of launching of an air or spacecraft vertically whereas take off is the phase of flight where aerospace vehicle goes from the ground horizontally to fly in the air  

(ii) Notice the spellings of these words in this lesson: airplane, program. This is how these words are spelt in American English. How are they spelt in British English?

Answer

airplane – aeroplane

program – programme

A News Report

Tragedy in Space U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia breaks into flames

In an unprecedented space tragedy, U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia, carrying India-born American astronaut Kalpana Chawla and six others, broke apart in flames as it streaked over Texas towards its landing strip on Saturday, 1 February 2003, killing all seven on board. The shuttle lost contact with NASA at about 9 a.m. (19.30 hrs 1ST) as it came in for landing. It was flying at an altitude of over 200,000 feet and travelling at over 20,000 km. per hour when ground control lost contact with the shuttle. Columbia had lifted off on 16 January 2003, from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. It had stayed in orbit for 16 days and the seven-member crew conducted 80 experiments before it began its downward journey, which ended in tragedy. This was Columbia’s 28th space flight and the shuttle was said to be good for 100 flights.

broke apart: crashed

on board:on or in aircraft

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U.S Space shuttle Columbia which was carrying India born American Astronaut Kalpana Chawla and six others crashed over Texas while landing on Saturday,1 February,2003, killing all seven on board. Sharp at 9.00 a.m the shuttle lost its contact with NASA. It was flying at an altitude of over 200,000 feet and its traveling speed was 20,000km per hour when ground control lost its contact with the shuttle. Columbia took its 28th  flight on 16 January 2003 from the Kennedy space center, Florida. It stayed in orbit for 6 days and crew members did 80 experiments before beginning its tragic journey towards the land. This shuttle had been claimed to be good for 100 flights more.

KALPANA Chawla said that she never dreamed as a child in Karnal, that she would cross the frontiers of space. It was enough that her parents allowed her to attend engineering college after she graduated from Tagore School.

Allowed: permitted

Kalpana ‘s birth place was Karnal. She said that she never dreamed to ever cross the leaders of space even. It was enough for her that her parents permitted her to attend engineering college after her graduation from Tagore school.

After a Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering, against great opposition from her father, she went for a master’s degree to the United States of America. She later earned her P.h.D in aerospace engineering. Kalpana Chawla was the first Indian–American woman astronaut to blast off from the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida, and participate in a successful mission in space. Her family from India cheered along with staff at the Kennedy Space Center as they watched the Columbia lift off.

 

Chapter 1 A tale of two birds Chapter 2 The Friendly Mongoose Chapter 3 The Shepherd’s Treasure
Chapter 4 The Old Clock Shop Chapter 5 Tansen Chapter 6 The Monkey and the Crocodile

 

kalpana chawla

Astronaut : a person trained to  serve as a crew member of a spacecraft
Blast off   : take off from a launching site

Despite her father’s opposition, Kalpana went for a master’s degree to the United States of America after completing her Bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering. Later, she did her Ph.D in aerospace engineering.She was the first Indo-American woman astronaut to take off from a Rocket launching site at Cape Canaveral, Florida for a successful mission in space. Her family from India cheered along with the staff at the Kennedy Space Center as they watched the Columbia lift off.

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Kalpana was born in Karnal, Haryana, but was a naturalized U.S. citizen, married to flight instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison. Besides being an astronaut, she was licensed to fly single and multi-engine land airplanes, single-engine seaplanes and gliders. She was also a certified flight instructor. After qualifying as a pilot, Kalpana began to consider another challenge: applying to NASA’s space shuttle program. She was first hired as a research scientist at NASA. In 1994 she was selected by NASA for training as an astronaut.

Besides:apart from
Gliders : fixed- wing aircraft

Kalpana’s birth place was Karnal, Haryana but she became a U.S citizen.She was married to flight instructor  Jean-Pierre Harrison. Apart from being an astronaut she was adept at flying single and multi engine land airplanes, single – engine seaplanes and gliders.She was also a certified flight instructor. After qualifying as a pilot, Kalpana took another challenge and applied to NASA’s space shuttle program. First, she joined NASA as a research scientist. In 1994 she was selected for training as an astronaut by NASA

When asked what it was like being a woman in her field she replied, “I really never, ever thought, while pursuing my studies or doing anything else, that I was a woman, or a person from a small city, or a different country. I pretty much had my dreams like anyone else and I followed them. And people who were around me, fortunately, always encouraged me and said, ‘If that’s what you want to do, carry on’.”

