## NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population

Population – Given in this post is NCERT Solutions Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population Important Question Answers. The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the exam. The NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Science (Geography) provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers.

#### Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) (1 Mark)

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are a type of objective assessment in which a person is asked to choose one or more correct answers from a list of available options. An MCQ presents a question along with several possible answers.

Q1 From which of the following do we get information regarding the population of our country?

A Textbooks

B Survey of India

C Census

D Geological Survey of India

Ans C Census

Q2 India accounts for what percentage of the world population as per March 2011?

A 1.02 per cent

B 16.7 per cent

C 3.28 per cent

D 17.5 per cent

Ans D 17.5 per cent

Q3 Why is it important to know how many people are there in a country, where do they live, how and why their numbers are increasing and what are their characteristics?

A Population is the pivotal element in social studies

B To exploit the natural resources of the country

C Human beings are producers and consumers of resources

D None of the above

Ans C Human beings are producers and consumers of resources

Q4 Which state has the lowest population?

C Goa

D Sikkim

Ans D Sikkim

Q5 Almost half of India’s population lives in just five states. Which one of the following is not one of them

A Maharashtra

B Bihar

C West Bengal

Q6 The average number of persons per unit area, such as a square kilometre, is termed as which of the following?

A Population distribution

B Population density

C Absolute population

D Population growth

Ans B Population density

Q7 What percentage of India’s population lives in Rajasthan, the biggest state in terms of area?

A 16.16 per cent

B 8.02 per cent

C 6 per cent

D 7.8 per cent

Ans C 6 per cent

Q8 Which of the following union territories of India has a very low population?

A Andaman and Nicobar

C Chandigarh

D Pondicherry

Q9 Which one of the following countries has higher population density than India?

A China

D Korea

Q10 Which of the following states of India has a moderate population density?

A Jammu and Kashmir

B Rajasthan

C Chhattisgarh

Q11 Which of the following reasons is responsible for uneven population distribution in India?

A Variations in topography or relief in different parts of India

B Variations in climate and rainfall distribution

C Variations in the rate of industrialisation and urbanisation

D All of the above

Ans D All of the above.

Q12 Which one of the following is not one of the factors that resulted in high density of population in the Northern Plains?

A Flat plains with fertile soil

B Rich mineral deposits

C Abundant rainfall

D Suitable conditions for agriculture

Ans B Rich mineral deposits

Q13 What do a large number of adolescent girls in India suffer from?

A Jaundice

B Anaemia

C Typhoid

D Dengue

Ans B Anaemia

Q14 Which of the following statements about population is correct?

A Population is a dynamic phenomenon

B The number, distribution and composition of population are static

C Population of a country always increases with time

D Migrations do not affect the population of a country

Ans A Population is a dynamic phenomenon

Q15 Which of the following statements about population growth between 1951 to 1981 is true?

A The annual rate of population growth was gradually decreasing

B The annual rate of population growth was steadily increasing

C The annual rate of population growth was static

D Census reports were not available for all decades

Ans B The annual rate of population growth was steadily increasing

Q16 The change in the number of inhabitants of a country during a specific period of time is referred to by which of the following terms?

A Density of population

B Age composition

C Population growth

D Absolute population

Ans C Population growth

Q17 The rate or pace of population increase per year is referred to as which of the following?

A Absolute increase

B Magnitude of increase

C Annual growth rate

D Population change

Ans C Annual growth rate

Q18 Which among the following is included in the policy framework of NPP 2000?

A Imparting free and compulsory school education above 14 years age

B Reducing infant mortality rate

C Achieving universal immunisation of children against all vaccine preventable diseases

D All of these

Ans D All of these

Q19 What is the rank of India among the population of different countries of the world?

A First

B Second

C Third

D Fourth

Ans B Second

Q20 What is sex ratio?

A Number of females per thousand males

B Number of females per hundred males

C The study of population growth

D Difference between birth rate and death rate

Ans. A Number of females per thousand males

Q21 The main cause for the high growth of our population is

A Rise in death rate

B Decrease in birth rate

C Decline of death rate

D None of these

Ans C Decline of death rate

Q22 A large proportion of children in a population is a result of:

A High birth rate

B High death rate

C High life expectancies

D More married couples

Ans A High birth rate

Q23 Which of the following factors are responsible for sparse population?

