Your No1 source for Latest Entrance Exams, Admission info

Home >> Article >>

B.Sc. Biotechnology Career, Scope, Eligibility, Syllabus and Top colleges in india


BSc Biotechnology

BSc Biotechnology - Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology is a 3- year undergraduate course. Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring by-products.

The course covers 6-semesters and the duration of each semester is 6 months. The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream completed from a recognized educational board. The average fee of the course in India is ranging between INR 1 - 3 lacs, varying across institutes.


Eligibility Criteria for Biotechnology

Any student who has done Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics subjects in class 12th can opt for  B Sc Biotechnology as their specialization in undergraduate level. The students are eligible for admission after clearing the entrance exams.

One can go do Masters in Science (Biotechnology) after clearing undergraduation. One can also pursue PG after receiving a graduate degree in any of the life sciences.

Students who are interested in research and development can also pursue their Ph.D. degrees.


B.Sc Biotechnology Subjects

The following is the detailed list of subjects that are taught in B.Sc Biotechnology.
Semester - I
1          English (Compulsory)
2          Microbiology - 1          Fundamentals of Microbiology
3          Biotechnology - 1        Introduction to Biotechnology & Cell Biology
4          Biochemistry - 1          Physical and Chemical aspects of Biochemistry
Semester - II
1          English (Compulsory)
2          Microbiology - 2          Microbial Chemistry and Physiology
3          Biotechnology - 2        Funda. of Biochemistry, Biocomputing & Biostatistics
4          Biochemistry - 2          Biomolecules
Semester - III
1          English (Compulsory)
2          Microbiology - 3          Microbial Diversity
3          Biotechnology - 3        Basic Aspect of Cellular Metabolism
4          Biochemistry - 3    

Semester - IV
1          English (Compulsory)
2          Microbiology - 4          Analytical Techniques and Bioinformatics
3          Biotechnology - 4        Environmental Biotechnology
4          Biochemistry - 4    
Semester - V
1          Biotechnology - 5        Bioprocess & Biochemical Engineering
2          Biotechnology - 6        Genetics & Molecular Biotechnology
3          Biotechnology - 7        Immunology
Semester - VI
1          Biotechnology - 8        Prin. of Biotechnology applied to plants and animals
2          Biotechnology - 9        Analytical Techniques in Biotechnology
3          Biotechnology - 10  Advanced Molecular Techniques & Bioinformatics


B.Sc Biotechnology Syllabus

We can see a semester-wise breakup of the course syllabus as below

Semester 1

Semester 2

Macromolecular Structure and Analysis

Organic Mechanisms in Biology

Biophysics & Instrumentation

Principles of Transmission Genetics

Cell Structure & Dynamics

Principles of Microbiology

Biomathematics – I

Biomathematics – II


Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic


Semester 3

Semester 4

Microbial Genetics

Molecular Genetics

Principles of Immunology

Computational Biology & Bioinformatics

Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications

Biodiversity & Taxonomy

Plant Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology

Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization

Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis


Semester 5

Semester 6

DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond

Model Organisms in Human Genome Project

Recombinant DNA Technology

Elements of Management Introduction and Entrepreneurship

Environmental Biotechnology

Medical Biotechnology

Industrial Biotechnology

Biotechnology- Social, Legal and Ethical issue


B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges

The course is offered by various top institutes/colleges in India, here we have listed some of the top institutes in different cities for your reference.

College Name


Average Annual Fees

Loyola College


INR 48,000

ST. Xavier’s College


INR 22,380

Suresh Gyan Vihar Institute


INR 87,000

Christ University


INR 16,667

The Oxford College of Science


INR 19,319

Madras Christian College (MCC)


INR 19,319

Stella Maris College


INR 3,460

Ramjas College

New Delhi

INR 12,000

Fergusson College


INR 3,420

Hans Raj College (HRC)

New Delhi

INR 16,000

Presidency College


INR 1,265

Miranda College

New Delhi

INR 17,800

Mount Carmel College (MCC)