Pursuing : following or continuing

People asked her about her feelings as being a woman in the field. She replied that she never thought that she was a woman or she belonged to a small city or from another country. Rather she had her own dreams and she followed them like any other person at that place. And fortunately, people in her surroundings always motivated her to pursue her dreams and carry on with the arenas of her choice.

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Kalpana’s first space mission in the space shuttle, Columbia, was 15 days, 16 hours and 34 minutes long. During this time she went around the earth 252 times, travelling 10.45 million kilometers! The crew included a Japanese and a Ukranian astronaut. The crew performed experiments such as pollinating plants to observe food growth in space, and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips — all for a price tag of about 56 million dollars.

pollinating : the process of taking pollen from one place to another for fertilization.

Columbia was her first space mission. It took 15 days,16 hours and 34 minutes to complete it. She covered 10.45 kilometres while orbiting around the earth for 252 times.The crew had a Japanese and a Ukranian astronaut.The crew tried to pollinate plants to check food growth in space and conducted tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips – all for a price tag of about 56 million dollars.

space mission

On the Saturday night when the news about the Columbia disaster broke, there was shock and disbelief.

The town of Karnal spent a sleepless night as thousands of households stayed glued to their television sets in the hope that Kalpana and the crew had somehow survived. A journalist wrote: She was a heroine. It takes enormous ability to become an astronaut. You need to know a lot about everything, from biology to astrophysics to aeronautical engineering. In this age of super-specialization, you must have an encyclopedic knowledge to be an astronaut. Her achievement is awe-inspiring.

 

Chapter 7 The Wonder Called Sleep Chapter 8 A Pact with the Sun Chapter 9 What Happened to the Reptiles
Chapter 10 A Strange Wrestling Match    

 

Disaster : a sudden accident or natural calamity that causes damage or loss of life
Disbelief : lack of belief
glued : sticked
Enormous : huge
Encyclopaedic : comprehensive, complete
astrophysics : branch of astronomy that studies physical nature of celestial bodies ( stars etc)
Aeronautical : science of building aircrafts
Awe-inspiring : stunning, astonishing, amazing, remarkable

People were filled with grief and were not able to believe the news of the Columbia disaster. They were stuck to their television sets to get the news of Kalpana’s survival. A journalist called her a heroine. It is a matter of huge potential to be an astronaut. One needs to have a thorough knowledge of every subject from Biology to Astrophysics to aeronautical engineering. Her achievements were actually remarkable.

For millions of young Indians, the story of Kalpana Chawla, a girl from a small town who touched the skies, had become an inspiration. In a message that she sent from aboard the space shuttle, Columbia, to the students of her college in Chandigarh, Kalpana said, “The path from dreams to success does exist. May you have the vision to find it, the courage to get onto it… . Wishing you a great journey.” There will surely be many who start off on this journey to fulfil their dreams.

Aboard: on an aircraft or spacecraft

Kalpana’s story stimulated thousands of young minds to do something creative and innovative. She touched the skies and became an inspiration for many. She even sent a message from Columbia to the students of her college in Chandigarh,She said, “The path from dreams to success does exist. May you have the vision to find it, the courage to get onto it… . Wishing you a great journey.” There must be many people who might have even started their journey to make their dreams a reality.

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An Indian American Woman in Space Question and Answers

Answer the following:

1. Where was Kalpana Chawla born? Why is she called an Indian – American?

  1. She was born at  Karnal in Haryana. She is called an Indian American because she was an Indian by birth and later became a citizen of the United States by marriage.

2. When and why did she go to the U.S.? Who did she marry?

  1.  After completing her graduation she went to U.S  for a master’s degree. She married to a flight instructor –  Jean-Pierre Harrison.

3. How did she become an astronaut? What gave her the idea that she could be an astronaut?

  1. By doing her degree in aeronautical engineering from Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh, P.h.d in aerospace engineering from States, she became an astronaut. Her success as a pilot gave her idea that she can be an astronaut.

