The students who opt for PCM in 12th are always confused with the career options. They believe that engineering is the only best option that can have a bright future. Parents want their child to become an engineer just because they feel that they will have a high-paying job and a secure future.  But, it is a misconception in today’s time. There are ample opportunities and career options for students pursuing PCM. There are no limitations to career options. Some career options after 12th for PCM students except engineering are discussed in this article. Let us have a look at the alternate career options after 12th Science (Non medical stream).


Also See : Competitive Exams after 12th


1.Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)

B.Sc. is one of the most popular courses among Science students after the 12th. The course duration is 3 years and can be done part-time or full-time. There are many branches in B.Sc. and students can select the branch of their choice. The various specializations in B Sc are agriculture, forestry, horticulture, IT, computer science, physics, chemistry, mathematics, hotel management, nautical science, electronics, electronics & telecommunication, and biotechnology. 


See: B.Sc Admissions 


Some of the best colleges to pursue a B.Sc. degree are:

  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • Jain University, Bangalore
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Hansraj College. New Delhi


There are ample job opportunities after completing the course. The student can go into the research field or can do a job in Marketing, Business, and other technical fields. There are also openings in banks to work as customer service executives. After a B Sc degree, one can pursue Masters in Science followed by doctorate degree and opt for education as a career.

There are many companies that recruit students directly from colleges at a very good package. The salary depends upon the field in which B. Sc. is done and ranges from Rs.20,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month.


2.Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch)

This is an undergraduate course in the field of architecture. Architecture is a lucrative career option for Non medical students who do not want to do engineering. This course helps in learning the various aspects of architecture like planning, designing, and constructing the physical structure. A person with good observational skills and an ability to make efficient use of space are the best candidates to pursue this course. The architects are the creator of amazing buildings and structures. The students can opt for Urban Design, Interior Design, Industrial Design, Landscape Architecture, etc.


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The top colleges offering the architecture course are:

  • Graphic Era Hill University, Dehradun
  • IIT Roorkee
  • JJ College of Architecture
  • DIT University, Dehradun
  • School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi
  • Ansal Technical Campus, Lucknow
  • Punjab Agricultural College, Ludhiana
  • Chandigarh University, Chandigarh
  • Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh


The career in Architecture is very lucrative and has a high growth rate. There is always a great demand for architects in universities, consultancy firms, architect firms, etc. They are always required to create a miracle with their work in the form of buildings. 

There are government as well as private jobs available in this field. The architect can earn up to Rs. 5 lacs per annum and it increases with the experience.


3. Bachelor of Planning (B Plan.)

Bachelor of Planning is a 4-year full-time undergraduate course. It requires a minimum aggregate score of 50% in Mathematics at the HSC level. The admission to this course is through various entrance exams and then subsequent rounds of counseling. The entrance exams are JEE Mains and National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA).  The candidates learn about Fundamentals of Urban and Regional Planning, Evolution of Aesthetics, Basic Architectural Design, Culture & Technology, etc. This course gives special emphasis on the optimum use of the resources available. Those of you who are interested in large scale planning can opt for this career option after class 12 with PCM subjects.


See: Top 10 Vocational Courses after 12th Class


The top colleges offering this course are:

  • Ansal University, Gurgaon
  • Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
  • Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Gurgaon
  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
  • School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
  • Amity University, Mumbai
  • Integral University, Lucknow
  • Amity Institute of Architecture and Planning, Noida
  • Jagannath University, Jaipur


After completing the course, the candidate can work as an Urban Planner, Project Planner, Design Architect, Regional Planner, Interior designer, etc. The top recruiters are the TCP Department (Town and Country Planning) under the state government, NITI Aayog, and MNCs like JLL, E & Y, and Feedback Infra. The average annual starting salary is Rs.3 Lacs to Rs.6 Lacs.


4. Aviation

This is the career option for those candidates who love aircrafts. This field is the perfect combination of science, technology, and travel. There are multiple fields that deal with aircrafts. There are various aviation courses like Aeronautical Engineering, Aircraft Maintenance Engineering, Airport Management Services, and Diploma in Cabin Crew. Those of you who fulfil the physical requirements for this career must try aviation as a career option after class 12 Non Medical.


The top colleges are:

  • PTC Aviation Academy, Chennai
  • IIFA Lancaster Degree College, Bangalore
  • Chandigarh University
  • Lovely Professional University
  • Institute of Logistics and Aviation Management
  • Indian Institute of Aeronautics, New Delhi
  • Bombay Flying Club, Mumbai
  • Rajiv Gandhi Academy of Aviation Technology, Kerala


The career options related to aviation are very interesting. One can become a commercial pilot with domestic or international airlines and can take command of the flight’s control. One can also opt for becoming Aircraft Maintenance Engineer, air hostess, steward, etc. The salary ranges from Rs. 5 lacs to Rs. 10 Lacs per annum depending on the job profile.


5. Merchant Navy

This field is the best option for people who love sea travel, cargo, and international trade. The people serving in the Merchant Navy facilitate international trade by transporting cargo, goods, and commercial items all around the world. This career is both professionally and monetarily rewarding. There are various courses in the Merchant Navy like Nautical Science, Marine Engineering, Marine Catering, Harbour & Ocean Engineering, and Naval Architecture & Offshore Engineering. If you love sea travel then this is a good alternate career option after class 12 with PCM subjects.


