NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Book Chapter 10 Sermon at Benares Important Question Answers
Looking for Sermon at Benares question answers (NCERT solutions) for CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Book Chapter 10? Look no further! Our comprehensive compilation of important questions will help you brush up on your subject knowledge. Practising Class 10 English question answers can significantly improve your performance in the board exam. Our solutions provide a clear idea of how to write the answers effectively. Improve your chances of scoring high marks by exploring Chapter 10: Sermon at Benares question answers now. The questions listed below are based on the latest CBSE exam pattern, wherein we have given NCERT solutions to the chapter’s extract based questions, multiple choice questions, short answer questions, and long answer questions.
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Also, practising with different kinds of questions can help students learn new ways to solve problems that they may not have seen before. This can ultimately lead to a deeper understanding of the subject matter and better performance on exams.
- The Sermon at Benares Chapter 10 Extract Based Questions
- The Sermon at Benares Multiple Choice Questions
- The Sermon at Benares Short Answer Questions
- Class 10 Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares Long Answer Questions
Chapter 10 Sermon at Benares Extract Based Questions
Extract-based questions are of the multiple-choice variety, and students must select the correct option for each question by carefully reading the passage.
A. “ GAUTAMA Buddha (563 B.C.- 483 B.C.) began life as a prince named Siddhartha Gautama, in northern India. At twelve, he was sent away for schooling in the Hindu sacred scriptures and four years later he returned home to marry a princess. They had a son and lived for ten years as befitted royalty.”
Q1. Who was Gautama Buddha?
Ans. Gautama Buddha was a prince born in North India.
Q2. What did Gautama Buddha study?
Ans. Gautama Buddha studied Hindu Sacred Scriptures.
Q3. Find the exact word from the extract which means ‘people of the royal family’. ‘
Ans. ‘Royalty’ from the extract means ‘people of the royal family’.
Q4. When did Gautama Buddha marry?
Ans. Gautam Buddha married after his schooling at the age of sixteen.
See Video of The Sermon at Benares Important Questions
B. “At about the age of twenty-five, the Prince, heretofore shielded from the sufferings of the world, while out hunting chanced upon a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession, and finally a monk begging for alms. These sights so moved him that he at once went out into the world to seek enlightenment concerning the sorrows he had witnessed.”
Q1. Why did Gautama Buddha go out to seek enlightenment?
Ans. Gautama Buddha was highly moved by seeing the sufferings of man. So he went out to seek enlightenment.
Q2. What did Gautama Buddha see while hunting?
Ans. Gautama Buddha chanced upon a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession, and finally a monk begging for alms while hunting.
Q3. Find the exact word from the extract which means ‘a state of high spiritual knowledge’.
Ans. ‘Enlightenment’ from the extract means ‘a state of high spiritual knowledge’.
Q4. Describe the thoughts of Gautam Buddha while he encountered the different stages of life.
Ans. Gautam Buddha was so upset and worried while encountering the different stages of life as a sickman, an aged man, a funeral and a monk begging for alms.
C. “He wandered for seven years and finally sat down under a peepal tree, where he vowed to stay until enlightenment came. Enlightened after seven days, he renamed the tree the Bodhi Tree and began to teach and to share his new understandings. At that point he became known as the Buddha.”
Q1. What was the name of the peepal tree under which Buddha sat?
Ans.The name of the peepal tree under which Buddha sat was Bodhi tree.
Q2. What did Buddha do while sitting under the tree?
Ans. Buddha began to teach and share his new understandings while sitting under the tree.
Q3. Find the exact word from the extract which means ‘solemnly promise to do a specified thing’.
Ans. ‘Vowed’ from the extract means ‘solemnly promise to do a specific thing’.
Q4. After how many days Gautam Buddha got enlightenment?
Ans. Gautam Buddha got enlightenment after seven days of his vow that he would sit until enlightenment came.
D. “The Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares, most holy of the dipping places on the River Ganges; that sermon has been preserved and is given here. It reflects the Buddha’s wisdom about one inscrutable kind of suffering. “ [CBSE 2014]
Q1. Where did Buddha preach his first sermon?
Ans. Buddha preached his first sermon at Benares.
Q2. What does the sermon preached by Buddha reflect?