INR 35,600

ST. Xavier’s College


INR 27,700

Sri Venkateswara College

New Delhi

INR 11,540

Gargi College

New Delhi

INR 8,305

ST Joseph’s College Devagiri


INR 3,075

Elphinstone College          


INR 23,188

Hindu College

New Delhi

INR 16,173

ST. Xavier’s College


INR 12,000


B.Sc. in Biotechnology Scope

Biotechnology is one of the most emerging fields in today’s education system. It creates technologies and products that help to improve human life. The recent advances in biotechnology have helped to face the most difficult challenges faced by society. The latest technologies are found to be of great help in fighting diseases, reducing environmental harm, using less and clean energy, and having a safe and clean industrial manufacturing process.

To date, more than 250 health care products and vaccines are made available to patients which have been found to be effective in diseases that were difficult to treat before. The farmers have benefited a lot from agricultural biotechnology. Biotechnology with its recent advances has helped us to face the difficult challenges of society.

All this shows that the scope of biotechnology as a career option is very promising as every other day there are amazing discoveries, new applications, and innovative products introduced in the market. Biotechnology courses enable the student to contribute to the benefits of society. There are many organizations that are great resources for freshers in this field.


Courses in Biotechnology

Biotechnology has a wide range of courses and students can select the course as per their interest. The courses are:

  1. Biotechnology
  2. It involves the study of living organisms to make products that are beneficial for the human race.

  3. Food Technology
  4. This course involves the study and research done to improve the quality of the food, their preservation methods, and their nutritional value.

  5. Biomedical Engineering
  6. In this, the biomedical engineers work with doctors and researchers to solve various problems of mankind. They do so by developing various equipment and devices.

  7. Forensic Science
  8. This involves the study of evidence-based research that is useful in solving crimes.

  9. Nutrition and Diet
  10. This course involves a study that helps in improving the health of humans by following a proper diet.

  11. Biochemistry
  12. Students learn about biological molecules, proteins, and lipids which when applied helps in the betterment of agriculture produce, nutrition, and treatment of various diseases.

  13. Microbiology
  14. This involves extensive research and the study of micro-organisms and the diseases caused by them. It also helps to learn the use of these micro-organisms for the benefit of humans.

  15. Biotechnology Industry
  16. This branch teaches various methods of manipulating different genes to create vaccines. It also helps in learning to reduce the genetic problems found in human beings.

  17. Diseases and Drugs
  18. In this, the students are explained about the various viral and parasitic diseases and their way of attacking the human body. The students read case studies and do extensive research in genetics, drugs, and diseases.

  19. Bioinformatics
  20. This course helps in learning the process of converting the data obtained from doing various experiments into computer languages like Perl and BLAST. They learn to interpret the data and to create a graph to analyze the result.


Career Opportunities and Jobs Options

There are many fields where biotechnology is applied. There are a wide variety of jobs from different fields. The main recruiters are:

  1. Research firms
  2. Hospitals
  3. Pharmaceuticals
  4. Food production firms
  5. Clinical research firms
  6. Laboratories
  7. Consultation agencies
  8. Chemical manufacturers
  9. Educational institutes
  10. Fertilizer manufacturers
  11. Soil biology
  12. Animal husbandry
  13. Cosmetics
  14. Ecology


Biotechnologists can work as:

  1. Biotechnology engineer
  2. Scientist
  3. Lab technician
  4. Project manager
  5. Teacher
  6. Microbiologists
  7. Epidemiologists
  8. Bioproduction Operators
  9. Biomanufacturing Specialists


Salary Structure

The salary of biotechnology professionals depends on factors like

  1. Institute from which graduation is done
  2. Specialization of the candidate
  3. Domain of expertise
  4. Job location

Depending on this, the annual salary ranges from Rs.3 to Rs.5 lacs. With the increase in experience, the salary increases exponentially.


Top firms who recruit Biotechnologists

  • Ranbaxy
  • Dr.Reddy’s Lab
  • Cipla
  • Biocon
  • Cadila Healthcare
  • Glaxosmithkline
  • Reliance Life Sciences