The Full form of BMC is Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. Formerly, BMC was known as the Bombay Municipal Corporation and the Municipal Corporation of Greater Bombay (MCGB) till 1996. It is the governing civic body of Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra. It is the richest municipal corporation in India. The annual budget of MCGM’s normally exceeds the annual budget of some of the smaller states in India.

It was established under the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act 1888. BMC is responsible for the administration of the city, the civic infrastructure and some suburbs of Mumbai. Trushna Vishwasrao became the first female corporator in 2015 to serve as its leader. The organization is headed by an Indian Administration Officer (IAS) who serves as Municipal Commissioner. The BMC is responsible for the maintenance and creation of roads and flyovers, including the lighting and cleaning of roadways.

It is supposed to maintain health and sanitation; in this connection it manages the garbage collection and disposal, hospitals, the water supply and the sewerage. An election is held to elect corporators, who are responsible for enforcing duty and basic civic infrastructure. The Mayor, who serves as head of the house, is usually from the majority party.