CBSE Class 9 English Communicative - Word Meaning


CBSE Class 9 Communicative Book Meaning of Difficult Words from All Chapters

CBSE Class 9 Communicative Word Meaning of All Chapters.  Here, the difficult words and their meanings of all the chapters of CBSE Class 9 English Literature Reader (Communicative) Book have been compiled for the convenience of the students. This is an exhaustive list of the words and meanings of all the fiction, poem and drama from the Communicative book for CBSE Class 9 English . The difficult words’ meanings have been explained lucidly so that every student can understand them.




Chapter 1 – How I Taught My Grandmother to Read


  1. weekly: something that occurs or arrives once a week
  2. post: a piece of writing, image, or other item of content
  3. complex: complicated, difficult to understand
  4. psychological: related to the emotional and mental state of the human mind
  5. appreciate: praise
  6. karmaveera:  a Kannada weekly family interest magazine
  7. ardent: very enthusiastic or passionate
  8. punya: hindi word for ‘holy deed’
  9. identify: associate someone or something closely with; regard as having strong links with
  10. protagonist: the main character or hero of the story
  11. insist: request repeatedly
  12. courtyard: an unroofed area that is completely or partially enclosed by walls or buildings
  13. gather: come together
  14. thoroughly: to a great extent
  15. endlessly: in a manner that had no end
  16. savouring: enjoying the taste or feel of something
  17. terrace: a flat and open area situated near the building or at the top of a building
  18. regret: feel sad, repentant, or disappointed over something that one has done or failed to do
  19. considered: paid attention to
  20. immensely: in a huge or immense amount
  21. youngsters: young people
  22. namaskara: a traditional Indian greeting or gesture of respect
  23. flying colours: achieve a great amount of success in something


Chapter 2 – A Dog Named Duke


  1. favoured: someone or something who is preferred or recommended by the majority
  2. genuine: sincere, truthful
  3. grin: smile while showing some teeth
  4. civilised: polite and well-mannered
  5. hard-charging: ambitious and determined
  6. twilight: the period of the evening when twilight is visible, between daylight and darkness, dusk, sunset
  7. subdural haemorrhage:  a serious condition where blood collects between the skull and the surface of the brain caused by a head injury
  8. haemorrhage: heavy bleeding
  9. motor: something which causes or controls movement
  10. paralysing: causing a person or part of the body to become partly or wholly incapable of movement
  11. kennel: a small shelter for dogs
  12. make headway: make progress
  13. homecoming: an instance of returning home
  14. confinement: the state of being captivated in a small place
  15. quiver: tremble or shake with a slight rapid motion
  16. bellow: deep loud roar
  17. post: assigned position
  18. slack: not held tightly in the proper position, saggy
  19. rangy: tall and slim with long, slender limbs
  20. frame: figure
  21. stalk: stride somewhere in a proud, stiff, or angry manner
  22. poke: thrust (something, such as one’s head) in a particular direction
  23. nudge: to poke and prod (someone) gently with one’s elbow in order to attract attention
  24. needle: to annoy someone
  25. snort: make a sudden explosive sound through one’s nose to express indignation
  26. reproachful: expressing disapproval or disappointment
  27. yap: give a sharp, shrill bark
  28. idly: in an aimless or lazy way
  29. hook: attach or fasten with a hook or hooks
  30. shimmy: shake or vibrate abnormally
  31. anticipation: expectation, hope
  32. prance:  move with high springy steps
  33. slack: the part of a rope or line which is not held taut; the loose or unused part
  34. taut: tight, firm
  35. sway: swing, move from side-to-side
  36. collapsed into: to fall abruptly and completely
  37. jab: poke sharply
  38. snap: to move or carry out an action with brisk or rapid movement
  39. tug: pull
  40. steadily: in a controlled manner
  41. front porch: entrance hall
  42. abreast: side by side and facing the same way
  43. surge out: to burst forward
  44. prescribe: advise and authorise the use of a medicine or treatment for someone, especially in writing
  45. physiotherapy: the treatment of disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods such as massage, heat treatment, and exercise rather than by drugs or surgery
  46. whirlpool bath: a heated pool in which hot aerated water is continuously circulated
  47. gradual: slowly increasing
  48. campaign: work in an organised and active way towards a particular goal
  49. driveway: a short road leading from a public road to a house or other building
  50. jurisdiction: the official power to make legal decisions and judgements.
  51. gape: stare in shock
  52. warehouse: a large building where raw materials or manufactured goods may be stored prior to their distribution for sale.
  53. dictating machine: a machine used especially for the recording of human speech for transcription
  54. comeback: a return by a well-known person, especially an entertainer or sports player, to the activity in which they have formerly been successful.
  55. objective: aim
  56. endurance: the ability to endure harsh conditions
  57. promote: to raise someone to a higher rank
  58. suburb: an outlying district of a city, especially a residential one
  59. giant: a living being who is humongous as compared to the other living beings
  60. rampageous: someone who is uncontrollably violent
  61. babble: talk rapidly and continuously in such a way that someone else cannot understand what the person or people are talking about
  62. screech: make a loud, harsh, squealing noise
  63. instinctively: without conscious thought; by natural instinct
  64. stubbornness: the ability to be stubborn or iron-willed
  65. veterinarian: the doctor who treats animals.
  66. drugged: to be given medicine or drugs
  67. severe: fatal
  68. tribute: an act, statement, or gift that is intended to show gratitude, respect, or admiration


