Nationalism in India MCQ Question with Answers Class 10 History Chapter 2 

CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 2 Nationalism in India Multiple Choice Questions with Answers from  India and the Contemporary World Book


Nationalism in India Class 10 MCQs – Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 History India and the Contemporary World Book Chapter 2 Nationalism in India MCQs. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference. Also, Take Free Online MCQs Test for Class 10.

Q1. When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India from South Africa?
A. 1920
B. 1915
C. 1921
D. 1914


Q2. What did the idea of Satyagraha emphasise ?
A. the power of truth and the need to search for truth, and physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor
B. need to search for truth, and use physical force
C. fight with arguments and violence
D. agitation and violence


Q3. Which areas did Gandhi organise the satyagraha?
A.Champaran in Bihar and Ahmedabad
B. Champaran in Bihar, Kheda district of Gujarat, Ahmedabad
C. Kheda district of Gujarat, Ahmedabad
D. Champaran in Bihar, Kheda district of Gujarat



Q4. What was the Rowlatt Act of 1919?
A. detention after trial for 3 years
B. no hearing of cases
C. detention of prisoners for 3 years without trial
D. allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years


Q5. When did the infamous Jallianwalla Bagh incident take place?
A. 13 April, 1919
B. !0 April 1920
C. 10 April. 1919
D. 13 April 1920


Q6. Which British officer open- fired at the Jallianwala Bagh congregation ?
A. Sir John Simon
B. General Dyer
C. Montgomery
D. Mountbatten


Q7. When and where was the Khilafat Committee formed?
A. February 1920 Bombay
B. March 1918, Gujarat
C.January 1919, Bombay
D. March 1919 Bombay


Q8. What actions were taken during the Non Cooperation Movement ?
A. the surrender of titles that the government awarded, and a boycott of civil services, army, police, courts and legislative councils, schools, and foreign goods.
B. Boycott of foriegn goods and services
C. Surrender of titles that the government awarded.
D. boycott of civil services, army, police, courts and legislative councils, schools, and foreign goods

Important Questions and Answers


Q9. Which two muslim brothers supported the movement along with Gandhi?
A. Arbaaz Ali and Shujaat Ali
B. Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
C. Arbaaz Ali and Shaukat Ali
D. Shujaat Ali and Muhammad Ali


Q10. When did the Non-Cooperation-Khilafat Movement begin?
A. 1920
B. 1919
C. 1921
D. 1922


Q11. What were the effects of the Non Cooperation movement On the economic front?
A. Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires, started wearing Indian clothes.
B. Economy fell
C. people did not take united action
D. Financing foriegn goods continued


Q12. What is the meaning of picket?
A. Foreign goods were burnt
B.Non financing of foriegn imports
C.wearing only Indian clothes
D.A form of demonstration or protest by which people block the entrance to a shop, factory or office



Q13. Why did the movement slow down?
A. Lack of unity amongst the people
B. the British overpowered it
C. Handmade Indian goods like Khadi worked out more expensive and time consuming than mill made goods
D. People did not give up ob foriegn goods


Q14. What was the ‘begar’ system?
A. Labour that villagers were forced to contribute without any payment
B. labour was paid some percentage of payment
C. baour was done in exchange of other goods
D. large revenue was collected from the labour


Q15. What was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859 about?
A. Relaxation towards the plantation workers in Assam
B. plantation workers were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without permission
C. free mobility for the plantation workers
D. workers defied the authorities and left the plantations


Q16. When was the Non cooperation movement halted by Mahatma Gandhi and why?
A. 1921 due to non participation of the people
B. 1923 too much stress by the British
C. 1922 due the Chauri Chaura incident at Gorakhpur
D. 1920 too many people being killed


Q17. Why was the Simon Commission set up by the British?
A. it was too manage all civil administration in India
B. It came for financial and business issues came to make peace on various issues
D. the commission was to look into the functioning of the constitutional system in India and suggest changes.



Q18. When did the Simon Commission arrive in India and how was it received by the Indians?
A. 1928, by the slogan ‘Simon go Back’
B. 1927, it was welcomed
C. 1929, there was a mixed response
D. 1930, people were forced to accept it


Q19. Who announced a ‘Dominion Status” for India and when?
A. Sir John Simon, 1929
B. General Dyer, 1928
C. Lord Irwin, 1929
D. Mountbatten 1939


Q20. When did the Lahore Congress, under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, formalise the demand of ‘Purna Swaraj’ or full independence for India?
A. June 1929
B. December 1929
C. December 1930
D. October 1928


Q21. What was the cause of the Salt March by Gandhi and his companions?
A. Salt was unevenly distributed
B. because of the demand to abolish the salt tax
C. part of the swaraj movement
D. people could not afford salt

Nationalism in India Related Links –


Q22. What happened when Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a devout disciple of Mahatma Gandhi, was arrested in April 1930?
A. there meetings held by the Congress leaders
B. he was executed
C. Agitation started in different places
D. angry crowds demonstrated in the streets of Peshawar, facing armoured cars and police firing, many were killed.


Q23. What happened according to the Gandhi-Irwin pact of 1931?
A. Gandhiji consented to participate in a Round Table Conference, in London and the government agreed to release the political prisoners.
B. Salt tax was demolished
C. peace talks took place between Gandhiji and Irwin
D. there was discontentment according to the pact.


