The Sermon at Benares Important Questions 1, 2, 3, and 5 Markers of Class 10 English Chapter 10

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The Sermon at Benares Important Questions

 

The Sermon at Benares Important Question Answers Class 10 English Chapter 10 From First Flight Book

The Sermon at Benares Important Questions – Here is The Sermon at Benares important questions of 1, 2, 3, and 5 Marks for CBSE Class 10 English First Flight Book Chapter 10.  The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 10 English important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers. Take Free Online MCQ Test for Class 10

 

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Class 10 English The Sermon at Benares MCQs (1 Marks)

 

(A) Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, “Here is mustard-seed; take it!” But when she asked, “Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family?” they answered her, “Alas! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” And there was no house but some beloved one had died in it.

1. The community’s response to Kisa in the above extract was somewhat different from before. Why do you think that was the case?
a) They had learned from Buddha’s sermons.
b) They were able to help Kisa in some way this time.
c) They understood parental grief.
d) They liked Kisa and enjoyed talking to her.
Ans – b) They were able to help Kisa in some way this time.

2. Which of the following options represent the correct understanding of the word “poor” in the phrase “Poor Kisa Gotami”?
a) in need of money
b) weak
c) unfortunate
d) inferior
Ans – c) unfortunate

3. “Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” The tone of the speaker(s) is
a) disillusioned.
b) skeptical.
c) ironic.
d) solemn.
Ans – d) solemn.

4. Pick the option that explains — ‘…the living few, but the dead many.’
a) It shows the high death rate and low birth rate in the city of Benares.
b) It highlights the holy status of Benares where many Hindus go to die.
c) It throws light on the numerous loved ones the villagers had lost over time.
d) It reflects that many children had died in the village for various reasons.
Ans – c) It throws light on the numerous loved ones the villagers had lost over time.

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5. Imagine you are a photojournalist visiting the city at the time Kisa Gotami went from house to house. You documented her experience given in the above extract in a photo series. Your publisher wants to publish the photo series in three parts wherein Part 1 shows Kisa’s visits to the houses; Part 2 depicts her conversations with people, and Part 3 captures Kisa’s reflections at the end of the day sitting by the wayside. The publisher would also like you to choose titles for the series and its three parts.

Look at the titles given below and choose the options that provide the most appropriate set of titles.

 

1) Series Title – From Darkness to Light.

  1. Part I – Living in Loss; Part II – A Mother’s Journey; Part III – Mustard Seed

2) Series Title – Mustard Seed.

  1. Part I – A Mother’s Journey; Part II – From Darkness to Light; Part III – Living in Loss

3) Series Title – A Mother’s Journey.

  1. Part I – Mustard Seed; Part II – Living in Loss; Part III – From Darkness to Light

4) Series Title – Living in Loss.

  1. Part I – From Darkness to Light; Part II – Mustard Seed; Part III – A Mother’s Journey”’

a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 3 and 4
d) 1 and 4′
Ans – b) 2 and 3

(B) Not from weeping nor from grieving will any one obtain peace of mind; on the contrary, his pain will be the greater and his body will suffer… He who seeks peace should draw out the arrow of lamentation, and complaint, and grief. He who has drawn out the arrow and has become composed will obtain peace of mind.”

 

1. If the Buddha were a counsellor, which of the following options would you find in a brochure of his service?

a) Image (i)
b) Image (ii)
c) Image (iii)
d) Image (iv)
Ans – c) Image (iii)

2. Which of the following statements cannot be attributed to the Buddha based on the given extract?
(i) Pain and grief are unavoidable and necessary.
(ii) The inevitability of death makes grieving futile.
(iii) Universality of grief and pain makes us sad.
(iv) Understanding that life is finite leads to wisdom.
a) (i) and (ii)
b) (i) and (iii)
c) (iii) and (iv)
d) (i) and (iv)
Ans – b) (i) and (iii)

 

