MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources with Answers


CBSE Class 10 Geography  Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources MCQ Questions with Answers from Contemporary India Book



Minerals and Energy Resources MCQs – Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.


Q1. Does our mineral intake represent only about 0.3 percent of our total intake of nutrients?

A. 0. 2
B. 0.4
C. 0.3
D. 0.1


Q2. A particular mineral that will be formed from a certain combination of elements depends upon the ……… and …………conditions?

A. Physical, Chemical
B. Physical, biological
C. Biological, climatic
D. Climatic, chemical


Q3. Name one property that geologists use to classify minerals?

A. Area of recovery
B. use
C. source
D. Density


Q4. Who studies minerals as part of the earth’s crust for a better understanding of landforms?

A. Geologists
B. Biologists
C. Scientists
D. Geographers


Q5. Who studies the formation of minerals, their age and physical and chemical composition?

A. Geologists
B. Geographers
C. Ecologists
D. Biologists


Q6. Where are minerals found?

A. In rocks
B. In ores
C. In metals
D. In chemicals


Q7. Which factor determines the relative ease with which mineral ores may be mined?

A. Formation
B. Content
C. Colour
D. Hardness


Q8. Which rocks do minerals occur in the cracks, crevices, faults or joints?

A. Sedimentary
B. Residual
C. Arid
D. Metamorphic


Q9. What are the smaller occurrences of metamorphic and igneous mineral rocks called?

A. Ores
B. Veins
C. Iodes
D. Beds

Important Questions and Answers


Q10. What are the smaller occurrences of metamorphic and igneous mineral rocks called?

A. Veins
B. Beds
C. Iodes
D. Layers


Q11. Name two major metallic minerals ………… are obtained from veins and lodes?

A. Tin
B. manganese
C. Iron
D. Copper


Q12. Where do the minerals occur in sedimentary rocks?

A. Beds
B. Iodes
C. Veins
D. Ores


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Q13. How are the sedimentary rocks minerals formed?

A. when minerals in liquid/ molten and gaseous forms are forced upward through cavities towards the earth’s surface
B. as a result of deposition, accumulation and concentration in horizontal strata
C. decomposition of surface rocks, and the removal of soluble constituents
C. alluvial deposits in sands of valley floors and the base of hills


Q14. gypsum, potash salt and sodium salt are………..

A. Sedimentary minerals
B. Metamorphic minerals
C. Igneous minerals
D. Residual minerals


Q15. From what type of deposits are gold, silver, and platinum obtained?

A. Residual deposits
B. molten and gaseous forms
C. accumulation and concentration under great heat
D. alluvial deposits in sands of valley floors and the base of hills


Q16. Magnesium and bromine are largely derived from ……….?

A. accumulation and concentration under great heat
B. ocean beds
C. Residual deposits
D. accumulation and concentration under great heat


Q17. Which factor is responsible for a mineral ‘deposit’ or ‘reserve’ to turn into a mine?

A. concentration of mineral in the ore
B. Type of mineral
C. Grade of mineral
D. permission from the government


Q18. Which minerals account for about three fourths of the total value of the production of metallic minerals?

A. Ferrous
B. Granite
C. Basalt
D. Diorite

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Q19. Which is the finest Iron Ore?

A. Hematite
B. Magnetite
C. Limonite
D. Goethite


Q20. Which ore is the most important industrial iron ore in terms of the quantity used?

A. Magnetite
B. Pyrite
C. Goethite
D. Hematite


Q21. Where are the Badampahar mines situated?

A. Odisha-Jharkhand belt
B. Durg-Bastar -Chandrapur belt
C. Ballari-Chitradurga-ChikkamagaluruTumakuru belt
D. Maharashtra-Goa


Q22. Bailadila range of hills in the Bastar district have …….deposits of super high grade hematite iron ore?

A. 12
B. 10
C. 14
D. 11


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Q23. Which mines in India are a 100 percent export unit?

A. Badampahar mines
B. Bailadila range
C. Ratnagiri
C. Kudremukh mines


Q24. Which one of the following minerals is formed by decomposition of rocks, leaving a residual mass of weathered material?

A. Coal
B. Bauxite
C. Gold
D. Zinc


Q25. Which mineral is used to manufacture steel?

A. Manganese
B. Iron ore
C. Chromite
D. Pyrite


Q26. Which mines in India are the leading producers of copper?

