B.Sc. Biotechnology, Career Scope, Eligibility, Syllabus and Top colleges in India

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B.Sc Biotechnology

BSc Biotechnology, Subjects, Syllabus, Career and BSc Biotechnology Colleges in India

BSc Biotechnology – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology is a 3- year undergraduate course. Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring by-products.

The course covers 6-semesters and the duration of each semester is 6 months. The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream completed from a recognized educational board. The average fee of the course in India is ranging between INR 1 – 3 lacs, varying across institutes.


BSc Biotechnology Eligibility

Any student who has done Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics subjects in class 12th can opt for B Sc Biotechnology as their specialization in undergraduate level. The students are eligible for admission after clearing the entrance exams.

One can go do Masters in Science (Biotechnology) after clearing undergraduation. One can also pursue PG after receiving a graduate degree in any of the life sciences.

Students who are interested in research and development can also pursue their Ph.D. degrees.


B.Sc Biotechnology Subjects

The following is the detailed list of subjects that are taught in B.Sc Biotechnology.
Semester – I
1 English (Compulsory)
2 Microbiology – 1 Fundamentals of Microbiology
3 Biotechnology – 1 Introduction to Biotechnology & Cell Biology
4 Biochemistry – 1 Physical and Chemical aspects of Biochemistry
Semester – II
1 English (Compulsory)
2 Microbiology – 2 Microbial Chemistry and Physiology
3 Biotechnology – 2 Funda. of Biochemistry, Biocomputing & Biostatistics
4 Biochemistry – 2 Biomolecules
Semester – III
1 English (Compulsory)
2 Microbiology – 3 Microbial Diversity
3 Biotechnology – 3 Basic Aspect of Cellular Metabolism
4 Biochemistry – 3

Semester – IV
1 English (Compulsory)
2 Microbiology – 4 Analytical Techniques and Bioinformatics
3 Biotechnology – 4 Environmental Biotechnology
4 Biochemistry – 4
Semester – V
1 Biotechnology – 5 Bioprocess & Biochemical Engineering
2 Biotechnology – 6 Genetics & Molecular Biotechnology
3 Biotechnology – 7 Immunology
Semester – VI
1 Biotechnology – 8 Prin. of Biotechnology applied to plants and animals
2 Biotechnology – 9 Analytical Techniques in Biotechnology
3 Biotechnology – 10 Advanced Molecular Techniques & Bioinformatics


B.Sc Biotechnology Syllabus

We can see a semester-wise breakup of the course syllabus as below

Semester 1
Semester 2
Macromolecular Structure and Analysis
Organic Mechanisms in Biology
Biophysics & Instrumentation
Principles of Transmission Genetics
Cell Structure & Dynamics
Principles of Microbiology
Biomathematics – I
Biomathematics – II
Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic


Semester 3
Semester 4
Microbial Genetics
Molecular Genetics
Principles of Immunology
Computational Biology & Bioinformatics
Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications
Biodiversity & Taxonomy
Plant Biotechnology
Animal Biotechnology
Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization
Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis


Semester 5
Semester 6
DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond
Model Organisms in Human Genome Project
Recombinant DNA Technology
Elements of Management Introduction and Entrepreneurship
Environmental Biotechnology
Medical Biotechnology
Industrial Biotechnology
Biotechnology- Social, Legal and Ethical issue


B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges

The course is offered by various top institutes/colleges in India, here we have listed some of the top institutes in different cities for your reference.

