On the Grasshopper and Cricket, Class 8 English Honeydew Book Poem 7 Explanation, Summary, Difficult words

On the Grasshopper and Cricket Class 8 English Honeydew Book Poem 7– Detailed explanation of the poem along with meanings of difficult words and literary devices used in the poem. Given here is the complete explanation of the Poems, along with summary. All the exercises and Question and Answers given at the back of the lesson

 

Class 8 English (Honeydew Book) Poem 7 – On the Grasshopper and Cricket

By John Keats

poem 7 on the grasshopper and cricket

 

On the Grasshopper and Cricket- Introduction

 

The poem “On the Grasshopper and Cricket” by John Keats is a nature poem. In this poem, the grasshopper and the cricket are not characters but they act as symbols. They are the ones that continue the earth’s poetry all year round.

 

On the Grasshopper and Cricket – Summary

 

The poem “On the Grasshopper and Cricket” suggests that the poetry of the earth is never-ending. It is continued by one or the other creatures. For instance, in the summer season when the birds lose their energy due to the hot sun and take shelter in the cooling trees, the grasshopper takes over. He can be heard singing in the summer luxury as he moves along the boundaries of the park with freshly trimmed grasses. On getting tired, he rests beneath the weeds.

The poetry of the earth is continued in the winter season by crickets. When frost covers everything and renders silence all around, one can hear the song of the cricket. As he continues singing, the warmth keeps on increasing. To someone who is half-asleep, it might sound that they are listening to a grasshopper in the grassy hills.

 

On the Grasshopper and Cricket – Poem and Explanation

 

The poetry of earth is never dead: 

When all the birds are faint with the hot sun, 

And hide in cooling trees, a voice will run 

From hedge to hedge about the new-mown mead, 

That is the grasshopper’s — he takes the lead 

In summer luxury — he has never done 

With his delights, for when tired out with fun 

He rests at ease beneath some pleasant weed.

Faint- feeling weak and dizzy and close to leading consciousness  

Hedge- a fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes or shrubs

Mown- (of grass or a crop) cut down with a machine

Mead- (here) meadow; a piece of land covered or cultivated with grass

The poetry of the earth is never-ending. Its beauty lies in the fact that no matter which season it is, earth’s creatures always keep it alive. For instance, when it’s summer season and all the birds have taken shelter from the heat in the cool and calming trees, one can hear the sound of a grasshopper. He can be heard as he moves along the boundary of the park whose grass and plants have freshly been trimmed. The grasshopper becomes the lead of the show in the luxuries that summer has to offer. The poet says that whenever the grasshopper gets tired of having fun here and there, he takes rest near the weed plants. 

 

The poetry of earth is ceasing never: 

On a lone winter evening when the frost 

Has wrought a silence, from the stone there shrills 

The cricket’s song, in warmth increasing ever, 

And seems to one in drowsiness half lost; 

The grasshopper’s among some grassy hills.

Ceasing- come or bring to an end 

Lone- deserted; lonely

Wrought- brought about

Shrills- comes through loud and clear

Drowsiness- a feeling of being sleepy and lethargic; sleepiness

The poetry of the earth is never-ending. Even in the winter season, the creatures keep the earth active depending upon the intensity of the cold. On a lonely winter evening, when everything is covered with snow and it’s all silent outside, one can hear the cricket’s song from beneath the stone. The warmth of his song keeps on increasing as one continues to hear it. One can even hear it when one is half-asleep and at that time, it feels as if one is hearing the grasshopper from the grassy hills.

 

On the Grasshopper and Cricket- Rhyme Scheme

 

1st stanza- abbaabba

2nd stanza- cdecde

 

On the Grasshopper and Cricket- Literary Devices

 

  1. Personification- the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form. For instance, when the poet refers to the grasshopper as a “he” and when frost is symbolised as a living thing in the line “when the frost has wrought a silence”
  2. Metaphor- a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. For instance, the poet has compared the poetry of the earth to the singing of the grasshopper and singing of the grasshopper with that of the cricket
  3. Oxymoron- a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. For instance, “pleasant weed” as weed is unwanted but the poet has still called it “pleasant”
  4. Enjambment- (in verse) the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza. Eg-  “when the frost has wrought a silence”, “from the stove there shrills the cricket’s song”
  5. Alliteration- the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. Eg- “a voice will run”, “from hedge to hedge”, “…winter evening, when”
  6. Inversion- A figure of speech in which the order of words is reversed so as to emphasize a certain word. Eg- “Poetry of the earth is ceasing never”, “And seems to one in drowsiness half lost”

 

On the Grasshopper and Cricket – Question and Answers

 

Working with the Poem

1.‘The poetry of earth’ is not made of words. What is it made of, as suggested in the poem? 

A. According to the poem, ‘the poetry of the earth’ is never-ending and is not made of words. It can be heard in every season. For instance, during summer season, one can hear the voice of birds and that of a grasshopper. As the winter arrives and everyone is inside their homes, one can hear the song of the cricket. 

 

2. Find in the poem lines that match the following. 

(i) The grasshopper’s happiness never comes to an end. 

(ii) The cricket’s song has a warmth that never decreases. 

A. (i) The grasshopper’s happiness never comes to an end. 

The line in the poem that matches the above line is “he has never done With his delights”.

(ii) The cricket’s song has a warmth that never decreases. 

The line in the poem that matches the above line is “The cricket’s song, in warmth increasing ever”

 

3. Which word in stanza 2 is opposite in meaning to ‘the frost’? 

A. The word in stanza 2 that is opposite in meaning to ‘the frost’ is “warmth”.

 

4. The poetry of earth continues round the year through a cycle of two seasons. Mention each with its representative voice.

A. The poetry of the earth is never-ending and it continues round the year through a cycle of two seasons, broadly, the summer and the winter. During the summer season, one can hear the song of birds and grasshoppers whereas in the winter season, one can hear the crickets singing. Thus, all of them keep the poetry of the earth alive.