Prefix and Suffix in English



CBSE Class 9 and 10 English Grammar – Prefix and Suffix

What is a prefix

Prefix – Prefix is an affix which is placed before a word. The word prefix is formed of two words – ‘pre’ and ‘fix’. ‘Pre’ means something that comes before and fix means to take position. So, prefix is a group of letters that takes position before a word. It alters the meaning of the word. Some common prefixes in English are – non-, un-, anti-, bi-, de-.


 

What is a suffix

Suffix – Suffix is an affix which is placed after a word. Suffix is a letter or a group of letters that is placed after a word to form a new word. Some common suffixes in English are – -ness, -less, -ism, -hood, -ly.

 

Prefixes examples

Let us discuss the commonly used prefixes in detail –

  1. Non
  2. Anti
  3. Un
  4. Bi
  5. De
  6. Auto
  7. Hemi
  8. Hyper
  9. Il
  10. Im
  11. In
  12. Ir
  13. Mis
  14. Mono
  15. Multi
  16. Poly
  17. Post
  18. Over
  19. Pre
  20. Re
  21. Tri
  22. Up
  23. xeno

 

Suffixes examples
Let us discuss the commonly used suffixes in detail –

  1. Ise / ize
  2. Fy
  3. Ly
  4. Ful
  5. Able
  6. Hood
  7. Ess
  8. Ness
  9. Less
  10. Ism
  11. Ment
  12. Ist
  13. Al
  14. Ish
  15. Like
  16. Ity
  17. Tion
  18. Ant
  19. Logy