A. Balaghat mines
B. Khetri mines
C. Kudremukh mines
D. Badampahar mines


Q 27. Which of these properties belongs to copper?

A. good conductor
B. Bad conductor
C. Un malleable
D. Not ductile


Q28. From which mineral is aluminum obtained?

A. Iron ore
B. Pyrite
C. Bauxite
D. Manganese


Q29. Where are India’s bauxite deposits mainly found?

A. Khetri mines
B. Amarkantak plateau,
C. Balaghat mines
D. Bailadila range


Q30. Why is Mica one of the most indispensable minerals used in electric and electronic industries?

A. di-electric strength
B. Good wattage
C. Ductile
D. Malleable


Q31. Which is the major mica producing area in Rajasthan?

A. Bikaner
B. Ajmer
C. Jaipur
D. Jodhpur


Q32. Which mineral is made up of a series of plates or leaves?

A. Bauxite
B. Limestone
C. Mica
D. Copper


Q33. ……….found in association with rocks composed of calcium carbonates or calcium and magnesium carbonates?

A. Mica
B. Limestone
C. Nickel
D. Sandstone


Q34. Which is the basic raw material for the cement industry?

A. Sandstone
B. Basalt
C. Limestone
D. Slate


Q35. What are the demerits of mining?

A. Resources are stressed
B. Dumping of waste and slurry leads to degradation of land
C. Problems for other related industries
D. Difficult to find the right location


Q36. Stricter safety regulations and implementation of environmental laws are essential to prevent mining from becoming a ……………industry?

A. Unsafe
B. Killer
C. Dangerous
D. Unproductive


Q 37. The total volume of workable mineral deposits is an insignificant fraction i.e. …. percent of the earth’s crust.

A. 0.5
B. 0.8
C. 1.2
D. 1


Q38. Mineral resources are…………..
A. finite and non-renewable.
B infinites
C. renewable
D. plenty


Q39. What important step can we take in conserving our mineral resources for the future?

A. Less use of metals
B. Dig less mines
C. Dig more mines
D. use mineral resources in a planned and sustainable manner


Q40. Which mineral generates energy?

A. Copper
B. Manganese
C. Uranium
D. Bauxite


Q41. What do Conventional sources of energy include?

A. Firewood
B. dams
C. Solar
D. Wind


Q42. Non-conventional sources of energy include ……….?

A. dams
B. solar
C. wind
D. atomic energy


Q43. Most common energy resources in rural India are?

A. Coal
B. Natural gas
C. Petroleum
D. Firewood and cattle dung cake


Q44. Which fuel mineral is the most commonly used in India?

A. Firewood and cattle dung cake
B. Coal
C. Petroleum
D. Natural gas


Q45.Which fuel mineral provides energy to industry as well as for domestic needs?

A. Coal
B. Natural gas
C. Firewood
D. Petroleum


Q46. Which type of coal is the highest quality hard coal?

A. Lignite
B. Bituminous
C. Metallurgical
D. Anthracite


Q47. Petroleum refineries act as a “………… “ for synthetic textile, fertiliser and numerous chemical industries.

A. Key Industry
B. Main Industry
C. Nodal Industry
D. Focal


Q48 Natural gas is used as industrial raw material in the …………… industry?

A. Synthetic Textile
B. fertilizer
C. Fibre
D. Petrochemical Industry


Q49. What role is Compressed Natural Gas (CNG ) playing for vehicles ?

A. Less consumption of fuel
B. Replacing liquid fuels
C. Hardly any role
D. More CNG vehicles are coming about


Q50. Which mineral is used for releasing atomic or nuclear energy?

A. Bauxite
B. Thorium
C. Petroleum
D Iron ore

Important Videos Links

Answer key for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 5 – Minerals and Energy Resources MCQs


Q. No. Answer Q. No. Answer Q. No. Answer
1 C 21 A 41 A
2 A 22 C 42 D
3 D 23 D 43 D
4 D 24 A 44 B
5 A 25 A 45 A
6 B 26 A 46 D
7 A 27 A 47 C
8 D 28 C 48 D
9 B 29 B 49 B
10 C 30 A 50 B
11 A 31 B
12 A 32 C
13 B 33 B
14 A 34 C
15 D 35 B
16 B 36 B
17 A 37 D
18 A 38 A
19 B 39 D
20 D 40 C


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