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The Sermon at Benares Important Questions of 1, 2, 3, and 5 Markers CBSE Class 10 English Chapter 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Book Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares Important Questions

Here are The Sermon at Benares important questions of 1, 2, 3 and 5 Marks for CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Book Chapter 10.  The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practiceClass 10 English important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers. Take Free Online MCQ Test forClass 10

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Class 10 English The Sermon at Benares MCQs (1 Marks)

(A) Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, “Here is mustard-seed; take it!” But when she asked, “Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family?” they answered her, “Alas! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” And there was no house but some beloved one had died in it.

1. The community’s response to Kisa in the above extract was somewhat different from before. Why do you think that was the case?
a) They had learned from Buddha’s sermons.
b) They were able to help Kisa in some way this time.
c) They understood parental grief.
d) They liked Kisa and enjoyed talking to her.
Ans - b) They were able to help Kisa in some way this time.


2. Which of the following options represent the correct understanding of the word “poor” in the phrase “Poor Kisa Gotami”?
a) in need of money
b) weak
c) unfortunate
d) inferior
Ans - c) unfortunate


3. “Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” The tone of the speaker(s) is
a) disillusioned.
b) skeptical.
c) ironic.
d) solemn.
Ans - d) solemn.

4. Pick the option that explains — ‘…the living few, but the dead many.’
a) It shows the high death rate and low birth rate in the city of Benares.
b) It highlights the holy status of Benares where many Hindus go to die.
c) It throws light on the numerous loved ones the villagers had lost over time.
d) It reflects that many children had died in the village for various reasons.
Ans - c) It throws light on the numerous loved ones the villagers had lost over time.


5. Imagine you are a photojournalist visiting the city at the time Kisa Gotami went from house to house. You documented her experience given in the above extract in a photo series. Your publisher wants to publish the photo series in three parts wherein Part 1 shows Kisa’s visits to the houses; Part 2 depicts her conversations with people, and Part 3 captures Kisa’s reflections at the end of the day sitting by the wayside. The publisher would also like you to choose titles for the series and its three parts.

Look at the titles given below and choose the options that provide the most appropriate set of titles.


1) Series Title – From Darkness to Light.

  1. Part I – Living in Loss; Part II – A Mother’s Journey; Part III – Mustard Seed

2) Series Title – Mustard Seed.

  1. Part I – A Mother’s Journey; Part II – From Darkness to Light; Part III – Living in Loss

3) Series Title – A Mother’s Journey.

  1. Part I – Mustard Seed; Part II – Living in Loss; Part III – From Darkness to Light

4) Series Title – Living in Loss.

  1. Part I – From Darkness to Light; Part II – Mustard Seed; Part III – A Mother’s Journey'''

a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 3 and 4
d) 1 and 4'
Ans - b) 2 and 3

(B) Not from weeping nor from grieving will any one obtain peace of mind; on the contrary, his pain will be the greater and his body will suffer… He who seeks peace should draw out the arrow of lamentation, and complaint, and grief. He who has drawn out the arrow and has become composed will obtain peace of mind.”


1. If the Buddha were a counsellor, which of the following options would you find in a brochure of his service?

a) Image (i)
b) Image (ii)
c) Image (iii)
d) Image (iv)
Ans - c) Image (iii)

2. Which of the following statements cannot be attributed to the Buddha based on the given extract?
(i) Pain and grief are unavoidable and necessary.
(ii) The inevitability of death makes grieving futile.
(iii) Universality of grief and pain makes us sad.
(iv) Understanding that life is finite leads to wisdom.
a) (i) and (ii)
b) (i) and (iii)
c) (iii) and (iv)
d) (i) and (iv)
Ans - b) (i) and (iii)


3. Chose the option that appropriately completes the following—
lamentation : grief :: _______ : _______
(a) laughter : joke
(b) discomfort : fear
(c) celebration : joy
(d) resignation: loss
Ans - (c) celebration : joy


