What is the Career in fisheries? How to take Admission in this Course?
A career in fisheries science can create an aqua culturist, farm managers, exporters, traders, breeders and modern fishermen’s, etc.
Fisheries, as the name suggests is an organized effort which is related to the capturing of fish including inland and sea or other aquatic species. This industry involves catching, processing, marketing and conservation of fish. A fishery aims at developing and maintaining sea wealth. Fisheries are estimated to provide 16% of the world population’s protein and India holds the seventh position in the world as regards to the value of fish exports.
Fisheries Science can be studied at the graduate and postgraduate level. To become a fisheries graduate one has to pass a 4 year degree course i.e., B.F.Sc (Bachelor of Fisheries Science) from fisheries colleges of state agriculture universities. Eligibility criteria for B.F.Sc are 10+2 with biological science as one of the subjects. The B.F.Sc course enables a candidate with basic knowledge in all the three categories of fisheries science i.e. capture, culture and post harvest technology.
How to take Admission?
Admission is given as per merit of candidates and availability of seats.
For admission to various Central Institute of Fisheries Education in the country, the candidates have to appear for an all India level common entrance test conducted by ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), New Delhi. Special quota for outside state candidates is allowed to the candidates who have passed entrance exam of ICAR and are getting-fellowship too.
After completing B.F. Sc., one can take M.F.Sc. which is of 2 year duration. (Masters of Fisheries Science). After getting a professional degree in Fisheries Science, one can goes into research- oriented activities.
Course Areas : B.F. Sc. students are trained in a wide variety of subjects such as aquaculture (inland and freshwater), mariculture, industrial fisheries, fish processing and post harvest technology, fish nutrition, pathology, environment, ecology and extension etc. Sustainable fish production practices and scientific breeding and management of fishes are major areas of specialization. The course also contains practical experience like on sea cruise on fishing vessels for data collection & fishing, in processing plants and on aqua farms.
Those who have taken fishery science as a career must possess a genuine interest in marine life and should be free from sea sickness. The field requires a lot of research work and one should have research oriented mentality. Dedication to work, devotion, hard working, patients, a curious, inquisitive mind are essential. Quick thinking and the ability to come up with new ideas are advantageous. A good Managerial skill is also required, as fishery science is a filed which is directly or indirectly related to business.
Apart from the B.F.Sc & M.F.Sc. various fisheries institutes several vocational training courses related to fisheries and allied disciplines.
M.F.Sc degree holders can be appointed as assistant professor in the faculty of fisheries and those with doctorate can be recruited as scientists in various agricultural and fisheries institutions. Recruitment to these positions is by the Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) through a nation-wide competitive examination followed by a personal interview.
Remunerations in this field vary widely, depending on the area of specialization chosen. In the private sector one may start with an initial salary range of Rs 6,000-8,000 per month. But in the government sector’s, the salary range may be different but it offer stability.
In this field, research positions are more lucrative but these are usually reserved for doctorate holders with experience.