3. Chose the option that appropriately completes the following—
lamentation : grief :: _______ : _______
(a) laughter : joke
(b) discomfort : fear
(c) celebration : joy
(d) resignation: loss
Ans – (c) celebration : joy

 

4. According to the Buddha, peace of mind is attainable by those who
a) renounce worldly life like the Buddha
b) take out the arrow and become strong
c) grieve, suffer and then move on
d) recognize terms of life and let go of complaint
Ans – d) recognize terms of life and let go of complaint

 

5. The given extract is paraphrased below. Choose the option that includes the most appropriate solutions for the blanks.
(i) The act of ______________ is not only pointless but (ii) rather _________, causing pain and suffering. It only serves to (iii) __________ peace of mind. (iv) __________ without complaint is crucial to well-being and peace.
a) grief, harmful, destroy, accepting
b) grieving, counterproductive, take away, acceptance
c) weeping, productive, take away, lamentation
d) grieving, harmful, destroy, lamenting.
Ans – b) grieving, counterproductive, take away, acceptance

 

The Sermon at Benares Related Links –

 

The Sermon at Benares Summary, Explanation, Question AnswersThe Sermon at Benares Video Explanation
The Sermon at Benares MCQs VideoThe Sermon at Benares MCQs
The Sermon at Benares Important Questions Video 

 

 

The Sermon at Benares 2 Marks Questions (20 to 30 words)

 

1. Elucidate any one quality that Siddhartha demonstrated when he gave up his status and family. Explain your choice.
Ans. Siddhartha demonstrated compassion. He felt sympathetic towards others. He wanted to know the reason behind people’s suffering. He gave up the princely life in search of the truth.

2. Do you think being enlightened placed a far greater responsibility on the Buddha than being king would have? Justify your stance.
Ans. – As Buddha, he owned the responsibility of preaching and educating the people about the truth that he had realized. Even a king takes care of his people. But as Buddha, his responsibility was greater because everyone was affected by it.

3. The Buddha renounced his worldly life to attain enlightenment. How might the sermon at Benares have helped Siddhartha Gautama’s wife if she had heard it?
Ans. – The sermon at Benares would help her just like it helped the other disciples. She would also get to know the biggest truth of life.

4. How can death be considered an equalizer?
Ans.- Death ends suffering for the person. It is the ultimate truth because everyone has to die one day. It ends all the materialistic needs and wants of a soul. So, we can call it an equalizer.

 

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The Sermon at Benares 3 Marks Questions (40 to 50 words)

 

1. Kisa understood the temporality of life as she sat at the wayside watching the city lights. Can you think of any other object or phenomenon, natural or manmade, that might similarly reflect the fragile nature of human life? Justify your choice.
Ans.- Other natural phenomena which indicate the temporality of life are earthquakes, floods, cloudbursts. These are sudden happenings and cannot be predicted. The amount of damage and destruction caused can be immense. Thus, they imply that life is temporary.

 

2. Grief is often seen as a measure of love. Do you think the Buddha’s sermon undermines a mother’s love? Justify your response.
Ans. – Kisa was a mother who had lost her only child. She was in grief and was unable to accept this great loss. Buddha’s sermon does not undermine a mother’s love. It tries to make the mother realize the bitter truth of life. She has to accept this harsh reality.

 

3. What message might the Buddha’s story hold for those who are in positions of power and privilege?
Ans.  – The story gives a message that life is temporary and death is inevitable. It can happen to anyone – rich or poor, old or young. So, we must do noble deeds, help the downtrodden and not misuse our powers and privileges.

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Important Videos Links

 

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The Sermon at Benares Important Questions (5 Marks 100 to 120 words)

 

Q1. Read the given quote by actor Jim Carrey.

