Development Class 10 MCQs| Economics Chapter 1

Development Class 10 MCQs – Multiple Choice Questions with Answers

CBSE Class 10 Economics Understanding Economic Development Book Chapter 1 MCQ Questions


Development Class 10 MCQs – Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 Economics Understanding Economic Development Book Chapter 1 – Development. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.

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QI. Which is the most common method of measuring economic development?

A. Profit loss
B. Income
C. Sales
D. Import-export

Q2. What are the developmental goals of landless rural labourers?

A. More days of work and better wages
B. Acquirement of land for self tilling
C. More hours of work
D. Self-reliance

Q3.What brings about stable income?

A. Better wages
B. Work opportunities
C. Regular work
D. decent price for their crops or other products

Q4. Besides seeking more income, there is something people resent, what is it?

A. Getting fewer wages for more work
B. Discrimination
C. No work
D. Poverty

Also See: Class 10 History Chapter 1 “The Rise of Nationalism in Europe” MCQs


Q5. What is the one factor on which our life depends?

A. employment
B. Security of work
C. Money, or material things that one can buy with it
D. Freedom

Q6. If women are engaged in paid work, what difference does it make?

A. Their dignity in the household and society decreases
B. No difference
C. No dignity
D. their dignity in the household and society increases

Q7. Different persons could have ……….notions of a country’s development.

A. different as well as conflicting
B. Same
C. Indifferent
D. No

Q8. What is considered to be one of the most important attributes when we compare countries at the level of development?

A. Industrial development
B. Resources of the country
C. Income
D. Import-export

Q9. More income means …………..

A. Average out of needs of people
B. more of all things that human beings need.
C. No effect on the common man
D. More business

Important Questions and Answers


Q10. …………….. is the total income of the country divided by its total population?

A. per capita income
B. Gross income
C. Net income
D. Total income


Q11. In World Development Reports, brought out by the World Bank, which criterion is used in classifying countries?

A. Total income
B. Gross income
C. per capita income
D. Net income


Q12. Which of the following neighbouring countries has better performance in terms of human development than India?

A. Bangladesh
B. Sri Lanka
C. Nepal
D. Pakistan

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Q13. Countries with per capita income of US$ ………… per annum and above in 2017, are called rich countries?

A. 12,126
B. 11246
C. 12056
D. 10056


Q14. Countries with per capita income of US$ ____ or less are called low-income countries.

A. 995
B. 885
C. 955
D. 855


Q15. Which category does India come under?

A. High-income countries
B. Low middle-income countries
C. Low-income countries
D. High middle-income countries


Q16. What was India’s per capita income in 2017?

A. US$ 1950 per annum
B. US$ 1880 per annum
C. US$ 1930 per annum
D. US$ 1820 per annum.

Also See: Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 “Resources and Development” MCQs


Q17. What can money not buy you?

A. Unadulterated medicines
B. Water
C. Pollution-free environment
D. Organic food


Q18. Why does Kerala have a low Infant Mortality Rate?

A. adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities
B. Suitable climate
C. Pollution Free environment
D. Good water


Q19. Over the past decade or so, ……………indicators have come to be widely used along with income as a measure of development?

A. Health and nutrition
B. health and education
C. Child development
D. Human development


Q20. According to the Human Development Report, 2018, United Nations Development Programme which two countries have a higher Life expectancy at Birth rate than India?

A. Srilanka and Myanmar
B. Pakistan and Nepal
C. Pakistan and Bangladesh
D. Nepal and Bangladesh


Q21. Per Capita Income is calculated in ………. for all countries?

A. Pounds
B. Euros
C. Dollars
D. Rupees


Q22. About ……….. districts have reported a water level decline of over 4 meters during the past 20 years?

A. 300
B. 500
C. 450
D. 350


Q23. Nearly ………..of the country is overusing their groundwater reserves?

A. Two-third
B. One-third
C. Half
D. One fourth

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Q24. Where is groundwater overuse particularly found?

A. Assam
B. Shillong
C. Punjab
D. Karnataka


Q25. Groundwater is an example of …………..resources?

A. Renewable
B. Non-renewable
C. Protected
D. Reserve


Q26. Since the second half of the twentieth century, a number of scientists have been warning that…………

A. Health and nutrition is declining
B. per capita income is unstable
C. Levels of resources are not sustainable
D. levels of development are not sustainable.


Q27. How can we find out if we are properly nourished?

A. Through good weight and scale
B. Body Mass Index
C. Nutrient table
D. Height and weight table


Q28. The literacy rate for the rural population of males in Uttar Pradesh is………

A. 73%
B. 70%
C. 76%
D. 78%


Q29. In the comparative data on Haryana, Kerala, and Uttar Pradesh which state has the highest literacy rate?

A. Haryana
B. Kerala
D. All are equal


Q30. In the data for the Per capita income of Haryana, Kerala, Bihar-which state has the lowest per capita income?

A. Haryana
B. Kerala
C. Bihar
D. All equal


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Answer key for Class 10 Economics Understanding Economic Development Book Chapter 1 – Development MCQs

Question No. Answer Question No. Answer Question No. Answer
1 B 11 C 21 C
2 A 12 B 22 A
3 C 13 C 23 A
4 B 14 A 24 C
5 C 15 B 25 A
6 D 16 D 26 D
7 A 17 C 27 B
8 C 18 A 28 C
9 B 19 A 29 B
10 A 20 D 30 C


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