Chapter 3 – The Man Who Knew Too Much


  1. Private: soldier without rank
  2. depot: a place where recruits are trained or other troops are assembled
  3. liable: likely to do or to be something
  4. acquire: to get something
  5. nickname: a familiar or humorous name given to a person or thing instead of or as well as the real name
  6. lanky: ungracefully thin and tall
  7. stoop: bend one’s head or body forwards and downwards
  8. horn-rimmed: having the rims of the glasses made of horn or a similar substance
  9. musketry: art of using the infantry soldier’s handgun.
  10. N.W. Frontier ribbons: decorations showing service in the N.W. province in British India, today a part of modern Pakistan.
  11. service rifle: A service rifle (or standard-issue rifle) is a rifle a military issues to regular infantry
  12. muzzle: the open end of the barrel of a firearm
  13. enhance: increase
  14. glory: honour, fame
  15. commission: become an army officer
  16. stripe: V-shaped band to indicate the rank of a soldier.
  17. pursuit: to chase someone or something
  18. credit: acknowledgement
  19. badger: repeatedly ask (someone) something
  20. drill: instruction or training in military exercises
  21. route marches: training marches of battalions
  22. heartiness: a quality of being enthusiastic and warm
  23. chap: a friendly form of address between men or boys
  24. Pay table: A pay table is the name for the list of payouts on a slot machine or video poker machine
  25. droning: dull monotonous tone
  26. remorseless: (of something unpleasant) never ending|
  27. Stripe: a ribbon of decoration on the unifrom to mark an achievement
  28. Orderly Officer: officer of the day
  29. condescending : to look down on
  30. drone: a continuous low humming sound
  31. louts: an uncouth and aggressive man or boy
  32. drowsy: peaceful and quiet
  33. sprawling: lying with arms and legs outstretched
  34. trifled with : to play with or fool around with, talk or act frivolously with
  35. account: consider or regard in a specified way
  36. fragments: pieces
  37. segmentation: division into separate parts or sections
  38. resume: continue
  39. thunder-struck: extremely surprised or shocked
  40. flush: become red and hot, typically as the result of illness or strong emotion
  41. unabashed: unashamed
  42. cowed: subdued
  43. impassive: not feeling or showing emotion
  44. deliberately: with an intention or purpose
  45. platoon: squad
  46. at bay: forced to face or confront one’s attackers or pursuers; cornered
  47. abominably: very unpleasantly or unfairly