Ans. It reflects Buddha’s wisdom about one inscrutable kind of suffering.
Q3. ‘Find the exact word from the extract which means impossible to understand’.
Ans. ‘Inscrutable’ from the extract means ‘impossible to understand’.
Q4. How is Benares described in the lesson?
Ans. Benares is described in the lesson as the most holy of the dipping places on the river Ganges.
E. “ Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, “Here is mustard-seed; take it!” But when she asked, “Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family?” they answered her, ‘Alas! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” And there was no house but some beloved one had died in it.”
Q1. Why did Kisa Gotami travel from house to house?
Ans. Kisa Gotami travelled from house to house to collect mustard seeds.
Q2. What did Kisa Gotami ask before taking the mustard seeds?
Ans. Kisa Gotami asked everyone before taking the mustard seeds whether a family member had ever died in their family or not.
Q3. Find the exact word from the extract which means ‘dearly loved’.
Ans. ‘Beloved’ from the extract means ‘dearly loved’.
Q4. What did people reply to Kisa Gotami when she asked about the death of a family member?
Ans. The people replied to Kisa Gotami that there was no house but some beloved one had died in it and she should not remind them of their deepest grief.
F. “Not from weeping nor from grieving will anyone obtain peace of mind; on the contrary, his pain will be greater and his body will suffer. He will make himself sick and pale, yet the dead are not saved by his lamentation. He who seeks peace should draw out the arrow of lamentation, and complaint, and grief.”
Q1. Who said these lines?
Ans. Buddha said these lines.
Q2. How can a person seek peace?
Ans. The person who seeks peace should draw out the arrow of lamentation, complaint and grief.
Q3. Find the exact word from the text which means ‘to express sadness about something’.
Q4. What effect does the weeping or grieving have on us?
Ans. Weeping or grieving makes our pain greater than before. The person will make himself sick and pale.
Multiple Choice Questions for Chapter 10 Sermon at Benares
- “Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, “Here is mustard seed; take it!” But when she asked, “Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family?” they answered her, “Alas! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief.””
The community’s response to Kisa Gautami in the above extract was somewhat different from before. Why do you think that was the case?
A. They had learnt from Buddha’s sermons.
B. They were able to help Kisa Gautami in some way this time.
C. They understood parental grief.
D. They liked Kisa and enjoyed talking to her.
2. Which of the following options represents the correct understanding of the word “poor” in the phrase “Poor Kisa Gotami”?
A. in need of money
3. “Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” The tone of the speaker(s) is
4. Pick the option that explains — ‘…the living few, but the dead many.’
A. It shows the high death rate and low birth rate in the city of Benares.
B. It highlights the holy status of Benares, where many Hindus go to die.
C. It throws light on the numerous loved ones the villagers had lost over time.
D. It reflects that many children had died in the village for various reasons.
5. Who wrote “The Sermon at Benares”?
A. Betty Smith
B. Betty Friedan
C. Betty White
D. Betty Renshaw
6. If the Buddha were a counsellor, which of the following options would you find in a brochure of his service?
A. Image (i)
B. Image (ii)
C. Image (iii)
D. Image (iv)
7. Which of the following statements cannot be attributed to the Buddha based on the chapter “ The Sermon at Benares”.
(i) Pain and grief are unavoidable and necessary.
(ii) The inevitability of death makes grieving futile.
(iii) The universality of grief and pain makes us sad.
(iv) Understanding that life is finite leads to wisdom.
A. (i) and (ii)
B. (i) and (iii)
C. (iii) and (iv)
D. (i) and (iv)
8. Chose the option that appropriately completes the following:
lamentation : grief :: _______ : _______
A. laughter : joke
B. discomfort : fear
C. celebration : joy
D. resignation: loss
9. According to the Buddha, peace of mind is attainable by those who
A. renounce worldly life like the Buddha
B. take out the arrow and become strong
C. grieve, suffer and then move on
D. recognise terms of life and let go of complaint
10. Choose the option that includes the most appropriate solutions for the blanks.
(i) The act of ______________ is not only pointless but (ii) rather _________, causing pain and suffering. It only serves to (iii) __________ peace of mind. (iv) __________ without complaint is crucial to well-being and peace.
