The Rise of Nationalism in Europe MCQs Class 10 History Chapter 1


CBSE Class 10 History India and the Contemporary World Book Chapter 1 “The Rise of Nationalism in Europe” Multiple Choice Questions ‌(MCQs‌) with Answers

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 History India and the Contemporary World Book Chapter 1 – The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.

Q1. When did the French Revolution start?
A. 1789
B. 1879
C. 1780
D. 1769


Q2.What was the political situation in France at the time?
A. Democracy
B. Republic
C. Sovereign State
D. Absolute Monarchy


Q3.What emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution?
A. la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen)
B. French people in common
C. French Flag
D.idea of one nation state

Also See: Class 10 Political Science  Chapter 1 “Power Sharing” MCQs


Q4. How many colours did the new French flag have?
A. two
B. tricolour
C. 4 colours
D. single colour


Q5. By whom was the Estates General elected?
A. men and women citizens
D.senior citizens


Q6. What was the new name of the Estates General?
A. Federal Assembly
B. States Assembly
C.National Assembly
D.Peoples Assembly


Q7. What actions were taken in the name of the nation?
A. army was formed
B. social work was done
C.hymns were composed, oaths taken and martyrs commemorated, custom duties were abolished
D. regular meetings were held

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Q8. What type of an administrative system was set up?
A. Federal administrative system
B.Centralised administrative system
C.Regional administrative system
D.Decentralised administrative system


Q9. Regional dialects were discouraged and………….., became the common language of the nation.
A. English
B. Polish language
C. French
D. Italian


Q.10. What mission did the revolutionaries declare as the destiny to the French people?
A. to liberate the peoples of Europe from despotism – to help other peoples of Europe to become nations.
B. to make a one nation state
C. to become a democracy
D. to become sovereign


Q11. What happened when the news of the events in France reached the different cities of Europe?
A. There was tumult
B. the people did not know how to react
C. students and other members of educated middle classes began setting up Jacobin clubs
D. there was confusion and dissatisfaction in the air


Q12. What was the purpose of the Jacobin clubs?
A. to demoralise the people speak against France hold activities and campaigns
D. to socialise among different races

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Q 13.What was the result of the activities and campaigns held at the Jacobin clubs?
A. prepared the way for the French armies to move to different countries
B. they brought about unrest in the society
C. they brought about crime and destruction
D. there was immediate peace


Q14. Which countries did the French armies move into?
A. Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and much of Italy
B. Holland and Italy
C. Holland and Belgium
D.Switzerland and Italy


Q15. What idea did the French armies carry abroad through the revolutionary wars?
C. War Strategies
D.Violence and bloodshed


Q16. What did Napoleon do in the territory that was under his control?
A. set about introducing many reforms
B. set about war strategies
C. worked for peace
D. worked towards democratic ideas


Q17. What type of rule was carried out in France during Napoleon’s time?
A. Federal rule
B. Democracy
D. Republic

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Q18. Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed ……………in France.
A. Monarchy
C. Federal rule


Q19. What did Napoleon do to make the system efficient and rational in France?
A. in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles
B. brought about different reforms
C. worked on military
D. worked on the financial conditions


Q20. What was the Civil Code of 1804 also known as?
A. the Administrative Code
B. Code of Justice
C. the Napoleonic Code
D. the National Code


Q21. What did the Civil Code of 1804 bring about?
A. Right by birth to all facilities of state
B.did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property. right to property
D. No right to equality


Q22. Which regions was the Civil Code exported to?
A.Switzerland and Italy
B. Italy and Germany
C.Switzerland and Germany
D Dutch Republic, in Switzerland, in Italy and Germany


Q23. What did Napoleon do in the rural areas of these regions?
A. simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial due
B. made administration strict
C. encouraged the feudal system
D.put taxes on the peasants


Q24. What changes did Napoleon bring about in the towns?
A. guild restrictions were removed. Transport and communication systems were improved. Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen enjoyed a new-found freedom.
B. Transport and communication systems were improved.
C.Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen had to pay tax
D. guild restrictions remained as they were


Q25. In mid-eighteenth-century Europe what was the status of Germany, Italy and Switzerland?
A. they were divided into kingdoms, duchies and cantons whose rulers had their autonomous territories
B. they were sovereign states
C. they were democracies
D they were republics


Q 26. When did Napoleon invade Italy?
A. 1777
C. 1787
D 1767

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Q27. Which territories were included under the Habsburg Empire?
A. Alpine regions – the Tyrol, Austria Hungry and the Sudetenland , Bohemia, Lombardy and Venetia
B. Tyrol, Austria and the Sudetenland
C. Bohemia, Lombardy and Venetia
D. Sudetenland , Bohemia, Lombardy


