The Full form of ART is Antiretroviral Therapy. ART is a treatment that suppresses or stops a retrovirus. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the retrovirus that causes AIDS. Retroviruses are so named because they carry their genetic information in the form of Ribonucleic acid (RNA) rather than Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) so that the information must be transcribed in “reverse” direction, from RNA into DNA. Antiretroviral Therapy is the use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection. ART is recommended for everyone who has HIV. It helps people with HIV live healthier, longer lives and reduces the risk of HIV transmission. People with HIV should start the therapy as soon as possible. It is especially important to start ART right away in conditions such as; pregnancy, AIDS, coinfections, certain HIV-related illnesses and early HIV infection (early HIV infection is the period up to 6 months after infection with HIV). Before starting the treatment, one should tell his doctor about all of his past health issues and illnesses. A person should also inform his doctor about any alternative or complementary therapies he is using, as well as any supplements or drugs he is taking now. Daily medication and regular testing can help keep the virus under control and slow the effects on the body for many years.