UGC NET Exam Syllabus 2021 for Indian Culture
Check out for UGC NET New Syllabus for Indian Culture for 2021 – UGC NET is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of UGC for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the Eligibility for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship & Eligibility for Assistant Professor both in Indian Universities and Colleges. This page includes new syllabus for NTA UGC NET 2021 Indian Culture exam
The Test will consist of two papers. Both the papers will consist of only objective type questions and will be attempted with a break of 30 minutes between them.
Paper I will have 50 question for 2 marks each – The questions will be generic in nature, intending to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. It will primarily be designed to test reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate.
Paper II will consist of 100 questions each carries 2 marks – the question will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. All the questions of Paper–II will be compulsory
NET Syllabus for Indian Culture
Unit I – Meaning and concepts of Culture:
- Traditional and Modern concepts of Culture-Notions of Culture in textual tradition, anthropological, archaeological and sociological understanding of the term culture. Elements of Culture, concept of Indianness and value system. Relation between culture and civilization. Historiography and approaches to the study of Indian Culture– Stereotypes, Objectivity and Bias, Imperialist, Nationalist, Marxist and Subaltern. Heritage of India and world’s debt to Indian Culture.
Unit II – Sources of the Study of Indian Culture
- Archaeological: cultural remains, Monuments, Numismatics, Epigraphy; Literary sources and Oral traditions; Foreign Accounts; Archival sources.
Unit III – Prehistoric and Proto-historic Cultures
- Stone age cultures palaeolithic, mesolithic and neolithic; Protohistoric cultures – chalcolithic horizon, Harappan Culture- current debates on nomenclature and scripts, Town planning and architecture, art, social, religious and economic life. Evolution of India’s main language families.
Unit IV – Vedic and post-Vedic Period
- Early Vedic and later Vedic ideas and institutions: social, religious, economic, political and scientific. Post Vedic– Religious Movements and emergence of states, Shramana traditions- Buddhism, Jainism, Ajivikas and other sects. Education system and centres– Taxila and Kashi.
Unit V – Mauryan and Post-Mauryan Period
- Ideas and Institutions: Social, Religious, Economic and Political. Ashoka’s Dhamma. Scripts- Brahmi and Kharosthi. Impact of Foreign Invasions. Art and Architecture. Literature- Arthasashtra, Manusmriti, Natyashastra, Panchatantra, Buddhacharit and Saundarananda. Scientific Achievements- Nagarjuna, Sushruta and Charaka. Education System and Centres. Sangam Age- Society and Culture. Contacts with outside world.
Unit VI – Gupta and Post-Gupta Period
- Ideas and Institutions: social, religious, philosophical, economic and political. Scientific Achievements- Mathematics, Astronomy, Metallurgy. Art and Architecture- evolution of Temples, Paintings of Ajanta and Bagh. Literature- Kalidasa, Banabhatta, Bharavi, Magha, Bhavabhuti, Dandi. Canonical Texts- Vishnu Dharmottara Purana. Education system and centres- Nalanda, Valabhi. Contacts with outside world.
Unit VII – Early Medieval Period
- Legacies of Classical ideas and emergence of new trends: Society Proliferation of castes, outcastes, Vishti, Slavery. Position of women. Polity- feudalism. Economy- de-urbanization and agrarian system.
- Religion: Vedic-Puranic, Shramana tradition, Tantra, Bhakti movements. Philosophical thoughts- Shad Darshana. Philosophers Shankara, Ramanuja. Pilgrimage tradition. Art and Architecture Nagara, Dravida, Bhumija, Vesara. Education system and centres Vikramashila, Nalanda etc. Scientific achievements- Mathematics, Astronomy. Literature- Kalhana’s Rajatarangini and Al-Biruni’s’ Kitab Ul Hind. Contacts with Islam. Canonical texts- Samarangana Sutradhara, Manasara, Bhuvana Pradeepa, Sadhanamala.
Unit VIII – Sultanate Period
- Delhi Sultanate – Ideas and Institutions: Political- Iqta; impact of the new ruling class on society. Economic- market reforms, growth of new urban centres, percolation of Islam in rural areas, resistance and acceptance. Extent of slavery. Religion- Acharya traditions, Bhakti tradition, Kabir and Ravidas, emergence of Sufism – Chishti and Suhrawardi. Art and Architecture- emergence of Sultanate school of architecture and paintings, regional styles. Religious and secular structures. Literature – Sanskrit, Persian, Regional languages and emergence of Hindawi. Amir Khusrau, Chand Bardai. Education system. Vijayanagar Empire: Ideas and Institutions – political – Nayankara. Art and Architecture, Literature. Educational institutions.
Unit IX Mughal Period
- Ideas and Institutions: Polity – Mansab and Jagir, Watan Jagir, Economy – Zamindari and Zabt. Society – Aristocracy, emergence of middle classes, labourers, Slaves. Position of Women.
- Religion and Philosophy – growth of Vaishnava Bhakti, Pantheism and Sufi traditions. Sulh-i kul, Naqshbandis. Guru Nanak, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Meerabai, Narayanabhatta, Raghunandana. Literaturedevelopment in Sanskrit, Persian and vernacular languages Tulasi dasa, Suradasa, Abdur Rahim Khan-i-khanan, Abdul Fazl, Faizi, Badauni, Banarasidas (Ardhakathanaka). Translation of religious texts by Akbar and Dara-Shikoh. Art and Architecture– Emergence of Mughal Schools; Temples of Vrindavan– Gobinda Deva and Keshava Das Temple; Four Quarter Gardens. Introduction of new education curriculum from Akbar’s period onwards Dars-inizami. Religious syncretism in coinage, miniatures and structures. Science and Technology. – Introduction of mechanical devices, pindrum gearing and astrolabe; Sawai Jai Singh observatories. Arrival of Europeans and their impact – Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English, French.
Unit X – Modern Period
- Emergence of successor states and cultural developments: Awadh, Hyderabad, Mysore, Marathas and Rajputana. Impact of Western ideas and Indian responses: European studies of India; William Jones and Asiatic Society; Fort William College; influence of Christian missionaries. Emergence and Development of New Education System. Indian Cultural Renaissance. Socio-Religious reform movements: Reformists- Brahama Samaja, Aligarh Movement, Ramakrishna Mission and Theosophical Society; Revivalist- Wahabi and Arya Samaj Movement. Dalit Movements; Sikh reform movements. Administrative Measures: legislation on women, education and social evils. Literature: emergence of Shahr Ashob; Urdu– Mirza Ghalib, Allama Iqbal; Hindi- Bhartendu Harishchand, Prem Chand; Bengali-Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Rabindranath Tagore, Qazi Nazrul Islam. Science and Technology: emergence of modern science and technology.
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