Importance of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan | Basic Components and Important things you need to know about Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched an initiative on October 2, 2014, on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti to honour the clean country vision of India’s father of the nation. PM Modi was awarded the ‘Global Goalkeeper’ award on September 25, 2019, in New York, USA from the Gates Foundation for his initiative of the cleanliness of India.
This Swachh Bharat Abhiyan essay will answer all the questions and will be beneficial for students of all age groups. Through this article, know all about the importance of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, images, objectives, and also essays in Hindi and English.
About Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, an initiative launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 2, 2014, is one of the most important missions to honour Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of clean India. The objective of this mission is to spread cleanliness and hygiene in every part of our country. Under this initiative, the mission is to build and provide sanitation facilities like toilets, waste disposal systems, and safe drinking water supply in every part of the country.
You can also visit the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan website to view their slogan, images, and poster.
Also, see – Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay in Hindi
Basic Components of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay
The basic action plan of this mission is to build a triple number of sanitation facilities in India by the year 2019. It is laid by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The motive is to make India Open Defecation Free (ODF).
By 2019, the growth percentage has been increased from 3% to 10%. The daily construction number of toilets has been increased from 14,000 to 48,000 daily. School kids are also being involved to support this mission for spreading awareness on Sanitisation, Hygiene, and Water.
Under the Ministry of Urban Development, the mission is to build community toilets, household toilets, public toilets, Municipal Solid Waste Management, and Capacity Building. The Urban Clean India Mission seeks to convert insanitary toilets into working ones, eliminate open defecation, manual scavenging, and proper working of solid waste management. Under this mission, 1.04 crore household toilets, 2.5 lakhs community toilets, and 2.6 lakhs toilets seats are to be built.
Swachh Bharat Gramin, also known as Rural Mission, aims to make villages Open Defecation Free (ODF) by October 2, 2019, by providing individual toilets in every household and building various community toilets under public-private partnership mode.
It also emphasizes on providing sanitation facilities to village schools. To support the Clean India Mission, it also aims to construct Anganwadi toilets and proper waste management systems for solid and liquid wastes.
Important Things you need to know about Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
- Indore has been named as India’s cleanest city, whereas, Gonda (Uttar Pradesh) has been named the filthiest.
- Under the action plan to launch the National level Media Campaign, mobile telephony, audio-visual, and various local programmes will help to communicate the awareness.
- The estimated cost for the first five years of this mission is Rs. 62,009 crore where Central Government’s share is Rs. 14,623 crores.
- Gujarat has a maximum number of clean cities topping with 12 numbers followed by Madhya Pradesh with 11 cities.
- Out of 500 cities, 118 have been declared as Open Defecation Free (ODF).
- 297 cities have a door to door garbage facility available in India.
- Under Phase 1 of this mission, Vaishno Devi, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Taj Mahal, Golden Temple, Tirupati Temple, Manikarnika Ghat, Jagannath Puri, Meenakshi Temple, Ajmer Sharif Dargah, and Kamkhya Temple were selected first for a clean-up drive.
- To improve tourists’ and visitors’ experience, this mission aims to make 100 places Swachh Tourist Destinations.
- Uttar Pradesh has 5 dirtiest cities, followed by 2 cities from Bihar and Punjab.
- The overall aim is to give sanitation facilities in 4041 constitutional towns along with a population of 377 million.