MCQs for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 3 “Water Resources”


CBSE Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 3 “Water Resources” Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers

Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 3 – Water Resources. Students can practice free MCQs as have been added by CBSE in the new exam pattern. At the end of Multiple Choice Questions, the answer key has also been provided for your reference.

Q1. Why is water scarcity mainly caused?

A. Water pollution
B. excessive use and unequal access to water
C. Water management
D. Using to utility


Q2. According to the hydrological cycle, how can freshwater be obtained?

A. snow
B. rainwater
C. Groundwater
D. Drainage


Q3. Even when water is available in many cities in abundance why is there water scarcity?

A. Using to utility
B. Unequal distribution of water
C. Default in technical areas
D. Lack of infrastructure for proper distribution


Q4. What is the largest consumer of water?

A. City dwellers
B. Irrigated agriculture
C. Villages
D. Industry

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Q5. How can we revolutionise agriculture?

A. By building dams
B. By releasing more water
C. By making rainwater reserves
D. through developing drought resistant crops and dry farming techniques.


Q6. Most farmers own wells and tube-wells in their farms for irrigation to increase their produce, what adverse effect can this have?

A. falling groundwater levels, adversely affecting water availability
B. Imbalance in minerals for the soil
C. Unequal distribution of water
D. Could be technical defaults


Q7. Post-independent India witnessed intensive………………….

A. Agriculture
B. Economy problems
C. industrialisation and urbanisation,
D. Deforestation


Q8.How did the increasing number of industries affect the water condition?

A. No effect on water
B. pressure on existing freshwater resources
C. Balance between use of water and industry
D. Unequal distribution of water


Q9. In India hydroelectric power contributes approximately 22 percent of the total electricity produced.

A. 22
B. 25
C. 20
D. 26

Important Questions and Answers


Q10. What factors have aggravated the water and energy problems in India?

A. multiplying urban centres
B. dams
C. Afforestation
D. Agriculture


Q11. How are most of the housing societies or colonies in the cities resourcing their water needs?

A. City waterworks
B. own groundwater pumping devices
C. Community water pumps
D. Individual motors


Q12. Even if there is ample amount of water in certain places there is hazardous water pollution, what are the causes?

A. domestic and industrial wastes
B. Wastage of water
C. Over storage
D. Community water pumps

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Q13. What are the causes of the Indian rivers becoming toxic?

A. fossils
B. agricultural
C. Conservation of water
D. Industrialisation


14. What are the important things to do to prevent degradation of our natural ecosystems?

A. Urbanization
B. Industrialization
C. conserve and manage our water resources, to safeguard ourselves from health hazards
D. Modern agriculture


Q15. What will impoverish this resource and cause an ecological crisis that may have a profound impact on our lives?

A. Industrialization
B. Modern agriculture
C. Urbanization
D. Over exploitation and mismanagement of water resources


Q16. What is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment?

A. Canal
B. Embankment
C. Dam
D. Lake


Q17. What is the purpose of building dams?

A. For embankments
B. Flood control
C. storage
D. Water animals conservation


Q18. Name a multi-purpose projects which are used for hydel power production and irrigation

A. Jalaput project
B. Bhakra – Nangal project
C. Hirakud project
D. Tehri Dam

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Q19. Which dam integrates conservation of water with flood control?

A. Sutluj-Beas river basin
B. Bhakra – Nangal project
C. Hirakud project
D. Tehri Dam


Q20. Jawaharlal Nehru proudly proclaimed the dams as the ………………

A. Saviours of India
B. temples of modern India
C. Future of India
D. Complexes of India


Q21. Why did Jawahar lal Nehru call dams the temples of India?

A. They were multipurpose in nature
B. Irrigation became better
C. development of agriculture and the village economy with rapid industrialisation and growth of the urban economy
D. Hydel power became ample


Q22. Why have multi-purpose projects and large dams come under great scrutiny and opposition recently?

A. The positioning the dams is not technically correct
B. Regulating and damming of rivers affect their natural flow causing poor sediment flow and excessive sedimentation at the bottom of the reservoir
C. Spread of disease
D. Dams built recently are not strong enough


Q23. Multi-purpose projects and large dams have also been the cause of many new environmental movements like ……….

A. ‘Narmada Bachao Andolan
B. Save satluj
C. Save environment project
D. Green up to Cool Down


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Q24. How did the Multi-purpose projects affect the local people?

A. large-scale displacement of local communities
B. They gained economically
C. The govt gave them benefits
D. They got housing facilities


Q25. Who benefitted from the multipurpose projects?

A. landowners and large farmers, industrialists
B. Local people
C. Government
D. The builders


Q26. Narmada Bachao Andolan or Save Narmada Movement originally focussed on ……...

A. Irrigation strategies
B. environmental issues related to trees
C. aim to enable poor citizens, especially the oustees
D. Reservoir planning


Q27. Which is the largest water resource project of India covering four states ?

A. Satluj Beas Project
B. Bhakra Nangal dam
C. Tehri Dam
D. Sardar Sarovar Dam


Q28.Which states does it cover?