A. grief, harmful, destroy, accepting
B. grieving, counterproductive, take away, acceptance
C. weeping, productive, take away, lamentation
D. grieving, harmful, destroying, lamenting
11. ‘Sermon At Benares’ is the story of an _______ woman Kisa Gotami who had lost her only child.
12. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“the sacred writings of a religion”
13. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“a state of high spiritual knowledge”
14. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“money or food given to poor people; charity”
15. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“ something which cannot be understood ”
16. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“ deep sorrow ”
17. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“ deathlessness ”
17. Choose the most suitable meaning of the given word/words.
“ deathlessness ”
18. The Bodhi Tree means a tree of _______.
19. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon at the holy place of ______.
A. Bodh Gaya
20. What is the moral of the story,’ The Sermon at Benares’?
A. “Anger is the greatest enemy of everyone”
B. “No matter how bad a person is, he can change.”
C. “One should understand that human beings are mortal and no one can escape death.”
D. “ Everyone should respect women.”
The Sermon at Benares Short Answer Questions (including questions from Previous years Question Papers)
In this post we are also providing important short answer questions from the chapter Sermon at Benares for CBSE Class 10 Boards in the coming session. These questions have been taken from previous years class 10 Board exams and the year is mentioned in the bracket along with the question.
Q1. Why did Prince Siddhartha leave the palace and become a beggar? [CBSE 2012]
Ans.. When Prince Siddhartha was out hunting, he once came upon a sick man, an elderly man, a funeral procession, and a monk who was pleading for charity. Upon seeing this, he decided to leave the palace and seek enlightenment by becoming a beggar.
Q2. What do you know about the early life of Buddha?
Ans.. Gautama Buddha was born in a royal family. His childhood name was Siddhartha. At the age of 12, he was sent away for schooling in Hindu sacred scriptures and four years later he got married to a princess.
Q3. Where did Buddha preach his first sermon?
Ans.. Gautama Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares, which is regarded as the holiest of the bathing places on the river Ganges.
Q4. How did Kisa Gotami realise that life and death is a process? [CBSE 2016]
Ans. Kisa Gotami searched from home to home but was unable to locate a single residence where no one had perished. She sat down by the side of the road, exhausted and dejected, and watched the city lights as they flickered on and off again. She came to the realisation that, like city lights, human lives also briefly glimmer before going out again.
Q5. What was the effect of the sufferings of the world on Buddha?
Ans. At the age of 25, while hunting, one day Buddha saw a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession and finally a monk begging for alms. These moved him so much that he went out into the world to seek enlightenment.
Q6. According to Kisa Gotami what is the greatest grief of life? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. The death of a loved one and being powerless to prevent their passing, in the opinion of Kisa Gotami, is the greatest anguish a person may experience in life. Consequently, the intelligent should not weep about it rather than bemoaning it. Crying will only make a person’s agony worse and disrupt their state of mind.
Q7. Why was Kisa Gotami sad? What did she do in her hour of grief?
Ans. Kisa Gotami was sad over the death of her only son. In the hour of grief, she went door to door in order to find medicine for her son that could bring him to life.
Q8. What did the Buddha do after he had attained enlightenment?
Ans. When Buddha attained enlightenment, he started preaching and telling people about life and its meaning. He spread his preachings far and wide so that people.
Q9. What does the Buddha say about the world ? [Board Term-II, 2012 Set (2017)]
Ans. The Buddha says that everything in this world is subject to death. He further says that the world is deeply affected by suffering, disease or pain. Inevitably there is death and decay.
Q10. What did the Buddha do after he had attained enlightenment ? Why ?
Ans. Prince Siddhartha Gautama was deeply pained by the sufferings he saw around him and left the house to seek the truth of life. He finally sat under the peepal tree to meditate after seven years of roaming and eventually attained enlightenment. After gaining insight into the law governing the cycle of life and death, “The Buddha” went out to spread that knowledge throughout the globe in order to ease the suffering of humans.
Q11. What is the significance of the Buddha’s request for a handful of mustard seeds and the addition of a condition to it? [CBSE SQP 2021-22]
Ans. Buddha added a condition that the seeds must be from such a house which had not lost a beloved. He wanted to make Kisa realize that the loss of a beloved one is the harsh truth of life which is borne by all mortals and one must learn to accept it.