Can you relate this to the Buddha’s life before and after he attained enlightenment? Provide examples from the text to support your answer.
Ans – Yes, the quote relates to Buddha’s life.
He was a prince and lived a royal life. Then he saw people suffering and realized that wealth was meaningless because so many people were suffering.
He gave up all worldly comforts to attain enlightenment. Then he got to know the truth of life.
Thus, his life shows that a person is rich, enjoys worldly comforts, and then realizes that it is worthless. Then he renounces everything to preach the truth that has dawned upon him.

 

Q2. Sermon at Benares could just as well be considered another glimpse of India. If it were part of the story ‘Glimpses of India’, what ideas, values, and/ or experiences would it highlight? How would you present this historical part of India?
Ans – We could present this Historical part of India as “The Spiritual Benares”.
Benares city is considered holy due to the holy Ganga river.
Gautam Buddha history can be added
The first sermon was delivered at Benares.
Add teachings and Kisa’s story.
Conclude with Buddhism and India relation – Bodh Gaya, Benares, Sarnath.

 

Q3. What lesson did Kisa learn?

                        or

“The life of mortals in this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain……………” With this statement of the Buddha, find out the moral value that Kisa learnt after the death of her child.

 

Important Points-

Kisa Gotami devastated by only son’s death.

Went for help from door to door.

Directed to Sakyamuni, asked to bring a handful of mustard seeds. She had hope that her son could be saved.

Condition imposed- seeds from such a house which has not lost loved ones to death.

Search was futile

She realized the bitter truth – sorrows are a part of life and one can get peace by acceptance

Everything is subject to death. 

The wise do not grieve.

Neither weeping nor grieving can give one peace of mind.

 

Q4. How did Kisa Gotami realize that life and death is a normal process?

 

Important Points-

When Kisa did not find even a single home that had not lost a beloved to death, she realized that death is inevitable. She realized that the entire world is in pain and suffering. Acceptance is the only way out of this suffering.

 

Q5. How did Buddha teach Kisa Gotami the truth of life?

 

Important Points-

Kisa’s only child was dead but she was not able to accept this.

She reached Buddha, he asked her to get a handful of mustard seeds. She was glad that these would save her son. He added a condition that the seeds should be from such a house that has not lost a child, husband, parent or friend.

She could not find any such house.

Wherever she went, they said that she had reminded them of their deepest grief.

Thus, Kisa realized the ultimate truth of life, that death is inevitable, every mortal has to die. Life is full of pain and suffering. Acceptance is the only way to get peace of mind.

 

Q6. How do you usually understand the idea of ‘selfishness’? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was being selfish in her grief?

 

Important Points-

Selfishness – when one is only concerned about oneself

Kisa – only concerned of her grief.

Loved her son, he was dead, she wanted to bring him back to life.

When she saw that so many people are suffering the loss of loved ones, she realized that she was being selfish. Finally she accepted that life is troubled with pain and suffering. 

 

Q7. What made Kisa Gotami compare the man’s life with the lights of the city?

 

Important Points-

Kisa sat by the road, sad, weary, hopeless.

Looked at the city pondering over the fate of mankind. Saw the flickering lights followed by darkness. 

She drew a similarity between man’s life and city lights – both grew, flickered and extinguished. 

Thus, she became aware of the truth of life.

 

Q8. Through ‘The Sermon at Benaras’ Lord Buddha exhorts us that death is inevitable and we need to overcome the suffering and pain that follows after the death of a dear and near one. How did Gautam Buddha explain this truth of life in his sermon?

 

Important Points-

Life – ripe fruits (danger of falling).

Mortals in danger of death. Earthen pots bound to break.

Dead do not come back to life by grieving or lamenting.

Peace of mind by overcoming grief.

Wise – do not grieve – life is temporary.

Death is common to all – understanding this makes it easier to accept the loss of a loved one.

 

Q9. Why did Buddha choose Benaras to preach his first sermon?

 

Important Points-

Most holy place, on banks of sacred river Ganges

Many people come to get rid of sorrows and sufferings, to repent for their sins. 

Buddha wanted to lessen their sorrows and sufferings and so, he chose Benaras.

 

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