4. What abilities must an astronaut have, according to the journalist?

  1. According to the journalist, one must have thorough, encyclopedic knowledge of every subject to be an astronaut.

5. Describe Kalpana Chawla’s first mission in space.

  1.  Kalpana’s first space mission in the space shuttle, Columbia, was about 16 days  long. During this time she went around the earth 252 times covering 10.45 million kilometers! The crew included a Japanese and a Ukranian astronaut. The crew performed experiments. They pollinated plants to check food growth in space and conducted tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips — all for a price tag of about 56 million dollars.

6. What does Kalpana Chawla say about pursuing a dream? Do you agree with her that success is possible?

  1. She says that every dream can be a success.The only thing that one needs to pursue it is courage and vision.Yes, I completely agree with this.

Read the newspaper report to find the following facts about the Columbia’s ill-fated voyage.

l. Date and place of lift off: ————————————————————

2. Number of astronauts on board: ———————————————––

3. Number of days it stayed in space: ——————————————––

4. Number of experiments done by scientists: —————————––

5. Date of return journey: ———————————————–————–––

6. Height at which it lost contact: ————————————————––

Answers:

1 – 16 January,2003

2 – 7(seven)

3 –  16 days

4 – 80 experiments

5 – February 1, 2003

6 – at an altitude of 200,000 feet

 

Match the following.

1. unprecedented space tragedy          (a) something that causes feelings of respect and wonder

2. certified flight instructor                    (b) having knowledge of a wide variety of subjects

3. space mission                                   (c) nowadays, in these times

4. super specialisation                           (d) a set of jobs to be done in space by a group

5. encyclopaedic knowledge               (e) a person with the correct qualification to teach people to fly
planes

6. awe-inspiring                                    (f) a sad accident of a kind that has never happened before in
space

7. in this age                                        (g) great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject

Answers: 1 – (f) , 2 – (e) , 3 – (d), 4 –  (g), 5 –  (b), 6 – (a), 7 –  (c)

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Grammar Exercises

Use these phrases in sentences of your own, after finding out their meanings.

1. broke apart                         4. lifted off                   7. cheered along

2. streaked over                     5. blast off                   8. on board

3. spread across                    6. went on                   9. carry on

A.1.Broke apart : Yugoslavia broke apart in 1989 because of disunification among its people.

2.Streaked over(moved very fast) : She tried to peep out from the window when her plane streaked over Turkey.

3. Spread across : She spread the carpet across the corridor.

4. Lifted off  : Columbia lifted off on January,2003.

5. Blast off  : The space shuttle blasted off on time and left the ground to go into space.

6.Went on : He went on arguing with his neighbour,  unnecessarily.

7.Cheered along : The boys cheered along on his performance.

8.On board(on to a team as a member), (on a ship,aircraft) : We need to bring a young leader on board.

9.Carry on : The Principal asked the students to carry on with their work.

We add ‘un-’ to make opposites.

For example, true — untrue.

Add ‘un’– to the words below to make their opposites. Then look up the meanings of the words you have formed in the dictionary.

1. identified —————————                   6.  educated ——————––———

2. controlled ——————–—––                  7.  interesting ——————––——

3. attended ————————–—                8.  qualified —————————––

4. successful ———————–—                  9.  trained ——————–—–———

5. important —————————                  10. answerable ———–—————

A.1. identified                unidentified                 6.  Educated               uneducated
2. controlled                 uncontrolled             7.  Interesting              unInteresting
3. attended                   unattended               8.  qualified                   unqualified
4. successful                unsuccessful             9.  Trained                   untrained
5. important                  unimportant               10. Answerable           unanswerable

Given below are some words that are spelt differently in British and American English.

Fill in the blanks accordingly.

British              American

1. Colour                     ————————

2. ———————— labor

3. ———————— traveler

4. Counsellor  ————————

5. Centre                     ————————

6. ————————  theater

7. ————————              organize

8. Realise                   ————————

9. ————————             defense

10. offence                  ——————

A. British                      American

1. Colour          –         color

2. Labour          –         labor

3. Traveller       –         traveler

4. Counsellor  –         counselor

5. Centre          –         center

6. Theatre         –         theater

7.organise        –          organize

8. Realise         –         realize

9. Defence       –          defense

10. offence        –         offense

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