Geography Lesson, Class 8 English Honeydew Book Poem 2 Explanation, Summary, Difficult words

Geography Lesson Class 8 English Honeydew Book Poem 2 – Detailed explanation of the poem along with meanings of difficult words and literary devices used in the poem. Given here is the complete explanation of the Poem, along with summary. All the exercises and Question and Answers given at the back of the lesson.


 

Class 8 English (Honeydew Book) Poem 2 – Geography Lesson

By Zulfikar Ghose

 

poem 2 geography lesson

 

Geography Lesson- Introduction

In his poem “Geography Lesson”, Zulfikar Ghose talks about how the earth looks from various heights when one is in an airplane or a jet. He tells the readers that what looks unplanned before the jet takes off, makes sense after it is in the air. Once at a certain height, it became clear as to why the city had been developed the way it is. He found the logic behind geography, justified all the facts about the earth being round and having more water than land, but one thing he could not understand was why men found reasons to hate each other, kill each other and build borders across nations.

 

Geography Lesson- Summary

The poet Zulfikar Ghose begins his poem “Geography Lesson” by telling the readers how it all makes sense when the jet takes off and is at a height of about six inches to a mile. It becomes clear why the city had been developed the way it is.  He mentions how unavoidable it was to notice how unplanned and non-stylish the city looked before the jet took off. When the jet reached a certain height of about ten thousand feet, he talks about how it all made sense as to why the country had cities built along the rivers. The poet even understood why the valleys were inhabited. Moreover, the logic that the intersection of land and water fascinated men behind, could clearly be seen. The poet mentions that as the jet reached a height of six miles, one could clearly see that the earth is round and had more sea than land. All these facts became clear but one thing the poet could not understand was the hate that existed among mankind. He could not understand why people found reasons to divide cities by building walls or why men killed each other.  Even from such a height, these questions still remained unanswered.

 

Geography Lesson- Poem and Explanation

When the jet sprang into the sky, 

it was clear why the city had 

developed the way it had, 

seeing it scaled six inches to the mile. 

There seemed an inevitability 

about what on ground had looked haphazard, 

unplanned and without style 

When the jet sprang into the sky

Sprang- move rapidly upwards

Scaled- covered

Inevitability- the quality of being certain to happen; that cannot be avoided

Haphazard- without plan or order

In the first stanza, the poet talks about how the city looked like when the jet took off into the sky. He says that as the jet covered a height of six inches to a mile, it made sense why the city had been developed the way it is. He mentions how unavoidable it was to notice how unplanned and non-stylish the city looked before the jet took off. When he says that whatever there was on the ground looked “haphazard”, he means that it appeared as if it was made without a plan or order. 

 

When the jet reached ten thousand feet, 

it was clear why the country 

had cities where the rivers ran 

and why the valleys were populated. 

The logic of geography — 

that land and water attracted man — 

was clearly delineated 

When the jet reached ten thousand feet.

Delineated- shown

In the second stanza, when the jet reached a height of ten thousand feet, he talks about how it all made sense as to why the country had cities built along the rivers. The rivers provide resources as well as a source of earning and livelihood. The poet even understood why the valleys were inhabited. Moreover, the logic behind the geographical structure could clearly be seen when the jet reached a height of ten thousand feet.  The logic of Geography stated that the intersection of land and water fascinated men.

 

When the jet rose six miles high, 

it was clear the earth was round 

and that it had more sea than land.

But it was difficult to understand 

that the men on the earth found 

causes to hate each other, to build 

walls across cities and to kill. 

From that height, it was not clear why.

The poet mentions that as the jet reached a height of six miles, one could clearly see that the earth is round. It was also visible that the seas covered more earth than land. All these facts became clear but one thing the poet could not justify was the hate that existed among men. He could not understand why people found reasons to divide cities by building walls or why men kill each other.  Even from such a height, these questions still remained unanswered.

 

Geography Lesson- Rhyme Scheme

It is a 24-lined stanza poem that does not have a rhyme scheme.

 

Geography Lesson- Literary Devices

1. Alliteration- the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. 

Eg- “sprang into the sky”, “seeing it scaled six inches to the mile” and “why the valleys were populated”

2. Imagery- visually descriptive or figurative language

Eg- “walls” symbolise borders

“Cities” symbolise countries

 

Geography Lesson- Question and Answers

1. Find three or four phrases in stanzas one and two which are likely to occur in a geography lesson. 

A. The phrases from stanza one and two which are likely to occur in a geography lesson are “ scaled six inches to the mile”, “the valleys were populated” and “that land and water attracted man”.

 

2. Seen from the window of an aeroplane, the city appears 

(i) as haphazard as on ground. 

(ii) as neat as a map. 

(iii) as developed as necessary. 

Mark the right answer. 

A. (iii) as developed as necessary.

 

3. Which of the following statements are examples of “the logic of geography”? 

(i) There are cities where there are rivers. 

(ii) Cities appear as they are not from six miles above the ground. 

(iii) It is easy to understand why valleys are populated. 

(iv) It is difficult to understand why humans hate and kill one another. 

(v) The earth is round, and it has more sea than land. 

A. The lines that are example of “the logic of geography” are-

(i) There are cities where there are rivers. 

(iii) It is easy to understand why valleys are populated. 

 

4. Mention two things that are 

(i) clear from the height. 

(ii) not clear from the height.

A.

(i) clear from the height.

  1. There are cities where there are rivers
  2. The earth is round, and it has more sea than land. 

(ii) not clear from the height.

  1. Why men find reasons to hate each other
  2. Why men divide cities by building walls