a dog named duke important question answers

 

CBSE  Class 9 English Literature Reader (Communicative) Chapter 2 A Dog Named Duke Important Question Answers

 

A Dog Named Duke Question Answers  – Looking for A Dog Named Duke question answers for Class 9 English Literature Reader (Communicative) book Chapter 2? Look no further! Our comprehensive compilation of important questions will help you brush up on your subject knowledge. Practising Class 9 English Communicative question answers can significantly improve your performance in the exam. Our solutions provide a clear idea of how to write the answers effectively. Improve your chances of scoring high marks by exploring Chapter 2: A Dog Named Duke now. The questions listed below are based on the latest CBSE exam pattern, wherein we have given solutions to the chapter’s extract based questions, short answer questions, and long answer questions. 

 

Also, practising with different kinds of questions can help students learn new ways to solve problems that they may not have seen before. This can ultimately lead to a deeper understanding of the subject matter and better performance on exams.  

 

 
 

Class 9 Communicative English A Dog Named Duke Question Answers Chapter 2 – Extract Based Question

 

I. “In 1953, Hooper was a favoured young man. A big genuine grin civilized his highly competitive nature. Standing six-foot-one, he’d played on the university football team. He was already a hard-charging zone sales manager for a chemical company. Everything was going for him.
Then, when he was driving home one autumn twilight, a car pulled out in front of him without warning. Hooper was taken to the hospital with a subdural haemorrhage in the motor section of the brain, completely paralysing his left side”

class 9 english score full marks

 

1.What can be inferred about Chuck’s character based on the first sentence?

a) He was introverted and shy.
b) He was confident and outgoing.
c) He was physically weak and frail.
d) He was emotionally unstable and insecure.

Ans. b) He was confident and outgoing.

2. What did Hooper do for a living?
a) Sales Manager
b) Marketing Manager
c) Human Resources Manager
d) Accounts Manager

Ans. a) Sales Manager

3. Which sport did Hooper play during his university days?
a) Baseball
b) Volleyball
c) Basketball
d) Football

Ans. d) Football

4. Find a word from the extract which means “polite and well-mannered”
a) Barbaric
b) Rude
c) Chaotic
d) Civilized

Ans. d) Civilized

5. Who wrote this story?
a) William D. Ellis
b) William Shakespeare
c) William Wordswoth
d) William Faulkner

Ans. a) William D. Ellis

II. “Finally they decided to bring Duke home. Chuck said he wanted to be standing when Duke came in, so they stood him up. Duke’s nails were long from four months’ confinement, and when he spied Chuck he stood quivering like 5000 volts; then he let out a bellow, spun his long-nailed wheels, and launched himself across three metres of air. He was a 23-kilo missile of joy. He hit Chuck above the belt, causing him to fight to keep his balance.
Those who saw it said the dog knew instantly. He never jumped on Chuck again. From that moment, he took up a post beside his master’s bed around the clock.“

1. Why did Chuck want to be standing when Duke came home?
a) He wanted to appear strong and independent for Duke.
b) He wanted to be ready for Duke’s enthusiastic greeting.
c) He wanted to surprise Duke with his ability to stand.
d) He wanted to demonstrate his dominance over Duke.

Ans. b) He wanted to be ready for Duke’s enthusiastic greeting.

2. What does “stood quivering like 5000 volts” suggest about Duke’s emotional state?
a) He was terrified and wanted to run away.
b) He was excited and eager to see Chuck.
c) He was confused and unsure of the situation.
d) He was angry and aggressive towards Chuck.

Ans. b) He was excited and eager to see Chuck.

3. What does the phrase “23-kilo missile of joy” convey about Duke’s personality?
a) He is gentle and loving.
b) He is playful and energetic.
c) He is loyal and protective.
d) He is intelligent and well-trained.

Ans. b) He is playful and energetic.

4. What does the statement “from that moment, he took up a post beside his master’s bed around the clock” reveal about Duke’s loyalty?

class 9 english score full marks

a) He was only interested in being rewarded for his behavior.
b) He felt obligated to obey Chuck’s every command.
c) He was concerned about Chuck’s well-being and wanted to be available.
d) He was seeking comfort and security from Chuck.

Ans. c) He was concerned about Chuck’s well-being and wanted to be available.

