NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Book Chapter 5 Indigo Important Questions
Here are the important questions for CBSE Class 12 English Flamingo Book Chapter 5 Indigo. The important questions we have compiled will help the students to brush up on their knowledge about the subject. Students can practice Class 12 English important questions to understand the subject better and improve their performance in the board exam. The solutions provided here will also give students an idea about how to write the answers. Take Free Online MCQs Test for Class 12
Important Question for CBSE Class 12 English Flamingo Book Chapter 5 Indigo
Indigo 2 Marks Important Questions – 30 to 40 words
1. Why has Rajkumar Shukla been described as being resolute?
A. Rajkumar Shukla has been described as being resolute because he was determined to take Gandhiji to Champaran. He accompanied him to Kanpur, Ahmedabad and did not leave his side till Gandhiji acceded to his request.
2. What were the terms of the Indigo contract between the British landlords and the Indian peasants?
A. Indigo was the chief commercial crop. The peasants had to plant three twentieths or 15 percent of their holdings with Indigo and surrender the entire harvest as rent. This was done through a long term contract.
3. Why did Gandhiji agree to a settlement of a mere 25 percent?
A. Gandhiji accepted the settlement of a mere 25 percent because according to him, the amount of refund was less important than the fact that the landlords had been obliged to surrender part of the money and with it, part of their prestige.
4. Why did Gandhiji not accept CF Andrews’ help during the Champaran Movement?
A. Gandhiji refused the help of Charles Freer Andrews because he was British. He reasoned that taking an Englishman on their side would show their weakness of the heart. He said that their cause was just and they should rely upon themselves to win the battle.
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5. What did Gandhiji do about the social and cultural upliftment of the Champaran villages?
A. Gandhiji requested several volunteers to work in Champaran as teachers and social workers. They opened primary schools in six villages and taught cleanliness and community sanitation to the peasants. A doctor was asked to volunteer his services for six months. Kasturbai guided the women towards better living conditions.
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Indigo 5 Marks Important Questions – 120 to 150 words
Q. How did civil disobedience triumph at Motihari?
A. Gandhiji refused to obey the order and was summoned to the court. The next day, Motihari was full of peasants who were there to support the Mahatma who could save them from the British. The government was baffled and the officials felt powerless to regulate such a crowd. The prosecutor requested the judge to postpone the trial as the authorities wanted to consult their superiors.
During the trial, Gandhiji pleaded guilty and asked for the penalty. He refused to seek bail and the judge released him without bail. Gandhiji was allowed to remain at liberty while the judge did not deliver his judgment for several days. Meanwhile, Rajendra Prasad and many other prominent lawyers agreed to court arrest if Gandhiji was arrested. Thus, Civil Disobedience triumphed in India for the first time.
Q. Why is the Champaran episode considered to be the beginning of the Indian struggle for independence?
A. The Champaran episode started as a small campaign to restore the rights of a group of peasants. Gandhiji visited the place casually on the request of an unlettered peasant expecting that it would last a few days, but this episode occupied almost a year of his life. It was for the first time that the British realized the power of the peasants who had stood up for their right.
The effects of Gandhiji’s policies of Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience proved fruitful in this movement. Through the Champaran movement, Gandhiji declared that the British could not order Indians in their own country This was the turning point of Gandhiji’s life because it marked the commencement of India’s freedom struggle.
Q. Why did Gandhiji consider freedom from fear more important than legal justice for the poor peasants of Champaran?
A. Gandhiji considered freedom from fear more important than legal justice for the poor peasants of Champaran. This would indicate to the British that the peasants were not weak. In support of Gandhiji, thousands of poor farmers came together for a common cause.
This made them strong and the British realized that they could not order Indians in their own country. Freedom from fear was very important for the liberty of the peasants of Champaran.
Gandhiji’s acceptance of the 25 percent refund laid emphasis on the fact that the landlords had been obliged to surrender part of the money and with it, part of the prestige.
Now the peasants thought they had rights and defenders. This gave them the courage and strength to face the British landlords. Gradually, the British planters abandoned the estates which reverted to the peasants and thus, their conditions improved.
Q. Gandhiji was invited to Champaran. Who invited him there and why? Was he able to solve the matter for which he was invited there?
How did Gandhiji succeed in getting justice for the Indigo sharecroppers?
Describe how according to Louis Fisher, Gandhiji succeeded in his Champaran campaign.
A. Rajkumar Shukla was a poor illiterate peasant from Champaran. He came to know that Gandhiji could help the poor peasants of Champaran. Rajkumar Shukla was determined and stayed with Gandhiji till he agreed to accompany him to Champaran. Gandhiji succeeded and restored the rights of the peasants. Gandhiji’s Movement in Champaran was not an act of defiance.
It was an attempt to elevate the distress of a large number of poor peasants. His aim was to solve the problems of millions of peasants. He uplifted the farmers by making them united, improving their living conditions and health. Gandhiji employed Civil Disobedience and Non – violence to declare that the British could not order Indians in their own country.
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