Figure of Speech Definition, List and Figure of Speech with Examples of Poetic Devices
Figure of Speech – Figure of Speech is a technique a writer uses to produce a special effect in their writing.
List of different Figures of Speech used in poetry is as follows –
Figure of Speech
The definitions and examples of Figures of speech which are used in poetry are as follows:
1) Alliteration: The repetition of a consonant sound at the start of 2 or more consecutive words is known as alliteration.
Examples of Alliteration are as follows –
But Custard cried for a nice safe cage (The Tale of Custard the Dragon)
- Use of ‘c’ sound in Custrad cried
Examples of Allusion are as follows –
(I am Rapunzel, I have not a care; (Amanda)
here reference to Rapunzel is the use of Allusion
Examples of Anaphora are as follows –
Did you finish your homework, Amanda?
Did you tidy your room, Amanda? (Amanda)
Here Did word is used at start of both lines
Examples of Antithesis are as follows –
And forever, by day and night, I give back life to my own origin,…(Voice of the Rain)
Here day and night are opposite words
5) Assonance: The repetition of a vowel sound within a sentence.
Examples of Assonance are as follows –
Of noble natures, of the gloomy days (A Thing of Beauty)
Use of sound ‘o’ (of, noble, of, gloomy)
Examples of Consonance are as follows –
Like rootless weeds, the hair torn round their pallor: (An elementary school classroom in a slum)
Use of sound ‘r’ in the beginning, middle and end of the words.
Examples of Enjambment are as follows –
Driving from my parent’s
home to Cochin last Friday
morning, I saw my mother,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that
of a corpse and realised with
pain (My mother at sixty-six)
The sentence continues from first to last line
Examples of Hyperbole are as follows –
Eternal I rise impalpable out of the land and the bottomless sea, (The Voice of the rain)
Here the poet says the sea is bottomless which is an exaggeration
Examples of imagery are as follows –
pistol in his left hand, pistol in his right,
And he held in his teeth a cutlass bright,
His beard was black, one leg was wood;
It was clear that the pirate meant no good. (The Tale of Custard the Dragon)
Here the poet has presented visual imagery; this means he has described the appearance of the pirate.
Examples of metaphor are as follows –
I am the Poem of Earth, said the voice of the rain …(Voice of the Rain)
Here, rain is compared to a poem
Examples of onomatopoeia are as follows –
And Blink said Weeck! which is giggling for a mouse, (The Tale of Custard the Dragon)
The words ‘chatter’, ‘trebles’, ‘bubble’ and ‘babble’ are used to show flowing water of a spring
Examples of oxymoron are as follows –
While greedy good-doers, beneficient beasts of prey,
Swarm over their lives enforcing benefits …. (A Roadside Stand)
Here adjective beneficient is used for beast of prey which is contradictory because a beast of prey is not beneficient for others.
Examples of personification are as follows –
I am the Poem of the Earth, said the voice of the rain, (Voice of the Rain)
Here rain has been personified when the poet says that it spoke.
Examples of rhyme are as follows –
The little old house was out with a little new shed
In front at the edge of the road where the traffic sped,
A roadside stand that too pathetically pled,
It would not be fair to say for a dole of bread,... (A Roadside stand)
Here last word of each line rhymes so rhyme scheme is aaaa
Examples of repetition are as follows –
all I did was smile and smile and smile…. (My mother at sixty-six)
Examples of simile are as follows –
I saw my mother,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that
of a corpse and realised with… (My mother at sixty-six)
Here, the colour of the mother’s face has been compared to that of ash
Examples of symbolism are as follows –
The massive weight of Uncle’s wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand. (Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers)
Here the weight of the wedding band represents the immersive marital obligations that are a burden for Aunt Jennifer.
Examples of synecdoche are as follows –
When aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie.. (Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers)
Here her hands refer to the entire body
Of all the thousand selfish cars that pass (A Roadside Stand)
Here the adjective selfish has been used with cars but it refers to the passengers in those cars
Example of Pun is as follows-
Still ringed with ordeals she was mastered by (Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers)
Here, ‘ringed’is a pun which means she wore the wedding ring and that she was surrounded by the ordeals of marriage.