5. Identify the figure of speech. “stood quivering like 5000 volts”
a) Metaphor
b) Alliteration
c) Simile
d) Onomatopoeia
Ans. c) Simile

III. Instinctively, he looked for Duke.
They carried the big dog into the house. Marcy took one look at Duke’s breathing, at his brown eyes with the stubbornness gone. “Phone the vet,” she said. “Tell him, I’m bringing Duke.” Several people jumped to lift the dog. “No, please,” she said. And she picked up the big Duke, carried him gently to the car and drove him to the animal hospital.

1. Why was Duke carried into the house?
Ans. Duke was carried into the house as he was injured and unable to walk on his own.

2. Where did Marcy take Duke?
Ans. Marcy took Duke to the animal hospital.

3. What was the expression in Duke’s eyes?
Ans. Duke’s eyes are described as having “the stubbornness gone.” This suggests that Duke was no longer resisting or fighting, because he was severely injured.

4. Who and why did he look for Duke?
Ans. Chuck looked for Duke. The sudden and alarming screech of brakes triggered a protective instinct within Chuck, prompting him to immediately check on Duke’s well-being.

5. Find a word from the above extract which means the same as “acting or activated without deliberation”.
Ans. Instinctively

IV. “ An hour later he would come over to the bed again and yap and poke. He wouldn’t leave but just sit there.
One evening Chuck’s good hand idly hooked the leash onto Duke’s collar to hold him still. It was like lighting a fuse: Duke shimmied himself U-shaped in anticipation. Even Hooper can’t explain his next move. He asked t anMarcy to help him to his feet. Duke pranced, Chuck fought for balance. With his good hand, he placed the leash in his left and folded the paralysed fingers over it, holding them there. Then he leaned forward. With Marcy supporting him by the elbow, he moved his right leg out in front. Straightening his right leg caused the left foot to drag forward, alongside the right. It could be called a step.
Duke felt the sudden slack in the leash and pulled it taut. Chuck swayed forward again, broke the fall with his good right leg, then straightened. Thrice he did that, then collapsed into the wheelchair, exhausted. ”

1. What is Duke’s persistent behavior towards Chuck an indication of?
a) His annoyance with Chuck’s lack of movement.
b) His concern for Chuck’s physical limitations.
c) His desire for Chuck’s attention and interaction.
d) His frustration at being kept on a leash.

Ans. c) His desire for Chuck’s attention and interaction.

2. What does the simile “like lighting a fuse” suggest about Duke’s reaction to the leash being hooked on?
a) He became angry and aggressive.
b) He felt a sudden surge of energy and excitement.
c) He became curious and cautious.
d) He felt threatened and wanted to escape.

Ans. b) He felt a sudden surge of energy and excitement.

3. Why does Chuck ask Marcy to help him to his feet?
a) He wants to impress her with his progress.
b) He needs her physical assistance to stand.
c) He wants to share his accomplishment with her.
d) He wants to avoid Duke’s excitement and anticipation.

Ans. b) He needs her physical assistance to stand.

4. What is the significance of Chuck placing the leash in his left hand and folding his paralyzed fingers over it?
a) It symbolizes his determination to regain control over his body.
b) It demonstrates his reliance on Duke for support and balance.
c) It foreshadows a future where he will be able to use his left hand again.
d) It expresses his frustration and anger at his limitations.

Ans. a) It symbolizes his determination to regain control over his body.

5. What is the significance of the phrase “It could be called a step”?
a) It emphasizes the smallness and uncertainty of Chuck’s progress.
b) It highlights the importance of celebrating each milestone in his recovery.
c) It suggests that Chuck is exaggerating his accomplishment.
d) It indicates that Chuck is impatient and wants faster progress.

Ans. b) It highlights the importance of celebrating each milestone in his recovery.

 

 
 

Class 9 Communicative English A Dog Named Duke Short Question Answers

 

Q1. Chuck was going great guns before he faced a major setback. How did his life change all of a sudden?
Ans. Chuck’s life changed dramatically and suddenly due to a serious accident. Chuck suffered a “subdural haemorrhage,” which paralyzed his left side completely. This injury led to a lot of emotional and physical distress. Chuck, previously is described as a physically active and successful individual, but after the accident he became physically dependent on others for basic tasks like walking and standing.

class 9 english score full marks

Q2. What did the men who came to see Chuck in the hospital say to him?
Ans. The men expressed their concern and acknowledged the seriousness of Chuck’s condition and its impact on his life.The men who came to see Chuck in the hospital asked him to take a year long leave from work and told him that they would create a new desk job for him at the company headquarters

Q3. How did Duke die?
Ans. Duke met with a road accident. Later, he was taken to a hospital where he succumbed to his injuries.