Chapter 4 – Keeping It From Harold


  1. beaming: shining brightly
  2. amiable: friendly
  3. fat-headedness: stupidity
  4. gravely: in a serious or solemn manner
  5. pursed: pucker or contract, typically to express disapproval or irritation
  6. a trifle: little or somewhat
  7. cloudy: misted with tears
  8. marred: spoiled the beauty or quality of something
  9. jarred: annoyed or irritated
  10. cut-glass: glass ornamented with patterns cut into it by grinding and polishing
  11. toneless: monotonous, without any tone
  12. readiness: preparation, to be ready
  13. decorous: polite and restrained
  14. prodigy: a young person with exceptional qualities or abilities
  15. evasion: the action of evading or avoiding something
  16. curate: a member of the clergy, a parish priest
  17. parish:  a section of a church district in the care of a priest or minister
  18. broach: raise (a difficult subject) for discussion
  19. sunday-school: a class held on Sundays to teach children about Christianity or Judaism
  20. major: a rank of officer in the army and the US air force, above captain and below lieutenant colonel
  21. wrath: extreme anger
  22. demur: raise objections or show reluctance
  23. paste: beat or defeat severely
  24. meditate: plan mentally; consider
  25. genial: friendly and cheerful
  26. philanthropist: a person who seeks to promote the welfare of others, especially by the generous donation of money to good causes
  27. teem: to be filled with something
  28. furtive: attempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt or a belief that discovery would lead to trouble; secretive
  29. practitioner: someone who practices or follows something
  30. shady: suspicious-looking
  31. quail: feel or show fear or apprehension
  32. imbued with: to fill someone or something with a quality or feeling
  33. defy: openly resist or refuse to obey|
  34. mortar board: an academic cap with a stiff, flat, square top and a tassel
  35. comport: behave
  36. don: head of the mafia family
  37. stature: importance or reputation gained by ability or achievement
  38. semi-detached: joined to another house on one side only by a common wall
  39. darning: the skill or activity of mending a hole in knitted material by interweaving yarn
  40. sobriety: the quality of being practical and serious
  41. Meditations: thoughts
  42. patter: make a repeated light tapping sound
  43. insinuate: suggest or hint (something bad) in an indirect and unpleasant way
  44. cock: tilt (something) in a particular direction
  45. diffident: modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence
  46. sturdy: (of a person or their body) strongly and solidly built
  47. propitiatory: intended to please someone and make them feel calm
  48. propelled: being driven to do something by a force
  49. feebly: weakly
  50. scales have fallen from the eyes: someone suddenly realizes the truth about something after a long period of not understanding it or of being deceived about it
  51. literal: taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or exaggeration
  52. vouchsafe: give or grant (something) to (someone) in a gracious or condescending manner
  53. uncomplimentary: insulting
  54. weedy: (of a person) thin and physically weak in appearance
  55. nut: a crazy or eccentric person
  56. tract: a short article expressing a stron opinion on a sensitive topic
  57. primrose path: the pursuit of pleasure, especially when it is seen to bring disastrous consequences
  58. edgeway: talking too much
  59. ruffled: disturbed
  60. glory: being happy and proud of a victory
  61. let you have one: to attack someone in a violent way
  62. unsuppressed: something or  someone who is not suppressed
  63. resilient: able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions
  64. the eleventh hour: the latest possible moment
  65. scornfully: in a way that shows you have no respect for someone or something and think they are stupid
  66. snap: say something quickly and irritably
  67. poor taste: something or someone offensive 
  68. sob: cry loudly
  69. shuffled his feet: move your feet slightly because you are uncomfortable or embarrassed
  70. driving at: what they are trying to say or what they are saying indirectly
  71. hopped it: to go away quickly
  72. fat is in the fire: said when something has been said or done that will cause a lot of trouble
  73. rubbing in: to talk to someone about something that you know they want to forget because they feel bad about it
  74. knickerbocker: loose-fitting breeches gathered at the knee or calf
  75. battered: damaged by age and repeated use
  76. ajar: slightly open
  77. rapped: strike (a hard surface) with a series of rapid audible blows, especially in order to attract attention
  78. at length: after a long time
  79. choked voice: when a voice does not have its full sound, because the person or thing is upset or frightened
  80. puzzled: confused
  81. edge: move or cause to move gradually or furtively in a particular direction
  82. guttural: produced in the throat; harsh-sounding
  83. tactlessly: in a way that shows you are not being careful to avoid upsetting someone
  84. protrude: to stick out
  85. clutched: held tightly
  86. purse: a sum of money given as a prize in a sporting contest, especially a boxing match
  87. swell: increase in the amount or volume
  88. chronic: of poor quality, terrible
  89. goggle: look with wide open eyes, typically in amazement
  90. exertion: physical or mental effort
  91. consternation: a feeling of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected
  92. steely: coldly determined; hard
  93. chivalrous: in manner similar to that of a gentleman
  94. metallic: sharp and harsh, strict
  95. curtly: in a way that is very quick and slightly rude
  96. entreat: ask someone earnestly or anxiously to do something
  97. croon: hum or sing in a soft, low voice, especially in a sentimental manner
  98. mutton-head: a stupid person
  99. spiteful: mean and hurtful
  100. raw: rude, crude
  101. bob: a moderately large but unspecified amount of money
  102. thick: of low intelligence; stupid
  103. jolly: very; extremely
  104. swank: display one’s wealth, knowledge, or achievements in a way that is intended to impress others
  105. animated: full of life or excitement; lively
  106. abstracted: lacking concentration on what is happening around one
  107. gravity: seriousness
  108. convulsively: to do something while having convulsions, in a jerky way
  109. mechanically: in a manner that indicates that something or someone is robotic or has been programmed to do something


