The Full form of CSIR is The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) was established by the Government of India in September 1942 as an autonomous body known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas, is a contemporary R&D organization. CSIR has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India. Having PAN India presence, it runs 38 laboratories, 39 outreach centers, 3 Innovation Centers and 5 units, with a collective staff of over 14,000, including a total of 4600 active scientists and 8000 scientific and technical personnel. Although CSIR is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The research and development activities of CSIR include oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology. It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm and non-farm sectors. With effect from August 24, 2018, Ashutosh Sharma Secretary of DST took additional charge as director general of CSIR.