Q4. Were the Hoopers’ new neighbours aware of the story of Duke and Chuck? What did they see every day?
Ans. No, the people who stayed around the new house where the Hoopers shifted later did not know the story of Duke and his master. Chuck and Duke remained close companions.The neighbors would see them taking walks, playing in the yard, and simply enjoying each other’s company. Duke, strong and energetic, would often pull Chuck along for their daily walks. This sight, without context, could have led the neighbors to believe that Duke was dominant and “owned” Chuck.

Q5. When Duke was brought inside the house after he had met with an accident, Marcy observed something. What did she notice?
Ans . When Duke was brought inside the house after his accident, Marcy noticed that the stubbornness in his eyes was gone. This observation signifies a change in Duke’s demeanor.

Previously, Duke might have been known for a strong, independent spirit, which could be interpreted as stubbornness. However, after the accident, his eyes laced the stubbornness.This shift in his gaze highlights the impact of the accident.

Marcy’s keen observation hints at the depth of her understanding of Duke. She is quick to notice subtle changes, revealing a level of sensitivity and empathy towards her beloved dog.

Q6. When Duke saw his master on returning from the kennel, what did he do?
Ans.  When Duke saw his master, he was overwhelmed with joy and excitement. He let out a loud yell, dug his claws into the ground, and launched himself in a three-meter jump, landing right on Chuck. 

Q7. How did Duke’s master react and what did those standing there observe?
Ans. Chuck was still weak and recovering from his accident. He struggled to keep his balance and nearly fell under the weight of his enthusiastic dog.Those standing there watched in astonishment, immediately realizing the depth of the bond between the dog and his master.

What struck everyone the most was how Duke instantly understood the situation. He saw how his master wobbled and immediately knew that his usual playful behavior wasn’t right. From that day on, Duke never jumped on Chuck again. He remained by his side constantly, offering comfort and support in his own unique way.

 

Q8. In 1953, Hooper was a favoured young man. How? Explain.
Ans. In the year 1953, Chuck Hooper was really going strong before he met with an accident.He was described as “six-feet-one,” suggesting an imposing physical presence. His “big genuine grin” suggests a friendly and approachable personality.His past involvement in university football further underscores athleticism and competitive spirit. He was “all settled with his little blonde wife, Marcy,” implying a fulfilling personal life.

Hence, he represented an ideal image of a successful and happy young man in 1950s America

Q9. Duke was an extraordinary dog. What special qualities did he exhibit to justify this? Discuss.
Ans.  Duke was definitely a special dog. Duke exhibited a strong sense of empathy and compassion for Chuck. He could sense his master’s pain and sadness, and he responded with comforting gestures like nuzzling and resting his head on Chuck’s lap. This emotional connection was evident in their interactions, highlighting Duke’s ability to understand and feel for his master beyond simply following commands.

Q10. Chuck and Duke complemented each other very well.
Ans. Both Chuck and Duke had great faith in each other. Duke’s extraordinary nature arose from a unique combination of loyalty, intelligence, empathy, endurance, resilience, and adaptability. These qualities not only made him a beloved pet but also a vital source of support and comfort for Chuck. He serves as a reminder of the profound bond that can exist between humans and animals, one that extends beyond obedience and training and is rooted in mutual love and understanding.

Q11. What problems did Chuck present when he returned to the company headquarters?
Ans. Chuck’s accident left him unable to move around freely and limited his working capacity to only one hour a day. This significantly hampered his ability to fulfill his sales duties, which required mobility and longer work hours.

Q12. Why do you think Charles Hooper’s appointment as Assistant National Sales Manager is considered to be a tribute to Duke?
Ans. Charles Hooper’s appointment as Assistant National Sales Manager is a tribute to Duke because it acknowledges the dog’s vital role in Hooper’s recovery, highlights the positive influence Duke had on his life, and serves as a symbol of the powerful bond they shared.
 