Chapter 5 – Best Seller


  1. chair-car: a railroad car having pairs of chairs with individually adjustable backs on each side of the aisle
  2. yoke: a part of a garment that fits over the shoulders and to which the main part of the garment is attached
  3. tepidest : Feeling for showing little interest or enthusiasm
  4. bald-spot: an area on the scalp that has little or no hair and where hair no longer grows
  5. hurled: throw or someone or something with great force
  6. veered: turned
  7. plate-glass: large sheets of glass used especially as windows and doors in shops and offices
  8. ill-fated: unlucky
  9. law-abiding: someone or something that abides or follows the laws, someone or something that does not break the rules or the law
  10. browsed: looked through
  11. convention: a large meeting or conference, especially of members of a political party or a particular profession or group
  12. stir: move slightly
  13. discarded: someone or something that was undesirable or unimportant
  14. Swell : a wealthy person of upper class and fashionably dressed.
  15. alias : also known by another name, false name
  16. principality: a state ruled by a prince
  17. chair-warmer: someone who accomplishes little
  18. ring in: proclaim
  19. uncrowned sovereigns: a sovereign or supreme ruler prince who has not yet received coronation
  20. station: one’s social rank or position
  21. singing-society: singing club
  22. aspire: direct one’s hopes or ambitions towards achieving something
  23. consistent: not containing any logical contradictions
  24. Turkish pashas : a high official of the Ottoman empire
  25. Vermont : a state of north east US bordering Canada
  26. clamdiggers : people who hunt for clams (edible shell fish)
  27. aristocracy : class of people of high social rank
  28. jibe: to be consistent, to fit with something
  29. caper: something which is far-fetched or too fictional
  30. notion: a rough idea
  31. bully: very good; excellent
  32. commission: a sum of money given to the agent in the transaction
  33. neat: nice
  34. slice: piece or part
  35. Shares of stock: a unit of ownership of a business
  36. general prosperity: doing well
  37. affinity: relationship, especially by marriage
  38. south-bound: travelling South
  39. for keeps: for ever, permanently
  40. vine: a climbing or trailing woody-stemmed plan
  41. sleeper: a train containing cars in which people can sleep
  42. contrived: created or arranged in a way that seems artificial and unrealistic
  43. frazzled : worn out
  44. satchel: a bag carried on the shoulder by a long strap and closed by a flap
  45. plank: a long, thin, flat piece of timber, used especially in building and flooring
  46. garnet: red, semi-precious gemstone.
  47. grove: a small wood or other group of trees
  48. box bush: an evergreen shrub with small, rich green leaves
  49. capitol: a large building used for functions of the state government
  50. trail: to move slowly
  51. circumstance: one’s state of financial or material welfare
  52. world fair: an international exhibition of the industrial, scientific, technological, and artistic achievements of the participating nations
  53. get posted: to acquire information on what is happening
  54. postmaster: the person in-charge of the post office
  55. bay horse: a horse whose hair colour coat is bay
  56. sample-case: a briefcase containing samples of a particular product
  57. ostensible: to pretend that your statement or appearance is true even though it is not
  58. by-and-by: eventually
  59. paling: a fence made from pointed wooden or metal posts
  60. raise one’s hat: briefly remove one’s hat as a gesture of courtesy or respect to someone
  61. earnest: in a sincere manner
  62. mileage-book: a book (mileage book) or ticket containing coupons good for a certain number of miles of transportation at a fixed rate per mile
  63. clumsy: awkward in movement or in handling things.
  64. lineal: in a direct line of descent or ancestry
  65. Earl : a British nobleman between a viscount and a marquess
  66. Belted Earl : until the 17th century, an earl was invested by the king with a sword he wore at his waist hence he was called a ‘belted earl’
  67. drummer: a travelling sales representative
  68. Earl : a British nobleman between a viscount and a marquess
  69. Belted Earl : until the 17th century, an earl was invested by the king with a sword he wore at his waist hence he was called a ‘belted earl’
  70. horsehair: hair from the mane or tail of a horse, typically used in furniture for padding.
  71. lounge: a place where one can lounge that is a place where one can sit and relax
  72. old-timers: old people, people who were young and lived through the old times
  73. quadrille : a square dance for four couples
  74. shabby: messy, not neat
  75. rattled : shaking briskly, confused, nervous
  76. cold feet: loss of nerve or confidence
  77. nerve: confidence
  78. prospects: chances or opportunities for success or wealth
  79. kin: one’s family and relations
  80. anecdote: a short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
  81. perpetuate: make (something) continue
  82. amenities: facility
  83. furnish: give something to someone
  84. droned: speak tediously in a dull monotonous tone
  85. porter: a person employed to carry luggage and other loads, especially in a railway station, airport, hotel, or market
  86. leisurely: acting or done at leisure; unhurried or relaxed
  87. promptness:  the quality of doing something quickly and without delay, or at the arranged time
  88. ragged : having a rough or uneven surface or edge
  89. a score : an old word for the number twenty
  90. dismal: gloomy
  91. prop: support or keep in position
  92. dreary: depressingly dull and bleak
  93. slag: stony waste matter separated from metals during the smelting or refining of ore
  94. clinker: the stony residue from burnt coal or from a furnace
  95. torrent: a strong and fast-moving stream of water or other liquid