A Flat plains and abundant rainfall

B Rugged terrain and unfavourable climate

C Fertile soil and abundant rain fall

D Rugged terrain and favourable climate

Ans B Rugged terrain and unfavourable climate

Q24 The magnitude of population growth refers to:

A The total population of an area

B The number of persons added each year

C The rate at which the population increases

D The number of females per thousand males

Ans B The number of persons added each year

Q25 Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in

A the area of departure

B the area of arrival

C both the area of departure and arrival

D none of the above

Ans C both the area of departure and arrival

#### Very Short Answer Questions (1 Mark)

Q1 Why are people considered an important part of society?

Ans. People have a significant role in the development of the economy and society, as well as the production and consumption of resources. The resources are produced and consumed by people.

Q2 ‘Population is the pivotal element in social studies’. How?

Ans. Population serves as the baseline against which all other aspects are measured and from which they get value and meaning.

Q3 What do you mean by size and distribution of population?

Ans. Population size is the total number of people present at a specific location and time. Population distribution refers to where people are located throughout different regions.

Q4 Mention the different components of population quality.

Ans. Age, sex composition, literacy levels, occupational structure and health conditions are the different components of population quality.

Q5 Give two reasons why the population density is low in some areas.

Ans. Rugged terrain and unfavourable climate are the two reasons.

Q6 Which Indian regions have moderate population density?

Ans. The North eastern and peninsular regions have moderate population density.

Q7 Give reasons for moderate population density in peninsular states.

Ans. Shallow and less fertile soil, moderate to low rainfall, hilly, rocky and dissected nature of the terrain are some factors.

Q8 What is the process involved in population change?

OR

What are the three processes involved in the change of numbers, distribution and composition of the population?

Ans. Births, deaths and migrations are the processes involved in population change.

Q9 Mention two ways through which population change could be expressed.

Ans. The two ways to express population change include absolute number and percentage change per year.

Q10 Which is the major component of population growth in India? Why?

Ans. Birth rate is the major component of growth in India because birth rates have always been higher than death rates.

Q11 What do you understand by the term ‘age composition”?

Ans. The age composition of a population refers to the number of people in different age groups in a country.

Q12 What benefits have to be provided to children below 15 years?

Ans. Children below 15 years are economically unproductive and need to be provided with food, clothing. education and medical care.

Q13 Which age groups are considered ‘non-producers’?

Ans. The children below 15 years and the aged above 59 years are considered non producers.

Q14 In whose favour has the sex ratio been in the country?

Ans. The sex ratio in the country has always remained favorable to males and unfavorable to females.

Q15 What do you understand about the term “literacy”?

Ans. Literacy relates to the quality of being able to read and write in any language.

Q16 What is the literacy rate of India as per the 2011 census?

Ans. 73% (80.9% for males and 64.6% for females).

Q17 Why do differences exist in the literary level of males and females in India?

Ans. As more preference is given to males as compared to females. Males are considered as earning members, so they are more literate.

Q18 Name one social indicator and one economic indicator of population composition.

Ans. One important social indicator is sex ratio and economic indicator is occupational structure.

Q19 What is occupational structure?

Ans. The distribution of the population according to different types of occupations is referred to as the occupational structure.

Q20 Mention the classification of occupations.

Ans. Occupations are classified in primary, secondary and tertiary activities.

#### Short Answer Questions (3 Marks)

Q1 What are the three major issues inculcated through the census?

Ans.  The following three main issues are propagated by census:

1. Population size and distribution: It describes the number of people and their locations in a certain area.
2. The terms “population growth” and “population change processes” refer to how the population has evolved over time.
3. The age, sex, composition, literacy rates, occupational structure, and health conditions of the population can all be determined.

Q2 Define census. What is the importance of the study of population?

Ans. A census is a count of a nation’s population. In India, a census is conducted every ten years. About the occupants of the households, numerous types of data are gathered. The government offers information on the sex ratio, literacy, birth and death rates, and other crucial population characteristics based on this data. Estimating the total labour force available for production and the total amount of products and services needed for their consumption is the fundamental purpose of demographic studies.

Q3 Describe the distribution of population in India.

Ans.  1. As of March 2011, India had a population of 1,210,6 million. Over 3.28 million square kilometres 2, these 1.21 billion individuals are dispersed unevenly.