 
 

Class 9 Communicative English A Dog Named Duke Long Answer Questions Chapter 2

 

Q1. What qualities did Chuck display in the story “A dog named Duke”?
Ans. Chuck displayed several admirable qualities in the story “A Dog Named Duke”:

  • Determination and resilience: Despite facing a life-altering accident that left him partially paralyzed, Chuck demonstrated incredible determination and resilience. He refused to give up, setting ambitious goals for his recovery and actively working towards achieving them. His dedication to regaining his physical strength and returning to work is truly inspiring.
  • Love and compassion: Chuck’s love and compassion for Duke are evident throughout the story. He deeply appreciated Duke’s unwavering loyalty and support, and he treated his dog with love and respect. This bond between them served as a source of strength and comfort for both Chuck and Duke.
  • Inner strength and willpower: Chuck possessed remarkable inner strength and willpower. He endured the physical and emotional pain of his accident and the challenges of recovery without succumbing to despair. This ability to adapt and find solutions to challenges highlighted his positive attitude and problem-solving skills.
  • Gratitude and appreciation: Chuck never took Duke’s presence and unwavering support for granted. He expressed his gratitude and appreciation for his dog, recognizing the positive impact Duke had on his life. This appreciation for his furry companion further emphasizes the strength of their bond and Chuck’s kind-hearted nature.

In conclusion, Chuck emerges from the story as a remarkable individual who embodied determination, resilience, courage, optimism, love, adaptability, and gratitude. He faced adversity head-on and emerged stronger, proving that the human spirit can overcome even the most challenging circumstances.

Q2. Why is Charles Hooper’s appointment to the position of Assistant National Sales Manager regarded as a tribute to Duke?
Ans. Charles Hooper’s appointment as Assistant National Sales Manager is considered a tribute to Duke as- 

  • Duke played a crucial role in Hooper’s recovery: After his accident, Hooper was physically and emotionally devastated. Duke’s unwavering loyalty and dedication provided him with much-needed support and motivation. Through their daily walks and marathon training, Duke helped Hooper regain his physical strength and confidence.
  • Duke’s presence inspired Hooper to persevere: Witnessing Duke’s loyalty, intelligence, and resilience inspired Hooper to overcome his own challenges. Duke’s unwavering spirit served as a constant reminder that anything is possible with determination and hard work.
  • Hooper’s success reflects the positive impact of Duke’s presence: Hooper’s promotion to Assistant National Sales Manager is the culmination of his hard work and dedication. This success serves as a testament to the positive influence Duke had on his life.
  • Hooper recognized Duke’s contribution to his achievements: Hooper clearly understood that Duke played a significant role in his recovery and subsequent success. His appointment as Assistant National Sales Manager is a public acknowledgment of Duke’s importance in his life.
  • Duke embodies the qualities appreciated in a sales manager: Duke’s loyalty, dedication, and resilience are qualities highly valued in a successful sales manager. Hooper’s appointment could be seen as a symbolic recognition of these qualities, embodied by Duke.

Q3. Discuss the qualities of Duke.
Ans. Duke was an extraordinary dog who exhibited several special qualities. These qualities include:

  • Loyalty and devotion: Duke’s most prominent characteristic was his unwavering loyalty and devotion to his master, Chuck. He demonstrated this through his excited greeting upon Chuck’s return from the kennel, even after Chuck’s accident. He remained constantly by Chuck’s side, offering comfort and support.
  • Intelligence and understanding: Duke possessed a remarkable level of intelligence and understanding. He grasped the seriousness of Chuck’s situation and adapted his behavior accordingly. He never jumped on Chuck again, demonstrating his ability to sense his master’s needs and adjust his actions. This understanding went beyond mere obedience and reflected a deep emotional connection between them.
  • Empathy and compassion: Duke exhibited a strong sense of empathy and compassion for Chuck. He could sense his master’s pain and sadness, and he responded with comforting gestures like nuzzling and resting his head on Chuck’s lap. This emotional connection was evident in their interactions, highlighting Duke’s ability to understand and feel for his master beyond simply following commands.
  • Endurance and stamina: Duke was also known for his incredible endurance and stamina. He helped Chuck train for a marathon, demonstrating his unwavering physical capabilities. This physical strength combined with his emotional understanding made him an invaluable companion for Chuck, helping him through both physical and emotional challenges.
  • Resilience and adaptability: Duke’s resilience and adaptability were remarkable. He went from enjoying the freedom of a farm to adjusting to a more confined city life after Chuck’s accident. He faced the changes with grace and continued to provide comfort and support to his master. This adaptability showcases his ability to thrive in different environments while remaining focused on his primary role as Chuck’s companion.