4. According to the Buddha, peace of mind is attainable by those who
a) renounce worldly life like the Buddha
b) take out the arrow and become strong
c) grieve, suffer and then move on
d) recognize terms of life and let go of complaint
Ans - d) recognize terms of life and let go of complaint


5. The given extract is paraphrased below. Choose the option that includes the most appropriate solutions for the blanks.
(i) The act of ______________ is not only pointless but (ii) rather _________, causing pain and suffering. It only serves to (iii) __________ peace of mind. (iv) __________ without complaint is crucial to well-being and peace.
a) grief, harmful, destroy, accepting
b) grieving, counterproductive, take away, acceptance
c) weeping, productive, take away, lamentation
d) grieving, harmful, destroy, lamenting.
Ans - b) grieving, counterproductive, take away, acceptance


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The Sermon at Benares 2 Marks Questions (20 to 30 words)


1. Elucidate any one quality that Siddhartha demonstrated when he gave up his status and family. Explain your choice.
Ans. Siddhartha demonstrated compassion. He felt sympathetic towards others. He wanted to know the reason behind people’s sufferings. He gave up the princely life in search of the truth.

2. Do you think being enlightened placed a far greater responsibility on the Buddha than being king would have? Justify your stance.
Ans. - As Buddha, he owned the responsibility of preaching and educating the people about the truth that he had realized. Even a king takes care of his people. But as Buddha, his responsibility was greater because everyone was affected by it.

3. The Buddha renounced his worldly life to attain enlightenment. How might the sermon at Benares have helped Siddhartha Gautama’s wife if she had heard it?
Ans. - The sermon at Benares would help her just like it helped the other disciples. She would also get to know the biggest truth of life.

4. How can death be considered an equalizer?
Ans.- Death ends suffering for the person. It is the ultimate truth because everyone has to die one day. It ends all the materialistic needs and wants of a soul. So, we can call it an equalizer.




The Sermon at Benares 3 Marks Questions (40 to 50 words)

1. Kisa understood the temporality of life as she sat at the wayside watching the city lights. Can you think of any other object or phenomenon, natural or manmade, that might similarly reflect the fragile nature of human life? Justify your choice.
Ans.- Other natural phenomena which indicate the temporality of life are earthquakes, floods, cloudbursts. These are sudden happenings and cannot be predicted. The amount of damage and destruction caused can be immense. Thus, they imply that life is temporary.


2. Grief is often seen as a measure of love. Do you think the Buddha’s sermon undermines a mother’s love? Justify your response.
Ans. - Kisa was a mother who had lost her only child. She was in grief and was unable to accept this great loss. Buddha’s sermon does not undermine a mother’s love. It tries to make the mother realize the bitter truth of life. She has to accept this harsh reality.


3. What message might the Buddha’s story hold for those who are in positions of power and privilege?
Ans.  - The story gives a message that life is temporary and death is inevitable. It can happen to anyone – rich or poor, old or young. So, we must do noble deeds, help the downtrodden and not misuse our powers and privileges.



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The Sermon at Benares 5 Marks Questions (100 to 120 words)


1. Read the given quote by actor Jim Carrey.

Can you relate this to the Buddha’s life before and after he attained enlightenment? Provide examples from the text to support your answer.
Ans - Yes, the quote relates to Buddha’s life.
He was a prince and lived a royal life. Then he saw people suffering and realized that wealth was meaningless because so many people were suffering.
He gave up all worldly comforts to attain enlightenment. Then he got to know the truth of life.
Thus, his life shows that a person is rich, enjoys worldly comforts, and then realizes that it is worthless. Then he renounces everything to preach the truth that has dawned upon him.


2. Sermon at Benares could just as well be considered another glimpse of India. If it were part of the story ‘Glimpses of India’, what ideas, values, and/ or experiences would it highlight? How would you present this historical part of India?
Ans - We could present this Historical part of India as “The Spiritual Benares”.
Benares city is considered holy due to the holy Ganga river.
Gautam Buddha history can be added
The first sermon was delivered at Benares.
Add teachings and Kisa’s story.
Conclude with Buddhism and India relation – Bodh Gaya, Benares, Sarnath.


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