1. The people are separated into:
• Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh all have very dense populations.
• Sikkim, Lakshadweep, Rajasthan, and Arunachal Pradesh all have very low populations.
• States with a medium population, such as Assam and the peninsular states.
1. Fertile, level ground and a pleasant climate are to blame for the dense population. On the other hand, people cannot reside in steep parts of low-rainfall countries.

Q4 What were the causes of the uneven population in India?

Ans. The following factors contribute to the uneven distribution of India’s population:

1. Land relief: Population is low in areas with mountains and rough relief: The population density is favoured by flat and rich soil.
2. Climate: Population density is lower in cold, hot, and dry climates. More people reside in locations with suitable climates.
3. The population is concentrated in areas with greater industrial growth since there are more jobs available. Additionally, the transportation options support population expansion.

Q5 How does migration play an important role in population growth? Explain the ‘pull’ and ‘push’ factors of migration.

Ans. 1. Migration causes the percentage of the population to steadily rise, especially in cities and towns. In addition to altering population numbers, it also alters demographic makeup.

1. The movement or migration of people into cities as a result of greater employment, educational, and living options constitutes the city’s pull factor.
2. Because of unfavourable situations like unemployment and poverty in the villages, people are migrating from rural to urban areas.

Q6 What has been the impact of urbanisation in India? Mention three features.

Ans. The impact of urbanisation in India:

1. The shortage of amenities like housing, sanitization, water, power, and education, among others, is a result of rapid urbanisation. There are generated slums and other social tensions. There is a rise in crime.
2. Transport is under a lot of pressure. Traffic jams, accidents, and other transportation issues are caused by heavy traffic on the roads: Congestion and pollution have been brought on by high urbanisation.
3. Neglect is being shown to rural areas.

Q7 Why is ‘Age Composition’ considered as one of the most basic characteristics of a population? Explain.

Ans. 1. The makeup of the population by age is thought to be its most fundamental trait because age affects what a person needs, purchases, and how well he can accomplish.

1. A population’s proportion of children, people in their working years, and older people is a key component in determining the social and economic structure of a society.
2. In India, adults, who make up 58.7% of the population, are given more weight than children, who make up 34.4%.

Q8 How are the categories of people according to age composition advantageous to India?

Ans. India benefits from the age composition-based groups of people in the following ways. As the future of the nation depends on children, who are typically under the age of 15, it is necessary to provide them with food, clothing, education, and medical care. Adults (15–59 years old) make up the working population of the nation; their advancement and development are dependent upon them.

Aged (older than 59 years), even though they might be retired, they might still work.

Q9 Give reasons for the low sex ratio in India.

Ans. According to the 2011 census, there are 943 females for every 1,000 males in India. Early weddings and other societal ills like dowry deaths make it disadvantageous. Neglect is shown to female children.

1. The rate of female illiteracy is high. They are ignorant about prenatal and postpartum care.
2. The Fernales’ poor socioeconomic and political standing.

Q10 “In India, the literacy rate among women is still low.” Justify the statement.

Ans. 1. Women in India typically take care of household duties and lack the time to attend school, especially in rural areas. Consequently, there is a low literacy rate.

1. Lack of knowledge and economic backwardness are other factors contributing to the low literacy rate.
2. It’s very common for children to be neglected, especially girls. They do not receive the right education, nutrition, or medical attention.

Extract Based Questions (4 Marks)

India’s population as of March 2011 stood at 1,210.6 million, which account for 17.5 per cent of the world’s population. These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country’s vast area of 3.28 million square km, which accounts for 2.4 per cent of the world’s area. The 2011 Census data reveal that Uttar Pradesh with a population size of 199 million is the most populous state of India. Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 16 per cent of the country’s population. On the other hand, the Himalayan state of Sikkim has a population of just about 0.6 million and Lakshadweep has only 64,429 people.

1. What is India’s population?

Ans. With 1,210.6 million people, India made up 17.5% of the world’s population as of March 2011.

1. What is India’s area?

Ans. 3.28 million square kilometres make up India’s area, which is 2.4 percent of the global total.

1. Which is the most populous state of India?

Ans. Uttar Pradesh with a population size of 199 million is the most populous state of India.