In conclusion, Duke’s extraordinary nature arose from a unique combination of loyalty, intelligence, empathy, endurance, resilience, and adaptability.

Q4. Discuss the essence of the story “A Dog named Duke”.
Ans. “A Dog Named Duke” is a heartwarming tale of resilience, hope, and the healing power of love.

In “A Dog Named Duke,” we meet Chuck Hooper, a successful sales manager whose life is drastically altered by a devastating accident that leaves him partially paralyzed. Facing physical and emotional challenges, Chuck finds solace and support in his loyal dog, Duke.

Duke’s unwavering devotion and intelligence prove instrumental in Chuck’s recovery. Through their daily walks, Chuck regains physical strength and confidence. Despite his limitations, Chuck is determined to return to work. Recognizing his dedication, the company creates a desk job for him, allowing him to utilize his skills and contribute in a way that accommodates his physical condition.

Throughout the story, the profound bond between Chuck and Duke shines through. Their mutual love and respect are evident in their interactions, demonstrating the unique and powerful connection that can exist between humans and animals.

Q5. Discuss the symbolism of dog leash in the story.
Ans. In “A Dog Named Duke,” the dog leash holds several symbolic meanings throughout the story:

  • Dependence and Support: Initially, the leash represents Duke’s dependence on Chuck. As a physically strong dog, the leash serves a practical purpose, ensuring control and safety. However, it also symbolizes the bond between them, with Chuck providing guidance and support.
  • Shared Journey and Connection: As they walk together, the leash becomes a tangible symbol of their shared journey. It physically connects them, representing their deep bond and their dependence on each other for emotional and physical support.
  • Unconditional Love and Trust: Ultimately, the leash transcends its physical function. It becomes a symbol of unconditional love and trust between Chuck and Duke. It represents their unwavering loyalty and willingness to support each other through any challenge.


Q6. Write a dialogue between Chuck and Duke, reflecting on their bond and impact they have had on each other’s lives.
Ans. Chuck: You know, I used to think my life was over after the accident. I felt lost, alone, and afraid.

Duke: I know, Chuck. I was so scared too. But you never gave up. You fought hard to get back on your feet, and I was right there beside you every step of the way.

Chuck: You were my rock, Duke. Your loyalty and love gave me the strength to keep going. You showed me that I wasn’t alone, that I could still have a happy life, even with my limitations.

Duke: You’ve taught me a lot too, Chuck. You’ve shown me the power of human resilience, the importance of hope, and the strength that lies within us all.

Chuck: We’re a team, Duke. We always have been, and we always will be.

Duke: (Wags his tail enthusiastically) Team Chuck and Duke! Forever.


Q7. Imagine an alternative ending to the story “A dog named Duke”.
Ans. In the alternative ending to the story, Duke doesn’t die and Instead of returning to his old sales job, Chuck decides to pursue his passion for writing. He channels his experiences with Duke and the accident into a powerful memoir, detailing his struggles, triumphs, and the profound impact Duke has had on his life.

Chuck’s story resonates with readers, becoming an instant bestseller. He travels the country speaking about resilience, hope, and the human-animal bond. Duke becomes a celebrity, accompanying Chuck on his journey and spreading joy wherever they go.

Years later, Chuck becomes a respected author and advocate for animal rights. They raise awareness about the benefits of animal-assisted therapy and help countless people find comfort and companionship.His story serves as a beacon of hope for millions, proving that even amidst adversity, it is possible to overcome challenges and find happiness.

This alternative ending highlights the transformative power of shared experiences and the positive impact one can have on the world through personal journeys

Q8. How does Duke support Chuck? Is it easy for Duke to support Chuck? State examples from the chapter.
Ans. Witnessing Chuck’s struggles and limitations could cause Duke to feel sadness and empathy. He might miss his active adventures and playful interactions with Chuck. Despite the limitations, Duke’s loyalty and love for Chuck would remain constant. He would likely focus on adapting his behaviour to meet Chuck’s needs and provide him with companionship and emotional support.