The top colleges offering this course are:

  • Indian Maritime University
  • International Maritime Institute, Delhi NCR
  • International Maritime Academy, Chennai
  • Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin
  • Vels University, Chennai


One can work in various departments of a merchant ship like engine department, deck department, architecture department, and catering department. One can also help in carrying out international trade by transporting goods, cargo, and commercial items across the world. The salary structure differs according to the company, city, seniority, and export-import needs. It ranges from Rs.30,000 to Rs.8 Lacs per month.


6.Ethical Hacking

Ethical hacking is rapidly becoming the career choice for many students due to the advancing technologies. These people attempt to breach the security of a company’s computer system and help to bring into focus the faults in the network security of any company and help in preventing the leakage of sensitive information. There is no age bar in ethical hacking. Everything depends only on knowledge and experience. This also helps in fighting the malicious counterparts who are practicing hacking for the unethical cause. In case you love computers and technology then this is a good choice after class 12 other than engineering.


The top colleges offering this course are:

  • Indian School of Ethical Hacking, Kolkata
  • Institute of Ethical Hacking and Forensics, Odisha
  • Arizona Infotech, Pune
  • Quest Institute of Knowledge, Mumbai
  • Ankit Fadia Certified Ethical Hacker
  • NIIT Ethical Hacking


Many companies have concerns about their security. They are hiring ethical hackers to protect themselves from cyber-attacks and crime. One can work as a Network Security Engineer, Penetration Tester, Security Consultant, and Network Security Administrator. The average annual salary ranges from Rs.5 Lacs to Rs.8 Lacs depending on the experience of the person.


7. Forensic Science

This field is for investigation lovers. It is a new but rapidly growing career in India. One needs to be a great observant and have good investigative skills. The popularity of forensic science is growing rapidly due to the increase in the crime rate. There is always a need for a scientific and methodical approach in solving the cases efficiently. The forensic scientists collect evidence and analyze it in the laboratory which is helpful in solving crime cases. The degrees offered are B.Sc. in Forensic Science, P.G.Diploma in Forensic Science, M.Sc. in Forensic Science, and P.G. Diploma in Digital and Cyber Forensics & Related Laws. 


The top colleges for pursuing forensic science are:

  • Delhi University
  • Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar
  • Punjab University, Chandigarh
  • Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science, New Delhi
  • The University of Madras, Chennai
  • Osmania University, Hyderabad


After pursuing Forensic Science, one can work as a Forensic Scientist, Crime Scene Investigator, Forensic Toxicologist, Forensic Anthropologist, Forensic Ballistics Expert, Digital Forensics Expert, and Polygraph Examiner. The demand is increasing every day and the pay scale in this field is also very good depending on experience. The salary can range from Rs.4 Lacs to Rs.10 Lacs per annum.


8. Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA)

BCA is a 3-year course which gives a deep knowledge of the various computer languages and coding. The professionals have immense knowledge of computer hardware, programming languages and coding, and computers. BCA is a good option for those who want an alternate for BE / B Tech in CSE.


The top colleges for BCA are:

  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
  • SRM University, Chennai
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • Symbiosis Institute of Computer Science and Research, Pune


After BCA, job opportunities are very promising as Software Developer, System Analyst, Web Designer, App Developer, technical Writer, Database Administrator, and Network Administrator. They should be up-to-date with all the latest developments in the field of computers and should have very strong logical capabilities.


9. Animation and Graphics

The demand for VFX, post-production, and CGI are growing rapidly and hence, the demand for animation and graphics developer is increasing. One is required to have strong creative skills, aesthetic sense and a good ability to work with computers and technology. Every movie and television show uses some of the other forms of animations, thus making it a career in huge demand.


 The top colleges offering this course are:

  • National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad
  • IIT Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Digital Arts and Animation, Kolkata
  • Birla Institute of Technology, Noida
  • Maya Academy of Advanced Cinematics
  • Whistling Woods International, Mumbai
  • Arena Animation


There are many career options in the field of animation and graphics. The student can work in the field of Graphic Design, Digital Art, Game Design, Web Design, 3D Modelling, Storyboarding, Flash Design, Cartoon Design, Texturing, Character Animation, and VFX. The average salary is Rs.4 Lacs annually.


10. Actuarial Science

Actuarial Science is a very interesting field for Mathematics lovers. It is the field that applies mathematical and statistical methods to assess risk in insurance and finance. It is the study of taking risks. The candidate pursuing this course is known as Actuary. B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Actuarial Science is the degree awarded after completion of the course.


The top colleges offering this course are:

  • NMIMS University, Mumbai
  • Amity School of Insurance and Actuarial Science, Noida
  • Delhi University
  • The National Insurance Academy, Pune
  • Institute of Actuaries of India, Mumbai
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Amity School of Insurance and Actuarial Science, Noida


An actuary in India can work in Insurance companies. The insurance firms are the top recruiters. But, other companies like investment consultancies, financial services, banking, stock exchange, and various BPOs also hire actuaries. The average annual salary of a fresher is Rs.4 to Rs.5 Lacs. As experience increases, the salary may rise up to Rs.20 Lacs annually.



There are ample career options other than Engineering for students who had opted for PCM in the 12th. One can select the course of their choice and interest and can excel in that field. All the fields mentioned above are both professionally and monetarily good options to start the career.