Q28. When did Industrialisation take place in France and parts of the German states?
A. 18th century
B later 18th century
C. nineteenth century
D. mid 18th century


Q29. What is Liberalism?
A. ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root liber, meaning free- freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law.
B. end of autocracy
C. equal rules for all
D. liberty to the upper classes


Q30. What is Suffrage?
A. Right to property
B. Right to Justice
C. Right to vote
D. Right to complain


Q31. In revolutionary France, the right to vote and to get elected was granted exclusively to ………………….
A. property-owning men
B. all
C. Men and women
D. upper class


Q 32. A merchant travelling in 1833 from Hamburg to Nuremberg to sell his goods would have had to pass through ……………….
A. 11 customs barriers
B. no custom barriers
C. 6 custom barriers
D. 3 custom barriers


Q 33. When was the customs union or zollverein formed at the initiative of Prussia and joined by most of the German states?
A. 1836
B. 1834
C. 1837
D 1835


Q. 34. What did the customs union or zollverein do?
A. abolished tax
B. abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two
C. abolished tariff charges and reduced the currencies to 5
D.only abolished tariff barriers


Q 35. When was Napoleon defeated?
A. 1815
B. 1820
C. 1817
D. 1821


Q36. What was conservatism?
A. strict rules on the society norms became conservative
C. monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved
D. different norms for different classes


Q37. When did the Treaty of Vienna take place and who were the participants?
A. 1816, Britain, Russia, Prussia
B. 1815, Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria
C. 1820, Britain and Russia
D 1817, Russia, Prussia, Austria


Q38. Who was Giuseppe Mazzini, what did he do?
A. French revolutionary, formed groups
B. British statesman, gave a speech
C. Russian politician, wrote a book
D. Italian Revolutionary, founded two underground societies – Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Berne and opposed monarchy


Q39. Who said “ When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold. ’
A. Napoleon
B. Giuseppe Mazzini
C. Metternich
D. Louis Philippe


Q40. What happened at the Treaty of Constantinople of 1832?
A. revolutionary nationalism in Europe sparked off
B. struggle for independence amongst the Greeks began
C. Greece was recognised as an independent nation
D. European civilisation and mobilised public opinion to support its struggle against a Muslim empire


Q41. In which year did Louis Philippe flee and the National Assembly was proclaimed a Republic?
A. 1846
B. 1848
C 1845
D 1847


Q42. When Prussia took on the leadership of the movement for national unification who was the chief architect of the movement?
A. Otto von Bismarck
B. Kaiser William I
C. Giuseppe Mazzini
D. Metternich


Q43. How many wars over seven years – with Austria, Denmark and France – ended in Prussian victory and completed the process of unification?
A. four
B. three
C. six
D two


Q 44.In January 1871 who was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles?
A. William II
B Otto von Bismarck
C Kaiser William I
D. Metternich


Q45. Who had sought to put together a coherent programme for a unitary Italian Republic in the 1830s ?
A. Metternich
B.Otto von Bismarck
C. Giuseppe Mazzini
D. Napoleon


Q46. In 1861 ……………. was proclaimed king of united Italy.
A. Victor Emmanuel II
B. Kaiser William I
C. Napoleon
D. Giuseppe Mazzini


Q47……………… perhaps the most celebrated of Italian freedom fighters, (1807-82)
A. Giuseppe Mazzini
B. Metternich
C. Otto von Bismarck
D. Giuseppe Garibaldi


Q.48. Which area was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871?
A. Southern Europe
B. mid Europe
C.Balkan States
D.Eastern States


Q49. Each power – Russia, Germany, England, Austro-Hungary – was keen on countering the hold of other powers over the Balkans, this became one of the major reasons for …………
A. First World War
B. Second World War
C. Fall of the Ottomon Empire
D. Integration of the Balkan States


Q50. When was Ireland forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom ?
A. 1798
B. 1801
C. 1800
D. 1799



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Answer key for Class 10 History India and the Contemporary World Book Chapter 1 – The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

Q.No. Answer Q. No. Answer Q. No. Answer
1 A 21 B 41 B
2 D 22 D 42 A
3 A 23 A 43 B
4 B 24 A 44 C
5 B 25 A 45 C
6 C 26 B 46 A
7 C 27 A 47 D
8 B 28 C 48 C
9 C 29 A 49 A
10 A 30 C 50 B
11 C 31 A
12 C 32 A
13 A 33 B
14 A 34 B
15 B 35 A
16 A 36 C
17 C 37 B
18 B 38 D
19 A 39 C
20 C 40 C


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