1. How much population of India does UP account for?

Ans. With 199 million residents, Uttar Pradesh is India’s most populated state. It comprises around 16% of the nation’s population.

1. Which is the least populous state in India?

Ans. Sikkim has a population of just about 0.6 million making it the least populous state in India.

There are three main processes of change of population : birth rates, death rates and migration. The natural increase of population is the difference between birth rates and death rates. Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major component of growth because in India, birth rates have always been higher than death rates. Death rate is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year. The main cause of the rate of growth of the Indian population has been the rapid decline in death rates. Till 1980, high birth rates and declining death rates led to a large difference between birth rates and death rates resulting in higher rates of population growth. Since 1981, birth rates have also started declining gradually, resulting in a gradual decline in the rate of population growth.

1. What are the three main processes of change of population?

Ans. The three main processes of change of population are birth rates, death rates and migration.

1. What is the difference between birth rates and death rates?

Ans. The natural increase of population is the difference between birth rates and death rates.

1. What do you mean by birth rate?

Ans. The number of live births per 1,000 people in a year is known as the birth rate.

1. What do you mean by death rate?

Ans. Death rate is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year.

1. What resulted in higher rates of population growth till 1980?

Ans. Up until 1980, a wide discrepancy between high birth and low death rates contributed to faster rates of population increase.

The third component of population growth is migration. Migration is the movement of people across regions and territories. Migration can be internal (within the country) or international (between the countries). Internal migration does not change the size of the population, but influences the distribution of population within the nation. Migration plays a very significant role in changing the composition and distribution of population.

1. What do you understand by the term migration?

Ans. Migration is the term for people moving between different geographic areas.

1. What are the types of migration?

Ans. Migration can be internal (within the country) or international (between the countries).

1. What is the effect of internal migration?

Ans. Internal migration affects population distribution within a country but does not alter population number.

1. What is the role of migration?

Ans. Migration plays a very significant role in changing the composition and distribution of population.

1. Which bird migrates to India in winters?

Ans. Siberian cranes look for better living conditions and migrate to India during winter season.

In India, most migrations have been from rural to urban areas because of the “push” factor in rural areas. These are adverse conditions of poverty and unemployment in the rural areas and the “pull” of the city in terms of increased employment opportunities and better living conditions. Migration is an important determinant of population change. It changes not only the population size but also the population composition of urban and rural populations in terms of age and sex composition. In India, the rural-urban migration has resulted in a steady increase in the percentage of population in cities and towns. The urban population has increased from 17.29 per cent of the total population in 1951 to 31.80 per cent in 2011. There has been a significant increase in the number of ‘million plus cities’ from 35 to 53 in just one decade, i.e., 2001 to 2011.

1. Where have most migrations occurred In India?

Ans. In India, most migrations have been from rural to urban areas because of the “push” factor in rural areas.

1. What are the “push” factors for migration from rural areas to urban areas?

Ans. The “push” factors for migration from rural to urban areas include the unfavourable conditions of poverty and unemployment in rural areas and the “pull” of the city in terms of better living conditions and more employment prospects.

1. Why is migration an important determinant of population change?

Ans. Migration alters not only the quantity of the population but also the age and sex composition of both urban and rural populations.

1. What has the rural-urban migration resulted in?

Ans. The percentage of people living in cities and towns has steadily increased in India as a result of the rural-urban movement.

1. Give the population growth in the urban population.

Ans. The urban population has increased from 17.29 per cent of the total population in 1951 to 31.80 per cent in 2011.

1. Name a significant feature of the Indian population.

Ans. The size of India’s adolescent population is the country’s most notable characteristic. It makes about one-fifth of India’s overall population.

1. What is the age group of adolescents?

Ans. Adolescents are generally grouped in the age group of 10 to 19 years.

1. Give the significance of nutrition for an adolescent.

Ans. Adolescents’ nutritional needs are greater than those of a typical child or adult. Stunted growth and malnutrition are both consequences of poor nutrition.

1. What is the status of nutrition of adolescents in India.

Ans. In India, the diet available to adolescents is inadequate in all nutrients. A large number of adolescent girls suffer from anaemia.

1. What is the condition of adolescent girls in India?

Ans. Adolescent girls are disproportionately affected by anaemia. Their issues haven’t received enough attention in the development process thus far. The teenage girls must be made aware of the issues they face. By spreading literacy and education among them, awareness can be raised.