Class 10 First Flight Book Chapter 10 Sermon at Benares Long Answer Questions
Q1. Life is full of trials and tribulations. Kisa Gotami also passes through a period of grief in her life. How does she behave in those circumstances? [CBSE 2013]
Life is full of trials and tribulations which can be overcome by a human being through his own efforts. Explain with reference to Kisa Gotami’s life.(100-150 words) [CBSE SQP 2019-20]
Ans. Kisa Gotami’s only kid passed away, and she was devastated. She carried her lifeless infant to her neighbours so they might give him medicine to revive him. She was unwilling to accept the death, and her neighbours believed she had become insane. Someone then proposed that she meet Gautama Buddha. She received an exercise from Gautama Buddha when they first met. She was asked to collect mustard seeds from a house where no one has ever died. She searched every home but couldn’t find a single one where nobody had passed away. In this way, she came to understand that everyone who is born will eventually pass away.
Q2. Personal losses are a part and parcel of life. Instead of wailing on them, we should move on in life. This message of Gautama Buddha has become more relevant in modern times. Do you agree ? Why /why not? [CBSE 2015]
Grief is often seen as a measure of love. Do you think the Buddha’s sermon undermines a mother’s love? Justify your response
Ans. Buddha’s sermon does not undermine a mother’s love. I concur with the philosophy of life that Gautama Buddha has presented. People today have a lot to discover and move at the same pace as the rest of the world. People will experience stress if they don’t grasp the realities of life, which will negatively impact both their personal and professional lives. Humans must realise that everyone who is born will eventually have to pass away. Being depressed or crying over the loss serves no purpose. In such circumstances, people should maintain their composure and serenity. They ought to accept the facts and continue living.
Q3. What did Buddha say about death and suffering?
Ans. Following his enlightenment, Buddha began to share his teachings on topics such as life, truth, and other related topics. He stated that suffering and death are inevitable parts of life. No one can escape this reality. One day everyone must meet their predestined demise. Everyone who has ever lived will eventually pass away. One must maintain composure and serenity during a time of sadness to avoid becoming overpowered by it. Those who are wise never whine or mourn their losses. People are blessed by the truth after accepting it. Therefore, the wisdom is in not allowing people to become troubled by pain, suffering, and death.
Q4. How do you usually understand the idea of selfishness ? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was ‘selfish’ in her grief ? Is it natural for people to be selfish at times ?
Ans. Selfishness is defined as acting solely in one’s own best interests or having one’s own interests at heart. The selfish desire of Kisa Gotami to bring her dead son back to life. She had been rendered oblivious by her mother’s affection. She made a mistake by seeking that. She was blind to life’s realities. Selfishness is very normal for everyone at times. It is improper when this ambition starts to harm other people or when the expectations start to seem unreasonable. Everyone has a small amount of selfishness, and this is just natural.
Q5. “Not from weeping nor from grieving will anyone obtain peace of mind’.
If you had to use the message of the given quote from the Buddha’s sermon (The Sermon at Benares) to help the boy cope with the loss of his ball and what it signifies (The Ball Poem), what would you include in your advice? Also, evaluate why it might be difficult for him to understand the notion.
Ans. The Buddha’s teaching that no one will find peace of mind via crying or sorrow can be used to assist the youngster in “The Ball Poem” in dealing with the loss of his ball. I would suggest these things to the boy, among other things:
- Help the boy to realise that while his sentiments of sadness and loss are understandable and acceptable, they won’t make him feel better.
- Describe how letting go of attachments and concentrating on the present moment might help one reach inner peace of mind.
- Encourage the young boy to engage in activities that will help him become more calm and more accepting, such as mindfulness, meditation, or simply being present and aware of one’s thoughts and feelings.
- Tell the boy that life is full of loss and that things come and go. Advise him to avoid obsessing on the loss of his ball and instead think of the good times and experiences he shared with it.
Because the boy is still young and may not fully comprehend the nature of emotions and attachment, it may be challenging for the boy to comprehend the idea that peace of mind cannot be attained through mourning or sobbing.Young children may require assistance and support in learning how to develop emotional resilience and a sense of inner peace since they may find it difficult to distinguish between expressing their emotions and finding happiness. The best way to assist a child cope with loss is to listen to them, acknowledge their feelings, and provide support and advice while they find their own road to inner peace.
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