Chapter 6 – The Brook


  1. haunts: places frequently visited by
  2. coot: a type of water bird with a white spot on the forehead
  3. hern: heron, (another kind of water bird)
  4. sally: emerge suddenly
  5. fern: a flowerless plant which has feathery or leafy fronds
  6. bicker: (here) flow down with a lot of noise
  7. thorpes: a village
  8. ridge: the line or edge formed where the two sloping sides of a roof meet at the top
  9. brimming: be full to the point of overflowing
  10. chatter: a series of short, quick high-pitched sounds
  11. sharps: a musical tone semitone higher than the natural pitch
  12. trebles: high pitched tune
  13. eddying: spiral movement of water
  14. babble: sound made when one talks gaily
  15. fret: flow or move in small waves
  16. fallow: land left uncultivated to regain fertility
  17. foreland: piece of land that extends into a river etc.
  18. mallow: plant with hairy stems and leaves and pink, white or purple flowers
  19. chatter: a series of short, quick high-pitched sounds
  20. brimming: be full to the point of overflowing
  21. wind: move with a spiral manner
  22. blossom: mature or develop in a promising or healthy way
  23. lusty trout: a big freshwater fish
  24. grayling: another type of freshwater fish
  25. foamy flake: Foam on surface of fast moving brook
  26. silvery: something which is shiny or lustrous like silver
  27. waterbreak: a place in a brook where the surface of the water is broken by irregularities on the bottom
  28. gravel: sandy surface of Earth beneath the top layer
  29. steal by: move somewhere quietly
  30. hazel: a small tree or bush with edible nuts
  31. forget-me-nots : a type of flowers
  32. glance: hit something at an angle and bounce off obliquely
  33. skimming: Remove something from the surface, here fishes in the brook
  34. swallows: a bird which dives into the brook for its prey, the fish
  35. netted sunbeam: Pattern of a net formed when the sunlight passes through the trees and falls on the brook’s surface
  36. sandy shallows: Base of the brook which is not deep and has sand
  37. murmur: speak softly
  38. brambly: covered with brambles and ferns and other undergrowth
  39. wildernesses: an uncultivated and uninhabited region
  40. linger: stay around something for some time
  41. shingly: covered with small rounded pebbles
  42. bar: ridges, sandy shallow
  43. loiter: stand or wait around without apparent purpose
  44. cresses: a pungent leaved plant like a cabbage


 Chapter 7 – The Road Not Taken


  1. diverged: go separate ways
  2. yellow wood: the forest is full of yellow coloured leaves in autumn
  3. undergrowth: dense growth of trees
  4. fair: something which is equal or same
  5. claim: something that one asked to be given to her/him
  6. wear: usage
  7. worn: damaged
  8. trodden: the action of stepping onto something