A. Punjab, haryana, rajasthan Gujarat
B. Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Ttarkhand, Up
C. Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan
D. Assam, Westbengal, sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh


Q29. Irrigation has also changed the cropping pattern of many regions with farmers shifting to water intensive and commercial crops. This has great ecological consequences for the soil, What is it?

A. salinisation of the soil
B. contamination of soil
C. Pollution of soil
D. Excess of chemicals


Q30. What reaction did the farmers at Sabarmati-basin farmers have?

A. development of agriculture and the village economy
B. farmers were agitated and almost caused a riot over the higher priority given to water supply in urban areas, particularly during droughts
C. They were displaced
D. They did not get rehabilitation


Q31. The release of water from dams during heavy rains aggravated the flood situation in Maharashtra and Gujarat in the year ………

A. 2005
B. 2004
C. 2000
D. 2006


Q32. What was the effect of these floods?

A. floods have devastated life and property
B. deforestation
C. Technical faults
D. Has been difficult to restore


Q33. In ancient India, along with the sophisticated hydraulic structures, there existed an extraordinary tradition of a water-harvesting system, What efforts were made?

A. in-depth knowledge irrigation
B. soil types and developed wide ranging techniques to harvest rainwater, groundwater, river water and flood water
C. They had modern knowledge
D. They knew ho to control floods


Q34. In hill and mountainous regions, people built diversion channels like ……

A. Gullies
B. Ravines
C. Tributaries
D. Guls or kuls


Q35. What was the traditional practice to store drinking water, particularly in Rajasthan?

A. ‘Rooftop rainwater harvesting
B. Wells
C. Small scale canals
D. Man made lake


Q36. What was the traditional practice in the flood plains of Bengal, for irrigation?

A. Canals
B. Man made lake
C. inundation channels
D. Roof top rainwater


Q37 What was the practice in ‘khadins’ in Jaisalmer and ‘Johads’ in other parts of Rajasthan?

A. inundation channels
B. agricultural fields were converted into rain fed storage structures that allowed the water to stand and moisten the soil
C. Rooftop rainwater harvesting
D. Canals


Q38. In the semi-arid and arid regions of Rajasthan, particularly in Bikaner, Phalodi and Barmer, where was drinking water stored?

A. Wells
B. underground tanks or tankas
C. Small village pond
D. Rooftop tanks


Q39. In which other places is Rooftop rainwater harvesting common other than Rajasthan?

A. Shillong
B. Gujarat
C. Westbengal
D. Sikkim


Q40. In Spite of the fact that today plenty of water is available due to the perennial Indira Gandhi Canal in Rajasthan, why do many homes still prefer the tanka system ?

A. Not enough to reach all homes
B. Water is not clean
C. Many do not like the taste of tap water.
D. They feel more secure with the traditional system


Q41. Which state is the first state in India which has made rooftop rainwater harvesting structure compulsory to all the houses across the state?

A. West Bengal
B. Meghalaya
C. Rajasthan
D. Tamil Nadu


Q42. In which state is the 200-year-old system of tapping stream and spring water by using bamboo pipes still prevalent?

A. West Bengal
B. Rajasthan
C. Meghalaya
D. Shillong


Q43. Which one of the following statements is not an argument in favour of multipurpose river projects?

A. Multi-purpose projects bring water to those areas which suffer from water scarcity
B. Multi-purpose projects by regulating water flow helps to control floods
C. Multi-purpose projects lead to large scale displacements and loss of livelihood
D. Multi-purpose projects generate electricity for our industries and our homes


Q44. Shillong faces acute shortage of water. Nearly every household in the city has a rooftop rainwater harvesting structure. Nearly ……….per cent of the total water requirement of the household comes from rooftop water harvesting.

A. 15-20
B. 10-15
C. 20-25
D. 25-30


Q45. In which place in Karnataka the people have installed, in their household’s rooftop, rainwater harvesting system to meet their water needs. Nearly 200 households have installed this system?

A. Amachawadi in Mysuru
B. Gendathur, Mysuru
C. Chatnahalli, Mysuru
D. Gohalli, Mysuru


Q46. In Gendathur, Mysuru every house can collect and use about 50,000 litres of water annually?

A. 50,000
B. 40,000
C. 60,000
D. 20,000


Q47. From the 200 houses, the net amount of rainwater harvested annually amounts to litres.

A. 150,000
B. 1,00,000
C. 2,00,000
D. 125000


Q48. In Rajasthan what is rain water referred to as ?

A. Barsaat pani
B. Baarish pani
C. Palar pani
D. Badal pani


Q49. Based on the information given below classify each of the situations as ‘suffering from water scarcity’ or ‘not suffering from water scarcity’.

A. Region with high annual rainfall.
B. Region having high annual rainfall and large population.
C. Region having high annual rainfall but water is highly polluted.
D. Region having low rainfall and low population.


Q50. How is rooftop rainwater filtered

A. using sand and bricks
B. Using electric filter
C. Using a net system
D. Using modern filters

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Answer key for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India Book Chapter 3 – Water Resources MCQs


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