Q24. Was the Round Table Conference in London successful for Gandhi?
A. Yes, the demands were agreed to
B. Partial agreements were made
C. No, the negotiations broke down and Gandhi returned disappointed.
D. Gandhi was treated disrespectfully


Q25. Who were the leaders of the HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army) formed in 1928?
A. Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta
B. Bhagat Singh, Jatin Das and Ajoy Ghosh
C. Batukeswar Dutta, Jatin Das and Ajoy Ghosh
D. Jatin Das and Ajoy Ghosh


Q26. In April 1929, who threw a bomb in the Legislative Assembly?
A.Bhagat Singh, Jatin Das
B.Jatin Das and Ajoy Ghosh
C.Batukeshwar Dutta, Jatin Das
D.Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta

Important Videos Links


Q27. Which organizations did the Indian merchants and industrialists form to organise business interests in India?
A. Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress
B. Federation of the Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FICCI)
C. Did not form any organization
D. Both A and B


Q28. What was the motive of these business organizations?
A. the industrialists attacked colonial control over the Indian economy, and supported the Civil Disobedience Movement
B. to make more profits for the Indian businessmen
C. to work according to foreign policy
D. profit only for the merchant, low wages for workers


Q29. Who organised the dalits into the Depressed Classes Association in 1930?
A. Jawahar lal Nehru
B. Mahatma Gandhi
C. Dr. B R Ambedkar
D. Shaukat Ali


Q30. Did the British government agree with Ambedkar’s demand for separate electorates for dalits?
A. No
B. Yes
C. not immediately
D. laid many conditions


Q31. What important difference had occurred between Congress and the Muslim League in the late 1920s?
A. Communal hatred
B. Muslms saw themselves as a minority
C. the question of representation of the Muslims in the future assemblies that were to be elected
D. Hindus ignored the Muslims


Q32. Muhammad Ali Jinnah , was willing to give up the demand for separate electorates, if ……………………
A. Hindus showed minority
B. Muslims were assured reserved seats in the Central Assembly and representation in proportion to population in the Muslim-dominated provinces (Bengal and Punjab)
C. If the Hindu Mahasabha took a backseat
D. Muslims to be given majority electorates


Q33. Who painted the famous image of Bharat Mata in 1905?
A. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
B. Ravi Varma
C. Abanindranath Tagore
D. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee


Q34. Who wrote Vande Mataram ?
A. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya
B. Abanindranath Tagore
C. Rabindranath Tagore
D. Ravi Varma


Q35. Which famous writer from Bengal led the movement for folklore as part of Nationalism?
A. Abanindranath Tagore
B. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya
C. Rabindranath Tagore
D. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee


Q36. Who believed that folklore was national literature; it was ‘the most trustworthy manifestation of people’s real thoughts and characteristics’.
A. Rabindranath Tagore
B. Mahatma Gandhi
C. Natesa Sastri
D. Abanindranath Tagore


Q37. During the Swadeshi movement in Bengal, a tricolour flag was designed, which three colors were used?
A. red, green and yellow
B. red, green, saffron
C. saffron, white, green
D. green, red, white


Q38. The flag had 8 lotuses on it , what did they represent?
A. 8 Bengal cities
B. 8 Indian States
C. 8 provinces of British India
D. 8 Independent states for the future


Q39. What did the Crescent moon on the flag represent?
A. light for the nation
B. Hindus & Muslims
C. unity of the nation
D. Muslim representation


Q40. What was the design of the Swaraj Flag created by Gandhi in 1921?
A. tricolour – red, green and yellow
B. tricolour (red, green and white) and had a spinning wheel in the centre
C. tricolour -red, green, saffron
D. tricolour -red, green, saffron and a crescent moon


Q41. What was the significance of the spinning wheel in the Flag created by Gandhi?
A. representing Swaraj
B. represented the Gandhian ideal of self-help
C. reference to swadeshi
D. to boycott the foriegn goods


Q42. Which was the other way of creating the feeling of Nationalism in the people?
A. through reinterpretation of history
B. by writing more books
C. by creating more works of art
D. by creating more folklore


Q43. What image had the Britishers created of the Indians?
A. a bunch of extremists
B. backward and primitive, incapable of governing themselves
C. uneducated and helpless
D. struggling freedom fighters


Q44. What did the Indians do in response to this image?
A. they retaliated back
B. they wrote about the glorious developments in ancient times when art and architecture, science and mathematics, religion and culture, law and philosophy, crafts and trade had flourished
C. they admitted to it
D. they wrote against the Britishers


Q45. When did the Quit India movement take place?
A. 1940
B 1941
C 1943
D. 1942


Q46. What was the resolution of the Quit India Movement?
A. resolution demanding the immediate transfer of power to Indians and quit India.
B. demanding freedom for India
C. demanding voting rights
D. demanding equal electorates


Q47. On 8 August 1942 in Bombay, the All India Congress Committee endorsed the resolution which called for a ………………mass struggle on the widest possible scale.
A. violent
C. active
D passive


Q48. It was on this occasion ( ref q47) that Gandhiji delivered the famous………….. speech.
A. ‘Do or Die’
B. ‘live and let live’
C. ‘call to the masses’
D. Boo to the British’


Q49. What sort of actions were taken by the people during the Quit India movement?
A. people were passive and did not do much
B. extreme non violent actions were taken
C. hartals, and demonstrations and processions were accompanied by national songs and slogans.
D. everything was dependent on political leaders


Q50. How long did it take the British to suppress the movement?
A. three months
B. six months
C. almost a year
D. more than a year


Answer key for Class 10 History India and the Contemporary World Book Chapter 2 – Nationalism in India

Q. No.
Q. No.

Also See :
Class 10 Social Science History MCQs

Class 10 Social Science Civics MCQs

Class 10 Social Science Geography MCQs

Class 10 Social Science Economics MCQs