Chapter 8 – The Solitary Reaper


  1. solitary: alone, lonely
  2. highland lass: a girl who lives in the highlands (mountain regions) of Scotland
  3. reaping: cutting and gathering a crop; such as corn or rice
  4. bind: tie or fasten two things or objects together tightly
  5. melancholy strain: sad song
  6. vale profound: the entire valley
  7. nightingale: a bird noted for her sweet song
  8. weary: tired
  9. band: a group of people
  10. shady: suspicious
  11. haunt: a place frequently visited by a person
  12. Arabian Sands: the deserts of Arabia (the Middle East)
  13. thrilling: something which is exciting and pleasurable
  14. farthest Hebrides: the most remote group of islands that lie to the north-west of Scotland
  15. plaintive numbers: sorrowful songs
  16. far-off: something which is distant or faraway
  17. humble lay: ordinary song
  18. sickle: a tool for cutting grass and grain crops. It has a short handle and a blade shaped like a hook.
  19. listen’d: listened
  20. mounted: climbed
  21. bore: carried


Chapter 9 – The Seven Ages


  1. mewling: crying
  2. puking: being sick, vomiting
  3. nurse: caretaker
  4. satchel: a small bag, for carrying school books
  5. furnace: a very hot place
  6. woeful: very sad
  7. ballad: a slow sentimental or romantic song
  8. oaths: solemn promises
  9. pard: leopard (a symbol of fierceness in Shakespeare’s time)
  10. reputation: fame, image
  11. cannon: a big gun that fired cannon-balls made of iron
  12. justice: judge
  13. capon: a male chicken, very big and fat
  14. saws: sayings
  15. slippered : wearing slippers (indoor shoes)
  16. pantaloon: a vicious old man wearing a loose fitting garment for hips and legs
  17. pouch: a soft fold of loose skin that hangs down, as a result of illness or old age
  18. hose: tight-fitting leg coverings
  19. shank: legs from the knee to the ankle; frame
  20. treble: a high voice
  21. oblivion: forgetting everything, and being forgotten by everybody
  22. sans: (pronounced like sone) a French word meaning without


Chapter 10 – Oh, I Wish I’d Looked After Me Teeth


  1. me teeth: my teeth
  2. perils: dangers
  3. fillin’: filling, the material put in a dental cavity to fill it
  4. To pass up: to let go
  5. gobstoppers: a large, hard sweet
  6. choppers: teeth
  7. shillin’: shilling, a currency
  8. lollies: Sugary sweets
  9. liquorice: candy made with the dried root of the liquorice plant
  10. sherbet dabs: tiny sweets
  11. brittle: something that is hard but easy to break
  12. pricked: disturbed
  13. flash: Move very quickly
  14. pokin’ and fussin’: checking carefully
  15. paving: making
  16. caps: covering on top of ruined tooth
  17. sherbet: a type of sweet snack
  18. amalgam: a vowel changed for better impact- a mixture of mercury and silver used to make fillings
  19. reckonin’: reckoning, judgement
  20. beckonin’: beckoning, calling


Chapter 11 – Song of the Rain


  1. dotted: something that looks like a dot
  2. adorn : to decorate or add beauty to
  3. Ishtar : goddess of fertility, love, war and sex, in the Babylonian Pantheon, she “was the divine personification of the planet Venus”.
  4. dawn: sunrise
  5. embellish : decorate.
  6. humble: Feel respectful
  7. rejoice: Feeling of happiness
  8. bow: Bend forward as a mark of respect
  9. elated : very happy and excited.
  10. quench : satisfy thirst.
  11. upraised : lifted or moved upwards.
  12. emerge: come out
  13. soar: rise
  14. descend: go down
  15. embrace: to hug



Chapter 12 – Villa for Sale


  1. sell: disappointment due to failure or trickery
  2. Wretched: extremely bad or unpleasant
  3. off my hands: to get rid of something
  4. Cut my loss: to stop doing something in order to prevent the situation from getting worse
  5. Stone’s throw away: nearby
  6. Joinville: the name of a film studio in Paris
  7. Paltry:  an amount, too small to be considered important or useful.
  8. Permit: allow
  9. Engagement: here, the acting job
  10. Slicked: oiled
  11. Comical: funny
  12. Greta Garbo: Greta Garbo was a Swedish-American actress. Regarded as one of the greatest screen actresses
  13. Yard: a ground surrounding the house
  14. Cretonne: a strong cotton or linen cloth used especially for curtains and upholstery.
  15. 25 yards: yards is a unit of measuring distance
  16. Myth: an idea or belief which people believe in but which does not exist
  17. Salon: reception room
  18. Annex: to attach as an addition
  19. Aggravating: to make something more worse or serious
  20. Dowry:an amount of money or property which, in some countries, a woman’s family gives to the man she is marrying
  21. By all means: certainly
  22. What on earth: used to suggest that there is no obvious or easy answer to the question being asked.
  23. Admirably: very well
  24. Witty: clever and amusing
  25. Exceptional: unusual and good
  26. Giving it up: here, to stop owning the house
  27. Awkward: difficult to deal with
  28. Figures: here, sum of money
  29. Philanthropic: one who promotes the welfare of others
  30. Shanty: a small simple hut
  31. amiably: friendly
  32. queer: weird
  33. parody: an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect
  34. souvenir : A thing that you keep to remind yourself of a place.
  35. carot: a unit of weight for measuring precious stones