College Name
Average Annual Fees
Loyola College
INR 48,000
ST. Xavier’s College
INR 22,380
Suresh Gyan Vihar Institute
INR 87,000
Christ University
INR 16,667
The Oxford College of Science
INR 19,319
Madras Christian College (MCC)
INR 19,319
Stella Maris College
INR 3,460
Ramjas College
New Delhi
INR 12,000
Fergusson College
INR 3,420
Hans Raj College (HRC)
New Delhi
INR 16,000
Presidency College
INR 1,265
Miranda College
New Delhi
INR 17,800
Mount Carmel College (MCC)
INR 35,600
ST. Xavier’s College
INR 27,700
Sri Venkateswara College
New Delhi
INR 11,540
Gargi College
New Delhi
INR 8,305
ST Joseph’s College Devagiri
INR 3,075
Elphinstone College
INR 23,188
Hindu College
New Delhi
INR 16,173
ST. Xavier’s College
INR 12,000


B.Sc. in Biotechnology Scope

Biotechnology is one of the most emerging fields in today’s education system. It creates technologies and products that help to improve human life. The recent advances in biotechnology have helped to face the most difficult challenges faced by society. The latest technologies are found to be of great help in fighting diseases, reducing environmental harm, using less and clean energy, and having a safe and clean industrial manufacturing process.

To date, more than 250 health care products and vaccines are made available to patients which have been found to be effective in diseases that were difficult to treat before. The farmers have benefited a lot from agricultural biotechnology. Biotechnology with its recent advances has helped us to face the difficult challenges of society.

All this shows that the scope of biotechnology as a career option is very promising as every other day there are amazing discoveries, new applications, and innovative products introduced in the market. Biotechnology courses enable the student to contribute to the benefits of society. There are many organizations that are great resources for freshers in this field.


BSc Biotechnology Courses

Biotechnology has a wide range of courses and students can select the course as per their interest. The courses are:

    1. Biotechnology

It involves the study of living organisms to make products that are beneficial for the human race.

    1. Food Technology

This course involves the study and research done to improve the quality of the food, their preservation methods, and their nutritional value.

    1. Biomedical Engineering

In this, the biomedical engineers work with doctors and researchers to solve various problems of mankind. They do so by developing various equipment and devices.

    1. Forensic Science

This involves the study of evidence-based research that is useful in solving crimes.

    1. Nutrition and Diet

This course involves a study that helps in improving the health of humans by following a proper diet.

    1. Biochemistry

Students learn about biological molecules, proteins, and lipids which when applied helps in the betterment of agriculture produce, nutrition, and treatment of various diseases.

    1. Microbiology

This involves extensive research and the study of micro-organisms and the diseases caused by them. It also helps to learn the use of these micro-organisms for the benefit of humans.

    1. Biotechnology Industry

This branch teaches various methods of manipulating different genes to create vaccines. It also helps in learning to reduce the genetic problems found in human beings.

    1. Diseases and Drugs

In this, the students are explained about the various viral and parasitic diseases and their way of attacking the human body. The students read case studies and do extensive research in genetics, drugs, and diseases.

    1. Bioinformatics

This course helps in learning the process of converting the data obtained from doing various experiments into computer languages like Perl and BLAST. They learn to interpret the data and to create a graph to analyze the result.


BSc Biotechnology Career Opportunities and Jobs Options

There are many fields where biotechnology is applied. There are a wide variety of jobs from different fields. The main recruiters are:

  1. Research firms
  2. Hospitals
  3. Pharmaceuticals
  4. Food production firms
  5. Clinical research firms
  6. Laboratories
  7. Consultation agencies
  8. Chemical manufacturers
  9. Educational institutes
  10. Fertilizer manufacturers
  11. Soil biology
  12. Animal husbandry
  13. Cosmetics
  14. Ecology


Biotechnologists can work as:

  1. Biotechnology engineer
  2. Scientist
  3. Lab technician
  4. Project manager
  5. Teacher
  6. Microbiologists
  7. Epidemiologists
  8. Bioproduction Operators
  9. Biomanufacturing Specialists


Salary Structure

The salary of biotechnology professionals depends on factors like

  1. Institute from which graduation is done
  2. Specialization of the candidate
  3. Domain of expertise
  4. Job location

Depending on this, the annual salary ranges from Rs.3 to Rs.5 lacs. With the increase in experience, the salary increases exponentially.


Top firms who recruit Biotechnologists

  • Ranbaxy
  • Dr.Reddy’s Lab
  • Cipla
  • Biocon
  • Cadila Healthcare
  • Glaxosmithkline
  • Reliance Life Sciences