Federalism MCQs CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2

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CBSE Class 10 Political Science Democratic Politics Book Chapter 2 Federalism Multiple Choice Question with Answers


Q1. …………. is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country?

    1. A. Dictatorship
      B. Unitary system
      C. Monarchy
      D. Federalism


Q2. How many levels of government does a federation usually have?

    1. A. Single
      B. Two
      C. Three
      D. Multiple


Q3. How many countries in the world have a federal political system?

    1. A. 42
      B. 33
      C. 25
      D. 18


Q4. In a federal system, the central government ………. order the state government to do something?

    1. A. A & C
      B. May
      C. Cannot
      D. Can

Also See: MCQs for Class 10 Economics Chapter 2 “Sectors of the Indian Economy”


Q5. State government has powers of its own for which……..

    1. A. It is answerable to Central government
      B. It is not answerable to Central government
      C. It is answerable to the people
      D. B & C


Q6. Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its own ………….. in specific matters.

    1. A. Administration
      B. Jurisdiction
      C. Execution
      D. Policies


Q7. Can the fundamental provisions of the constitution be unilaterally changed by one level of government in federalism?

    1. A. Yes
      B. No
      C. May be in special provisions
      D. A & C


Q8. When independent states come together on their own to form a bigger unit, so that by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity they can increase their security. This type of ‘coming together’ federations are practiced by which countries?

    1. A. Switzerland & Canada
      B. USA and Britain
      C. USA, Australia and Switzerland
      D. Britain, Canada, USA


Q9. Where a large country decides to divide its power between the constituent states and the national government. It is called ‘holding together’ federations. Which countries practice this system?

    1. A. India, Pakistan, Italy\
      B. India, Spain, Belgium
      C. Canada, Italy, Germany
      D. Australia, Canada, USA


Important Questions and Answers


Q10. Which one comes under the Union List in India?

    1. A. Police
      B. Agriculture
      C. Banking
      D. Trade


Q11. Which one comes under the State List in India?

    1. A. Defence
      B. Currency
      C. Communications
      D. Police


Q12. On which given subject can both the Union as well as the State Governments make laws?

    1. A. Currency
      B. Defence
      C. Trade Unions
      D. Agriculture

Also see: MCQs for Class 10 History Chapter 2 “Nationalism in India”


Q13. What is meant by residuary subjects?

    1. A. Subjects under union list
      B. Subjects under state list
      C. Subject under both state and union list
      D. Subjects which are not under any list


Q14. Give an example of a subject under the residuary list?

    1. A. Currency
      B. Irrigation
      C. Computer software
      D. Commerce


Q15. States such as Assam, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram enjoy special powers under certain provisions of the Constitution of India (Article 371), under which context do they get these provisions?

    1. A. Because of trade and commerce
      B. Protection of land rights of indigenous people
      C. Special provisions for agriculture
      D. For Defence purposes


Q16. Give one feature of Union territories?

    1. A. They have powers of a state
      B. They enjoy independent power
      C. The Central Government has special powers in running these areas.
      D. These are areas which are too small to become an independent State but which can be merged with any of the existing States


Q17. Sharing of power between the Union Government and the State governments is basic to the structure of the Constitution. The Parliament cannot on its own change this arrangement. Any change to it has to be first passed by both the Houses of Parliament with at least ………. majority?

    1. A. 50 %
      B. Three- fourth
      C. Two- third
      D. 25%


Q18. The creation of ………….. was the first and a major test for democratic politics in our country

    1. A. States according to religion
      B. States according to culture
      C. Linguistic states
      D. States according to topography

Also See: MCQs for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 “Forest and Wildlife Resources”


Q19. On which basis were states like Nagaland, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand created?

    1. A. On the basis of language
      B. On the basis of culture, ethnicity
      C. On the basis of religion
      D. On the basis of commerce and trade


Q20. Hindi is the mother tongue of only about …… percent of Indians?

    1. A. 60%
      B. 30%
      C. 40%
      D. 50%


Q21. Besides Hindi, there are __ other languages recognised as Scheduled Languages by the Constitution?

    1. A. 21
      B. 23
      C. 27
      D. 24


Q22. When was the beginning of the era of Coalition Governments at the Centre which led to a new culture of power sharing and respect for the autonomy of State Governments?

    1. A. 1980s
      B. 1990s
      C. 1870s
      D. 2000 onward


Q23. Census of India held in 2011, recorded more than ………distinct languages which people mentioned as their mother tongues?

    1. A. 200
      B. 500
      C. 1200
      D. 1300


Q24. In the data for Scheduled Languages of India which is the second highest in proportion of speakers (%) after Hindi?

    1. A. Telugu
      B. Tamil
      C. Bengali
      D. Urdu


Q25. As for English, only ……….per cent Indians recorded it as their mother tongue?

    1. A. 20%
      B. 5%
      C. 0.5 %
      D. 0.02%

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Q26. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:

    1. A. National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.
      B. Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
      C. Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
      D. Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.


Q27. Consider the following two statements.
1. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.
2. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.
3. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
4. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies.

    1. A. 1, 2 and 3
      B. 1, 3 and 4
      C. 1 and 2 only
      D. 2 and 3 only


Q28. Federal power sharing in India needs another tier of government below that of the State governments, it is called………..

    1. A. State offices
      B. District government
      C. Local government
      D. Tehsils


Q29. When was the constitution amended to make the third-tier of democracy more powerful and effective?

    1. A. 1990
      B. 1992
      C. 1989
      D. 1993


Q30. In the local government elections at least ……… of all positions are reserved for women?

    1. A. One – third
      B. Two- third
      C. 50%
      D. 25%
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Answer key for Class 10 Political Science Book Chapter 2 “Federalism” MCQs

Q. No. Ans. Q. No. Ans. Q. No. Ans.
1 D 11 D 21 A
2 B 12 C 22 B
3 C 13 D 23 D
4 B 14 C 24 C
5 D 15 B 25 D
6 B 16 C 26 B
7 B 17 C 27 C
8 C 18 C 28 C
9 B 19 B 29 B
10 C 20 C 30 A


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