Chapter 13 – The Bishop’s Candlesticks


  1. felony: crime
  2. gendarmes : the police
  3. settee : seat with high back
  4. crucifix : image of Jesus on the cross
  5. mantelpiece: a structure of wood, marble, or stone above and around a fireplace
  6. candlesticks: a holder made of metal in which a candle stands
  7. rebuke: express sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behaviour or actions
  8. Monseigneur: My Lord (a title of respect given to a person of high rank)
  9. Mon Dieu : (French) My God
  10. nincompoop : idiot; fool
  11. feeling poorly : felt unwell; was not feeling well.
  12. salt-cellars: containers to shake out salt and pepper kept on the dining table.
  13. awe: a feeling of reverential respect mixed with fear or wonder.
  14. Mere: Mother (pronounced mair)
  15. Gringoire: pronounced Grin-go-ah
  16. bedridden: confined to bed by sickness or old age.
  17. bailiff : an officer of the court.
  18. dot: dowry
  19. hastened: hurried
  20. courtesy: the showing of politeness in one’s attitude and behaviour towards others
  21. presently: shortly; soon
  22. comforter: muffler
  23. dupe: a person who is easily deceived
  24. scamp: a rascal/vagabond
  25. parish: an area with its own church
  26. minx: cunning woman
  27. audacity: rude or disrespectful behaviour; impudence
  28. incorrigible: not able to be changed or reformed.
  29. Deathbed: the bed where someone is dying or has died.
  30. sin: bad deed
  31. restless: unable to rest or relax as a result of anxiety or boredom
  32. hoarsely: in a rough or harsh voice
  33. too old a bird to be caught with chaff: too old to be duped or cheated
  34. wolf: hunger
  35. entrails: intestines
  36. to be at the beck and call of: to obey
  37. ne’er-do-well: a good for nothing
  38. enormous: huge
  39. voraciously: greedily
  40. Virgin: Mary, Mother of Jesus
  41. chuckle: laugh quietly or inwardly
  42. puzzled: confused
  43. earnestly: with sincere and intense conviction; seriously
  44. prison hulks: ships used as a prison houses
  45. gaoler: a person in charge of a jail or of the prisoners in it, jailer
  46. fury: anger
  47. lash: strike or beat with a whip or stick
  48. molest: cause trouble to
  49. defiantly: in a manner that shows open resistance or bold disobedience
  50. grumbling: the action or fact of complaining in a bad-tempered way
  51. preach: deliver a sermon or religious address to an assembled group of people, typically in church
  52. toy: move or handle an object absent-mindedly
  53. warrant: officially affirm or guarantee
  54. start me fair: enable me to get a good start in life.
  55. collar: seize or apprehend
  56. plunder: loot, something which is taken illegally and/or violently
  57. stow: pack or store (an object) carefully
  58. break down: lose control of one’s emotions when in a state of distress
  59. unscrupulous: having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair
  60. slinking: moving stealthily
  61. dogged : stubborn
  62. Defiance: open refusal to obey somebody/something
  63. incredulously: incredibly unbelievable
  64. severely: strictly
  65. benefactor: the person who helps you
  66. blackguard: a man who behaves in a dishonourable or contemptible way
  67. overwrought: in a state of nervous excitement or anxiety
  68. reluctance: unwillingness to do something
  69. shamefacedly: in a way that expresses embarrassment or ashamed
  70. prie-dieu: kneeling desk for use in prayer


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CBSE Class 9 English Literature Reader (Communicative) Lesson Explanation

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CBSE Class 9 English Literature Reader (Communicative) important Questions

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