#### Long Answer Questions (5 marks)

Q1 Why is population very important in a country?

OR

Why is population a pivotal element in social studies?

Ans 1. The development of the economy and society depends on the people.

1. The resources are made and used by people, who are also resources of different quality.
2. It serves as the vantage point from which all other aspects are perceived and from which they receive significance and meaning: Only in connection to humans do resources, calamities, and disasters have any real relevance.
3. Their abundance, distribution, development, and traits or attributes offer the fundamental context for comprehending and enjoying all facets of the environment.
4. People use and generate the resources of the world. Therefore, it is crucial to understand how many people exist in a certain nation, where they reside, how and why their numbers are growing, and what makes them who they are.

Q2 Define the following terms:

Ans 1. Population: The whole population of a nation at a particular period.

1. Census: A process for gathering, compiling, and disseminating data on many facets of individuals residing in a nation at a particular moment.
2. Cities with a population of one million or more are known as million-plus cities or megacities. India has about 53 million cities, including Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, and Bengaluru.
3. Urban Agglomeration: Urban settlement clusters that are connected to the national economy have grown up around the central business district of each town or city. The term “urban agglomerations” applies to them. Although they are extensions of cities, they are not bounded by established municipal boundaries.
4. Sex Ratio: The proportion of females to males in the population.

Q3 What is meant by annual growth rate of population? Why is even a low annual growth rate of population considered not good for India?

Ans. It measures the annual percentage growth in population. Population growth is measured in percentage points every year. A 25% annual growth rate translates to two new residents for every 100 people in the base population in a given year. The term for this is yearly growth rate. Between 1951 and 2011, India’s population increased steadily, from 361 million to 1210 million. Understanding that India has a sizable population is crucial. A low annual rate becomes a very high absolute figure when it is multiplied by a sizable population. When more than a billion people increase even at a lower rate, the total numbers being added becomes very large.

Q4 Describe the classification of occupational structure. How does occupational structure indicate economic development of a country?

Ans. The activities are typically categorised as primary, secondary, and tertiary.

1. The main activities are farming, raising animals, forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, etc.
2. Secondary activities include the manufacturing sector, construction work, and so forth. Transportation, communications, commerce administration, and other services are examples of tertiary activities.
3. As secondary and tertiary activities are more effective and lucrative, developed countries have a large proportion of individuals engaged in them.
4. As primary activities are less profitable and productive than the other sectors, developing countries typically have a higher percentage of their workers engaged in them.
5. In India, only roughly 64% of people work in agriculture. About 13 to 20 percent of the population is dependent on the secondary and tertiary industries, respectively.

Q5 What are the factors affecting the health status of people of India? What are the improvements made in the health status of people of India?

Ans. The following are some elements influencing India’s population’s health:

1. In India, per capita calorie consumption is substantially lower than the amounts that are advised, and a sizable portion of the population suffers from malnutrition.
2. Only one-third of the rural population has access to clean water for drinking and basic sanitary facilities.
3. India’s citizens now have a better quality of life.

(a) Death rates have decreased from 25 per 1000 persons in 1951 to 7 2 per 1000 in 2011.

(b) In 1951, the life expectancy at birth was 36.7 years; in 2012, it was 67.9 years.

(c) The significant improvement is the consequence of a variety of causes, such as improvements in infectious disease prevention, public health, and the use of contemporary medical techniques.

Q6 What are the significant features of NPP 2000? What are the measures taken by the NPP 2000 to protect the adolescent population?

Ans. 1. In accordance with the NPP 2000, all children must receive free and compulsory education up to the age of 14, infant mortality must be brought down to below 30 deaths per 1,000 live births, all children must receive universal immunisation against all vaccine-preventable diseases, girls should be encouraged to postpone marriage, and family welfare must become a people-centered initiative.

1. In addition to nutritional needs, the policy emphasises the importance of safeguarding adolescents from unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted illnesses (STDs). It called for initiatives to promote postponed marriage and childbearing.
2. Adolescents need to be informed about the dangers of unprotected sex, and there are several things that can help: giving dietary supplements and nutritional assistance, reinforcing the laws against child marriage, and making contraceptive treatments affordable and accessible.