Here are some specific ways Duke expresses his feelings:

  • Nudging Chuck with his nose or licking his hand to offer comfort.
  • Staying close by Chuck’s side and remaining vigilant.
  • Providing physical support by guiding Chuck or helping him stand.
  • Playing fetch or participating in modified activities adapted to Chuck’s limitations.
  • Being patient and understanding with Chuck’s frustrations and challenges.


Q9. Imagine a world where dogs can communicate with humans. How would Duke explain his feelings about Chuck?
Ans. In a world where dogs could speak, Duke would explain his feelings for Chuck with a blend of loyalty, admiration, and unwavering love. He would likely express himself in a clear and concise way, focusing on emotions rather than complex language.

Here’s how Duke might describe his feelings for Chuck:

Chuck is my best friend, my family. I love him more than words can express. Before the accident, he was this strong, active man who took me on adventures. Now, things are different, but my love for him hasn’t changed. I see the pain in his eyes, the frustration in his movements, but I also see his determination, his spirit. He never gives up, and that inspires me to be strong for him.

I know he feels trapped in his own body, and it breaks my heart. But I won’t let him give up. Every day, I try to show him the joy in life, the simple pleasures of a walk in the park, the warmth of the sun, the comfort of my presence. I want him to know that he’s not alone, that he has a friend who will always be there for him, through thick and thin.

Q10. Imagine you are Chuck. Write a diary entry about your experiences after the accident and how Duke has helped you through it.
Ans. 

October 25, 1953                                                                                         10 pm

It’s been a month since the accident. The doctors call it a subdural hemorrhage, a fancy name for a blood clot pressing on my brain. Fancy words don’t change the fact that my life has changed forever. Paralysis. The word hangs over me like a storm cloud, threatening to rain down despair.

But amidst the darkness, there is a single bright spot: Duke. My loyal petdog, my constant companion.He simply sits by my side, offering his unconditional love and support.

Today, he did something extraordinary. As I sat slumped in my wheelchair, feeling defeated and lost, he nudged my hand with his wet nose. Then, with a gentle tug, he led me to my feet. I faltered, unsure of myself, but he stayed by my side. And then, for the first time since the accident, I took a step. It was a small, hesitant step, but it was a step nonetheless. A step towards reclaiming my life.

Duke reminds me that I am still Chuck Hooper – a man with a will to fight, a heart full of love, and a spirit that will never be broken.

 

Chuck Hooper
 

 
 

Value based Questions

 

Q1.How did the story portray the bond between humans and animals?
Ans. The story beautifully portrays the profound bond between humans and animals. The unwavering love and loyalty between Chuck and Duke highlight the emotional connection and mutual reliance that can exist between them. It demonstrates how animals can offer companionship, support, and motivation, enriching our lives in countless ways.

Q2.  What message does the story ultimately convey?
Ans. “A Dog Named Duke” conveys several powerful messages. It emphasizes the importance of hope, resilience, and never giving up in the face of adversity. It celebrates the strength of human-animal bonds and highlights the power of love, friendship, and loyalty. Ultimately, the story encourages us to cherish the connections we have with others, both human and animal, and to find strength and purpose in overcoming challenges together.


Q3. Discuss healing power of animals with reference to Duke.
Ans. The story of Duke, a loyal and intelligent dog, highlights the incredible healing power of animal companionship.Having Duke by his side throughout the recovery process helped Chuck cope with the loneliness and isolation that often accompany disability.Their daily walks and marathon training sessions helped Chuck rebuild his endurance and stamina.

Duke’s presence helped his owner, Chuck, overcome both physical and emotional challenges after a life-altering accident

Q4. Discuss Power of Hope with reference to Chuck in the story.
Ans. In the heartwarming story of “A Dog Named Duke,” Chuck’s unwavering hope shines through as a beacon of strength and resilience. Despite facing a life-altering accident, he never loses sight of a brighter future. He aims to return to work full-time within a short timeframe.

Q5. Should people rely on pets for emotional support, or should they seek professional help when facing challenges?
Ans. While I believe animals can offer valuable emotional support and companionship, they aren’t a replacement for professional help. In complex situations, seeking professional guidance from therapists or counselors can be crucial for addressing underlying issues and developing coping mechanisms. However, the positive impact of animal companionship shouldn’t be underestimated.

 

 

Also See: